International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences

International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences

Basic info

  • Publisher: Science Explorer Publications
  • Country of publisher: united kingdom
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2017/May/14

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Public Health and Community Medicine
  • Publisher's keywords: Health
  • Language of fulltext: english
  • Full-text formats available: PDF

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): No
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Editorial information

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: CC BY
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2010
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: None
  • Content digitally archived in: LOCKSS, CLOCKSS
  • Deposit policy registered in: None

This journal has '2581' articles

CHANGES IN ENERGY AND PROTEIN VALUE OF THE FORAGE BIOMASS IN DECADES ON A NATURAL MEADOW IN THE RHODOPE MOUNTAINS (SOUTHERN BULGARIA) AND POSSIBILITIES OF THEIR PREDICTION

CHANGES IN ENERGY AND PROTEIN VALUE OF THE FORAGE BIOMASS IN DECADES ON A NATURAL MEADOW IN THE RHODOPE MOUNTAINS (SOUTHERN BULGARIA) AND POSSIBILITIES OF THEIR PREDICTION

Authors: YANKO KOZHUHAROV| Complex Experimental Station, 35 Nevyastata Str., 4700 Smolyan, Bulgaria., VLADIMIR LINGORSKI| Research Institute of Mountain Stockb...
( 35 downloads)
Abstract

The purpose of this study was to establish the changes in energy and protein value of the forage biomass in decades of vegetation of a natural meadow Agrostis capillaris-Festuca fallax type in the Rhodope Mountains (Smolyan region, Southern Bulgaria). Most crude protein content (320-325 g.kg-1 a dry matter) contained the forage at the beginning of grass vegetation, while in the same period the crude fiber were at least. It was observed an opposite dependence with advance of vegetation. The greatest values of the crude protein yields were reported between 71st–92nd day (from 91.9 to 97.0 t.ha-1) after N80P80- and between 71st–102nd day (from 105.9 to 110.5 t.ha-1) after N160P80-fertilization. Most feed units per 1 ha were obtained after fertilization with N160P80 - 2509.4 FU and with N80P80 - 2225.5 FU. The energy nutritiousness of the grass forage (irrespective of fertilization levels) increased the values of IE, FU, MFU and GFU during in decades of the active vegetation. For all of the aforesaid indicators that process continued until 71st day after the beginning of vegetation and the lowest values had of a 184th day (in the end of vegetation). The established equations for predicting of energy and protein value of the forage biomass in decades have a high statistical reliability.

Keywords: Decade accumulation, Natural meadow, Nutritiousness, Protein and fiber content, Protein yield, Quadratic equations
THE EFFECTS OF FOLIAR APPLICATION OF SALICYLIC ACID ON QUALITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE YIELD OF WHEAT UNDER SALINE CONDITIONS

THE EFFECTS OF FOLIAR APPLICATION OF SALICYLIC ACID ON QUALITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE YIELD OF WHEAT UNDER SALINE CONDITIONS

Authors: MARVI HAMID*| Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding Sabzevar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sabzevar, Iran, ARMIN MOHAMMAD| Department of Agrono...
( 37 downloads)
Abstract

Salicylic acid is an important phenolic compound which can reduce the effects of saline condition on the plant through regulating it growth processes. In order to study the effects of time and amount of the application of salicylic acid on qualitative and quantitative yield of wheat, a factorial combination was conducted in an experimental farm in a randomized complete block design with 3 replicates in Islamic Azad University, Sabzevar Branch, in 2011. The aforementioned factors were investigated with respect to the time of application which entailed three stages (Tillering, stem elongation, and flowering) and with respect to the amount of salicylic acid application which encompassed four levels (0, 50, 100, and 150 mg/l). The findings reveal that the time of salicylic acid application exerts a significant effect on the economic and biologic yields, the number of seeds per spike as well as sodium, potassium, and protein percentages. The highest economic yield and the number of seeds per spike were observed in the stem elongation period. The amount of salicylic acid application had a significant effect on qualitative and qualitative yields of wheat as well. Most of the parameters studied at the time of application of 150 mg/l of salicylic acid were at the highest. The application of salicylic acid led to higher resistance to salinity by changing the way sodium and chlorine ions are absorbed. All in all, the findings show that application of 150 mg/l of salicylic acid at tillering stage is the most appropriate time of application for ensuring the optimum economic yield.

Keywords: Salinity, Wheat, Salicylic acid, Protein
ROLE OF MYCORRHIZA IN ABSORBING SOIL PHOSPHOROUS

ROLE OF MYCORRHIZA IN ABSORBING SOIL PHOSPHOROUS

Authors: OMID ALIZADEH| Department of Agriculture, Firoozabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Firoozabad, Iran.
( 38 downloads)
Abstract

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) usually form beneficial symbioses with roots of many plants in order to allow them to maintain themselves and grow well under relatively harsh conditions Some primary benefits of mycorrhizae are enhanced host plant acquisition of mineral nutrients Fungal hyphae normally transport phosphorous over longer distances from depleted zones compared to roots. The AM especially benefit plants grown in soils where P is likely to limit plant growth. A reduced effectiveness of AM colonization of roots often occurs when soluble soil P levels increase this review gives an overview on the role of mycorrhizae in absorbing phosphorous.

Keywords: Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, Phosphorous, Absorb
FORAGE NUTRITIOUSNESS AFTER DIFFERENT WAYS OF USE OF A NATURAL MEADOW IN THE RHODOPE MOUNTAINS (SOUTHERN BULGARIA)

FORAGE NUTRITIOUSNESS AFTER DIFFERENT WAYS OF USE OF A NATURAL MEADOW IN THE RHODOPE MOUNTAINS (SOUTHERN BULGARIA)

Authors: YANKO KOZHOUHAROV| Complex Experimental Station, Smolyan (Bulgaria), VLADIMIR LINGORSKI| Research Institute of Mountain Stockbreeding and Agriculture,...
( 34 downloads)
Abstract

The experiment with a natural meadow of Agrostis capillaris-Festuca fallax type in the Rhodope Mountains (Smolyan region, Southern Bulgaria) shows that the different ways of use influenced on the qualitative characteristics of the forage. The crude protein and crude fiber of the grass biomass were in well-expressive opposite dependence. Thus the crude protein content in annually used ways varied from 275 to 320 g.kg-1 by grazing, while the crude fiber - from 224 to 298 g.kg-1 by hay production. As a result of the annual use of alternating ways to harvesting, the protein reached from 263 to 324 g.kg-1 after grazing, while the crude fiber – from 219 to 290 g.kg-1 after hay production. Given the annual ways used, maximum feed units per 1 ha (4321 FU) and the greatest crude protein yields (1.76 t.ha-1) were obtained after pasture alternation with hay-use. Similar results were observed with alternating ways by years after an initially triple (pasture-hay-pasture) using. The forage nutritiousness increased when performed rotation of the ways to use. Their values were lower when their use is applied annually. By increasing the number of used undergrowths combined with annual identical uses (only grazing or grazing-hay-grazing), the energy nutritiousness of the grass forage decreased and reached the lowest values compared to other uses.

Keywords: Natural meadow, Agrostis capillaris-Festuca fallax type, Way of use, Qualitative indicators, Energy nutritiousness, Rhodope Mountains (Southern Bulgaria)
EFFECT OF SUBSTRATE FORMULATION OF RICE STRAW (ORYZA SATIVA) AND SAWDUST (TRIPLOCHITON SCLEROXYLON) ON THE CULTIVATION OF PLEUROTUS OSTREATUS (JACQ. EX. FR.) KUMMER

EFFECT OF SUBSTRATE FORMULATION OF RICE STRAW (ORYZA SATIVA) AND SAWDUST (TRIPLOCHITON SCLEROXYLON) ON THE CULTIVATION OF PLEUROTUS OSTREATUS (JACQ. EX. FR.) KUMMER

Authors: M. OBODAI| CSIR-Food Research Institute, POBox M20, Accra, Ghana, D. L. NARH| CSIR-Food Research Institute, POBox M20, Accra, Ghana, D. BAKA| CSIR-Foo...
( 38 downloads)
Abstract

The use of agricultural by-products and additives to improve the biological efficiency and nutrient content of the oyster mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus (Jacq. ex. Fr.) Kummer has been an area of continuous research in Ghana. The effect of varying pre-treatments and substrate formulations of rice straw and sawdust of Triplochiton scleroxylon on the yield and biological efficiency of Pleurotus ostreatus strain EM-1 was studied. The suitability of the substrates for cultivation of P. ostreatus strain EM-1 in descending order is rice straw with composted sawdust with additives, composted sawdust with additives, rice straw only, rice straw with fresh sawdust with additives and fresh sawdust with additives, having biological efficiencies (BEs) of 76.07%, 65.23%, 56.33%, 46.55% and 43.50% respectively. All the treatments showed significant differences in BEs at P<0.05. The combined substrates generally gave significantly higher BEs than the single substrates. Composted sawdust gave significantly higher BE than fresh sawdust (P<0.05). Substrate combinations increase the yield of P. ostreatus strain EM-1 when rice straw and sawdust of T. scleroxylon are used. Also composting increases the BE of sawdust of T. scleroxylon when used to cultivate P. ostreatus strain EM-1.

Keywords: Pleurotus ostreatus, Oyster mushrooms, Composting, Substrate formulation, Rice straw, Sawdust
ESTABLISHMENT OF CELL SUSPENSION CULTURE FROM ONOSMA DASYTRICHUM SEED CALLUS CULTURE

ESTABLISHMENT OF CELL SUSPENSION CULTURE FROM ONOSMA DASYTRICHUM SEED CALLUS CULTURE

Authors: SAMANE BAGERI| National Institute of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (NIGEB), Tehran, Iran,Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Payame Noor Univers...
( 37 downloads)
Abstract

The initiation of callus production and establishment of cell suspension culture from Onosma dasytrichum are described in this study. In this study, using different plant growth media and various concentrations of sucrose and 2,4-D, the growth patterns of cell suspension cultures were examined. Murashige and Skoog medium was identified as best medium for cell suspension culture. Medium containing 2,4-D (0.2 mg/L) and 40 mg/L sucrose induced higher rates of cell division and produced more cell increase ratio for fresh weight (CIRFW) than other media which were examined.

Keywords: Boraginaceae, Onosma dasytrichum, Cell suspension culture
THE PREVALENCE OF HELMINTH EGGS IN THE SOIL OF ABUJA RECREATIONAL PARKS AND GARDENS, ABUJA NIGERIA

THE PREVALENCE OF HELMINTH EGGS IN THE SOIL OF ABUJA RECREATIONAL PARKS AND GARDENS, ABUJA NIGERIA

Authors: F.I MOHAMMED| Division of Agricultural Colleges, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria., U.D IDRIS, J.U UMOH| Department of Veterinary Public Health and Prev...
( 34 downloads)
Abstract

In Nigeria and other developing countries there is an uncontrolled population of stray dogs and inadequate veterinary care, there is a likelihood of high degree of soil contamination by geohelminth eggs. Recreational parks in Abuja receive a lot of visitors daily. Contamination of these parks with geohelminths may expose humans to infection. This study was set up to determine the prevalence of geohelminths in recreational parks in Abuja and the extent of awareness of the risk of infection by the members of the public who visit the parks. Seven recreational parks were selected in such a way that each district with parks is represented, were collected and studied out of the 28 officially approved parks in Abuja phase I. A total of 764 samples were studied using sucrose floatation medium with specific gravity of 1.25. Helminth eggs were found in 516 (68%) of the soil samples studied. Park D (83%) is the highest contaminated with geohelminths. Lowest rate 28 (47%) was observed in park A. Toxocara eggs (52%) were the most frequent, followed by Teania (15%), Isosphora (7%) and Trichuris (3%). Park G was the most contaminated with Toxocara eggs (64%) and park A (7%) the least contaminated with Toxocara eggs. Of the 200 respondents who visited the parks during the study period and were interviewed, 184 (95%) were aware of human infection by helminthes, but only 36% were aware that helminth infection can be acquired through soils contaminated with helminth eggs. It is concluded that soils in Abuja recreational parks are contaminated with helminth eggs and this could be a source of human infection in the city. It is therefore important that members of the public be educated on the risk of soil borne helminth infections.

Keywords: Helminth Eggs, Soil, Parks, Abuja phase and Nigerian National census
PROPERTIES OF ADHESIVENESS NANO CARBOXYMETHYL CELLULOSE IN COMPARE WITH CARBOXYMETHYL CELLULOSE FOR PAPER CONSERVATION

PROPERTIES OF ADHESIVENESS NANO CARBOXYMETHYL CELLULOSE IN COMPARE WITH CARBOXYMETHYL CELLULOSE FOR PAPER CONSERVATION

Authors: HAEIDEH KHAMSEH| Department of science, Abhar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Abhar, Iran
( 34 downloads)
Abstract

The adhesiveness of moderately concentrated aqueous solution of nano carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) and carboxymethyl cellulose having different degrees of stickiness were examined. The aim of this study was to study the effects of aqueous adhesive method that was applied to examined on the old paper in both state and how the nano state effect on paper`s cellulose.

Keywords: Nano, Carboxymethyl, Cellulose, Adhesiveness, Paper
A NOVEL TECHNOLOGY APPLICATION IN AGRICULTURE RESEARCH

A NOVEL TECHNOLOGY APPLICATION IN AGRICULTURE RESEARCH

Authors: MOHD. HUDZARI HAJI RAZALI| Faculty of Agriculture and Biotechnology, UniSZA, 21300, Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia
( 35 downloads)
Abstract

This study introduced the application of novel technology namely camera vision system for detection and classified the maturity stage of oil palm fresh fruit bunches (FFB). Normally FFB are classified into six categories; black, hard, ripe and overripe. However, for initial study, three types of FFB were used; ripe, unripe and overripe. A camera vision system developed in this research is made up of two critical components. The first component is the hardware component that functions as an image acquisitioned for the system. The second component is the software part which analyzes the image captured by the hardware component. The system made prediction of FFB’s maturity by processing the image captured. The main hardware system in this study is a digital camera to capture the image of the sample oil palm fruits and a light meter to detect intensity of the light. Sample pictures were taken in an oil palm plantation at Malaysia Palm Oil Board (MPOB) Bangi Lama Selangor, Malaysia. Oil palm FFB maturity prediction in this research was done by determining the Hue values of oil palm at different stage of maturity. The prediction was also made on the relationship between Hue and oil content in the fruit.

Keywords: Camera vision technology, Non-destructive method, Oil palm fresh fruit bunches Maturity prediction
INTRODUCING AN OPTIMIZED PATTERN OF URBAN STRUCTURE VIA FUZZY GERT NETWORKS

INTRODUCING AN OPTIMIZED PATTERN OF URBAN STRUCTURE VIA FUZZY GERT NETWORKS

Authors: ARASH HAJIKARIMI| Raja University of Qazvin, Iran.
( 35 downloads)
Abstract

In this paper, a coherent infrastructural pattern is codified in association with the fuzzy and flexible management point of view for urban project tasks using GERT network techniques. In this pattern, the value of each required activity for establishing urban infrastructures is considered coherent and correlation between each couple of indices is considered. Each codified flowgraph considers a particular value of a constructional task in creation of urban infrastructures. Afterward, in order to execute, the best path is presented via final optimization of the path values. Unfortunately, in the last decades, the inappropriate urban growth pattern not only did not provide a suitable access to vital urban infrastructures, but also by going into more depth, it is understood that it made a lot of dilemmas. It is necessary to be mentioned that implementation of infrastructures is a significant point which have an effect on the execution essence of each civil tasks because of deterministic, binary and rigid vision. Fuzzy consideration in the presented pattern eliminates the rigid vision and imports flexible one into presented model. Finally, via establishing the fuzzy graphical evaluation and review technique model, desired path and appropriate tasks are selected.

Keywords: GERT networks, Flow graph, Path value, Fuzzy management, Urban structure
VARIETAL IMPROVEMENT OF RICE UNDER RAINFED CONDITION OF PARWANIPUR, BARA, NEPAL

VARIETAL IMPROVEMENT OF RICE UNDER RAINFED CONDITION OF PARWANIPUR, BARA, NEPAL

Authors: P. SHAH| Regional Agricultural Research Station, Parwanipur, Bara, Nepal, T. AKHTAR| Regional Agricultural Research Station, Parwanipur, Bara, Nepal
( 40 downloads)
Abstract

Twenty two entries were tested in RCB design having three replications in coordinated varietal trial rainfed lowland early (CVT-RL-E) and coordinated varietal trial rainfed lowland medium (CVT-RLM) during 2010 at RARS Parwanipur. Among the tested entries of CVT-RL-E, the top grain yield produced by BP2780-MR-6 (2789 kg ha-1) followed by IR79915-B83-4-4 (2582 kg ha-1) and APPO (2507 kg ha-1). In case of coordinated varietal trial rainfed lowland medium (CVT-RL-M), highest grain yield was produced by Madhaya dhan 845 (2800 kg ha-1) followed by BR 4363-B-8-1-2-4 (2133 kg ha- 1).

Keywords: Genotypes, CVT and grain yield
STRATEGIC INFORMATION SECURITY DECISION MAKING WITH ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS

STRATEGIC INFORMATION SECURITY DECISION MAKING WITH ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS

Authors: IRFAN SYAMSUDDIN| Department of Computer and Networking Engineering State Polytechnic of Ujung Pandang Makassar, Republic of Indonesia
( 34 downloads)
Abstract

Security is a serious concern in delivering trusted e-government services. However, in order to apply a sound security policy in e-government environment, strategic decision should be made while involving different point of views. This paper examines the application of AHP in evaluating information security policy decision making with respect to Indonesian e -government systems. We suggest a new model based on four aspects of information security (management, technology, economy and culture) and three information security components (confidentiality, integrity and availability). AHP methodology was applied to analyze the decision making process. It is found that management and technology were the dominant aspects of information security, while availability was the main concern of information security elements for e-government information systems.

Keywords: AHP, Information security, Policy, Decision making
EFFECT OF LONG-TERM TILLAGE, MULCH AND TIME OF NITROGEN APPLICATION ON MOST DOMINANT WEEDS IN WHEAT (TRITICUM AESTIVUM L.)

EFFECT OF LONG-TERM TILLAGE, MULCH AND TIME OF NITROGEN APPLICATION ON MOST DOMINANT WEEDS IN WHEAT (TRITICUM AESTIVUM L.)

Authors: P. SHAH| Regional Agricultural Research Station, Parwanipur, Bara, Nepal
( 36 downloads)
Abstract

A field experiment was conducted at the Research Block of Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science (IAAS), Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal during winter season of 2007/08 to assess the effect of longterm tillage, mulch and time of N application on most dominant weed species in wheat field. The experiment consisted of two levels of tillage (no tillage and conventional tillage), two levels of mulch (no mulch and mulch with rice straw @ 4 t ha-1) and two timings of nitrogen application (half at sprouting and half at CRI stage and half at CRI stage and half at 40 days after sowing) and was laid out in factorial RCBD with three replications. This experiment was the continuation of ongoing experiment conducted jointly by IAAS and Cornel University from 2002-2007. The data on dominant weeds were taken in 2007/08 to determine the impact of treatments for long term. Result showed that majority of the weed species were higher in surface seeding and no mulch plot at all the growth stage of the wheat. Time of nitrogen application had non-significant effect at 35 and 70 DAS of wheat but at maturity stage, majority of weeds were lesser in half N applied at sprouting and half N at CRI stage plot.

Keywords: Surface seeding, Conventional tillage, Weed density
EVALUATION OF E-GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: AN ITPOSMO APPROACH

EVALUATION OF E-GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: AN ITPOSMO APPROACH

Authors: IRFAN SYAMSUDDIN| Department of Computer and Networking Engineering State Polytechnic of Ujung Pandang Makassar, Republic of Indonesia
( 37 downloads)
Abstract

Previous literatures have found that many e-government initiatives in developing countries failed to achieve its objectives. In order to deeply understand what factors contributed to the failure of early e-government initiaves in developing countries, this study chooses such municipality e-government project of South Sulawesi in Indonesia that failed to fulfill its promise. Using ITPOSMO approach this study reveals actual gaps that responsible to the failure. In addition, several key performance indicators for better e-government implementation are also addressed for further e-government development. Finally, the study ends up with recommendations for policy makers for shaping the future of egovernment in the local municipality government.

Keywords: E-Government, Developing country, ITPOSMO, Evaluation
STUDY OF SOIL PHOSPHORUS AVAILABILITY AFFECTED BY DIFFERENT AMOUNTS OF PHOSPHORUS FERTILIZERS

STUDY OF SOIL PHOSPHORUS AVAILABILITY AFFECTED BY DIFFERENT AMOUNTS OF PHOSPHORUS FERTILIZERS

Authors: EBRAHIM PANAHPOUR| Departement of Soil Science, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University (IAU), Khouzestan, Iran, NEDA EHTEMAEE| Departeme...
( 33 downloads)
Abstract

The goal of this research was the investigation of relationship between added phosphorus to soil and the increase of dissolved and absorbable phosphorus and its effect on absorbable Fe and Fe concentration in soils under sugarcane culture. This research was conducted as Randomized Complete Blocks Design with 6 factorial treatment structures 0, 25, 75, 125, 375 and 1100mg P/Kg soil( phosphorus salt was Potassium Mono Phosphate) and 3 time periods, 20, 50 and 60 days. Compound samples of soil were prepared of sugarcan fields. Different concentrations of phosphor were added to fields and samples, in field capacity conditions, were kept at mentioned times in incubator by temperture of 25ºc. Results showed by increasing addition of phosphorus concentration to soil, the concentration of absorbable, dissolved and fixedphosphorus increased and absorbable concentration of Fe and Cu decreased. By adding phosphorus fertilizer to soil, one part of it caused increasing dissolved and absorbable phosphorus and remainder part percipitated in soil. Accordingly, 55.64 % and 18.35% of phosphorus fertilizer were transformed to absorbable form respectively in 30 and 10 days.

Keywords: Absorbable phosphorus, Dissolved phosphorus, Fixed phosphorus

About Europub

EuroPub is a comprehensive, multipurpose database covering scholarly literature, with indexed records from active, authoritative journals, and indexes articles from journals all over the world. The result is an exhaustive database that assists research in every field. Easy access to a vast database at one place, reduces searching and data reviewing time considerably and helps authors in preparing new articles to a great extent. EuroPub aims at increasing the visibility of open access scholarly journals, thereby promoting their increased usage and impact.