Autism: is there a place for ReAttach therapy?

Autism: is there a place for ReAttach therapy?

Journal

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Psychology, Social Sciences, Education
  • Publisher's keywords: AUTISM, REATTACH THERAPY
  • Language of fulltext: english
  • Full-text formats available: PDF

AUTHORS

    Joanna Kossewska

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

FULL TEXT

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ABSTRACT

Review of the book Autism: is there a place for ReAttach therapy? edited by Paula WeerkampBartholomeus. The book Autism: is there a place for ReAttach therapy? edited by Paula WeerkampBartholomeus is new monograph in the field of psychotherapy and support for patients with mental health problems. The content of the book has contributions by international professionals working in the field of clinical psychology, psychiatry, immunology as well as genetics. It is organised into a preface and five separate chapters, which are briefly analysed below, presenting a differentiated but coherent perspective of the ReAttach approach proposal. The Preface and Epilogue by Michael Fitzgerald are two sections that bind the contents together. The beginning entitled “Sentimus ergo sumus: we sense therefore we are. ReAttach”, points out the core assumptions of ReAttach which are as following: the orthopaedagogical background, the integrated therapeutic perspective (sensory perception, emotion and cognition) and a dimensional rather than categorical approach. This means that separate psychiatric diagnoses is not so important, due to the fact that mental health problems are comorbid. The ending gives the readers the future perspective and sums up the ReAttach results. The contents of the book might be divided into two sections. The first is strictly related to biological aspects of autism and the second is dedicated to the ReAttach treatment analysis. Autism is the core topic of two chapters: Chapter 2 entitled “Oxytocin and autism spectrum disorder” by Donatella Marazziti and Federico Mucciand and Chapter 5 entitled “Autism: genetics or epigenetics?” by Alexander B. Poletaev and Boris A. Shenderov. These texts present the contemporary research finding in the field of the biological, genetically and prenatal critical development conditionals of autism. Also the background of autistic characteristics located in the imbalanced secretion of hormones and neurotransmitters is discussed. The biological fundament of attachment and social engagement is related to the level of oxytocin and either genetic or environmental variables might be responsible for the neurological damage. The authors discuss findings on oxytocin receptor genes in ASD familial studies and came to the conclusion that novel effective treatment for ASD patients should be concentrated on the reduction of pathophysiology abnormalities. This conclusion seems to be also adequate for improving the functioning of patients with differentiated mental diseases who suffer from social problems.

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