International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences

International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences

Basic info

  • Publisher: Blue Apple Publications
  • Country of publisher: india
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2017/May/23

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Agricultural Science, Biochemistry, Plant Sciences, Soil Sciences, Zoology and Animal Science, Agricultural Economics
  • Publisher's keywords: Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Finance, Animal Sciences, Soil Science, Biochemistry & Agricultural Chemistry, Plant Breeding & Genetics
  • Language of fulltext: english

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): Yes 150 EUR
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Editorial information

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: Other
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2012
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: None
  • Content digitally archived in: Nopolicy
  • Deposit policy registered in: None

This journal has '700' articles

Identification of Gaeumannomyces Graminis Varities by Specific Primers and Morphological Characteristics

Identification of Gaeumannomyces Graminis Varities by Specific Primers and Morphological Characteristics

Authors: Mariam Yosefvand, Saeid Abbasi, Kianoosh Chagha-Mirza, Sohbat Bahram-Nezhad
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Abstract

Take-all disease caused by the fungus Gaeumannomyces graminis (Sacc.) Arx & Oliver var. tritici Walker is the most devastating root disease of cereals throughout the world. it has been also reported from different areas across Iran such as Kermanshah Province. During 2010-2011, three thousand four hudred twenty six diseased samples showing white head were collected from more than 300 wheat and barley fields visited in various parts of Kermanshah province. Pathogencity test of isoliated on wheat and oat was evaluated which all isolates causes disease on wheat. Based on morphological methods, all of isolates identified as G. graminis.var. tritici. Specific primers was used for identification of G. graminis . Two sets of primer pairs (NS5: GGT-RP and NS5: GGA-RP) were used to confirm identification and differentiation of the varities. This stage of testing showed that all isolates are G. g. var. tritici. The result also showed that G. g. var. avena wasn’t in collected isolates.

Keywords: Take all, Gaeomanomyces graminis, bio diversity, RAPD
Studying the Effects of Traditional Utilization on Plant Communities in Mountainous Rangelands of Torbat-e Jam, Iran

Studying the Effects of Traditional Utilization on Plant Communities in Mountainous Rangelands of Torbat-e Jam, Iran

Authors: Saeid Abdi tazik, Mansour Mesdaghi, Vahid Shamsabadi, Mehdi Moradi and Mohsen Kazemi
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Abstract

Studying the traditional methods of pasture utilization by pasture owners in the current situation is of utmost importance. Recognizing traditional practices of rangeland management, applied by pasture owners in consecutive years, is a prerequisite for sustainable grazing management. Currently, the studied rangelands of the region are utilized jointly. This procedure does not seem to be able of solving the degradation problems of pastures. The studied area includes 5 allotments whose number of beneficiaries is over 109 people. In order to determine the scope of allotments and classification of vegetation using GIS, the studied area was divided into 6 plant communities and the percentage of crown cover and production in plant communities and the pasture capacity in various systems was estimated. The proportion of cattle to the pasture capacity is determined using data including the number of animals, and the composition and size of the herd in each system. To compare the above measures, one-way ANOVA and LSD methods are used. According to the information obtained, it is observed that plant communities at lower elevations had a lower level of production and crown cover due to overgrazing and loss of pasture on the one hand and environmental conditions and topography on the other hand. So from the highlands to the downstream production, canopy cover and rangelands also declined, gathering and overgrazing increase the management planning rangeland should downstream be more focus.

Keywords: Joint utilization, production, crown cover, LSD, overgrazing
The Role of Empowerment on Agricultural Development in Iran, Case Study: East Azerbaijan

The Role of Empowerment on Agricultural Development in Iran, Case Study: East Azerbaijan

Authors: Vakil Heidari Sareban and Ali Majnoni Totkhanhe
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Abstract

The aim of this study is to analysis of the role of empowerment on Agricultural Development in East Azerbaijan Province. This study in terms of research methods is descriptive - analytical, and in terms of nature, practical in and in terms of the type of data collection is library and field kind of research.The statistical population consists of 321 villages’ of East Azerbaijan which by using stratified sampling, 27 villages were selected for research. The tool to measure questionnaire is made by the researcher. Face validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by a panel of experts. Pilot study in the similar area to statistical population with a total of 30 questionnaires were performed and with acquired data and use of Cronbach's alpha formula, the reliability of the questionnaire obtained 0.89 in the SPSS software. The results indicated that the calculated P<.01 among self-determined, competence, and impact variables in contrast with agricultural development variable was significant. Therefore, in all statistical analysis, the process of empowering farmers has been influential in agricultural development of East Azerbaijan Province, so that the correlation between agricultural development and empowering dimensions in most aspects is approved in the case of research question.

Keywords: Empowerment, Agricultural development, Peasant Farmers, East Azerbaijan Province
Effect of super absorbent polymer, potassium and manure animal to drought stress on qualitative and quantitative traits of pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo)

Effect of super absorbent polymer, potassium and manure animal to drought stress on qualitative and quantitative traits of pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo)

Authors: Fatemeh safavi, mohammad galavi, Mahmoud ramroodi, mohammad reza asgharipoor chaman
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Abstract

To study the effects of manure, super absorbent polymer and potassium on yield and yield components under drought stress experiment pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo) form split plot randomized complete block design with three replications at Agricultural Research Station, located near the University of Zabol, Sistan. Treatments consisted of three irrigation regimes, to 5, 8 and 11 days of treatment, no use of manure as a source of potassium and super absorbent polymer (control) at a rate of 40 tons of manure per acre, potassium (K2SO4) to the extent 100 kg per hectare to 300 kg per hectare and super absorbent polymer as a minor, was considered. The results suggest significant effect of treatments on mean ¬ weight, diameter, hollow fruit yield and seed number, fruit number per square meter, grain weight and grain yield. Among the various treatments, manure treatment was effective in increasing the number of characters. The highest seed weight, seed yield, seed oil content and oil yield was obtained by the use of super absorbent polymers. nteraction of irrigation and fertilizer treatments on fruit weight and the yield was significantly. The results showed that irrigation had a significant effect on the diameter of the fruit and seed protein.

Keywords: medicinal plants, irrigation regime, oil percentage, seed yield
Assessment of the effect of planting date and seed rate on red clover forage yield in Shahrekord region

Assessment of the effect of planting date and seed rate on red clover forage yield in Shahrekord region

Authors: Sayed Jalil Noorbakhshian
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Abstract

Red clover (Trifolium pretense) is a short- lived perennial legume forage plant which is grown in rangeland and field conditions. This study was conducted to assay the effects of planting date and seed rate on red clover forage production in Shahrekord region, in 2007-2008. The experiment was laid out in split plot design with three replications. Main and sub plots included planting dates (27 Aug, 11 and 26 Sep) and seed rates (15, 20 and 25 kg ha-1) respectively. Sowing dates were carried out in 2006 and no remove of forage was taken in the establishment year. Forage was harvested three times in each year. Results showed that the most total dry matter yield belonged to first planting date with 12243.2 kg ha-1 in 2007. It was mainly due to improved production in first cut in compared with others planting dates. In 2008 no significant difference was observed in planting dates, although, the first planting date was the superior with 9926.1 kg ha-1 in two years average. The most and least of total dry matter were 11090.0 and 9003.9 kg ha-1 for 15 and 25 kg ha-1 seed rates respectively in 2007. The decline in production in higher seed rates was appeared in second year as well as two year mean. Mean yield of first year was higher than second with 10354.7 kg ha. In overall, data of this experiment showed that sowing of red clover in 27 Aug to 11 Sep with 15 to 20 kg ha-1 seed rates had higher forage production in this region and the results may be recommendable in similar climatic area.

Keywords: red clover, Planting date, Seed rate, Forage production
Determining small amounts of scarce metals in the medicinal plants and its growing place soil by XRF technique

Determining small amounts of scarce metals in the medicinal plants and its growing place soil by XRF technique

Authors: Alireza Sardashti, Elham Soltanipour Joneghani, Amir Asadi
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Abstract

Scarce metals in a certain quantity can be detrimental for human health, because some of these metals, despite of their very small amounts, are consumed by plants and animals and make the contamination more complex. Three medicinal plants and the soil of their habitat were analyzed with dry and XRF technique. The amounts of these metals in different samples are as follow: for the leaf plant sample A.quenttensis: Y(29.90 mg/Kg), Nb(21mg/Kg), Sm(3.2mg/Kg), for the soil of growing place :y(34.80MG/Kg), Nb(16.80mg/Kg), Sm(6.1mg/Kg), for leaf plant sample of Pulicaria. Y(19.10mg/kg), Nb(16.10mg/kg), Sm(5.80mg/kg) , for the soil of growing place: Y(20.80mg/kg), Nb(20.70mg/kg), Sm(5.50mg/kg), for the leaf plant sample of A.triphylla:Y(18mg/kg), Nb(17.20mg/kg), Sm(3.2mg/kg) for the soil of growing place:Y(18.40mg/kg), Nb(20.50mg/kg), Sm(5.50mg/kg). The amounts of these metals in some plants are more than those of their soil of habitat, however the amounts of some others are fewer than those of their soil, this fact implies the ability of plant in absorbing the metal.

Keywords: Determining small amounts, scarce metals, Medicinal plants, growing place soil, XRF technique
Toxicity of Diazinon against Adults of confused flour beetle (Tribolium confusum Jasquelin) under laboratory condition

Toxicity of Diazinon against Adults of confused flour beetle (Tribolium confusum Jasquelin) under laboratory condition

Authors: Mohammad Saadati
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Abstract

Confused flour beetle causes significant quantitative and qualitative losses to flour in the stores and silos. Pest susceptibility to diazinon as known insecticide in Iran was studied in 2013 and 2014 under laboratory condition. Results showed that LC50 value was very close and determined 142.91 and 142.21 ppm in 2013 and 2014, respectively. The calculated LC 50 values were very lower than that recommended dose for the other pest by company. Results suggest that diazinon can be used as contact insecticide in Tribolium confusum control in the stores as one part of the postharvest integrated pest management program.

Keywords: Confused flour beetle, chemical control, insecticide, pest management, stored pest
The effects of organic inputs on growth, yield, and alkaloid content of Catharanthus roseus L. under defoliation stress

The effects of organic inputs on growth, yield, and alkaloid content of Catharanthus roseus L. under defoliation stress

Authors: Leila Tabrizi, Mohammad Hadi Mahdipour, Elham Azizi
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Abstract

Madagascar periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus L., Apocynaceae) is an important medicinal plant, which is given much attention due to its valuable alkaloids. In order to study the effects of organic fertilisers (vermicompost [7 t/ha], arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus [Glomus mosseae L.] and control) and defoliation stress (removing of 0%, 25% and 50% of the leaves) on this plant, a factorial experiment based on randomised complete block design with three replications per treatment, was conducted at Research Station of Department of Horticultural Science, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran, in 2014. Measured criteria were (1) growth parameters (plant height and diameter, leaf area, collar diameter, number of main stems and number of nodes per plant); (2) yield components (shoot fresh and dry weights); (3) root traits (fresh and dry weights and colonisation percentage); and (4) total alkaloid content. The results indicated significant effects of the treatments on many of the traits. Compared to the control plants, vermicompost-treated plants had a higher plant height, leaf area, collar diameter, number of main stems, number of nodes and leaf dry weight. Severe defoliation (50%) reduced most above traits in comparison with those of the controls. Furthermore, plant fresh and dry weights were the only parameters that were influenced by the interaction of these two treatments in which the highest fresh and dry weights were observed in the undefoliated plants that were treated with vermicompost. None of the treatments affected total leaf alkaloid. The mycorrhizal-treated plants displayed a root colonisation of 72%, compared to 5% for the control plants. Root fresh and dry weight was also higher in mycorrhizal plants than in every other plant.

Keywords: Mycorrhiza; biotic stress; morphological characteristics; vermicompost
QTLs Mapping of Morpho-Physiological Traits of Flag Leaf in Steptoe × Morex Doubled Haploid Lines of Barley in Normal and Salinity Stress Conditions

QTLs Mapping of Morpho-Physiological Traits of Flag Leaf in Steptoe × Morex Doubled Haploid Lines of Barley in Normal and Salinity Stress Conditions

Authors: Habibeh Shahraki, Barat Ali Fakheri
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Abstract

Salt tolerance is a complex trait that involves multiple physiological and biochemical mechanisms and numerous genes. The identification of genes whose expression enables plants to tolerance salt stress is essential for breeding programs. In order to a doubled haploid line (DHL) population with 72 lines derived from a cross of ‘Steptoe/Morex’ was used to identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) of morpho-physiological traits in barley (Hordeum vulgar L.). This experiment was carried out in the Research Farm, College of Agriculture, University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran, in growing year 2012. It was arranged as in two randomized complete block design (RCBD) with two replicates and two normal and salinity stress conditions. Morpho-physiological traits of DHLs were measured in two environments. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) results showed that there were significant differences among the lines. Transgressive segregation in both directions was significant for flag leaf length, flag leaf width, flag leaf area and chlorophyll contents. The strongest positive correlations were observed between flag leaf length and flag leaf width (r = 0.994**). QTL analysis was conducted by composite interval mapping (CIM) method separately for each trait in each conditions and mean of two conditions. Twenty-nine QTLs were identified for the studied traits. Phenotypic variance explained by these QTLs variable from 8.66 to 29.94. Highest LOD scores were obtained for flag leaf area (QFla2n) on 2H chromosome in normal conditions.

Keywords: Barley (Hordeum vulgar L.), morpho-physiological traits, salt tolerance, Quantitative trait locus (QTL), doubled haploid line (DHL)
Influence of boric acid, sucrose and temperature on the germination of Leonurus cardiaca L., pollen

Influence of boric acid, sucrose and temperature on the germination of Leonurus cardiaca L., pollen

Authors: Aydin Shekari, Vahideh Nazeri, Majid Shokrpour
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Abstract

Leonurus cardiaca L., commonly known as motherwort, is a member of the Lamiaceae family. It has been used to cure cardiovascular problems, stress and nervous irritability. In vitro pollen germination is a very convenient and effective technique to study many basic and applied aspects of pollen biology. Review in the literature revealed that there is no report on the pollen biology of this species. Therefore, this experiment was designed to investigate influence of culture media with different concentrations of boric acid (75, 100 and 125 mg/l) and sucrose (10 and 15 %) in liquid and solid cultures on pollen germination and effect of temperature (10, 25 and 35 ℃) on in vitro pollen germination of L. cardiaca. Results show that the pollen germination is highest in solid medium and a combination of 15 % sucrose, 100 mg/l boric acid and 1 % agar (82.96 %). Maximum pollen germination occurred at temperature of 25 ℃.

Keywords: Motherworth, pollen germination, temperature
Effect of nano potassium fertilizer on some parchment pumpkin(Cucurbita pepo) morphological and physiological characteristics under drought conditions

Effect of nano potassium fertilizer on some parchment pumpkin(Cucurbita pepo) morphological and physiological characteristics under drought conditions

Authors: Fatemeh safavi gerdini
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Abstract

The use of nano fertilizers release nutrients for precise control can be an effective step towards achieving sustainable agriculture and compatible with the environment.To evaluate the morphological and physiological characteristics of medicinal plant pumpkin seeds drought and nanopotassium fertilizer factorial experiment with two factors: drought and nano-potassium fertilizer in a randomized complete block design with three replications. Operating fertilizer (0, 0.5, 1.5 and 2.5 in thousand) and drought (1, 3 and 6 days) were applied. The results showed the highest stem diameter among different fertilizer treatments Nanoptasym of manure treatment was 2.5 per thousand, with an average of 6.96 mm Maximum number of branches and number of leaves foliar application of 2.5 per thousand ml nano potassium was observed. In the interaction drought and fertilizer treatment is also highest stomatal conductance of daily watering (once a day) and treated with 2.5 per thousand milliliters Spraying was obtained.

Keywords: nano potassium, drought, pumpkin(Cucurbitapepo),morphologica, physiological
Impact of inorganic, organic fertilizer and mulch to the physical and chemical characteristics of soil and production of Red Onion of Palu Valley Variety

Impact of inorganic, organic fertilizer and mulch to the physical and chemical characteristics of soil and production of Red Onion of Palu Valley Variety

Authors: Nur Alam, Abdul Latief Abadi, M. Luthfi Rayes, Elok Zubaidah
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Abstract

The research aims to describes the impact of the combination of inorganic fertilizer (NCaS)182.70 : 332.00 : 98.40 Kg h-1, organic fertilizer (rice husk compost - cow dung (RHCCD)20.00 t ha-1), and rice straw mulch (RSM)5.00 t ha-1 to the physical and chemical characteristics of soil and the production of Red Onion of Palu Valley Variety. Research experiment was done through randomized complete block design which was consist of seven treatment and four replication. The planting block experiment consist of P0= conventional cultivation techniques, P1 = planting block with NCaS, P2 = planting block with RHCCD, P3 = planting block with NCaS + RHCCD, P4 = planting block with NCaS + RSM, P5 = planting block with RHCCD + RSM, and P6 = planting block with NCaS + RHCCD + RSM treatments. Research confirm that treatments contribute significantly to the chemical characteristic of soil, encompasses temperature, water content in soil, number and weight of soil worms, nutrient content and onion bulb productivity. There no significant changes of physical characteristics of soil. In the treatment of P0 and P1, the soil pH, C-organic, P, K,S,Ca, Mg-exchangeable and K-exchangeable were decrease significantly. Conversely, N-total, CEC and Na-exchangeable increase significantly. The highest total percentage of soil nutrient found at P6, and followed by P4, P5, P6, P3, P2 and the lower was P1.

Keywords: chemical-physical soil characteristics, red onion, inorganic fertilizer, rice husk compost - cow dung, rice straw mulch
The Impact of Biological and Chemical Phosphate Fertilizer on Some Morphological Traits and Green Cover Percentage of Moldavian Balm

The Impact of Biological and Chemical Phosphate Fertilizer on Some Morphological Traits and Green Cover Percentage of Moldavian Balm

Authors: Mehrdad Yarnia and Zahra Sabzi-mehrabad
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Abstract

A split plot experiment (using RCB design) with three replications was conducted in order to study the effects of phosphate (P) bio-fertilizer (Barvar2; Bacillus lentus + Pseudomonas putida) in tow forms as seed inoculation and topdressing and chemical P fertilizer (0, 3.75, 7.5, 11.25 and 15 g m-2 of triple superphosphate) on some morphological characteristics and green cover percentage of Moldavian balm. Result revealed that application of the P bio-fertilizer as seed inoculation and topdressing increased green cover percentage (GCP) under all levels of chemical P fertilizer. Maximum plants height was recorded in the P bio-fertilizer as seed inoculation under 11.25 g m-2 of triple superphosphate (P3). Maximum number of secondary branches and stem day weight were obtained from P bio-fertilizer as topdressing treatment at level 7.5 g m-2 of chemical P fertilizer (P2). The highest leaves and flowers dry weight were also recorded for plants under P2 treatment. It is concluded that under low levels of chemical P fertilizer (P1 and P2), with application of P bio-fertilizer as topdressing GCP, plant height, number of secondary branches and stem dry weight were strongly improved. However, under high levels of chemical P fertilizer (P3 and P4), seed inoculated plants with P biofertilizer had more of those traits.

Keywords: Bio-fertilizer, Green cover percentage, Moldavian balm, Morphological characteristic, Phosphorus
Intra-specific diversity of Stachys inflata; A Survey on floristic-ecologic variation for different populations in Hamedan province of Iran

Intra-specific diversity of Stachys inflata; A Survey on floristic-ecologic variation for different populations in Hamedan province of Iran

Authors: Elham Jahandideh, Abdolkarim Chehregani Rad, Marziyeh Hoseini
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Abstract

The general centers of diversity for genus Stachys which belongs to lamiaceae family, are located in tropical and sub-tropical regions. The aim of this article is the study of existing intra-specific diversity in the species Stachys inflata in Hamedan province of Iran using Determination of special station (D.S.S method); according to floristic-ecologic factors, special station is an area of different vegetation witch is homogenous. In this order, 13 special stations were determined for Stachys inflata. 72 plant species were distinguished as associated species in these special stations. Floristic- ecologic data are analyzed by Anaphyto software with F.C.A method. Comparison of the obtained results on multiple coordinated axes, in order floristic- ecologic marker led to determination of 9 groups for this species, which is interpreted as the proof for existence of intra-specific diversity in this species. In addition, data were analyzed utilizing MVSP software with UPGMA, PCO and PCA methods. The results confirm the groups in compliance with those identified through floristic-ecologic marker. Results obtained from the analysis of ecological factors by MVSP software match those of floristic grouping. This agreement among the approaches verifies the presence of 9 groups for stachys inflata in Hamedan province.

Keywords: D.S.S method; ecological marker, floristic marker, intraspecific diversity; MVSP; Stachys inflata
Assessing Groundwater Resources Nitrate Contamination Using Time Series Analyses SARIMA Modeling

Assessing Groundwater Resources Nitrate Contamination Using Time Series Analyses SARIMA Modeling

Authors: M. Khorasani, M. Ehteshami, M. Salari
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Abstract

To assess the groundwater potential, analyses of trend decomposition, time series and frequency between various types of data in hydrologic setting and between different basins is required for local and regional studies. In this paper, ground water level fluctuations and Nitrate concentrations of kabudarahang aquifer were investigated with application of time series models. Simulated values were calibrated by the Box-Jenkins, Holt Winters and extrapolation methods. The annual chemograph of Nitrate concentrations was developed, too. Residual error analysis of groundwater levels and Nitrate concentrations performed with R2=98% and finally a simulated model for ground water conditions developed. Model results showed that the groundwater level in the aquifer will endure a 5 meter decline in three upcoming years and indicated that the Nitrate concentration would reach 48.08 mg/l.

Keywords: Analyses; Groundwater; Seasonal; Simulation modeling; Water quality

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