International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences

International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences

Basic info

  • Publisher: Blue Apple Publications
  • Country of publisher: india
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2017/May/23

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Agricultural Science, Biochemistry, Plant Sciences, Soil Sciences, Zoology and Animal Science, Agricultural Economics
  • Publisher's keywords: Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Finance, Animal Sciences, Soil Science, Biochemistry & Agricultural Chemistry, Plant Breeding & Genetics
  • Language of fulltext: english

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): Yes 150 EUR
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Editorial information

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: Other
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2012
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: None
  • Content digitally archived in: Nopolicy
  • Deposit policy registered in: None

This journal has '700' articles

The Study of lines and Different Cultivars of Wheat in Terms of Germination Index in Laboratory Condition

The Study of lines and Different Cultivars of Wheat in Terms of Germination Index in Laboratory Condition

Authors: Maryam Jafari , Aliakbar Imani, Gholamreza Aminzadeh and Hossein Shahbazi
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Abstract

This study was conducted in a randomized complete block design (CRD) with three replications at the Agricultural Laboratory of Islamic Azad University of Ardabil. Analysis of variance results showed that there were significant differences between lines in terms of the all evaluated traits at 1% level. Results of data indicated that the range of variation Coefficient of Velocity of Germination (CVG) between the lines and studied cultivars from 14.90 percent (line 7) to 11.97 (line number 49) was variable. The results also showed that in terms of germination rate (Rs) line 49 with an average of 0.1197 was the top line; in front line 7 with a mean of 0.149 accounted the lowest germination rate.

Keywords: Wheat , Germination indices, Laboratory Condition
Leaf stripe of barley caused by pyrenophora graminea, occurrence in barley seeds in Iran

Leaf stripe of barley caused by pyrenophora graminea, occurrence in barley seeds in Iran

Authors: Leila Zare, Shahla Hashemi-fesharaki
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Abstract

In order to evaluate the certified and foundation barley seed contamination with leaf stripe disease, 180 samples from different most important provinces were tested in 2011-2012 in Iran. For isolation of pyrenophora graminea, osmotic method was used. The brick-red pigment which changed colour to violet was counted as infected (ISTA, 2012).Results of variance analysis of tests showed significant differences (P=0.01) among the provinces. The results showed that the highest infection percent of barley fields to leaf stripe in certified categories were related to Golestan, Qom and Hamedan by 13, 11.17 and 10.67 percent respectively. The lowest infection was belonged to Semnan, Yazd, Zanjan, Ardabil, Mazandaran and Isfahan (less than 1 percent). In foundation (mother) barley seeds Golestan and Qom were placed in one group with the highest infection rate (> 10%) to barly leaf stripe disease. West Azarbayejan, Ardabil, Mazandaran, Isfahan, Hamedan and Semnan were free of disease or less than 1% infection. More research could be done in order to determine economical importance of seed-borne diseases of barley in infested regions since yield losses caused by this fungal pathogens can cause significant yield losses in barley.

Keywords: Barley seed, foundation, certified, pyrenophora graminea
Population status of the goral, Naemorhedus goral (Hardwick) (Artiodactyla: Bovidae) in Pattan and Keyal Valleys of Kohistan, Pakistan

Population status of the goral, Naemorhedus goral (Hardwick) (Artiodactyla: Bovidae) in Pattan and Keyal Valleys of Kohistan, Pakistan

Authors: Farzana Perveen
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Abstract

The goral, Naemorhedus goral (Hardwick) (Artiodactyla: Bovidae) is classified as endangered and assigned a status of vulnerable in Pakistan. The population status of N. goral was determined during May-July 2010 in the Pattan and Keyal Valleys, Kohistan, Pakistan. In Pattan Valley, 90 questionnaires were distributed in 8 different sites, i.e., Tankor Janchil, Rasta Dong Janchil, Barho Kandogay, Landai Sar Bohil, Hawery Kamar Bohil, Barho Bohil, Barho Gulkand and Nabaz. In Keyal, 75 questionnaires were distributed in 6 different sites, i.e., Baroon Nala Fagaiel, Galto Fagaiel, Shaig Bhapobanda, Keero Keyal, Balkhun and Rodair. They were known as “rewn” and “gidha” in their local languages in two valleys, respectively. In Pattan, the population of N. goral was decreased during last five years due to over hunting and unawareness; while in Keyal the same was increased due to prevention of hunting and awareness by Wildlife Department, Pakistan (WDP). The purposes of hunting were the same in both valleys, i.e., natural food resource, source for earning and recreation. Due to lack of education, the most of hunters do not know about importance of N. goral as wildlife animal. The present research is provided education and awareness to the people and hunters.

Keywords: Conservation, endangered, Keyal Valley, Kohistan, Naemorhedus goral, Pattan Valley, vulnerable
Soil Response to Compaction and determine regression optimal model

Soil Response to Compaction and determine regression optimal model

Authors: Amin Reza Jamshidi, Elham Tayari
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Abstract

In this study higher PI of clay loam than that for sandy loam or loam means that the clay loam is prone to substantial compaction over a wider moisture content range than either the sandy loam or loam soils. Using these guidelines the clay loam used in this study is highly plastic while the sandy loam and loam have low plasticity and therefore are less prone to severe compaction because of the narrow moisture range within which deformation would occur. For each soil it is not advisable to use heavy machine traffic such as that used in reclamation or ta allow animal treading when the water content of the soil is between the plastic limit and liquid limit. Field capacity for the clay loam soil is in the 'danger zone', i.e. FC is in the range within which the soil is plastic. Therefore trafficking and cultivation must be avoided when this soil is at field capacity. For the three soils used in the study either field capacity or plastic limit, whichever is less, is recommended as a threshold moisture content beyond which trafficking should be avoided. The nature of the relationship between penetration resistance, bulk density and moisture content depends on soil texture. Bulk density is the dominant independent variable that determines penetration resistance of coarse- textured soils (sandy loam and loam), whereas for fie fine-textured soils in clay loam moisture content is the dominant independent variable that accounts for most of the variation in penetration resistance.

Keywords: Soil compaction, Bulk density, trafficking
Grouping of Lines and Different Cultivars of Wheat in terms of studied traits in Laboratory Condition

Grouping of Lines and Different Cultivars of Wheat in terms of studied traits in Laboratory Condition

Authors: Maryam Jafari, Aliakbar Imani, Gholamreza Aminzadeh and Hossein Shahbazi
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Abstract

This study was conducted in a randomized complete block design (CRD) with three replications at the Agricultural Laboratory of Islamic Azad University of Ardabil. For grouping the genotypes, clustering analysis by Ward's method using Euclidean distance based on the average standard, 12 evaluated attributes were done in the laboratory and 58 lines with cutting in Euclidean distance underwent in five groups. Diagnosis function analysis also confirmed this grouping. In analysis of variance between groups in terms of all traits, results showed the most significant differences between the groups at 1% level that confirmed grouping. The fourth group were consists of lines 9, 18, 19, 27, 31, 37, 39, 45, 48, 49 and 50 which had the highest value in terms of the Mean Time Germination (MTG) and the lowest value in terms of the coefficient of velocity of germination (CVG) and germination rate (RS) and underwent in the first grade. Whatever coefficient of velocity of germination (CVG) and germination rate (RS) is low is better. The results showed that the was second group with lines 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 13, 15, 25, 34, 38 and 43 among the five groups as a superior group because in most characters respectively had high value.

Keywords: Wheat, cluster, Laboratory Condition
Soy Milk Effects and CMC on Soy Dessert and Its Rheological Properties

Soy Milk Effects and CMC on Soy Dessert and Its Rheological Properties

Authors: Assiyeh Zahedi , Mohammad Hojjatoleslamy, Javad Keramat and Mohammad Ali Shariaty
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Abstract

In this research we have studied the effects of soy milk and CMC on color and rheological properties of soy dessert. Soy milk (10-100 %) and CMC (0, 0.5%) has been used. sample were prepared and kept 2 and 7 days in 4° c then its rheological and color properties were measured by rheometer and image processing ,respectively. Samples with no CMC indicated the most consistency coefficient in 50-60% of soy milk. It increased except 50,60 and 100 % of soy milk after 7 days. Samples containing CMC showed the most consistency coefficient were related to samples with no,10 and 20 % soy milk after 2 and 77 days of storing .variation analysis indicated that unlike samples stored in 7 days , there is no significant relation between soy milk content and consistency coefficient in samples after 2days , while it is significant for samples containing soy milk. It is significant between hydrocolloid content and consistency coefficient in 2ndday unlike 7thday in a steady content of soy milk. Soy dessert is a pseudo plastic fluid and has pseudo plastic behavior with yield stress during different days of storing. Increasing soy milk content, decreasing transparency and redness, increasing yellowish color of samples. They are more when hydrocolloid is used.

Keywords: Soy milk, soy dessert, physiochemical properties, CMC
Some properties of Ayvalık olive oil

Some properties of Ayvalık olive oil

Authors: Mehmet Musa ÖZCAN, Erman DUMAN and Züleyha Endes
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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the differences of some physico-chemical properties and fatty acid composition in a pure olive oil. Free fatty acids acid, dregs, iodine value, wax content, peroxide value and refractive index of both oils were determined. Fhe fatty acid compositions of the pure olive oil were carried out by the Varian 2100 Gas chromatography. Oleic (71.69%), palmitic (13.54 %), linoleic (10.78%) and stearic (2.75 %) acids have been identified as the dominant fatty acids, respectively. Free fatty acids (3.46 %), peroxide value (3.07 meq / kg) and dregs (0.2%) were important differences in the content.

Keywords: The pure olive oil, physico-chemical properties, fatty acids, GC
The study of genetic diversity of wheat genotypes based on Gliadin protein patterns

The study of genetic diversity of wheat genotypes based on Gliadin protein patterns

Authors: Farzaneh Pordel-Maragheh , Ali Akbar Imani and Hossein Shahbazi
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Abstract

In order to study the reaction of winter wheat genotypes to drought stress in terminal, an experiment was conducted with 9 wheat promising lines and Shahryar varieties (control) in a randomized complete block design with three replications. In addition to morphological assessment in the field, gliadins electrophoresis was performed using the technique A-PAG in the laboratory. There was significant difference between genotypes in terms of all properties evaluated. The highest yield belonged to genotypes 2, 3 and 4 with 9/3 and lowest in genotype 5 with 1/2 ton ha. The relationship between traits showed that the increasing of peduncle length and reducing the number of fertile tillers will have a positive effect on performance. Due to the high correlation of grain yield with grains per spike indicated that these traits can also be a good measure for the selection of high yielding varieties. In grouping, according to the jacquard distance and cluster analysis based on protein data in genotype 4 which is, yielding, fast flowering and preterm, short legs, high claws which had high hyacinths length, had the farthest distance with the other genotypes is being studied.

Keywords: Genetic diversity, wheat genotypes, protein patterns, AGA
White Clover – A Wonder Crop of New Zealand

White Clover – A Wonder Crop of New Zealand

Authors: N. K. Bohra
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Abstract

New Zealand has a dream plant Pinus radiata, which is also the base of its economy. how ever White clover is the only wonder crop of New Zealand which is essential for their cattle and also provide a handsome income. The present paper deals with this crop, its history and also its economy.

Keywords: Genetic diversity, wheat genotypes, protein patterns, AGA
Study of different tillage methods and effects of using water on corn yield in west of Kerman

Study of different tillage methods and effects of using water on corn yield in west of Kerman

Authors: Amin Reza jamshidi
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Abstract

The present study was performed in small region of Bardsir in order to proposing the suitable tillage way, more exact estimation of used water of this cultivation in every hectare, proposing of effective using water with two kinds of usual water and magnetism in an experiment like split factorial in the pattern of complete accidental block in three repetitions. The main treatment contains the way of tillage (one time Chisel packer, one time Disk harrow) and secondary treatments contains two kinds of water irrigating (usual and magnetic) and two ways of irrigating (leaky, linear drip trickle which were selected. Magnetic water because of high ability in solving the salts solves the salinity of the water to somehow. The results show that in all of the treatments the function of tillage and using magnetism water was calculated more than normal water. The most yields with 9000 kilogram in hectare is related to the tillage with chisel packer and irrigating with magnetism water in using drip irrigating system than other treatments.

Keywords: Tillage, magnetic water, Disk harrow, Chisel packer
Effects of drought stress on chlorophyll content Changes of maize cultivars under field conditions

Effects of drought stress on chlorophyll content Changes of maize cultivars under field conditions

Authors: Mehran Salami, Samad Saadat
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Abstract

In order to assess the effects of drought stress on chlorophyll content in maize cultivars in four replications and with two irrigation and dry farming conditions in a randomized complete block design in the 2010- 2011 agricultural years in Ardabil region was carried out. To calculate the amount of stress tolerance of genotypes has been used of Fernandez stress tolerance indexes. And the chlorophyll content of leaves with the CCI-200 device was measured. The results showed that stress-resistant genotypes with higher potential yield and chlorophyll content were more than half resistant cultivars. According to the results of genotypes SINGLE CROSS 302 and Single cross 647 have a highest chlorophyll index and the amount of yield and the most resistant genotypes to the drought.

Keywords: Chlorophyll, Corn, end season drought, Hybrid
The Effect of Soymilk and Carrageenan on Rheological Properties and Color of Soy Dessert

The Effect of Soymilk and Carrageenan on Rheological Properties and Color of Soy Dessert

Authors: Assieh Zahedi, Javad Keramat, Mohammad Hojjatoleslamy*, Mahdi Jalaly, Mohammad Ali Shariaty , Shirin Atarod and Mohammad Zamany Moghadam
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Abstract

The main aim of this research is the investigation of the effects of carrageenan on color measurement and rheological properties in mixed milks of cow and soy bean dessert. Different formula including ten levels of replacing of cow milk with soy milk from zero to hundred percent with 10% intervals and two levels of carrageenan (0 and 0.01%) were added, while the amount of starch (4%), sugar (5%) and strawberry flavor (0.06%) were fixed in all formula. All tests were repeated on the samples after storing at refrigerated temperatures for 2 and 7 days. However, addition of the hydrocolloid had no effect on rheological properties of the dessert samples. Consistency index of samples depended on milk to soymilk ratio. Soy dessert showed shearthining Herschel-Bulkly fluid behavior that in various concentration of soy milk and days of keeping becomes a shearthining Herschel-Bulkly fluid with yield stress. The results were also showed that lightness and redness of the samples decreased; while the yellowness was increased as the replacing of cow milk by soy milk was increased. Also, these factors were higher than those in the samples contained the hydrocolloid.

Keywords: Soymilk, Soy dessert, hydrocolloid, Carageenan, Rheology, shearthining Herschel-Bulkly fluid, Consistency index, lightness, redness, yellowness
Effect of salinity and water logging on phenocycle of exotic plant Eucalyptus camaldulensis

Effect of salinity and water logging on phenocycle of exotic plant Eucalyptus camaldulensis

Authors: Chandan Singh Purohit, N. Bala
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Abstract

Eucalyptus camaldulensis showed better growth and high total biomass under non saline water logging condition as compared to saline condition. When the salinity level were increased, it resulted slightly decrease in growth, number of leaves and flowers. Fruits were not formed because all flowers had fallen before seed set due higher salinity level.

Keywords: Salinity effect, Water logging, Eucalyptus camaldulensis
Nitrogenase effects on wheat root and leaf foliar Sabalan Cultivar

Nitrogenase effects on wheat root and leaf foliar Sabalan Cultivar

Authors: Masoud Karimi, Armin Baghal Mohseni
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Abstract

One of the most important methods of crop varieties and physiological indices of stress is influenced by changes in certain metabolites. Wheat bread (Triticum aestivum) Is Iran's most important cereal crop Compared the results obtained from the feeding solution via jets of gas from the University of wheat leaf and root environment in the laboratory using the conditions of the experiment snakes The 1 - food aid is not the solution, nitrogen, 2 - S into the city's garbage, 3 - and 4 urban waste compost extract - distilled water (control) and in the greenhouse using the above snakes and 5 - pomace compost City The (Extract from a larger work) wind + sand showed that the laboratory conditions the highest shoot length and shoot fresh weight of the average of the snake in the urban waste compost extract than in controls. Ratio shoot to root in the compost extract, equivalent to 90% of urban and 45% in the rest of the snake S in comparison with controls had increase’s conditions On the heights of greenhouse gas dissolved in the patient requiring food aid made up of nitrogen and the residue of compost. Snakes on the length of the root pulp in the compost, food aid is not the solution, nitrogen and S the CDs were given to the first three. Population of snakes in the compost extract and S B the highest in comparison to the dry weight of the air forces of production efficiency in the pot.

Keywords: Nitrogenase effects, wheat, root and leaf
A Survey of Physicochemical Properties of Produced Honey in Isfahan province of Iran in 2012

A Survey of Physicochemical Properties of Produced Honey in Isfahan province of Iran in 2012

Authors: Aghil Aarabi, Hassan Mirhojjati, Hashem Naieri, Mojtaba Nouri, Mohammad Ali Shariaty, Mohammad Zamany Moghadam
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Abstract

Honey is the natural sweet substance produced by honey bees from nectar of plants or from secretions of living parts of plants or excretions of plant sucking insects on the living pans of plants. Physicochemical properties of honeys in each region are related to kind of plant and flower, therefore knowing its component is important. In this research , 30 samples of produced honey were from collected in Isfahan province of Iran including Khansar , Najafanad ,Fereidonshar cities sample. Honey samples were sent to the food chemistry laboratory. Then, some physicochemical parameters such as humidity percent, solid matter, ash, acidity and pH were determined. Result indicated that Isfahan province considered as the active region in producing honey cause of its nice physiochemical properties which were less than critical limits. Among the mentioned cities, Khansar honey which contains less ash and taking into account its other properties bein claimed the most plant origin.

Keywords: honey, survey, physiochemical properties

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