International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences

International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences

Basic info

  • Publisher: Blue Apple Publications
  • Country of publisher: india
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2017/May/23

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Agricultural Science, Biochemistry, Plant Sciences, Soil Sciences, Zoology and Animal Science, Agricultural Economics
  • Publisher's keywords: Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Finance, Animal Sciences, Soil Science, Biochemistry & Agricultural Chemistry, Plant Breeding & Genetics
  • Language of fulltext: english

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): Yes 150 EUR
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Editorial information

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: Other
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2012
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: None
  • Content digitally archived in: Nopolicy
  • Deposit policy registered in: None

This journal has '700' articles

Food and feeding habits of the Mossul bleak, Alburnus mossulensis Heckel, 1843 (Cyprinidae) in the Azad dam of Sanandaj, Iran

Food and feeding habits of the Mossul bleak, Alburnus mossulensis Heckel, 1843 (Cyprinidae) in the Azad dam of Sanandaj, Iran

Authors: Mohammad Ali Afraei Bandpei, Mehdi Naderi, Hassan Nasrolahzadeh, Noorbakhsh Khodaparast, Hamid Hoseinpour, Hassan Fazli
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Abstract

The feeding habits of Mossul bleak, Alburnus mossulensis Heckel 1843 in Azad dam of Sanandaj province were investigated by stomach content analysis of 75 fish collected seasonally in 2015-2016. The diet consisted mainly of fish prey dominated by Bosminidae of zooplankton (50.2%), with Bosmina longirostris being the dominant prey item based on numerical percentage. The next major food group was Daphniidae (36.3%), followed by Sididae (11.3%), Cyclopidae (1.5%), Acartidae (0.7%), Nematoda (0.1%) and Testudinelidae (0.1%). Based on frequency of occurrence, B. longirostris was the main prey in the stomach of Mossul bleak (Fi =75.4%), with an important species index (ISI) of 39.5%. The fish fed on a wider variety of food items during spring than during other seasons. The lowest feeding activity (GaSI) was recorded in summer. The gastrosomatic index (GaSI) ranged from 2.67 to 4.27 with season variations increase in spring coincides closely with spawning season and energy preservation for gonadal development.

Keywords: Bleak Mossul, Cyprinidae, Alburnus mossulensis, Azad dam, Sanandaj, Iran, Feeding habits
Screening of antagonistic activity in different Streptomyces species against Paecilomyces variotii and verification of some of the physiological properties of the antagonists

Screening of antagonistic activity in different Streptomyces species against Paecilomyces variotii and verification of some of the physiological properties of the antagonists

Authors: Laleh Ansari, Rezvan Vazirzadeh Sirchi, Gholam Hosein Sahidi Bonjar and Seyed Amin Ayatollahi Moosavi
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Abstract

Paecilomyces variotii is a filamentous fungus which inhabits in soil, water, and functioning as biodegrading agent. In this study, biological control of Paecilomyces variotii was evaluated by two Streptomyces isolates. Eighty isolates were screened among Kerman soil samples. Among Streptomycese isolates with antifungal activity against Paecilomyces variotii, LA5 and LA27 isolates showed the most antagonistic effect on considered fungus in the study. After antibiogram test against Paecilomyces variotii, antagonistic activity of isolates was evaluated by measuring diameter of inhibition zone. Two isolates were identified as Stereptomyces according to observation of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and biological characters and about LA27 isolate, genotype properties was provided for identification of this isolate. Phylogenetic studies were conducted based on 16s rRNA sequence. Active strains were evaluated for Minimal Inhibitory Concentration (MIC). Both isolates could produce extracellular enzymes and antifungal activity of Streptomyces on pathogen mycelia was fungicidal type. Moreover, each one of obtained antagonists can examine in future studies for identification and chemical structure of antifungal material. If they can obtain necessary standards of environmental indices, they can be considered as biological control in campaign management with the pathogen.

Keywords: biological control, antifungal activity, genotype, inhibition zone, Phylogenetic studies
Evaluation of Some Quantitative and Qualitative Characteristics of 5 Mango Superior Genotypes from South-eastern Areas of Iran

Evaluation of Some Quantitative and Qualitative Characteristics of 5 Mango Superior Genotypes from South-eastern Areas of Iran

Authors: Ebrahim Latifikhah, Hamidreza Bahrami and Biancaelena Maserti
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Abstract

Mango (Mangifera indica L.) is one of the most important tropical fruits and they have been cultivated since many years in southern region of Baluchistan. However in most of the mango gardens, trees are cultivated by seeds, then seedlings are characterized by noticeable genetic diversities and consequently the fruits have often low quality and don't present good marketing interest. Also the diversity in tree features causes serious difficulties in managing gardens and endures costly expenses for gardeners. In order to suggest to farmer superior cultivars for marketing, from 2007 to 2012 a research was performed assessing the mango diversity by determination of phonotypical characteristic of mango genotypes cultivated in Sistan and Baluchistan province. The experimental strategy consisted a randomized complete clock design of five superior selected genotypes.An experimental unit was constituted by 3 grafted trees planted at 8x8 m distance each other and three units was used for each of the five selected genotype with a total 60 studied plants. Data showed that the tree heights among the different genotypes were not statistically significant. Conversely 1 % of significant difference in the shoot diameter was observed among the different selected genotypes. In particular genotype number 8 had the highest diameter (360 cm) in comparison with genotypes number 59 and 27 which presented a diameter of 263cm and 238cmrespectively and this genotype might be selected as superior genotype according to shoot diameter characteristic.

Keywords: Mango, Genotype, Superior cultivars, Quantity and Quality Characters
Introduce of oxalis as antifeedant against larvae of moth

Introduce of oxalis as antifeedant against larvae of moth

Authors: Amir Ashory Saheli
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Abstract

The leaf eating caterpillar is known as current pest in garden. A winter moth (Plusia gamma L.) is able to make severity damage in vegetable crops. In spite of pest, some plants like oxalis got less damage or remained safe. It could be possibly for the existence of the antifeedant material in these plants. Antifeedant material is a protecting system (related to secondary metabolites) in plant against herbivorous. To test this plant ability in oxalis, soluble of leaf and root prepared and used to control moth larvae activity. In this study observed that the pest under condition of root soluble treatment removed fast in contrast to leaf soluble of oxalis. Also using leaf extraction was somewhat useful to delete larvae. The current study showed the potential of oxalis that could be utilized to product biopesticide.

Keywords: Oxalis, noctuid, antifeedant, soluble
A preliminary study on cultivation of Iranian wildgrowing medicinal mushroom Lentinus tigrinus

A preliminary study on cultivation of Iranian wildgrowing medicinal mushroom Lentinus tigrinus

Authors: Shadi Shahtahmasebi, Hamid R. Pourianfar, Sharareh Rezaeian, Javad Janpoor
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Abstract

Wild mushrooms have been known to provide a significant source of nutritional and medicinal bioactive compounds. However, the production of fruiting bodies or mycelia in a standardized quality remains a challenge in utilization of wild mushrooms as drugs, nutraceuticals or other purposes. The present work, for the first time, aimed to evaluate mycelium growth characteristics and cultivate an ITS-identified Iranian wild strain of Lentinus tigrinus using agro-waste substrates locally available in the country. The findings indicated that the radial growth of mycelia on MEGA media was significantly greater with a higher density than that on PDA or MEA media (p < 0.05). The wild strain was then demonstrated to successfully produce normal mushrooms at a biological efficiency of 56.66% in sawdust substrates enriched with wheat bran. Therefore, the findings of this study may facilitate further investigations which require fruiting bodies or fresh mycelia in order to evaluate biological activities of wild strains of L. tigrinus.

Keywords: Lentinus tigrinus, Iranian wild mushrooms, substrates, domestication, growth characteristics
Study on effect of culture medium and growth conditions on Liquid Spawn king oyster mushroom(Pleurotus eryngii)

Study on effect of culture medium and growth conditions on Liquid Spawn king oyster mushroom(Pleurotus eryngii)

Authors: Javad Janpoor, Hamid R. Pourianfar, Shadi Shahtahmasebi
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Abstract

Use of mushroom liquid spawn is one of the ways to reduce costs for the production and automation of mushroom industrial. Kind of culture medium and mycelium growth condition are the most important factors in the mycelium biomass production in liquid culture medium. In this study, the effect of three culture medium (1. Sabouraud’s dextrose without agar (SDB) with cycloheximide and chloramphenicol, 2. Czapek’s without agar and 3. Brain-heart infusion (BHI) without agar) and three growth conditions (1. Constant condition without shaking, 2. Continuous shaking at 250rpm and 3. 60min in shaking at 250rpm and 23h in constant condition without shaking) were evaluated on the average mycelium dry weight of king oyster mushroom (Pleurotus eryngii). Among all treatments, Czapek’s without agar medium culture in shaking for 60min at 250rpm and 23h in constant condition without shaking had a significant difference (P<0.05) compared against other treatments.

Keywords: liquid spawn, king oyster mushroom, mycelium dry weight and growth condition
Study of some physiological characteristics of potato tissue under salinity stress

Study of some physiological characteristics of potato tissue under salinity stress

Authors: Nosrat Mosavi, Mostafa Ebadi, Mahdi Khorshidi, Nahid Masoudian, Hossein Hokmabadi
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Abstract

Potato is one of the most important crop plants and plant tissue culture is very important in the cultivation of plants. Salinity is one of the environmental factors that affects plant growth. In this research, some of the physiological characteristics of potatoes cultivated by tissue culture method are investigated. After preparing the lateral buds and sterilizing, were cultured in the MS medium. For the effect of salinity, concentrations of 0, 25, 50, 75 and 100 mM NaCl have been used. After the growth of buds, the leaves were sampled and the photosynthetic pigmentation, soluble sugars, proline, protein, and other characteristics were evaluated. The results show that salinity reduces photosynthetic pigmentation. The amount of protein, soluble sugars and fresh weight have also been reduced with salt stress, but the amount of proline has increased somewhat due to salinity, which is in response to salinity stress.

Keywords: Potato, Salinity stress, Plant tissue culture, Physiological characteristics
Evaluation of various concentrations of ammonium acetate in potassium extraction and its critical levels determination in some of paddy soils

Evaluation of various concentrations of ammonium acetate in potassium extraction and its critical levels determination in some of paddy soils

Authors: Hassan Shokri Vahed
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Abstract

An investigation was undertaken to evaluate different concentrations of extractant ammonium acetate (NH4OAc) for available potassium and critical levels of potassium for wetland rice soils of Guilan province in north of Iran. Some 35 soils from 0-30 cm depth were collected from different location paddy soils. Potassium in the soils was extracted with normal ammonium acetate. Based on soils were grouped in low, medium and high potassium. Finally, 19 soil samples were selected for micro plot experiment. Micro plot experiment with 2 treatment (0 and 250 mg K kg-1 of soil) and 3 replicates was performed. In this experiment, concentrations 0.1, 0.25, 0.5 and 1M extractant ammonium acetate were used for extraction potassium. Results showed that in most soils K application increased grain and straw yield and K uptake in rice plant. High correlation were observed between different concentrations of extractant ammonium acetate (NH4OAc) with K uptake and concentration in rice plant and provided useful indicators for evaluating K. The critical level of soil K was determined graphical method (Cate and Nelson). For rice, the values of critical limit were 120,119,109 and 105 mg kg-1 for concentrations 1, 0.5, 0.25 and 0.1 M extractant ammonium acetate respectively.

Keywords: Available potassium, Extractant, Rice, Paddy soil
Molecular Analysis of Mahabadi Goat Population based on ND6 gene of Mitochondrial DNA

Molecular Analysis of Mahabadi Goat Population based on ND6 gene of Mitochondrial DNA

Authors: Sattar. Beig Mohammadi, Kian. Pahlevan Afshari, and Hamid Reza. Seyedabadi
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Abstract

Native goats of importance in the economy of rural households are also important as genetic reserves that account for the reserving genetic diversity in native goat breeds of Iran because of the little population size is necessary for breeding goals and increasing their production. The first step is determination of genetic diversity in existing populations. Among the genetic markers, mtDNA sequencing is one of the most useful and common methods employed for inferring phylogenetic relationship between close related species and population and conservation of species. The object this study was carried out for determination of the mitochondrial ND6 gene sequence in Mahabadi native goat in Iran. For this study blood samples were taken randomly from 30 goats. After extracting DNA, ND6 gene of mtDNA was amplified with specific primers using PCR and after purification was sequenced. The phylogenic tree was drawn with the consensus sequence of other similar sequences of different goats breeds obtained from GenBank. InThe phylogenic tree, Mahabadi native goat was clustered with Switzerland, Romania, Austria, Cyprus, Jordan, Spain, Saudi Arabia, Albania , Turkey, Egypt, Kurdi Iran, Malaysia, Kyrgyzstan, and Italya native goat breeds. This is possible because of the conserved area is ND6 in goats.

Keywords: mtDNA, DNA sequencing, ND6 gene , phylogeny, Mahabadi native goat
Role of Farmers’ Training on Cotton Production through Farmer Field School (FFS) approach in Sanghar, Sindh Pakistan

Role of Farmers’ Training on Cotton Production through Farmer Field School (FFS) approach in Sanghar, Sindh Pakistan

Authors: Noor Nabi Bhutto, Abdul Rahman, Ashfaque Ahmed Nahiyoon, Rauf Ahmed Khan, and Babar Zaman
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Abstract

The impacts on various indicators of improved cotton production through FFS approach were assessed in Sanghar district of Sindh province of Pakistan. CABI CWA runs Better Cotton Fast Track Project at district Sanghar. The total sample for the baseline survey and training was consisted of 154 farmers participated in the training throughout the years. Paper evaluates the impact of Better cotton Fast Track Project Sanghar on farmers’ knowledge, decision making skills, social and economic indicators, integrated pest management (IPM) practices related to cotton crop cultivation. The comparison of the economic performance of the medium farmers of cotton cultivated in 2014, 2015 and 2016 after the training is depicted. Uses of pesticide per acre were recorded as 6.87, 4.45, and 3.43 liters in the year of 2014, 2015 and 2016. Reduction of chemical fertilizer showed 417 Kg, 283 Kg and 216 kg per acre in 2014, 2015 and 2016 respectively. Enhancement of decision making skills showed score 27%, 68% and 89%, field experiments14%, 38%, and 76%, Observed bio diversity score 10%, 18%, and 54% and attitudes towards alternatives 14%, 41%, and 69% in the year of 2014, 2015, and 2016 respectively managed on board. However, the pesticides and fertilizers, significant differences existed among all medium farmers, with highest cost of these inputs at the year of 2014. The similar comparisons were seen in the differences among 2014, 2015 and 2016 for all variables. Difference in the number of pesticide doses and fertilizer application in the farms of the Producer unit were observed as a result of improved understanding and knowledge of Better Cotton Standard System, beneficial and harmful insect interactions through Natural Enemies Field Reservoir (NEFR) technology and application of the compost technology. Crop observations and experimentation contributed significantly towards using environment friendly bio pesticide as alternatives at FFS farms.

Keywords: Cotton, Pesticides, Fertilizers, Productions, Skills
The Impact of Applying Micronutrients on the Yield and Empty Seeds Rate in Sugar Beet

The Impact of Applying Micronutrients on the Yield and Empty Seeds Rate in Sugar Beet

Authors: Masoumeh Nasiri, Raouf Seyed-Sharifi
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Abstract

Yield of sugar beet seed influences by without using microelement fertilizers . In order to investigate the effect of solution-spraying micronutrient elements on the quantitave and qualitative seed of sugar beet an experiment based on randomized complete block design was conducted to using eight treatments at the Agricultural Research Station of Ardabil in 2004 and 2005. The treatments including of control (without application of micronutrient elements) and consumption of micronutrient elements at the ratio of 2 in 1000 of Iron, Manganese and Boron and all of them compounds. The results showed that application of micronutrients had significant difference on the 5% level of probability both seed yied and standard seed. The highest unkernel seed was obtained in application Iron with Manganese and Boron.The highest seed yield and seed standard and oversize was belonged to application of Iron with Boron.

Keywords: Sugar beet Seed, yield, Boron, Iron, Manganese, Micronutrien
Investigation and determination effects of bulb size and sowing date on quantity characteristics of Polianthes tuberose in greenhouse condition of Jiroft

Investigation and determination effects of bulb size and sowing date on quantity characteristics of Polianthes tuberose in greenhouse condition of Jiroft

Authors: Sibgol Khoshkam, Azam Salari
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Abstract

Planting date and bulb size are the most effective of parameters affecting growth and flowering in bulbous plants. So, for study of planting date and bulb size on yield and flowering quality in tuberose, effect of three bulb sizes, including 1/5, 1/5-2/5 and 3-4 cm in diameter and planting date: 1 May, 1 June, 1 July on quantity charactiristics of Polianthes tuberose in greenhouse condition of Jiroft. The experiment was carried out as a splite plot in a complete randomized block design with three replications. All the data was subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA) using of SAS software and the means separated using the Duncan's Multiple Rang Test. percentage of germination, leaf number and vegetative growth of plantlets, days to emergence, length, diameter and number of inflorescence spike, days from emergence to first floret evaluated . Results revealed that, period of growth and flowering decreased by July Time and large bulb size resulted in vigorous growth, maximum yield and more number of bulbils as compared to small and medium sized bulbs. It was concluded that large sized bulbs with 3 – 4 cm diameter are best for planting of tuberose. planting date between of 1 May and 1 of June is recommended for good growth, best cutflower and more corms production of tuberose under greenhouse conditions of Jiroft.

Keywords: bulb size, planting date, quantity charactiristics, Polianthes tuberose, greenhouse, Jiroft
Foliar applications of gibberellic acid and benzyladenine increase vines of ‘White Butterfly’ Syngonium podophyllum

Foliar applications of gibberellic acid and benzyladenine increase vines of ‘White Butterfly’ Syngonium podophyllum

Authors: Ali Salehi Sardoei, Maryam Zarinkolah , Hajar Mohammadi
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Abstract

Syngonium podophyllum ‘White Butterfly’ is a species of species of Araceae, and commonly cultivated as a houseplant. A pot experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of foliar spray of gibberellic acid (GA3) and benzyladenine (BA) both at 100, 200, 400 and 800 mg L-1 was compared to the control (distillated water) on growth of Syngonium podophyllum plants at greenhouse of Azad University Jiroft, Iran. Effect of GA3 and BA (p<0.05) on No. of vines, length of side branch, petiole length, leaf chlorophyll Index and plant fresh and dry weight was significant. Effect of GA3 and BA (p<0.01) on length of main branch, leaf length and width, No. of leaves/plant, 60 and 90 day, root fresh and dry weight was significant. Results showed that, 800 mg L-1 GA3 increased No. of leaves/plant, 90 day of Syngonium podophyllum as 270.22 and 262.88% compared to control treatment. This study indicates that GA3 and BA can increase number of vines in Syngonium. Leaf number increased with GA3 concentration. Plants were normal in appearance and were fertile.

Keywords: Benzyladenine, Syngonium podophyllum, Gibberellic acid, Leaf number, Vines number
The role of people’s participation in satisfying social, technical and institutional needs of local communities to accomplish rural development (A case of Hesar Kouchak village)

The role of people’s participation in satisfying social, technical and institutional needs of local communities to accomplish rural development (A case of Hesar Kouchak village)

Authors: Peyman Falsafi, Zahra Nazari
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Abstract

One of the crucial factors determining the socioeconomic growth and development of a society, especially the rural communities, is the active role of people in village-related activities so that development would not be possible without people’s participation. So, most countries are planning pubic policies, strategies and plans with an emphasis on non-governmental organizations. In this sense, the present study explores the role of people’s participation in satisfying the social, technical, and institutional needs of the local communities in the village of Hesar Kouchak in Varamin, Iran. It was a case study with qualitative approach. The data collection tools included interviews, observation of people’s activities, behaviors and actions, and the review of documents, and the statistical population was composed of the rural women and men who were sampled purposively. The results revealed that credits were the main requirement of agriculture sector, such institutions as consumers’ cooperative had the highest importance among institutional needs from women’s perspective, and Agribank and Jahad-e Agriculture Service Center were the top priorities of village-related organizations implying the connection of the village with execution and bank sectors. People’s main problems in animal husbandry were the lack of loans and facilities and the lack of access to water supply system. It was revealed that villagers rely on the elderly as the information source, reflecting the unavailability of modern information technologies in the third millennium.

Keywords: participation, social needs, technical needs, institutional needs, local communities, rural development
Chemical, physical, mineralogical and micromorphological properties of soils along a toposequence in Chelgerd region, Chaharmahal-vaBakhtiari, Iran

Chemical, physical, mineralogical and micromorphological properties of soils along a toposequence in Chelgerd region, Chaharmahal-vaBakhtiari, Iran

Authors: Sepideh Etedali, Seyed Ali Abtahi , Mohammad Hasan Salehi 2, Javad Givi , Mohammad Hadi Farpoor, Majid Baghernejad
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Abstract

The optimum use of soil is possible with correct and complete understanding of its properties. The purpose of the present study was to enhance understanding of Vertisols in an area located on 35 km of Chelgerd region in Chaharmahal –va- Bakhtiari province, Iran. Soil temperature and moisture regimes of this region are mesic and xeric, respectively. Eight pedons located on a transect along the northern slope were sampled and described. The results showed that the soils of the area are Inceptisols and Vertisols according to the Taxonomy system, while in WRB system, they are named Cambisols, Calcisols and Vertisols. They are constituted mainly by smectites associated with some amount of illite, chlorite, kaolinite, quartz and illite- smectite as mixed minerals. Study of the thin sections revealed the presence of clay coating in the Btss and Btkss horizons. Also, calcite coating, calcite infilling and calcite accumulation with various forms such as calcite needle and calcite nodule in the Bk, Bkss and Btkss were also observed. The cause is the accumulation of calcite needle in the top of the slope due to highlands area, presence of enough moisture in the soil, the low salinity of soil and presence of biodegradable organic matter.

Keywords: Clay mineralogy, Physico-chemical properties, Soil classification, Topography

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