Journal of Special Education and Rehabilitation

Journal of Special Education and Rehabilitation

Basic info

  • Publisher: Faculty of Philosophy, Institute of Special Education and Rehabilitation
  • Country of publisher: macedonia, the former yugoslav republic of
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2017/May/14

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Medicine, Pediatrics, Psychology
  • Publisher's keywords: Medicine, psychology, pedagogy
  • Language of fulltext: english, macedonian
  • Full-text formats available: PDF

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): No
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Editorial information

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: CC BY
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 1997
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: DOI
  • Content digitally archived in: LOCKSS, CLOCKSS
  • Deposit policy registered in: Sherpa/Romeo

This journal has '589' articles

BASIC SUPPOSITIONS FOR ORGANIZING AND ESTABLISHING  A COHERENT SYSTEM OF EARLY TREATMENT AND PRE-SCHOOL  UPBRINGING OF CHILDREN WITH DEVELOPMENTAL  DIFFICULTIES IN CONDITIONS OF TRANSITION

BASIC SUPPOSITIONS FOR ORGANIZING AND ESTABLISHING A COHERENT SYSTEM OF EARLY TREATMENT AND PRE-SCHOOL UPBRINGING OF CHILDREN WITH DEVELOPMENTAL DIFFICULTIES IN CONDITIONS OF TRANSITION

Authors: Ljupco AJDINSKI
( 82 downloads)
Abstract

The author of this paper wants to pay attention to the utmost problems of treatment and pre-school upbringing, from several points of view ( health, social, educational, economic, normative etc.), that are related to the establishment of the primary conditions and suppositions for successful organization of protection and rehabilitation of these children. Children with developmental difficulties are quite a complex problem of the family, society and professional problem. The complexity and the burden of this problem are seen through the type and level of impairment, through the number of such children, as in providing financial, personnel and other conditions that are needed for successful protection and treatment.

Keywords: null
NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL BASIS OF EARLY DIAGNOSTICS  AND TREATMENT IN DEFECTOLOGY

NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL BASIS OF EARLY DIAGNOSTICS AND TREATMENT IN DEFECTOLOGY

Authors: Svetomir BOJANIN
( 76 downloads)
Abstract

Every problem of defectology, based on the developmental difficulties of the senses, intelligence, motor and early socialization, is performed in the area of the developmental nervous structures and neuromuscular links. The scientific defectology , today, can not exist without neuropsychological studies of perception, movement, function of intelligence and feelings. The time when determined functions develop, and the appropriate time for stimulation of those functions, for improvement of the development of perception, intelligence, movements and feelings, that means socialization. At the same time, disorders in the development are treated effectually if the structure and function of determined segments of the person are agreed and matured. Accepting the attitudes of Pijaze, that the nervous structures are dividing the capabilities and incapabilities at a given age, and that the social environment stimulates or irritates the development of those structures and functions, in this paper we give the arguments for this attitudes and methods of early diagnostics and treatment in the childhood and youth.

Keywords: null
ACTING OF THE MEDICAL GENETIC ADVISORY CENTER IN THE EARLY DETECTION AND PREVENTION OF PERSONS WITH PSHYCHOPHYSICAL DISORDERS IN THEIR DEVELOPMENT

ACTING OF THE MEDICAL GENETIC ADVISORY CENTER IN THE EARLY DETECTION AND PREVENTION OF PERSONS WITH PSHYCHOPHYSICAL DISORDERS IN THEIR DEVELOPMENT

Authors: Mirjana KJAEVA-PEJKOVSKA, Boro APOSTOLSKI, Dimitar EFINSKI, Snezhana NIKOLOVA
( 75 downloads)
Abstract

There had been a great dedication on the prevention of the acquired disease in the past. The well known are eugenetic advisory centers in which people could get information for a given inherited disease, later so called genetic advisory centers. Their work, besides is based on the principles of informing the patients for the difficulties, importance and prognoses of determined inherited disease. This activity, which is the highest achievement in the medical genetics, can be called genetic information, which is very important for regular treatment of every patient. The accurate etiological diagnosis is an essential precondition for giving the genetic information, assessment of the risk, the eventual treatment, as for the prenatal diagnosis e.i. prevention of congenital malformations. The genetic consulting is applicable in all possible phenotipical manifestations of the breaking genes, regardless to the categorical custody of the examinees with retards in their development. In fact, that’s a summary of standards which are applicable in the basic prevention in disabilities in the psychophysical development, whose reasons are genetically determined. Preventive activities are mostly used with mentally retarded as a result of the frequent intercession of the psychological disorders all together in different syndromes and diseases. The genetic consulting activities of the Center for Mental Health for children and adolescents in Skopje are based on the appliance of the following methodology: fortification of the risk for the appearance of inherited anomalies; explanation and assessment of the established risk in the concrete family situation, assurance of adequate assistance concerning the accurate and practical assessment of the risk and preparation of rational plan for subsequent treatment and decisions; consequent observation of the situations and evaluation of achieved results etc. In that way, the acting of medical-genetic advising center in the prevention of the psychological disorders gains its importance because the early detection and prevention of these diseases on the territory of our country has gained advantage for the patients and the society as a whole.

Keywords: null
ANALYSIS OF RANGE OF CHILDREN WITH DAMAGED HEARING WITH REHABILITATION TREATMENT AT PRE-SCHOOL PERIOD

ANALYSIS OF RANGE OF CHILDREN WITH DAMAGED HEARING WITH REHABILITATION TREATMENT AT PRE-SCHOOL PERIOD

Authors: Violeta MIRAKOVSKA
( 72 downloads)
Abstract

Beside the early detection and early diagnostics, one of the main factors for effectual rehabilitation treatment of children with damaged hearing , is also the early range, immediately after the detection and confirmation of the state. There is no professional paper that elaborates the problems of children with damaged hearing , without stressing the importance of this factor, although there are only several analyses for the practical representation. An analysis is made in the Institute for rehabilitation of hearing, speech and voice in Skopje, for the period of 6 years ( 1990-1996 ), where we can see that before the range of children with damaged hearing with rehabilitation treatment, optimal time is left for the development of audio function, speech and language, upon which the thoughtful and learning processes are dependent. There are a lot of causes, but the most important are late detection, diagnostics and directing on treatment.

Keywords: null
PROVISION OF HEALTH CARE FOR THE POPULATION OF CHILDREN WITH SPECIAL REVIEW OF THE INDICATORS OF HEALTH CONDITION IN THE PRENATAL AND EARLY NATAL PERIOD

PROVISION OF HEALTH CARE FOR THE POPULATION OF CHILDREN WITH SPECIAL REVIEW OF THE INDICATORS OF HEALTH CONDITION IN THE PRENATAL AND EARLY NATAL PERIOD

Authors: E. STIKOVA, LJ. PANEVA, F. TOZIJA
( 71 downloads)
Abstract

The aim of this paper is to present the organizational settings of health care on all levels (primary, secondary and tertiary), the personnel with university, college and high school education which gives health care for the children. Children's diseases will be presented, especially those which leave traces in the psychophysical status of the child and pose social and medical problem for the family and the whole community. Death rate of children will also be presented according to the causes of death, in the period of 1987-95. Health care of children aged 0-6 years in the primary health care is organized through well-child clinics for infants and preschool children in 18 health facilities and 16 medical centers in the Republic of Macedonia, as well as through rural medical units, with a total of 157 locations. The number of physicians in 1995 has increased 9% compared with 1987 and the number of specialists is 66% higher compared with 1987.

Keywords: null
EARLY DETECTION OF CHILDREN WITH DEVELOPMENTAL DIFFICULTIES AS BASE FOR SUCCESSFUL REHABILITATION

EARLY DETECTION OF CHILDREN WITH DEVELOPMENTAL DIFFICULTIES AS BASE FOR SUCCESSFUL REHABILITATION

Authors: Ivan DVOJAKOV, Marika SOTIROVSKA-SIRVINI, Gorica LEVENSKA
( 68 downloads)
Abstract

In the composition of one well imagined axis, the approach towards the children with developmental difficulties, integrated rehabilitational system, the most important place takes the basic element, the early and adequate detection and evidence of these children, as essential condition for successful realization of the remained segments in the whole system i. e., building of the whole strategy of the children with developmental difficulties. The main goals of this presentation are: · the objective condition in the early detection, evidence and registration of children with developmental difficulties in the Republic, focusing on the present deficiency and partial solutions in this moment. · our professional and personnel possibilities as base for improvement of this segment; · the objective needs and organizational perspectives for a global system of detection of children with developmental difficulties; · the central evidence of these children, excluding the elements of improvisation and partial working. Absence of one unique methodology of detection, registration and central evidence of these children although there is a legislative regulation for their registration (in the centers for social affairs) it puts us in a position only to predict the expected number of children with developmental difficulties ( according to WHO, about 5-7 % in pre-school population ).

Keywords: null
VERBOTONAL METHOD IN THE REHABILITATION  OF CEREBRAL DAMAGES

VERBOTONAL METHOD IN THE REHABILITATION OF CEREBRAL DAMAGES

Authors: Marija PASKVALIN
( 70 downloads)
Abstract

Verbotonal system demands for special, integral view to functional happening in the brain, to damage impact and to the rehabilitation of brain lesion impaired person. This integral view determines the complex. early, optimal and intensive rehabilitation. This is done by the engagement of the whole brain, by the correction of all dysfunction's and by making it possible for cerebral functioning to have more intact synchrony. Speech is human general capability that defines and characterizes thinking itself, it is the highest intellectual work. As it is the result of the complete brain activity, the rehabilitation involves all evident dysfunction's. Because of integrality, associatively of development and rehabilitation and physical rehabilitation (sometimes only as accompanying and sometimes as predominant) are involved. Verbotonal procedures, as distinguished from pure physiotherapy, are done in the sense of using hands, legs and the whole body for work and keeping psychophisical processing healthy and rhythmical.

Keywords: null
SOME REASONS FOR THE APPEARANCE OF DEVELOPMENTAL DIFFICULTIES IN CHILDREN

SOME REASONS FOR THE APPEARANCE OF DEVELOPMENTAL DIFFICULTIES IN CHILDREN

Authors: Jordanka DIMOVSKA, Icko GJORGOSKI
( 71 downloads)
Abstract

There are a lot of reasons for the appearance of developmental difficulties in children, but as the most important that provoke changes in the regulating mechanism are before all nervous and endocrene. That’s because all the information that the organisms get from the environment and adequatly correspond to them are gained throughout the nervous system, at the same time the products of the endocrine glands being involved. That’s why, if there are some disorders in the production of certain hormones or the transmission of senses especially in the CNS, the answer and the reactions of the organism at the reguired senses will be inadequate. That is nevertheless as a result of the content of the materials in the CNS that take part directly in the transmission of senses.

Keywords: null
REMEDIAL TREATMENT OF MENTALLY RETARDED CHILDREN WITH ACCOMPANIED MANIFESTATIONS

REMEDIAL TREATMENT OF MENTALLY RETARDED CHILDREN WITH ACCOMPANIED MANIFESTATIONS

Authors: Petar NASTOV, Dragoslav KOPACEV
( 72 downloads)
Abstract

In the frame work of a general and wholly therapeutic program, that is necessary for treatment of mentally retarded children, the remedial therapy i. e. medical treatment has jet its important role, very often estimated according the possibilities in this field, but in the frame work of all the other therapeutic procedures will have its own place for a long time further on. The most used is psychopharmaco therapy, which is used as necessary, for symptomatic activities, very often in the sphere of behavior or different implanted psychopathological disorders of mentally retarded children. The priority is given to the non sedative high potential neuroleptocytes. The group of basic sedative low potential neuroleptocytes should be avoid, because of the shown sedation, which has an negative influence towards the cognition and learning, which are already damaged in mentally retarded children. We treat conditions of neurotic of these children with “anksiolitici” and “tranklizeri”. We should be very cautions using these drugs from the group of “benzodiazemini”, because of the possibility of development of tolerance and possible dependency.

Keywords: null
RETINAL HEREDODEGENERATIVE DISEASES- THE MOST COMMON REASON FOR THE BLINDNESS IN THE CHILDHOOD

RETINAL HEREDODEGENERATIVE DISEASES- THE MOST COMMON REASON FOR THE BLINDNESS IN THE CHILDHOOD

Authors: T. JOSIFOVA, M. IVANOVSKA, G. SOFRONIEVA, M. GOLUBOVIK, K. BLAZEVSKA, V. NIKOLOVSKA
( 69 downloads)
Abstract

Introduction: The retinal disorders are responsible for the most difficult types of visual lost. They are presented as a disturbances of the photoreceptors, pigment epithelium, bruchs membrane and the choriocapilaris. Material and methods: According to the results from the Fluorescent Angiography ( FFA ) in the period of 1981-96 in 30 children are registered retinal heredodegenerative disorders. The patients are in the age from 7-15 years. Out of this number of patients, 11 have Degeneratio tapetoretinalis and 19 have Degeneratio ML juvenilis. The diagnosis is based on this investigations: visual activity, opthalmoscopy, FFA, perimetry and electrophysiological investigation. Discussion: Because of the early lost of visual function in the childhood, the frequency of the registered patients with macular degenerations is bigger than the patients with tapetoretinal degenerations. Conclusion: The number of patients with heredodegenerative disturbances is bigger after 15 years of age, then in the group up to 15 years of age. Considering the meaning of this problem we should make an early screening of all children in the pre-school period.

Keywords: null
ATTITUDES OF HEALTHY CHILDREN PARENTS TOWARDS HANDICAPPED CHILDREN AT THE PRE-SCHOOL AGE

ATTITUDES OF HEALTHY CHILDREN PARENTS TOWARDS HANDICAPPED CHILDREN AT THE PRE-SCHOOL AGE

Authors: Ruzica KERAMITCIEVA, Tatjana TAKASMANOVA-SOKOLOVSKA
( 72 downloads)
Abstract

Since the 1970-ies, in the USA and Western and Eastern Europe, the model of segregated education has been abandoned, and nowadays the handicapped children attend regular schools all together with other healthy pupils. This , so called Integrative Pedagogy, proceeds from the mental hygiene aspects according to which the restrictive environment in special schools has not been a favorable one for the development of those children. The integrational process of these children in pre-school institutions and schools has rather been difficult due to a number of reasons. As one of them, already mentioned and found in literature , has been the negative attitude of non-handicapped children parents towards those handicapped in their development. The problem of this research is to check and test the attitude of healthy children parents towards handicapped children at pre-school age. This research shall also tend to analyze the origin of the such attitudes i. e. , whether they have been a result of an insufficient information and ignorance of the obstacles during development, or been produced by imitation of the environment, or due to an emphaty, or even because of the fear that “ such a thing better never enter their home”, etc. We sincerely believe that, revealing the above parents’ attitudes and their origin, would certainly bring finding ways of their successful socialization and making the integrational process of handicapped children with their normal mates in pre-school institutions easier.

Keywords: null
ACCEPTING CHILDREN WITH LEARNING DIFFICULTIES IN PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION IN THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA

ACCEPTING CHILDREN WITH LEARNING DIFFICULTIES IN PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION IN THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA

Authors: Nevena PACEMSKA, Ana ANDONOVSKA, Jane CONNOLLY, Karen DOWEN
( 69 downloads)
Abstract

General literature: Importance of pre-school education ( with particular emphasis on children with learning difficulties ). Over view of the present pre-school education provision for children in the Republic of Macedonia. Methodology: Questionnaires were circulated to kindergartens to assess: 1. the present provision for pre-school children with learning difficulties in the Republic if Macedonia. 2. the attitudes of pre-school educators in accepting children with learning difficulties in kindergartens. Results: The results indicated areas for future development in the educational provision for pre-school children with learning difficulties in the Republic of Macedonia. In particular the study highlighted the attitudes of pre-school educators and their understanding of the needs of pre-school children with learning difficulties.

Keywords: null
THE EDUCATION AND SOCIAL REHABILITATION OF VISUALLY IMPAIRED CHILDREN IN THE NETHERLANDS

THE EDUCATION AND SOCIAL REHABILITATION OF VISUALLY IMPAIRED CHILDREN IN THE NETHERLANDS

Authors: Henk van de WERFHORST
( 68 downloads)
Abstract

In the presented paper, in a very plastic way, short information is given for the transition from boarding schools for visually handicapped children to resource centers and integration of those children in the mainstream schools, in the early 70 -ies. At the same time, the necessary assumptions that were created for successful and multidisciplinary treatment ( medical, social, educational etc. ) are stressed. They enable integration of visually handicapped children, as a process that will constantly develop and enrich with knowledge and treatment.

Keywords: null
POSSIBILITIES FOR EARLY DIAGNOSTICS AND CORRECTION OF DEFICIENCIES OF CHILDREN WITH INTELLECTUAL DISORDERS

POSSIBILITIES FOR EARLY DIAGNOSTICS AND CORRECTION OF DEFICIENCIES OF CHILDREN WITH INTELLECTUAL DISORDERS

Authors: Zlatko DOBREV
( 71 downloads)
Abstract

The content of the presentation shows essential review of the executed research on 335 children at pre school age from subsidiary kindergartens and homes for children with mental retardation. The purpose is to motivate the application of certain methods and forms in the improvement. In that case, the mutual link among etymology, localization, the level of disability and other factors is clearly shown in correlation with certain parameters of psycho-motor development of children at their early age.

Keywords: null
ARTICULATION DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN WITH HEARING DIFFICULTIES AT PRE-SCHOOL AGE

ARTICULATION DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN WITH HEARING DIFFICULTIES AT PRE-SCHOOL AGE

Authors: Stane KOSIR
( 72 downloads)
Abstract

In this report we take into consideration the articulation of 58 deaf children at pre-school age. The lost of hearing has set in at the end of the first year of life and is 95% by Fovler. All the children are normally intellectually developed and attend groups for pre-school deaf children in the Institute for deaf, or kindergartens for children with normally developed hearing. According to the age, the children are divided in two groups, little and big. In the group with the big children is noticed an advancement in the articulation of voices, compared to the group with little children. The advancement is a result of maturing of children and the effectual rehabilitation work.

Keywords: null

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