Background & Aim: Investigation use of medical plants and industrial utilization of phytomedicines is necessary in veterinary medicine. Field investigation of use of medical plants in treatment of diseases of sheep and goat was the aim of present study.
Martial & Methods: This study was done in southern area of Ilam province at 2008. At first, question sheet was designed for 36 diseases and clinical syndromes in small ruminants (sheep and goat). The form was filled by 45 owners at 22 villages. The plant samples were collected and sent to plant research center in Ilam for identification. Data such as scientific name, family, Persian and Kurdish name, part which used and rout of application was recorded for each sample.
Results & Discussion: After data analysis, it was seen 35 diseases and clinical syndromes in small ruminants were treated by 36 species of plants but 13 species were toxic plants. This wrong use may induce toxicity in animals. Based on study, Phoenix dactylifera was used for treatment of poisoning, Triticum aestivum for mastitis, Peganum harmala for snake bite were used. Pistachia atlantica, Pistachia khinjuk, Amygdalus lycioides, Marsdenia erecta, Nerium indicum, Astragalus golicucanthus were used for treatment respiratory signs of Ostrous ovis. Satureja khuzestanica and Nicotina tabacum were used for treatment infestation of Limnatis nilotica.