International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences

International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences

Basic info

  • Publisher: Blue Apple Publications
  • Country of publisher: india
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2017/May/23

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Agricultural Science, Biochemistry, Plant Sciences, Soil Sciences, Zoology and Animal Science, Agricultural Economics
  • Publisher's keywords: Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Finance, Animal Sciences, Soil Science, Biochemistry & Agricultural Chemistry, Plant Breeding & Genetics
  • Language of fulltext: english

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): Yes 150 EUR
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Editorial information

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: Other
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2012
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: None
  • Content digitally archived in: Nopolicy
  • Deposit policy registered in: None

This journal has '700' articles

Evaluation of pre-seeding herbicides in wheat crop

Evaluation of pre-seeding herbicides in wheat crop

Authors: Einallah Hesammi
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Abstract

Effective wild oat control with pre-emergent herbicides is necessary in minimum tillage systems. Pre-seeding herbicides do not work as well in minimum tillage systems compared to systems using full cut cultivation where stubble biomass is lower. If stubble biomass is very high, pre-seeding herbicides are more effective if used with a high water spray volume (i.e. up to 100 L/ha) and a course spray droplet size. Stubble biomass can be reduced (i.e. stubble placed into windrows and burnt). Burning windrows will kill the weed seeds within the windrow; reducing the weed seed bank for the following year. Pre-seeding herbicides will be more effective where stubble biomass is reduced. For most fields, 50% ground cover is enough to prevent erosion. Both sites have more than enough stubble to avoid erosion over summer. The next year, knockdown herbicides were used to control initial wild oat emergence, and then both sites were sprayed with Triflur Xcel® 1.5 L/ha (with 100 L/ha of water) pre-seeding. Wild oat density was very high. As a result, placing chaff (and wild oat seeds) in windrows or spreading chaff did not affect average number of wild oat plants per metre.

Keywords: Wild oat, Weed, Herbicides, Biomass
In Vivo And In Vitro Production of Some Genotypes of Cherry Tomato Solanum Lycopersicum Var. Cerasiforme (DUNAL`)

In Vivo And In Vitro Production of Some Genotypes of Cherry Tomato Solanum Lycopersicum Var. Cerasiforme (DUNAL`)

Authors: Liljana Koleva Gudeva, Gjeorge Dedejski
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Abstract

Cherry tomato is a variety that is poorly present at Macedonian fields, mainly due to the traditional habits of the consumers and the commercial tomato producers to grow tomato varieties with large fruit. Cherry tomato - Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. var. cerasiforme (Dunal) is a tomato variety with small fruit, while having different shapes and colors, and it is used mainly for fresh consumption. The features of this variety are portrayed its sweetness and aroma, which further enriche the taste of food. During this research, a comparative analysis of the morphological traits in this type of tomato in outdoor production conditions, as well as in protected environment was performed. The possibilities for production and maintenance in plant tissue culture in vitro were researched as well, with the goal of improving the morphological and biological features of cherry tomato.

Keywords: Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. var. cerasiforme (Dunal), in vitro organogenesis, plant characteristics, fruit characteristics
Checklist of First Recorded Bat Species in Peshawar and Adjacent Areas, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Checklist of First Recorded Bat Species in Peshawar and Adjacent Areas, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Authors: Farzana Perveen, Faiz-ur-Rahman
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Abstract

Seven species belonging to 5 genera of 4 families were recorded during May 2011 and September 2012 in Charsadda, Kohat, Mardan, Nowshera and Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The bat species included: one fruit bat species (Pteropus giganteus; Pteropodidae), one fulvus leaf-nosed bat (Hipposideros fulvus; Hipposideridae), one greater mouse-tailed bat (Rhinopoma microphyllum; Rhinopomitidae), three Pipistrellus bats of Vespertilionidae (Indian Pipistrellus, Pipistrellus coromandra; least Pipistrellus, P. tenuis; Jawan Pipistrellus, P. javinacum) and one greater Asiatic yellow house bat (Scotophilus heathii; Vespertilionidae). A detailed study is required for further exploration of bat fauna in the study areas.

Keywords: Bat, Charsadda, Chiroptera, Kohat, Mardan, Nowshera, Peshawar
Some nutritional and physical properties of crab apple (Malus silvestris Mill.) fruit

Some nutritional and physical properties of crab apple (Malus silvestris Mill.) fruit

Authors: İbrahim Gezer, Mehmet Musa Özcan, Haydar Hacıseferoğulları and Sedat Çalışır
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Abstract

Some nutritional and physical properties of crab apple (Malus silvestris Mill.) growing wild in Ermenek (Karaman) location were established. The mineral contents of fruit were established by ICP-AES. The major minerals were 2549.3 mg/kg Ca, 96.3 mg/kg Fe, 866.6 mg/kg Mg, 2814.0 mg/kg Na and 2562.4 mg/kg P. Also, physical properties such as length, mass, sphericity, fruit density, bulk density, porosity, projected area and fruit hardness were measured. The static and dynamic coefficients of friction for crab apple fruit were determined with respect to iron sheet and galvanized steel surfaces. The coefficient of dynamic friction decreased compared with the coefficient of static friction of fruits. These results show that crab apple fruit may be useful for the evaluation of dietary information in important food crops. Also, it is important to know the physical properties of equipment used in planting, harvesting, transportation, storage and processing of crab apple fruits.

Keywords: crab apple, Malus silvestris, proximate analysis, minerals, physical properties
Reaction of rice (Oryza Sativa) cultivars to silica and potassium fertilizer

Reaction of rice (Oryza Sativa) cultivars to silica and potassium fertilizer

Authors: Mohammadreza Khabbazkar, Ali Abdzad Gohari, Reza Ebrahimpour Dargah, Arash khonok, Haleh Shafiee Sabet
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Abstract

In study The effects of different amounts of silica and potassium fertilizers on yield rice varieties, a factorial experiment in rice-based design Randomized complete block with three replicates in crop year 2010 the farm was located in Astaneh Ashrafiyeh. It included three levels silica and potassium, and the figure that the first factor in the two level 0 and 375 kg per hectare, the second factor in the three levels of 0, 175 and 350 kg per hectare and the third factor in the two digit level of Hashemi and Ali Kazemi was. Results showed that the fertilizer silica fertile tillers in both cultivars decreased and increased the number of fertile tillers. Increase the number of fertile tillers increased the yield. Fused with fertilizer and grain number per panicle fertilizer potassium, silica and minor increase in consumption of fertilizers increased grain and straw yield and various amounts of silica and potassium, a highly significant difference in both there was a figure. Silica and potassium Chloror fertilizers taking the maxi and min grain yield in the Hashemi with 4647 and 3341 kg per hectare and the max and min grain yield with Ali Kazemi, respectively 4050 and 3110 kg per hectare respectively. Cultivars in all traits were significant differences with each other.

Keywords: silica, potassium, rice (Oryza Sativa), cultivars, yield
Effects of Moisture Content on Physical and Mechanical Properties of Desma (Novella pentadesma) Seed

Effects of Moisture Content on Physical and Mechanical Properties of Desma (Novella pentadesma) Seed

Authors: O. A. Fabunmi, Z. D. Osunde, B.A. Alabadan1, A.A. Jigam
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Abstract

The effects of moisture content on physical and mechanical properties of desma seed were investigated in the moisture range of 9.2 to 17.8% (w.b.). The physical properties which include geometric mean diameter, bulk density and angle of repose were determined using standard known procedures and increased with increasing moisture content up to 17.8%. Their maximum values at 17.8 % moisture content were 12.88±1.65 mm, 667.47±10.2 kg/m3, and 35.97±0.24 degrees, respectively. The mechanical properties which include force and stress were determined using Instron machine (ZDM50-2313/56/18, Germany) and decreased with increase in moisture content up to 17.8% at peak, break and yield points of compression. The energy and deformation increased with increase in moisture content at all points of compression. The peak values of force, stress, energy and deformation at 17.8% moisture content were 98.623.46 N, 10.500.14 N/mm2, 0.240.06 Nm and 2.360.61 mm, respectively. The results are important in the design of desma seed oil expelling machine.

Keywords: Physical properties, Mechanical properties, Moisture content, Bulk density, Compressive force, Desma seed
Reaction of Common bean Crop (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) under Irrigation Intervals and Green manure

Reaction of Common bean Crop (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) under Irrigation Intervals and Green manure

Authors: Narjes Khastehband , Ebrahim Amiri and Ali Abdzad Gohari
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Abstract

To investigate the effects of irrigation management and green manure on yield of common bean, split plot in a randomized complete block design with three replications was conducted in the city of Astaneh Ashrafiyeh crop year 2012. Main plots with no irrigation and irrigation during the study period of 6, 12 and 18 days and includes green manure plots with values 0, 1, 2, and 3 cm in each plot were selected. Results showed that irrigation management on yield probability level, and the performance of the five sheaths and biological significance. Different levels of green manure on yield, pod yield and biomass were significantly five percent level. The interaction of different levels of irrigation management and green manure on yield was significant at five percent level, while the pod yield and biological yield was significant. Comparison of the data showed that the highest seed yield, pod yield and biological yield in irrigation management 6 days, respectively, with values of 2475, 3278.1 and 4426.6 kg/ha. Maximum yield, pod yield and biomass production at different levels of green manure 1407.8, 2181.1 and 2958.5 kg/ha. The interaction of different levels of irrigation management and green manure on yield of 3313.6 kg ha had the highest.

Keywords: Common bean, Irrigation Intervals, green manure, Yield
Repayment Performance and Determinants of Food Crop Farmers Loan Beneficiaries of Nigeria Agricultural Cooperative and Rural Development Bank (NACRDB) in Kogi State, Nigeria. (2008-2010)

Repayment Performance and Determinants of Food Crop Farmers Loan Beneficiaries of Nigeria Agricultural Cooperative and Rural Development Bank (NACRDB) in Kogi State, Nigeria. (2008-2010)

Authors: Adofu, I , Orebiyi, J. S. and Otitolaiye, J. O.
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Abstract

The main objective of this study is to examine the Repayment performance and Determinants of food crop beneficiaries of NACRDB in Kogi State, Nigeria. Using a multi-stage random sampling technique, three agricultural zones in Kogi State ( Zone A, B AND C) were chosen. Primary data were collected through the use of structured questionnaire which were administered to farmers who are clients of NACRDB. The major tools of data analysis were econometric and statistical techniques, such as means, percentages and regression. The sampled food crop farmers were mostly males. The literacy level of the food crop farmers’ loan beneficiaries was above average (69.45) and the mean years of experience of respondent was 18 years. The loan repayment performance among food crop farmers in Kogi State was found to be 93.58%. The most important factors that determine loan repayment among food crop farmers of NACRDB were amount of loan obtained, amount of loan requested for, amount of interest paid, farm size and gender of farmers.

Keywords: Repayment Performance, Determinants, Food Crop, Farmers, Beneficiaries, Cooperative, Agricultural
Evaluation of different treatments of Humic on Pumpkin-naked seeds seeds in terms of the number of germination components

Evaluation of different treatments of Humic on Pumpkin-naked seeds seeds in terms of the number of germination components

Authors: Ali Reza Shekhghasemi , Reza Shahryari and Vahid Mollasadeghi
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Abstract

In order to investigate the different treatments of Humic on Pumpkin-naked seeds in terms of the number of germination components, an experiment in the context of random blocks with 7 humic material treatments was repeated three times in plant physiology lab of Agriculture Faculty of Islamic Azad University of Ardabil Branch in 2011. In this research some properties as FGP, CVG, GI, GRI, MGT, Rs, and MDG under the effects of different treatments of humic materials were measured. The experimental results of the variation showed that there is no meaningful difference between the evaluated indexes from the experimental conditions pints of view. The results coming from the correlation analysis demonstrated that the relation between CVG and MGT and also MDG were negative and meaningful and positive and meaningful respectively. Also a meaningful and positive relation between GI and GRI were observed. Utilizing cluster analysis treatments s was categorized in two groups. The results of cluster analysis showed that the second group including treatments s with numbers 2, 5 and 6 (0.5 Pits solution, 0.5 Leonardit solution and 1 Cc in liters) and were known as the best group. The results of analyzing to main components showed that the first component justified and explained 50.202 percent of all variations. And for GI, FGP, GRI get the maximum coefficients and are positive and second component explained 41.07 percent of all variations, and had strong correlations with MDG, Rs and MGT. Therefore the two components explain 91.272 percent.

Keywords: Cucurbita pepo L seeds, humic material, germination components, main components
ROS in Plant Cell: a Review

ROS in Plant Cell: a Review

Authors: Somayeh Movafegh and Seyed Meysam Hoseini
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Abstract

Oxidative stress is induced by a wide range of environmental factors including UV, Pathogen, Herbicide action and Oxygen shortage. Oxygen deprivation stress in plant cell is distinguished by the three physiologically different states: transient hypoxia, anoxia and reoxygenation. Generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is characteristic for hypoxia and especially for reoxygenation. Of the ROS, Hydrogen Peroxide and Superoxide are both produced in a number of cellular reactions and by various enzymes such as Lipoxygenases, Peroxidases, NADPH Oxidase and Xanthine Oxidases. Such aspects as compartmentalization of ROS formation and antioxidant localization, synthesis and transport of antioxidant, the ability to induced the antioxidant defense and cooperation between different antioxidant systems are the determinants of the competence of the antioxidant system.

Keywords: Reactive Oxygen Species; Hypoxia; Anoxia; Antioxidant System
The Effect of Various Irrigation Regimes and moisture variations and water infiltration in soil on yield and water use efficiency in soybean (Glycin max)

The Effect of Various Irrigation Regimes and moisture variations and water infiltration in soil on yield and water use efficiency in soybean (Glycin max)

Authors: Ali Arezoomand Chafi and Ali Abdzad Gohari
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Abstract

An experiment was conducted to evaluate the Effects of water infiltration to soil in yield and water use efficiency in soybean (Glycin max) in Langeroud, North of Iran. A was studied split-plot in a complete random block plan with 3 replications in the 2011 crop year. Irrigation management included no irrigation (dryland) and irrigations with 6, 12 and 18 days Intervals. Results of this research indicated that average final infiltration was 9.4 (cm/day) and the highest seed yield values for the irrigation management with 12 day interval were 5125.6 (kg/ha) respectively. The highest water use efficiency based on seed yield in irrigation treatment was in the 12, 18 days interval with 1.59 and 1.76 (kg/m3). Volumetric moisture variations in different depths indicated that the moisture content in upper soil layers such as 0-20 cm and 20-40 cm was less than those of 40-60 cm and 60-80 cm layers which was due to water absorption in the first and second layers by the plant.

Keywords: soybean, irrigation, water use efficiency, yeild
Effect of NaCl and CaCl2 stress on germination indicators and seedling growth of canola

Effect of NaCl and CaCl2 stress on germination indicators and seedling growth of canola

Authors: Seyed Nader Mosavian, Morteza Eshraghi-Nejad
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Abstract

Canola (Brassica napus L.) is one of the most important oil seed crops in the world and Iran. Seed germination is the initial and most crucial stage in the life cycle of plants. Several environmental factors simultaneously influence germination. Salinity is a serious problem in many regions of the world including Iran. In order to investigation of NaCl and CaCl2 stress effect on germination indicators and seedling growth of canola, an experiment was conducted with four levels of salinity included (0, 50, 100 and 150 mmole) as a completely randomized design with four replication. Results showed that the effect of salinity on root length (RL), stem length (SL) and vigor index 1 (VI1) was significant. Control has the maximum stem length. Regression equations of germination rate (R50), SL, seedling dry weight (SDW) and maximum germination (Gmax) with salinity levels showed that all of these traits have negative strong relation with salinity levels. Control has the highest value of these traits and as with increase of salinity levels these traits were declined. The most strong relation was observed between SL with NaCl levels (y = -0.0178x + 8.418; R² = 0.9393). Results showed that with increase of mean germination time (MGT), R50 was declined as a linear model that this relationship in Nacl levels was stronger than CaCl2 levels. In conclusion the results of this study demonstrate that the shortened duration up to maximum percent of germination exists within canola seeds that exposed to lower salinity levels.

Keywords: germination rate, mean germination time, salinity, seedling dry weight, vigor index
Growth Analysis Studies and Their Possible Use In Selection Work In Safflower (CARTHAMUS TINCTORIUS l.)

Growth Analysis Studies and Their Possible Use In Selection Work In Safflower (CARTHAMUS TINCTORIUS l.)

Authors: P.K. Ghosh , M.K. Majumder and S.P.Banerjee
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Abstract

An intensive investigation showed that some physiological growth parametrers were determined for efficient selection work at early stages of crop growth in safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.). Plant samples were taken three times at 15 days interval starting from 38 days of seeding. Results revealed significant genotypic differences in respect of Crop Growth rate (CGR) and Leaf area Index (LAI) between 38 and 53 days of seeding, whereas Net Assimilation Rate (NAR), Relative Growth Rate (RGR) and Specific Leaf Weight (SLW) gained in importance in the interval between 53 and 68 days. The magnitude of total correlation among and of direct effects of most of these growth parameters on seed yield were low and insignificant suggesting that dry matter accumulation at earliest stages of crop growth (before anthesis) would have little impact on seed yield. The object of the present investigation was found that the growth analysis indicates that leaf area was more effective in dry matter accumulation at the earliest stage of crop development while in the later stage both leaf area and leaf mass (SLW) played significant role in crop growth.

Keywords: Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.), Net Assimilation Rate (NAR Growth Rate (CGR), Specific Leaf Weight (SLW), Relative Growth Rate (RGR), Leaf Area Index (LAI), Seed Yield
Biology and Population of Melon Fruit fly on Musk Melon and Indian Squash

Biology and Population of Melon Fruit fly on Musk Melon and Indian Squash

Authors: Abdul Ghani Lanjar, Hakim Ali Sahito , Muzaffar Ali Talpur and Muhammad Samiullah Channa
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Abstract

Present studies on biology and population of melon friutfly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coq.) on musk melon and Indian squash were carried out in the laboratory and under field during 2012. The result showed that egg incubation, larval (maggot) and pupal periods 2.29±0.18, 8.94±0.64 and 9.94±1.03 days were recorded, while, preoviposition, oviposition and post oviposition periods 11.00±0.62, 19.29±1.19 and 10.66±082 days of B. cucurbitae observed in present studies were respectively. Fecundity potential ranged from 50 to 91 (74.14±4.90) eggs per female. The male and female adult longevity recorded was 37.86±1.40 and 40.86±0.86 days. Results also indicated that there were three population peaks on musk melon, i.e., 91.4±3.56, 77.4±2.48, 56.2±2.67 male per trap during first and third week of April and first week of May and two population peaks on Indian squash i.e., 81.8±3.44, 66.4±3.50 males per trap during first and third week of April, respectively.

Keywords: Oviposition preference, population abundance, Bactrocera cucurbitae
An Evaluation of the Possible Strategy for Effective Functioning of the Bank of Agriculture (BOA) in Kogi State, Nigeria. A Case Study of Food Crop Farmers Loan Beneficiaries

An Evaluation of the Possible Strategy for Effective Functioning of the Bank of Agriculture (BOA) in Kogi State, Nigeria. A Case Study of Food Crop Farmers Loan Beneficiaries

Authors: Adofu, I , Orebiyi, J. S. and Otitolaiye, J. O.
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Abstract

The study evaluated the possible Remedies for the effective functioning of the Bank of Agriculture (BOA) in Kogi State, Nigeria. Using the food crop farmers as a case study, a multi-stage random sampling technique was used to select three agricultural zone in Kogi State ( zone A, B, and C).Primary data were collected through the use of structured questionnaire which were administered to farmers who are clients of BOA. The major tool of analysis is the Likert scale of analysis. The study find out that, strengthening of the group for better performance, establishing mechanism to protect farmers from undue competition for fund in BOA and establishing mechanism to check diversion of fund in BOA were seen by the respondents as most important strategies for sustainable and successful BOA service delivery to farmers in Kogi State. The study recommend that BOA should establish mechanism for monitoring of the progress and effect of BOA service delivery to farmers and enlightened farmers, especially in the rural are on the mandate of BOA.

Keywords: Constraints, Agricultural, Cooperative, Food Crop, Hampering, Farmers

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