Scientific Journal of Review

Scientific Journal of Review

Basic info

  • Publisher: Sjournals
  • Country of publisher: iran, islamic republic of
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2017/Feb/19

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Biological Sciences, Computer and Information Science, Engineering, Environmental Sciences, Mathematics
  • Publisher's keywords: Engineering, Mathematics, Computer and Information Science, Agricultural Science
  • Language of fulltext: english
  • Full-text formats available: PDF

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): Yes 100 EUR
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? Yes

Editorial information

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: Other
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2012
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? True
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? True

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: DOI
  • Content digitally archived in: LOCKSS
  • Deposit policy registered in: None

This journal has '206' articles

Conceptual instrumentation of washing machine for conformity to the Islamic laws of Syarak

Conceptual instrumentation of washing machine for conformity to the Islamic laws of Syarak

Authors: [{"name":"R. Yahaya","affiliation":"Faculty of Electrical and Instrumentation, Universiti Teknologi Mara, 40450, Selangor, Malaysia."},{"name":"M.H. R...
( 45 downloads)
Abstract

The concept of today’s washing machine that uses control technology to clean clothing is based on clothing weight factor proportionately to the amount of water used irrespective of the nature of the contaminants. However according to Islamic law, clothing such as being contaminated with children’s urine for an example has to be cleaned using continuous flowing water especially during the initial stage of washing. With the concept of algorithm system and integrated into the washing machine, the continuous running water will be subjected during the initial wash and spin option. The light sensors used on both inlet and outlet valve will ensure the contaminated solids or liquids will be accordingly removed. Application of solenoid valve is used to control the water tank level during washing and drying period. Similar concept has been developed at Farm Unit, Department of Agriculture Science, UniSZA for removing the toxin from food tuber of Dioscorea hispida before it can consume securely. The analysis shows that using flowing new water will remove toxicity which was represent of excrement in clothing. This paper elaborates the concept of automatic washing machine operation which complies with Islamic law of syarak.

Keywords: Washing machine, Automatic removal machine, Law of syarak, Statistical analysis, Dioscorea hispida
Objective bayesian analysis for the gompertz distribution under doudly type II cesored data

Objective bayesian analysis for the gompertz distribution under doudly type II cesored data

Authors: T.N. Sindhu| Department of Statistics, Quaid-i-Azam University 45320 Islamabad 44000, Pakistan., M. Aslam| Department of Statistics, Quaid-i-Azam Univ...
( 44 downloads)
Abstract

Trimmed samples are widely utilized in several areas ofstatistical practice, especially when some sample values at either or bothextremes might have been adulterated. In this article, the problem ofestimating the parameter of Gompertz distribution based on trimmed samplesunder informative and non-informative priors has been addressed. The problemdiscussed using Bayesian approach to estimate the parameter of Gompertzdistribution. We have examined Bayes estimates under symmetric and asymmetricloss functions. The explicit expressions for estimator and risk are developedunder all loss functions. Elicitation of hyperparameter through priorpredictive approach is also discussed. Posterior Predictive distributions andCredible Intervals are also derived under different priors. The influence ofparametric value on the estimate and risk is also discussed. Finally, to assessthe performance of the estimators, numerical results using Monte Carlosimulation study were reported.

Keywords: Inverse transformation method, Doubly censored samples, Loss functions, Credible intervals, Posterior predictive distributions
Sustainable water resources management, future demands and adaptation strategies in Sudan

Sustainable water resources management, future demands and adaptation strategies in Sudan

Authors: A.M. Omer| Energy Research Institute (ERI), Forest Road West, Nottingham NG7 4EU, UK.
( 39 downloads)
Abstract

For the thirty-nine million, who live in Sudan, environmental pollution is amajor concern; therefore industry, communities, local authorities and centralgovernment, to deal with pollution issues, should adopt an integrated approach.Most polluters pay little or no attention to the control and proper managementof polluting effluents. This may be due to the lack of enforceable legislationand/or fear of spending money on treatment of the effluent prior to discharge.Furthermore, the imposed fines are generally low and therefore do not deterpotential offenders. The present problems that are related to water andsanitation in Sudanare many and varied, and the disparity between water supply and demand isgrowing with time due to the rapid population growth and aridity. The situationof the sewerage system in the cities is extremely critical, and there are nosewerage systems in the rural areas. There is an urgent need for substantialimprovements and extensions to the sewerage systems treatment plants. The furtherdevelopment of water resources for agriculture and domestic use is one of thepriorities to improve the agricultural yield of the country, and to meet thedomestic and industrial demands for water. This article discusses the overallproblem and identifies possible solutions.

Keywords: Sudan, Water resources development, Community water supply, Effective water-supply management, Environment
Demand for clean energies efficient development in building technologies

Demand for clean energies efficient development in building technologies

Authors: A.M. Omer| Energy Research Institute (ERI), Forest Road West, Nottingham NG7 4EU, UK.
( 39 downloads)
Abstract

The increased availability of reliable and efficient energyservices stimulates new development alternatives. This article discusses thepotential for such integrated systems in the stationary and portable powermarket in response to the critical need for a cleaner energy technology.Throughout the theme several issues relating to renewable energies,environment, and sustainable development are examined from both current andfuture perspectives. It is concluded that green energies like wind, solar,groundsource heat pumps, and biomass must be promoted, implemented, anddemonstrated from the economic and/or environmental point view. Biogas frombiomass appears to have potential as an alternative energy source, which ispotentially rich in biomass resources. This is an overview of some salientpoints and perspectives of biogas technology. The current literature isreviewed regarding the ecological, social, cultural and economic impacts ofbiogas technology. This article gives an overview of present and future use ofbiomass as an industrial feedstock for production of fuels, chemicals and othermaterials. However, to be truly competitive in an open market situation, highervalue products are required. Results suggest that biogas technology must beencouraged, promoted, invested, implemented, and demonstrated, but especiallyin remote rural areas. Anticipated patterns of future energy use and consequentenvironmental impacts (acid precipitation, ozone depletion and the greenhouseeffect or global warming) are comprehensively discussed in this article. NationalCentre for Research, Energy Research Institute (ERI), between January 2011 andJuly 2011. An approach is needed to integrate renewable energies in a way tomeet high building performance. However, because renewable energy sources arestochastic and geographically diffuse their ability to match demand isdetermined by adoption of one of the following two approaches: the utilisationof a capture area greater than that occupied by the community to be supplied, orthe reduction of the community’s energy demands to a level commensurate withthe locally available renewable resources. The adoption of green or sustainableapproaches to the way in which society is run is seen as an important strategyin finding a solution to the energy problem. The key factors to reducing andcontrolling CO2, which is the major contributor to global warming, are the useof alternative approaches to energy generation and the exploration of how thesealternatives are used today and may be used in the future as green energysources. This study highlights the energy problem and the possible saving thatcan be achieved through the use of renewable energy technologies. Also, thisstudy clarifies the background of the study, highlights the potential energysaving that could be achieved through use of renewable energy technologies anddescribes the objectives, approach and scope of the study. The move towards ade-carbonised world, driven partly by climate science and partly by thebusiness opportunities it offers, will need the promotion of environmentallyfriendly alternatives, if an acceptable stabilisation level of atmosphericcarbon dioxide is to be achieved. This requires the harnessing and use ofnatural resources that produce no air pollution or greenhouse gases andprovides comfortable coexistence of human, livestock, and plants. The increasedavailability of reliable and efficient energy services stimulates newdevelopment alternatives. We present and focus a comprehensive review of energysources, and the development of sustainable technologies to explore theseenergy sources. We conclude that using renewable energy technologies, efficientenergy systems, energy savings techniques and other mitigation measuresnecessary to reduce climate changes.

Keywords: Cleaner energy, Environment, Wind, Heat pumps, Biomass, Ecological
Amalgamate the application performance and product lifecycle

Amalgamate the application performance and product lifecycle

Authors: D.R.S.T. Salunke| Vice President Engineering & Development, Ph.D. In Management & Engineering & DR. R. K. SRIVASTAVA, Professor & HOD SIMSREE Mumbai,...
( 42 downloads)
Abstract

The aim of this paper are twofold: to review theapplication performance based on scopeof product life cycle (PLC) research; to pinpoint areas requiring furtherinvestigation on synchronization of Product application performance & PLC. Newfunctionality, are creating new performance issues while applicationdevelopment, testing, and release to production cycles are at an acceleratingpace. In the midst of these demands, newtechnologies such as Mobile, Virtualization and Cloud are complicating theenvironments in which applications are delivered. This paper will help in unifyand communicate effectively between teams throughout the application lifecycleto maximum the application performance that is the lifeblood of any organization’sbusiness operation.

Keywords: Industrial product strategy, Success factors of new products
The significance and issues of motorcycle transport in the Urban areas in northern Ghana

The significance and issues of motorcycle transport in the Urban areas in northern Ghana

Authors: R.D. Dinye| Centre for Settlements Studies Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
( 46 downloads)
Abstract

In many developing countries, motorcycles are increasingly becoming the common means of transport especially among low-income urban dwellers (urban poor) and many rural people. The high ownership and use of motorcycle in the urban areas in northern Ghana has come with its accompanying challenges like motorcycle accidents involving fatalities; environmental and public health concerns from the emissions; non-compliance to motor traffic regulations-for instance helmet use is generally low in Ghana among others among other things. The high incidence of motorcycle ownership and use has also been contributing significantly in the betterment of many livelihoods of urban residents in northern Ghana and at the instance of Wa. The increasing growth in the number of motorcycles has come to solve the mobility needs of many urban residents in the light of poor and inadequate public transport system, poor road conditions particularly those leading into the peri- urban areas where many people in Wa reside as a result of urban sprawl. It also comes along with a host of opportunities including employment to motorcycle mechanics and motorcycle spare parts dealers, local revenue generating sources through taxes/levies on motorcycle owners/riders as well as motorcycle registration and licensing. This paper examines the effects of motorcycle growth in the social and economic development or livelihoods of Wa, the regional capital of the Upper West Region of Ghana.

Keywords: Motorcycle, Motor traffic, Development
Microsatellite DNA marker in aquatic organisms

Microsatellite DNA marker in aquatic organisms

Authors: A. Moradi| Department of fishery, Marine Sciences and Technology of Khoramshahr University, Iran., S. Keyvanshokooh| Department of fishery, Marine Sci...
( 39 downloads)
Abstract

For the last 50 years, attempts have been made to discriminate among populations by using molecular markers. Although some techniques have proved successful in certain circumstances, the consistent trend to newer markers among fishery geneticists highlights the general lack of resolving power observed with older technologies. The last three decade has seen the increasing use of satellite DNA in investigations of genetic variability and divergence. The large interest in microsatellite loci is largely due to the very high levels of variability that have been observed and the ability to investigate this variation using PCR technology. The isolation and application of microsatellites to research fields as diverse as population genetics, parentage analyses and genome mapping are reviewed. Statistical considerations (e.g. appropriate sample sizes, number of loci and the mutation model assumptions on which the estimate is based) have not been considered in detail yet and the problems are often exacerbated in aquatic species, as some species show very large numbers of alleles at microsatellite loci.

Keywords: Microsatellite, Aquatic, VNTR, DNA marker
The role of adipokines and gut hormones in the pathogenesis of obesity, and recent findings for the future treatment of

The role of adipokines and gut hormones in the pathogenesis of obesity, and recent findings for the future treatment of

Authors: B. ilkovska| PHO Clinical hospital d-r Trifun Panovski Bitola R.Macedonia., B. Kotevska| Tokuda hospital Sofia R.Bulgaria., D. Labudovic| Department o...
( 41 downloads)
Abstract

Obesity has become one of the leading public health concern.Over one billion people are оverweight or obese and the prevalence of theseconditions is growing constantly. This review presents an overview of theendocrine functions of adipose tissue, the role of gut hormones and theirassociated neuronal networks (the gut-brain axis) in appetite control. Recentstudies have improved our understanding of energy homeostasis by identifyingsophisticated neurohumoral networks that transmit signals between the brain andgut to control food intake. Key adipokines, such as, leptin, adiponectin,interleukin-6, рlasminogen activator inhibitor-1, resistin, tumor necrosisfactor-α, adipsin and acylation stimulating protein, macrophages and monocytechemoattractant protein-1, plasma renin, plasma angiotensin - converting enzymeand angiotensinogen linked with pituitary neuropeptide system began to clarify.Gut hormones, such as, сholecystоkinin, ghrelin, peptide YY, pancreaticpolypeptide, glucagon-like peptide-1, оxyntomodulin, ghrelin, insulin,glucagon, obestatin, amylin аre modulated by acute food ingestion. This articlehighlights some of the recent findings and their implications for the futuretreatment of obesity, but there are currently no effective pharmacologicalinterventions for obesity.

Keywords: Dipose tissue, Adipokines, Gut hormones, Appetite, Body mass index, Obesity
Women empowerment as a tool against food insecurity in Sub Saharan Africa

Women empowerment as a tool against food insecurity in Sub Saharan Africa

Authors: N. Assan| Zimbabwe Open University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Agriculture Management, Bulawayo Region, Box 3550, Bulawayo, Zimb...
( 43 downloads)
Abstract

Promoting food production andsecurity continues to be a major challenge in Sub Saharan Africa. This discussion seeks to explore the opportunitiesand constraints that women experience in accessing and participating equitablyin food production and security. It also examines the role of women inimproving food production and security. There is an attempt to describe theimpact of gender-based discrimination on food production and its implication onfood security. Some of the factors which perpetuate food insecurity have beenidentified as low agricultural productivity due to lack of high yieldinginputs, agricultural support services and inappropriate technology. Theavailability of resources (land, labor, capital, and knowledge) to ensure thatwomen have the means necessary to participate in intensified food productionhave been inadequate. The discussion, concludes that in the planning and implementationof food production programs to enhancefood security, gender sensitive policies should be put in place, such thatwomen become the focal point of food production. It is suggested that womenshould become increasingly important such that they influencefood production and achieve the primaryobjective of food security.

Keywords: Women, Food production, Food security, Sub saharan africa
An over view on the anatomy and physiology of male one humped camel (Camelus Dromedarius) reproductive system

An over view on the anatomy and physiology of male one humped camel (Camelus Dromedarius) reproductive system

Authors: A. Bello| Department of Veterinary Anatomy, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria., M.A. Umaru| Department of Veterinary Pathology, Usmanu Danf...
( 77 downloads)
Abstract

Available literatureon the Anatomy and physiology of the reproductive system of dromedary camel in Nigeria is observed to assess the current performanceand productive potential of this species. The origins, distribution andclassification of camel breeds are briefly discussed. The reproductive anatomyand physiology is described, and is followed by an account of breedingbehaviour and performance, with special attention to fertility. A brief accounton the biometry, gross anatomy,histology, morphometry and physiology inrelation to reproductive performance ofthe one humped camel is discuss. The camel's ability to produce milk and meatis assessed in detail, together with its suitability for transport and otherpurposes, such as ploughing, milling and the production of hides and skins.Management and socio-economic factors are also briefly discussed. Finally, theinformation presented is summarized to served as an aid in teaching and as abase-line to farmers in inproving the standard of the West African specie.There is need for future research on theabove mention specie in reproduction and husbandry in Nigeria.

Keywords: Anatomy, Physiology, Camel, Male, Reproductive system
Comparative evaluation of the proximate and mineral compositions of Stolothrissa tanganicae and Limnothrissa miodon from

Comparative evaluation of the proximate and mineral compositions of Stolothrissa tanganicae and Limnothrissa miodon from

Authors: B. Abdulkarim| Department of Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries,University of Dar es salaam, Tanzania., P.O.J. Bwathondi| Department of Aquatic Sciences a...
( 58 downloads)
Abstract

Studies on theproximate and mineral compositions of Stolothrissa tanganicae and limnothrissamiodon were carried out using standardmethods and procedures. The protein contents was significantly higher(P<0.05) in S. tanganicae (63.31-68.76%) .Lipids, moisture and ash weresignificantly different (p<0.05) between the two fish species. Carbohydratecontents were generally low and not significantly different (P>0.05) betweenthe two species. Calcium, Phosphorus and Potassium contents were high in thetwo species (24250-30600ppm), (14914-17458ppm) and (4492.8-11466.8ppm)respectively and significantly different (p>0.05).Magnesium, Sodium, Zincand Iron were not significantly different (P<0.05) between the two species.The fish species have good nutritive values which will assist in the remedy ofhealth and nutritive problems among the populace.

Keywords: Proximate, Mineral compositions, S.tanganicae, L. miodon, Lake Tanganyika
Determine the level of development in the districts of Kurdistan province

Determine the level of development in the districts of Kurdistan province

Authors: M.S. Aliakbari| Department of Geography, Payame Noor University, Tehran, I.R of IRAN., M.Y. Panah| Lecturer of Vocational and Technical Universities i...
( 41 downloads)
Abstract

One of the fundamental indicators of development, providing services to various segments of society are. According to the well-being of people through the distribution of income, wealth and other variables, the main topics of economics, in the last two centuries has been the one of the important objectives of any economic policy, promote the general Welfare, and the indicate poor welfare society. In this study, two indicators, factor analysis, and distance methods (cluster), to determine the level of development, the districts of Kurdistan, has been used , therefore , to draw the matrix have different services, districts of Kurdistan province, was discussed. Therefore, the formation of the matrix, a matrix with 16 columns, including indicators, and 9 rows, including the districts studied, is. The results were based on factor analysis, and the integration of the district of Sanandaj, most developed, and the district of Divandareh and Bane, below most developed district, said. Based on a distance method, the district of Sanandaj, most developed, and the district Bane and Saqez, less than most developed district, are. The district (Bijar, Divandareh, Marivan, Ghorveh and Kamyaranan), less developed, and the district Sarvabad developing is. The results of the comparison indices also showed that , of the nine district Kurdistan, 5 district, in terms of development status, the same status, have been. Therefore, the district of Sanandaj, most developed, and the district Bane, than the most developed district in Kurdistan are.

Keywords: Development, Services, Factor analysis method, Interval, Kurdistan province
Rural tourism, with an emphasis on sustainable development, case studies, shian temple and milmilgah temple, the distric

Rural tourism, with an emphasis on sustainable development, case studies, shian temple and milmilgah temple, the distric

Authors: M.S. Aliakbari| Department of Geography, Payame Noor University, Tehran, I.R of IRAN.
( 38 downloads)
Abstract

Rural tourism is one of the relatively new field in rural sustainable development, which could, opportunities and possibilities, especially for rural employment and income, to provide an effective role in the restoration and renovation of rural areas, to play. West of Islamabad district, despite the abundant tourism potentials and capabilities, as well as for tourists unfamiliarTherefore, the sample rurals of tourist attractions and district planning tailored to the special geographical conditions seem necessary. The pioneering research efforts which, while explaining the principles and concepts of rural tourism, and its close connection with the issue of sustainable development in rural areas, with emphasis on library research and conceptual analysis in the study of Shian Temple and Milmilgah Temple, the district of Islamabadgharb, who belongs to the Sassanid era must be paid.

Keywords: Rural tourism, Sustainable development, Fire, Islamabadgharb (district)
Innervation and moan review process, from the perspective of law, and knowledge of management accounting

Innervation and moan review process, from the perspective of law, and knowledge of management accounting

Authors: S. Gholami| Department of Accounting, eyvan-e-gharb branch, Islamic Azad University, eyvan-e-gharb, IRAN., M. Hariri| Department of Law, Payame Noor U...
( 44 downloads)
Abstract

Innervations and Moan, the most important jurisprudential and legal issues, and the conflict between Sunnis and Shiites are the quality that most matters of inheritance and inheritance in Islamic law, the validity and invalidity of the two, has been applied. These two institutions are the specificities of Sunni jurisprudence and civil law, to comply with Imami jurisprudence, it has not. Inheritance rules, civil law, not like any inheritance laws in Europe do, and the Quran, in Surah Nisa, verses 7-12, is expressed. The aim of this study was to investigate the process of these two institutions, the science of law, based on the law and accounting knowledge management based on the Direct Taxes Code, is. In this paper, from the perspective of science, has been analyzed, the result of research is that, between the two institutions Innervations and Moan, the sciences, law and accounting management, there is no difference, because the two institutions in science and law, based on civil law and jurisprudence Imami, and accounting management, based on direct Taxation Act, and the math is numeric.

Keywords: Of leaving, Innervation, Moan
Knowledge management and performance, the traffic police department in the variouse province

Knowledge management and performance, the traffic police department in the variouse province

Authors: A. Piry| Department of Management, Payame Noor University, I.R.of IRAN.
( 43 downloads)
Abstract

Transportation industry in each country reflects the economic situation, and the extent of the country's industrial development and behavior management, especially knowledge management, traffic police foundation is very important. Safe management and road accidents necessitate the need to identify, understand and rigorous analysis, and training of personnel, and those involved in this phenomenon. Meanwhile, the special attention necessary training, as well as its management among the various provinces of the country, it seems to be necessary. In this study, we first mapped matrix provinces, according to the country's transport police department of education, was paid in 2010. Therefore, according to the first field studies and library, established the potential matrix, a matrix with 9 columns, including indicators, and 30 lines, including the provinces of the country. Then, using component -based methods, hierarchical cluster analysis, the provinces, based on education, transportation, graded and compared, was located. The results showed that, Tehran province, has the best performance, and the provinces of Sistan and Baluchestan, Khorasan, Kermanshah, Hamadan, Fars, Hormozgan, East Azarbaijan, Gilan, South Khorasan, Bushehr, Yazd, Semnan, Golestan, Ardebil, Zanjan, Qazvin, Kurdistan, kohgiluyeh Boyer Ahmad, Chahar Mahal and Bakhtiari, Qom, Lorestan and Ilam, has the weakest performance in knowledge management transport Police are.

Keywords: Police, Traffic management, Training and knowledge provinces

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