Scientific Journal of Review

Scientific Journal of Review

Basic info

  • Publisher: Sjournals
  • Country of publisher: iran, islamic republic of
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2017/Feb/19

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Biological Sciences, Computer and Information Science, Engineering, Environmental Sciences, Mathematics
  • Publisher's keywords: Engineering, Mathematics, Computer and Information Science, Agricultural Science
  • Language of fulltext: english
  • Full-text formats available: PDF

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): Yes 100 EUR
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? Yes

Editorial information

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: Other
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2012
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? True
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? True

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: DOI
  • Content digitally archived in: LOCKSS
  • Deposit policy registered in: None

This journal has '206' articles

A comparative study of translation strategies of fast-food advertising texts from English into Persian and Arabic

A comparative study of translation strategies of fast-food advertising texts from English into Persian and Arabic

Authors: S. Yazdani| Department of English language, Shahreza branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahreza, Iran.
( 53 downloads)
Abstract

This paper was conducted to compare translation strategies used to translate English fast-food advertisement texts into Persian and Arabic. In this study, the textual analysis of the corpus revealed that while the main translation strategies used to translate English fast-food advertisement texts into Arabic was borrowing and transference, in Persian language the most frequent strategies was borrowing, functional equivalence and formal equivalence. The overall finding was inadequate translation of culture-specific concepts in both target languages, which are bound to the source text. Proper translation was suggested for culture-specific concepts through Harvey (2000) major techniques for translating culture-bound terms. The results were in line with Najme Bahrami Nazarabadi study in that the advised approach to translate advertisements was transference and literal translation.

Keywords: null
A comparative study of burnout and mental health with respect to demographic characteristics of male and female employee

A comparative study of burnout and mental health with respect to demographic characteristics of male and female employee

Authors: E. Soleimani*| slamic Azad University of Arak .MA in General Psychology., A. ShafieAbadi| University of Allameh Tabatabai. PhD in Counseling., A. Maji...
( 65 downloads)
Abstract

Stress is part of life, and is generally associated with a constant change in the circumstances one faces. The term "stress" refers to an internal condition caused by a need , exhaustion or lack of consent. A certain level of stress is unavoidable. The purpose of the present study was to compare burnout and mental health according to the demographic characteristics of male and female employees in Arak refinery. The present research is a descriptive cross-sectional study of burnout and mental health with respect to demographic characteristics of male and female employees in Arak refinery. The statistical population was all the male and female employees in Arak refinery from whom 120 male and female participants were selected by using convenience sampling. Measurement tools included Hillier and Goldberg GHQ questionnaires. Burnout was also measured by Maslach burnout inventory questionnaire. In general , we concluded that emotional exhaustion was linked directly to high levels of job demands. The primary determinant of emotional exhaustion, is the organizational pressure on a person. Thus, an employee whose job involves interpersonal contacts is subject to more burnout.

Keywords: Job burnout, Mental health, Male and female employees, Arak refinery
Expansion and reduction in translation: a case study of hyperbole in the persian translation of euripides's andromache a

Expansion and reduction in translation: a case study of hyperbole in the persian translation of euripides's andromache a

Authors: S. Yazdani*| Department of English language, Shahreza branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahreza, Iran, H.V. Dastjerdi| Department of English language,...
( 48 downloads)
Abstract

Hyperbole is one of the most widely used figure of speech in heroic texts, a long neglected form of non-literal language. The present study set out to determine the extent of expansion and reduction in the translation of hyperbole in Euripides's dramatic texts, Andromache and Medea from English into Persian. In order to investigate the objective of this study, all hyperbolic expressions in English texts, which were considered hyperbolic in Persian as well, were identified. Then, they were classified based on the most recent classification of hyperbole in English by Claridge (2011), into three categories; namely, single-word hyperbole, phrasal hyperbole, and clausal hyperbole. To control the issue, English classification was carried out twice, and also a Persian Language and Literature expert confirmed Persian hyperbolic expressions twice. The first set of analysis examined the frequency of each category in both languages, and to check whether the extent of expansion and reduction in translation of hyperbolic expressions is significant, Chi-square test was performed via SPSS 21. The obtained results did not show any significant differences between English and Persian hyperbolic expressions in terms of expansion and reduction.

Keywords: Expansion, Reduction, Hyperbole, Drama, Single-word hyperbole, Phrasal hyperbole
Investigate the role of information and communication technologies in the educational environment

Investigate the role of information and communication technologies in the educational environment

Authors: M. Farajollahi| Associate Professor, Department of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Payamenoor University, pobox 19395-3697Theran, IR of IRAN, S....
( 53 downloads)
Abstract

Developments in ICT Drsrhazr is natural and inevitable. Educational system as an effective and sensitive agencies, is not immune from these developments and their needs and to coordinate with it. Since the reform and restructuring and innovation in education is a fundamental necessity in today's world. In this regard, changes in curriculum content and orientation of the issues that underlie the principles and framework of the modified learning environment in many countries. The approach described in this study - a survey of the quality of the model curriculum Francis Klein examines the role of information and communication technologies in the educational environment is discussed. The statistical population included all faculty and doctoral students in the field of Curricula and Educational Technology, University of Tehran is selected. The research instrument was a questionnaire that included the 9 components) the purpose, content, learning activities, roles of teachers, materials and resources, grouping, location, time, measure) and 42-item Likert scale which developed after , its validity and its reliability was confirmed by Cronbach's alpha formula 960/0 was calculated. Data analysis methods, descriptive statistics (frequency, mean, standard deviation) and inferential statistics (one-sample t test, ANOVA and Duncan's post hoc test) was used. The results of this study indicate that the role of information and communication technologies in improving further the goals of the other components are. ANOVA results also indicated that the role of information and communication technologies, there is a significant difference between test components 9.

Keywords: Information and communication, technology, Curriculum, Elements of the curriculum, Learning environment
Impact of information technology on customer satisfaction in the economics and finance organization (a case study of Zah

Impact of information technology on customer satisfaction in the economics and finance organization (a case study of Zah

Authors: H. Taboli| Assistant Professor, Department of Management, Payam Noor Uuniversity, I.R. Iran., S. Rezaei*| Department of management, Kerman Branch, Isl...
( 39 downloads)
Abstract

The topic of this study is the impact of Information Technology on customer satisfaction in the Economics and Finance Organization. In this study, the impact of two important components of information technology (Internet and Mechanization of activities) on components of customer satisfaction (expected perceived value and perceived quality) has been studied. The population of the research is the tax-payers of the Economy and Finance of the city of Zahedan and the number of samples, using Cochran's formula, is 198 altogether. To test the hypotheses, Friedman Test and Wilcoxon two-sample test are used with regard to parametric or non-parametric status of variables. The present research is of applied research regarding its goal, and a descriptive survey regarding method. The results show a significant impact of information technology on customers' expectations and with no considerable impact on the perceived value and perceived quality.

Keywords: Information technology, Customer satisfaction, Economy and finance organization
Organizational commitment and satisfaction of payment systems and facilities in Iranian steel industry, case study: Pars

Organizational commitment and satisfaction of payment systems and facilities in Iranian steel industry, case study: Pars

Authors: H.Vazifehdoost| Department of Management, Tehran Science and Research branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran., A. Ardalan*| Department of Busin...
( 47 downloads)
Abstract

This study is intended to investigating the relation between organizational commitment and satisfaction of payment systems and facilities. The population of the study is built on Pars Zagros heavy machineries company that one the Iranian Steel companies. The number of our sample is 181 persons. The data collection was performed on 2013 summer. We got benefit from questionnaire method also descriptive statistics was used. The validity of questionnaire was measured by Cronbach's Alpha. All hypotheses were approved and the findings illustrate that satisfaction of Payment systems and facilities is positively related to organizational commitment. It means that increasing the level of satisfaction of payment systems and facilities lead to continuance, normative and affective commitment improvement.

Keywords: Organization commitment, Continuance commitment, Normative commitment, Affective commitment, Payment systems and facilities, Pars zagros heavy machineries
The effect of information distribution, and use of it, operational performance, market orientation and financial perform

The effect of information distribution, and use of it, operational performance, market orientation and financial perform

Authors: M.R. Goodarzi*| Teachers of Payame Noor University (PNU), I.R of IRAN, A. Rahimi Ashtiani| Department of Management, Ashtian branch, Islamic Azad Univ...
( 47 downloads)
Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of variables, information distribution, and use of IT operational performance, market orientation and financial performance, and the effects on the distribution of relevant information and applying information technology IT, the financial performance of logistics companies, we, the impact of these factors on operating performance, and market-oriented and how the operating performance and the financial performance of companies are market oriented. Ali and applied research, and the sample of manufacturing companies, small, medium and central provinces. A standard questionnaire was prepared, and its reliability was high, and hypothesis testing results show that variable distribution, and utilization of IT on financial performance, operational and market orientation, has no effect on manufacturing firms.

Keywords: Supply chain, Logistics, Third party logistics, Information distribution, Customer-oriented, Competition-oriented
Effects of temperature and day length on development rate of safflower cultivars

Effects of temperature and day length on development rate of safflower cultivars

Authors: M.R. Shahsavari*| Esfahan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center., T. Yasari| Department of Science of Zabol University., M. Rezaaei| Esfa...
( 45 downloads)
Abstract

Cropdevelopment is qualitative changes planned that makes the plant to ripening. Under irrigated conditionsexpected only climate elements able to change of plant growth and developmentand under these conditions, temperature and day length have more effective thanthe other elements. Data from planting dates trials conducted over theKabootar-Abad Agricultural Research Station during 2003-2009 were used todevelop models for estimating development rate of three varieties, Arak, ZendehRud and Goldasht. To calculate of developmental rate of every stage, durationof every stage was inversed. For determining model of development rate of everystage, development rate considered as dependent variable and day length,thermal variables and combination of these considered as independent variablesin step wise regression. A step of regression was considered appropriate if thehighest R2 was accompanied by the significant (p≤0.05) regressioncoefficient. Evaluation of model accuracy and sensitivity was performed, usingthe data of 2008-2009 that there was not any role in forming of models. No. of days from planting to emergence,emergence to heading, emergence to flowering, emergence to ripening andflowering to ripening were affected by planting dates. By increasingtemperature, developmental stage periods decreased. Day length had the mosteffect on emergence to heading and emergence to flowering period and byincreasing it, decreased. Tmean was the only variablethat entered to model and explained about 76% of development rate of emergenceperiod. About 83% of development rate of emergence to heading stage wasdetermined by Tmax×DL. T2max×DL2 explainedabout 92% of development rate of emergence to flowering stage. T2max×DL2 with T4maxexplained about 81% variations of developmental rate of emergence to ripeningstage. T3max was the only variable that entered the model ofdevelopment rate of flowering to ripening stage and expressed about 47%variations of it. Contribution of thermal and day length parameters indetermining of rate of different developmental stages is not constant. This maybe related to different physiological nature of developmental stages anddifferences reactions of these stages to climatologic, edaphic and agronomicelements and interaction among them and with genotype of plant. Contribution of thermal and day lengthparameters in determining of rate of different developmental stages is notconstant.

Keywords: Development rate, Safflower, Varieties, Planting date, Temperature, Day length
The investigation of the role of small towns on economic and social development of surrounding areas, case study: Zahak

The investigation of the role of small towns on economic and social development of surrounding areas, case study: Zahak

Authors: S. Saeb| Master of Urban Planning from Islamic Azad University Zahedan Iran.
( 46 downloads)
Abstract

The interaction and link between cities andrural areas is considered as the main factor in the process of social, economicand cultural changes. In spite of the fact that, most developmental theoriesand executive procedures insist on the duality of the population and activitiesof rural areas and cities, allusively. This study seeks to investigate theinteraction between Zahak city and surrounding rural areas. In fact the aim ofthe study is investigation the question that whether Zahak city caused thedevelopment of the surrounding rural areas or visa verse? And whetherdevelopment of Zahak city had an influence on the reduction of migration andorganic development of the area? To answer the research question quantitativeand qualitative, librarian and field research (questionnaire) studies andrelated soft wares were used. The result of the study reveals that developmentof Zahak city can cause provision of production services, use andinfrastructural for surrounding villages and vise verse. Rural areas alsoprovide suitable services for citypeople.

Keywords: Zahak city, Surrounding area, Village, Interaction
A survey of the position of archetypes in the investigation of the historical houses of Shiraz

A survey of the position of archetypes in the investigation of the historical houses of Shiraz

Authors: A. Bamdad*| PhD researcher, academic trainer of architecture department, Islamic Azad University of researches and sciences of Fars, Iran., H.R. Emami...
( 50 downloads)
Abstract

Today, without considering thehuman needs, the residential buildings are designed. If we consider the pastresidential architecture and investigate the archetypes, we can find archetypesin traditional architecture besides considering the individual needs mostlyemphasizing on cultural and spiritual needs of human being. The origin ofarchetype architecture is based on considering human being. The present studyattempted to investigate the archetypes in the past residential architecture ofShiraz and by the investigation of the form and their typology, we reached thearchetypes. This study was documental and comparative design

Keywords: Archetype, Typology, Residential
Light and color aesthetic in sash windows (case study: Behnam building)

Light and color aesthetic in sash windows (case study: Behnam building)

Authors: P.A. Sadabad*| Masterof Architectural Engineering, Department of Architecture, Islamic Azad University, Eris, Iran, M. Amirdastmalchi| Masterof Archit...
( 49 downloads)
Abstract

Sash windows can be described as the talent of Safavid and Ghajaridarchitects. They are mix of wooden Girih tiles with colorful pieces of glass.When lights are intermixed they make the colors of internal space seemexcellent and larger than their actual size. This article introduces sashwindows, their applications and their status as well as their forming elementsbased on colors psychological impressions, light aesthetic and the talent ofIranian architects in making good use of mixings in sash windows. At the end,we find that color is a very important element in Islamic architecture toconvey spiritual messages. This article introduces sash windows, their historyand functions. It uses sources, references and pictorial records. It isintended to depict the light aesthetic in sash windows.

Keywords: Sash window, Light, Color, Aesthetic
Rehabilitation of a forgotten urban element: clock tower known as Zill Al-Sultan in the Shahcheragh Shrine

Rehabilitation of a forgotten urban element: clock tower known as Zill Al-Sultan in the Shahcheragh Shrine

Authors: A. Bamdad*| M.A Student, Department of Architecture, Fars Science & Research, Islamic AzadUniversity,Fars, Iran., Z. Valipour| PhD researcher, Young R...
( 52 downloads)
Abstract

The Holy Shrine of Shahcheragh is the third holy place in southern Iran. Thefirst building of this shrine had been built in Ezadal’ dulehDeilamiarea and in 1323AD, Tashy Khatun, mother of King Isaac ben Mahmoud repairedand completed it. It includes Ahmadi and Mohammad's shrine. The building is one of the most important shrines including thecourtyard, portico, dome and minaret and also the layoutof the elements of Persian architecture can be seen in different part of it.Ahmadishrine had been restoredindifferent historical periods, and during thesetimes architectural elementsareaddedordropped.ByLibraryresearch, field data, the shrinearchives and old photographs werecognized thatthe Qajar era clock tower known Zill al-Sultan located between the current poolin the courtyard and Saqa’khaneh (place for pray) which had been destroyed dueto development of the shrine in the early of Pahlavi period.Considering thefact that this element is rooted in memories of old Shiraz, need to recognizeit again and recommend for rebuild and restore it in order to remember the oldshrine is very important.

Keywords: Shiraz, Shahcheragh, Clock tower, Zill al-sultan, The qajar period
Rehabilitation and renovation in ravar deteriorated urban area

Rehabilitation and renovation in ravar deteriorated urban area

Authors: R.A. Kermani*| Msc. Of Architecture, Art University of Tehran, Faculty member at Resalat University of Kerman, Iran., S.M. Abbasi| Msc. of Urban Desig...
( 46 downloads)
Abstract

Thanks to increase of population in Iranian cities they are constantly growing vertically-physically and occupy amass area of their surroundings. As time passes and form of ownershipstransform in central texture of cities, their texture quality drops and moredeterioration becomes evident. The deteriorated area in cities consists of fourparts as follows: 1. Textures with historical and urban heritages; 2. Urbantextures (without historical heritage); 3. Marginal textures (informalsettlements) 4. Inefficient textures.According to conformity of historical and deteriorated area with of Ravar andlack of a marginal and inefficient texture requested from a vast abandonedbarren areas, disparate applications such as prisons, barracks, and annoyingand polluting industries, this city has only deteriorated area with historicalheritages. Therefore, the present paper is an attempt to organize thedeteriorated area of city Ravar in Kerman for creating a sustainableenvironmental, economic, and social development along with consideringimproving, rehabilitation and renovation standards. to do this, users of spacesincluding residents and those who are working in this area are identified asthe goal population and improvement of the place quality for them and fortravelers are coming to the city or travel to city Mashhad as well as theirparticipation in this plan are of the most important purposes in the present research.

Keywords: Old texture, Public participation, Earthquake, Stimulating the development projects, City ravar, Rehabilitation and renovation
Use of sustainable wind energy in traditional architecture of windmills in Iran

Use of sustainable wind energy in traditional architecture of windmills in Iran

Authors: M. Jafari Farsani*| Master of Architectural Conservation, Department of Architecture, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord branch, Shahrekord, Iran., A...
( 66 downloads)
Abstract

One of the main principles of sustainablearchitecture is the use of renewable energy. Aerodynamic force wind and its energywere effective in ventilation, heating, cooling and milling the grain inhot-dry areas of Iran. According to studies on the local, windmills known asAsbads. Windmills (asbads) are located in theeastern part of Iran (the southern part of Khorasan and Sistan).people in this partof Iran due to lack of water used 120-day winds for milling wheat and producingflour. The major purpose of this paper was to explore how windmills in Iranwork via using the sustainable wind energy and analyze the indexes ofsustainable architecture in such traditional buildings. History, origin andperformance manner of windmills in using the sustainable wind energy areproposed by means of descriptive-analytical methods and collecting data throughhistorical study and field study methods. Then principles and indexes ofsustainable architecture in vernacular architecture of Windmills (asbads) arementioned. Finally, it is concluded thatrecognition, introduction, and conservation of such buildings throughdocumentation, proposing comprehensive plans for restoration and registeringthem in the World Heritage List can be effective on building an appropriateenvironment, improving the energy consumption pattern, attracting tourists andcultural, artistic and economic development. Moreover, creativity of theIranian desert dwellers in building these monuments and how they have adaptedto the nature are displayed.

Keywords: Windmill, Sustainable architecture, Wind energy, Conservation
Solar energy as a solution in sustainable architecture and intelligent buildings (case study: Ahvaz city)

Solar energy as a solution in sustainable architecture and intelligent buildings (case study: Ahvaz city)

Authors: M. Nikpour*| MSc Student of Architecture, Department of Architecture, Khuzestan Science and Research University, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran....
( 53 downloads)
Abstract

The use of new energies isinevitable in line with sustainable development plans due to environmentalpollution, global warming and the increasing use of fossil fuels. The use offossil fuels is associated with greenhouse gas emissions and thereby globalwarming as well as secondary impacts such as desertification and dust storms inthe Middle East including in Iran. The use of renewable energy is the bestsolution to avoid greenhouse gas emissions. Ahvaz City with a population ofabout 1338126 people and 3080.2 sunny hours per year is located in southwesternIran. Ahvaz is among the best locations for application of solar systems. This is an analytical research carried out by desk study method. The presentpaper aims at evaluating the use of solar energy as a strategy for sustainablearchitecture and intelligent buildings in Ahwaz.

Keywords: Sustainable architecture, Intelligent building, Solar energy, Ahwaz

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