International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences

International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences

Basic info

  • Publisher: Science Explorer Publications
  • Country of publisher: united kingdom
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2017/May/14

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Public Health and Community Medicine
  • Publisher's keywords: Health
  • Language of fulltext: english
  • Full-text formats available: PDF

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): No
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Editorial information

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: CC BY
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2010
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: None
  • Content digitally archived in: LOCKSS, CLOCKSS
  • Deposit policy registered in: None

This journal has '2581' articles

Effect of biological nitrogen on the harvest index of flower and essential oil of Calendula officinalis L. under End Season Water Deficit Condition

Effect of biological nitrogen on the harvest index of flower and essential oil of Calendula officinalis L. under End Season Water Deficit Condition

Authors: Fahime shokrani| Urmia University, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Urmia, Iran., Alireza pirzad*| Urmia University,...
( 34 downloads)
Abstract

To evaluate effect of irrigation disruption on the harvest index of flower and essential oil of Calendula officinalis L., an experiment was conducted as split plot at the Research Farm of Faculty of Agriculture, Urmia University (latitude 37.53 °N, 45.08 °E, and 1320 m above sea level) in 2010. Treatments included end season water deficit (irrigation disruption at first, second, third harvest and without disruption as control) as main plot and amount of biological nitrogen (0, 3, 6, and 9 liter per hectare of biological nitrogen included Azotobacter and Azospirillum sp.) as sub plot were arranged in randomized complete block design with three replications. Data analysis of variance showed the significant interaction effect between irrigation disruption and biological nitrogen on essential oil and flower harvest index in first harvest, second harvest, third harvest, fourth harvest, fifth harvest and sum of total harvest. The highest harvest index of essential oil (0.38 %) in sum of total harvest belonged to irrigation disruption after first harvest and 9 liter per hectare of biological nitrogen. The maximum flower harvest index in in sum of total harvest (11.8 %) was obtained from control treatment of irrigation (without irrigation disruption) and 9 liter per hectare of biological nitrogen.

Keywords: Azospirillum, Azotobacter, Harvest index, Irrigation disruption, Pot marigold
Growth analysis of Pimpinella anisum under different irrigation regimes and amounts of super absorbent polymer

Growth analysis of Pimpinella anisum under different irrigation regimes and amounts of super absorbent polymer

Authors: Alireza Pirzad| Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Urmia University;Institute of Biotechnology, Urmia University, Urmi...
( 58 downloads)
Abstract

In order to decrease the effect of water stress on anise plant (Pimpinella anisum), a factorial experiment was conducted based on randomized complete block design with four replications in 2009. Treatments were irrigation regimes (irrigation after 40, 80, 120 and 160 mm evaporation from pan class A) and super absorbent polymer (0, 60, 120, 180 and 240 kg/ha). Results of plant growth analysis indicated that the biomass (Total Dry Weight) had a slow raise till 806 Growth Degree-Days (GDDs)=55 Days after Sowing (DAS). Then a fast increase till 1392 GDDs=85 DAS for irrigation after 80, 120 and 160 mm, and 670 GDDs=100 DAS for irrigation after 40 mm evaporation. Quadratic relationship between Crop Growth Rate (CGR) and GDDs was observed in all experimental treatments. At the end of growth, after 85 days, values of CGR were come closer. Linear function obtained between Relative Growth Rate and GDDs, indicated a descending trend of during growth season. There was a respective reduction of biomass, CGR and RGR obtained from irrigation after 80, 40, 120 and 160 mm evaporation. Leaf Area Ratio (LAR) had a binomial relation with GDDs in all experimental treatments. Anise plants irrigated after 40 and 80 mm evaporation from pan obtained the highest and same values of LAR, and it was dropped in wider irrigation intervals. Despite of descending trends in Leaf Area Index (LAI) by irrigation after 80, 40, 120 and 160 mm evaporation, a few distances was observed between LAI obtained from irrigation after 80 and 40 mm evaporation. A similar change of total dry weight, CGR, RGR, LAR and LAI with super absorbent treatments was occurred as well as irrigation. A descending trend of biomass, CGR, RGR, LAR and LAI was occurred with 240, 180, 120, 60 and 0 kg/ha super absorbent.

Keywords: biomass, CGR, irrigation, LAI, LAR, RGR
Human Rights and Right to Food

Human Rights and Right to Food

Authors: Razieh Hassankhani*| Bu Ali Sina university-Hamedan-Iran,[email protected], Sattar Azizi| Bu Ali Sina University-Hamedan-Iran, Roya Hassankhani|...
( 32 downloads)
Abstract

Future demand for food will be driven by population growth and rising incomes; the latter increase the demand for meat, vegetables, fruits, and grains At least four similar definitions of food security have been used by international organizations: 1. "Access by all people at all times to enough food for an active, healthy life." 2. "All people at all times have both physical and economic access to the basic food they need." 3. "Access by all people at all times to sufficient food and nutrition for a healthy and productive life." 4. "When all people at all times have access to sufficient food to meet their dietary needs for a productive and healthy life." Concern with food security can be traced back to the world food crisis of 1972-74 - and beyond that at least to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, which recognized the right to food as a core element of an adequate level of living. The right of having enough food and well-being is recognized one of the principals in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Agriculture. Therefore in this article the principal elements in health food production and affecting factors are studied.

Keywords: agriculture, food security, human rights
Intellectual properties in agriculture

Intellectual properties in agriculture

Authors: Razieh Hassankhani*| M.Sc. of private law, Bu - Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran, Roya Hassankhani| M.Sc. of agricultural Mechanization of Tabriz-Ta...
( 33 downloads)
Abstract

The importance of the agricultural sector in developing countries as a source of food, incomes, employment and often foreign exchange cannot be overstated. Intellectual property rights have been defined as “the rights given to people over the creations of their minds. Intellectual property right is a broad term used to cover patents, trademarks, plant breeder's rights, copyright, trade secrets and other types of rights that the law gives for the protection of investment in creative effort and knowledge creation. Knowledge, unlike a physical object, can be used by others. In this article some of these regulations such as agreements on agriculture related aspects of intellectual property rights are reviewed.

Keywords: agriculture, intellectual property, protection
Assessment of biodegradation efficiency of some isolated bacteria from oilcontaminated sites in solid and liquid media containing oil-compounds

Assessment of biodegradation efficiency of some isolated bacteria from oilcontaminated sites in solid and liquid media containing oil-compounds

Authors: M. Ebrahimi| Master of soil science, [email protected], M.R. Sarikhani*| Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tabri...
( 38 downloads)
Abstract

Oil contamination in Iran due to high application of oil compounds, is one of the most dangerous pollution factors. Bioremediation is one of principal strategies for remediation, where in the pollutants can be removed by use of microorganism or any biological process that uses microorganisms or their enzymes to return the environment altered by contaminants to its original condition. With regards to the importance of bioremediation, hydrocarbon degrading efficiency of some isolated bacteria from oilpolluted sites of Bushehr province, such as Pseudomonas stutzeri, Pseudomonas alcaligenes, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, Serattia odorifera, Achromobacter xylosoxidans, Acinetobacter johnsonii, Entrobacter cloacae, Ralstonia sp., Vibrio sp., Sphingobacterium sp., Zymomonas sp., Paracoccus sp., Pantoea sp. and Chryseobacterium sp. were determined in a solid and liquid medium enriched by gas oil (2%), toluene (1%) and phenanthrene (0.05%). In order to determine the efficiency of these bacteria in hydrocarbon-degrading an inoculum of bacteria containing 108 cfu/ml was used in plate and liquid assays, which were performed in factorial experiment based on completely randomized design with 3 replications. The increasing of diameter of colony and the growth turbidity (OD600nm) as indicators for utilization of hydrocarbon was measured in solid and liquid assays, respectively. Results showed that in CFMM plate assay, highest diameter of colony in presence of toluene and phenanthrene were achieved by Chryseobacterium sp. and Sphingobacterium sp., while in liquid assay and in presence of three compounds Serattia odorifera and Entrobacter cloacae were efficient. Moreover, among three compounds highest degradability in bioremediation was related to gas oil, and it’s followed by phenanthrene and toluene, respectively.

Keywords: Bioremediation, Oil contamination, Gas oil, Toluene, Phenanthrene
The Effects of Drought Stress and Super Absorbent Polymer on Morphphysiological Traits of Pear millet (Pennisetum glaucum)

The Effects of Drought Stress and Super Absorbent Polymer on Morphphysiological Traits of Pear millet (Pennisetum glaucum)

Authors: Leila Keshavars| MS student of Agronomy, College of Agriculture,Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran, Hasan Farahbakhsh| Department of A...
( 35 downloads)
Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the effect of different rates of Super Absorbent Polymer and drought stress on water use efficiency (WUE), yield and some morph-physiological traits in pear millet. Factors were considered as four levels of irrigation (I1to I4) and three levels of super absorbent polymer (S1to S3). Before planting, super absorbent polymer was added to the soil of pots in deepness of root development. Drought stress was applied in four leaf stage. For stress application, the pots were weighted every day, then, irrigated with the water content at field capacity (FC) at 100, 80, 60 and 40 (%), respectively. Analysis of variance showed that the effects of treatments were significant on all of the studied traits. The interaction effects of two mentioned factors were not significant. The results indicated that water stress significantly decreased the number of leaves per plant, chlorophyll content, dry weight, relative water content (RWC) and Water Use Efficiency (WUE) in pear millet, whereas the application of super absorbent polymer compensated the negative effect of drought stress, especially in high rates of polymer application [ 0.2 (%)and 0.4 (%)(g/kg)]. These mentioned rates of polymer had the best effect to all of the studied traits. These findings strongly suggested that the irrigation intervals of millet could be increased by application of super absorbent polymer.

Keywords: pearl millet, trait water stress, polymer, yield
Studying of Nationality Aspects

Studying of Nationality Aspects

Authors: Razieh Hassankhani| M.Sc. of Private law, Department of law, Faculty of Literature & Humanities, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran,E-mail:rzhasank...
( 34 downloads)
Abstract

Nationality is an important issue in governments’ and their national’s international connections. Nationality is a political and intellectual relationship which defines the relationship between one person and a specific state. Nationality is the status of belonging to a particular nation by origin, berth or naturalization. There are two criteria in granting nationality: Jus sanguinis (based on blood or descent) and Jus soli (based on birth place). Each of the nationality requisites is not complete in its own, there upon; governments take them together to endow nationality. Nationality determines the scope of application of basic rights and obligations of states vis-a` -vis other states and the international community.

Keywords: Nationality, Jus soli, Jus Sanguinis
Management in Quran

Management in Quran

Authors: Nasrin Tavakoli| Department of Quran and Hadith Sciences, Payame Noor University (PNU), PO Box: 19395-3697, IR. Iran., Behrouz Eskandarpour| Member of...
( 40 downloads)
Abstract

Today the importance of management, both at micro- and macro-level, is not denied by anyone, and all the people deal with the management somehow and feel its effects on their own lives. Nevertheless, few studies have been conducted in the field of management in the The Quran and Islam- hence extensive ground for research in this area. The Quran is the word and inspiration of God presented by the holy prophet (PBUH) to all humanity, and is under the protection of God, and is the best criterion for true understanding. This study attempts to first discuss the importance and necessity of management in the current era as well as the managers’ mission in establishment of an Islamic government; then the features of a manager will be extracted from the precious verses of the Quran; and finally the exact verses on the four primary tasks of management are provided.

Keywords: Management, Quran, Manager, Islamic Government
The Comparison of Effective Factors on Customer Satisfaction of SAIPA Auto- Company (Pride, Rio, Xantia) in Ardebil

The Comparison of Effective Factors on Customer Satisfaction of SAIPA Auto- Company (Pride, Rio, Xantia) in Ardebil

Authors: Behruz Skandarpur| Member of Staff, Department of Management, Payame Noor University (PNU), PO Box: 19395-3697, IR. Iran, Ali Azad Jablu| Department o...
( 33 downloads)
Abstract

The main aim of current research has been the comparison of effective factors on customer satisfaction of SAIPA Auto-company (Pride, Rio, Xantia) in Ardebil. Participants of this paper are the owners of automobiles of SAIPA Company (Pride, Rio, Xantia) which have received their automobiles during the last 18 months from SAIPA Company and or agency of this company, and who at least once have consulted to SAIPA Company. Agencies of receiving after-sale services. And non-probability free-service sampling method has been used. Researcher made questionnaires have used in this paper order to attract customer's attention. However the method of research has been field study type, research data have analyzed using non-parametric analysis method using U-test of Vitni and Kroscal Wallice The result show that there is not meaning full difference between effective factors on customer satisfaction (automobile characteristics, delivery and sale services) automobiles of Saipa company (Pride, Rio, Xantia) regarding the type of the automobile in Ardebil. And satisfaction factors of owners are the same for all of three type of researchable automobiles.

Keywords: customers' factors, automobile characteristics, delivery and sale services, post, sale services
Social Justice and Women’s Roles in Islamic Government’s Progression

Social Justice and Women’s Roles in Islamic Government’s Progression

Authors: Nasrin Tavakoli| Department of Quran and Hadith Sciences, Payame Noor University (PNU), PO Box: 19395-3697, IR. Iran.
( 34 downloads)
Abstract

Any society needs its men and women's active and equal participation to achieve development. Ignoring female roles is equal to a huge damage to the function of the government. So, in order to achieve its goals and find the right path of development, it is necessary for the government to consider all human resources, especially those of women. According to Islamic view, women play a major role in the foundation and development of an Islamic society. In addition, Islam values women to such an extent that they can achieve their proper human as well as social status. It is in this kind of position that they can hold social responsibilities to help it develop. If they are not ignored regarding the Islamic and social justice, women can play a crucial part to achieve such a development. Since the present paper aims to study women's role in Islamic republic of Iran's development, it is necessary to focus on the issues concerning their efforts and the challenges having to do with the so-called expected development. Moreover, the present study tries to put forward a theoretical framework through which the issue is analyzed from Islamic justice and rights point of view. Therefore, in the first part, the concept of justice and social justice in Islamic system is discussed and the verses or sayings that introduce justice as one of the Islamic values are presented. In the second part, the issues regarding women rights that lead to faster movements towards the development are discussed. After a thorough examination of numerous verses from the holy Quran and Islamic sayings, it is concluded that many of them have made contribution to the equality of men and women prior to the creation, the freedom of education, learning sciences, freedom of speech, possession, independency in owning properties, employment, freedom in all aspects of their life like political, social and cultural issues. It shows that the holy Quran, as the most complete divine and religious leaders' book, has always been aware of women and their crucial role in all levels of society and has ordered Muslims to observe these points, too.

Keywords: Justice, Social justice, Women’s rights, Progression, Islamic government
Molecular and cytological evaluation of male sterile and restorer lines in hybrids rice

Molecular and cytological evaluation of male sterile and restorer lines in hybrids rice

Authors: Ammar Gholizadeh ghara*| M. Sc student, Science and Research branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.Ammar Gholizadeh Ghara, Email: ammar_gholi...
( 35 downloads)
Abstract

Information on the genetics of fertility restoration facilitates breeding and/or selection of restorer lines used in hybrid breeding program in a cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) system. Cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) is a common phenomenon that has been extensively used for production of hybrid seeds in various crops. Rf genes are needed for restoring fertility to CMS lines. Searching for molecular tagging of restorer genes is of high importance where phenotyping is very time consuming and requires the determination of spikelet sterility in testcross progeny. In order to determine maintainers and fertility restorers lines in hybrids rice, 5 cytoplasmic male sterile was crossed whit 10 pure line as tester. In other year, F1 progenies arranged in RCBD design whit three Replications. Evaluation of fertility in F1 populations showed IR-9 parent for all the crosses was identified as restorer. The cross Rome parent with CMS lines observed lowest amount fertility, also molecular analysis confirmed exist gene RF only in IR-9 parent.

Keywords: Hybrid Rice, genetics, Cytoplasmic male sterility and restorer
Effects of Pluronic F-68 on regeneration and rooting of two pear cultivars (Pyrus communis cvs Dar Gazi and Bartlett)

Effects of Pluronic F-68 on regeneration and rooting of two pear cultivars (Pyrus communis cvs Dar Gazi and Bartlett)

Authors: Soudeh Dashti| Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad Unive...
( 34 downloads)
Abstract

The promontory effects of the non-ionic surfactant, Pluronic F-68 (PL) were studied on shoot regeneration and rooting of leaf explants of two pear cultivars (Pyrus communis L., cvs. Dar Gazi and Bartlett) in three separate experiments. In the first experiment, effects of various concentrations of Pluronic F-68 (0, 0.5,1.0,1.5 and 2.0% w/v) supplemented in two basal culture media, Quoirin and Lepoivre (QL) and Nitsch & Nitsch (NN) were evaluated on shoot regeneration of pear cultivars. The results showed that for Bartlett, a concentration of 1% (w/v) PL was the most effective in both QL and NN medium and for Dar Gazi, 2% (w/v) PL supplemented into NN medium was the most influential concentration. Generally, QL gave lower regeneration rates than NN (20.4% vs 28.5%) and regeneration of Dar Gazi cultivar (15%) was significantly lower than Bartlett (33.95%). In QL, 5.2% of Dar Gazi and 33.5% of Bartlett leaves were regenerated while in NN the regeneration was 15.8% for Dar Gazi and 31.2% for Bartlett leaves. In the second experiment, the regeneration rates from leaf explants of the two cultivars were evaluated, when cultured on the same basal culture media containing two optimized regenerative concentrations of Thidiazuron (TDZ) in the presence or absence of 1% (w/v) PL. Results showed that the presence of Pluronic and TDZ in the culture media increased regeneration rates of both Dar Gazi and Bartlett cultivars significantly. In the third experiment, effects of 1% (w/v) PL added in the same basal culture media supplemented with 1μmol NAA were evaluated on rooting of the cultivars. According to the results, no significant effect was observed from PL application on root regeneration. Root regeneration was significantly higher in NN medium regardless of PL application.

Keywords: Medium Condition, Regeneration, Rooting, Surfactant, Thidiazuron, Woody Plants
Non-linear Growth Modeling of Greenhouse Crops with Image Textural Features Analysis

Non-linear Growth Modeling of Greenhouse Crops with Image Textural Features Analysis

Authors: Keyvan Asefpour Vakilian| Department of Agrotechnology, College of Abouraihan, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran,[email protected], Jafar Mass...
( 32 downloads)
Abstract

Nowadays, Machine Vision and Image Processing have become two important techniques in micro-precision agriculture. Vector extraction in textural features analysis is one of the principle methods in image processing. Entropy (randomness of graylevel distribution) and homogeneity (determination of the related gray-level pixel distribution amongst the surrounding pixels in the plant image) are two features in numeral image texture analysis. In this article, results of measurement of entropy and homogeneity are presented for greenhouse crop leaves’ image with a computer image processing method in an experiment. The objective of the current study was growth modeling with a machine vision system for tomato, cucumber and eggplant crops. The leaf samples were brought to the laboratory from a hydroponic greenhouse to measure the textural features. Results showed that the values of entropy and homogeneity were dependent to the plant growth for these three types of crops. The older plant leaves had more entropy and lower homogeneity than younger plant leaves. Finally, the relationships between the age of plant (in days) and textural features were modeled.

Keywords: Entropy, Homogeneity, Image acquisition, Image processing, Pattern recognition
Effect of Plant Growth Promoting Bacteria (PGPR) on the MorphophysiologicalProperties of Button Mushroom Agaricus bisporus in Two Different Culturing Beds

Effect of Plant Growth Promoting Bacteria (PGPR) on the MorphophysiologicalProperties of Button Mushroom Agaricus bisporus in Two Different Culturing Beds

Authors: Ali Ebadi*| M.Sc. Student, Department of Soil Science Engineering , Campus of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Karaj, Tehran University, Iran, Tel:...
( 34 downloads)
Abstract

Edible mushrooms such as Agaricus bisporus are cultivated for food worldwide. Phase change from the vegetative to the reproductive stage and fruit body initiation of this mushroom were made by presence of casing layer which depended on physical, chemical and biological properties of this layer.The presence of bacteria in this layer has great impact on the performance of the ediblemushrooms. In the present study, in order to evaluation the effect of plant growth promoting bacteria on yield of edible mushroom an experiment was conducted as factorial arrangement based on randomized complete block design with three replications. First factor consisted of two substrate including fresh mushroom compost and municipal solid waste compost. Second factor consisted of bacterial treatments at six level include no-bacteria, IAA producing bacteria, ACC-deaminase producing bacteria, phosphate solubilizing bacteria and siderophore producing bacteria and a bacteria with all growth promoting traits. Analysis of variance showed that effect of growth promoting bacteria on mushroom yield was significant (P<0.01). Highest mushroom yield observed in B4 treatment which increased fresh weight by 12.7 percent compared to control. Highest amounts of dry matter percentage and number of mushrooms were obtained in B3 treatments compared to control. Also Iron concentration in B5 treatment had significant increase compared to control with the amount of 88.1 mg/kg.

Keywords: edible mushroom, growth promoting bacteria, IAA, siderophore
Effect of methyl jasmonate and salicylic acid on noradrenalin accumulation in hairy roots of Portulaca oleracea L

Effect of methyl jasmonate and salicylic acid on noradrenalin accumulation in hairy roots of Portulaca oleracea L

Authors: Kiana Pirian| M.Sc student, Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Bu-Ali sina University Hamedan, Iran., Khosro Piri*| Associate Profes...
( 32 downloads)
Abstract

Portulaca oleracea L. is a medicinal plant find in Europe and Asia. This plant contains valuable secondary metabolite such as noradrenalin. Naturally the wild plant produce small amount of this secondary metabolites so induction of hairy roots can be useful to increase its production. In our research Agrobacterium rhizogenes strain AR15834 was used to induce hairy roots in the two-week leaf explants of P. oleracea. PCR analysis with specific primers rolB gene was performed to confirm the transgenic hairy roots production. PCR analysis results showed diagnostic bands with size 780 bp related to specific reproduction of rolB gene, so the transgenic hairy roots was confirmed. The effect of two chemical elicitors, salicylic acid and methyl jasmonate, on the production of noradrenalin in P. oleracea hairy roots was examined. Methyl jasmonate was found to increase the production of noradrenalin. The optimal methyl jasmonate dose was between 100um and 200um for hairy roots harvested 48h after elicitation. After 48h of induction with 200um methyl jasmonate, an eightfold increase in the level of noradrenalin was observed in compared with control cultures.

Keywords: Portulaca oleracea, Noradrenalin, hairy root, A. rhizogenes, PCR, Salicylic

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