International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences

International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences

Basic info

  • Publisher: Blue Apple Publications
  • Country of publisher: india
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2017/May/23

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Agricultural Science, Biochemistry, Plant Sciences, Soil Sciences, Zoology and Animal Science, Agricultural Economics
  • Publisher's keywords: Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Finance, Animal Sciences, Soil Science, Biochemistry & Agricultural Chemistry, Plant Breeding & Genetics
  • Language of fulltext: english

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): Yes 150 EUR
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Editorial information

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: Other
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2012
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: None
  • Content digitally archived in: Nopolicy
  • Deposit policy registered in: None

This journal has '700' articles

The study of wheat genotypes is planted in Ardabil using multivariate statistical methods

The study of wheat genotypes is planted in Ardabil using multivariate statistical methods

Authors: Bahram Mirzamasoumzadeh, Somayeh Ghalichechi, Mehran Salami, Masoud Karimi and Armin Baghal Mohseni
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Abstract

Wheat (Triticum aestivum) is most important cereal crop in Iran. It is growing in a wide range of weather conditions and is compatible species in cereals. Wheat is the staple food of man. To study the genetic diversity in 20 wheat genotypes in Ardabil province in terms of the main traits morphological and phonological and yield and its components and to investigate the relationships between the various characters through multivariate statistical methods, a test was done in augmented design in 7 blocks. Correlation analysis showed that traits of days to flowering had the highest positive and significant correlation with yield and grain weight showed a significant and negative correlation with yield. The results of factor analysis revealed five factors are explained together 81.4% of the total variation. Regression analysis through decline method for predict the yield respectively plants brigade , the number of days to flowering, stem diameter, number of seeds per plant and days to fill heading was used into in models. The results of cluster analysis classified genotypes evaluated in 10 distinct groups.

Keywords: Wheat, correlation coefficients, factor analysis, cluster analysis
Effect of Organic Fertilizer on increasing terminal drought resistance of wheat in field

Effect of Organic Fertilizer on increasing terminal drought resistance of wheat in field

Authors: Masoud Karimi, Armin baghal mohseni and bahram Mirzamasoumzadeh
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Abstract

Stress the most important factor limiting agricultural production in arid and semi-arid systems is considered. Distribution of rainfall in these areas (arid semi-arid), sometimes not consistent with crop needs and develop products that are temporary or prolonged drought. To study the effects of spray irrigation on winter Wheat trial at year 2010 in the field region of Ardabil. These Split plot experiment in randomized complete block design with three replications. Cares were Treatments was included two water treatment interruption (control and Cut of irrigation 41 BBCH scale), two Wheat cultivars (Sabalan and Sardari) and four levels at spray (control, Humax(100%), Biomin (100%), Humax and Biomin 50:50). Results showed the most Grain yield amount with normal irrigation of variety Sardari foliar Humax + Biomin (8998.7 kg.ha-1) and the lowest grain yield of the water deficit stress conditions (41BBCH) of variety Sardari foliar Humax + Biomin (912.7 kg.ha-1) was. Rates Protein affected foliar Humax + Biomin both normal irrigation and water deficit stress conditions (41BBCH) solution were (11.42% and 11.53%) most of the proteins themselves. The study found that proline Sardari victory both in normal irrigation and deficit stress conditions (41BBCH) , without spray (control) solution were (63.03 μmol/g and 80.33 μmol/g) more proline compared to other treatments showed. Farmers to increase their performance today acre foliar spray methods are used for fertilization. Foliar spray of plant response to fertilizer is fast methods. This approach makes the environment by fertilizing it in order to achieve sustainable agriculture is also very helpful. It was found that the variety Sabalan of normal watering with foliar Humax + Biomin potassium levels showed more than other treatments. The different effects on different plants using soil dry organic fertilizer such as Humax and Biomin can be drought resistant plants to rise.

Keywords: Wheat, Humax, Grain Yield, protein, Proline
Effect of GA3 and Ehtephon on sex expression and oil yield in medicinal pumpkin (Cucurbita peop var. styriaca)

Effect of GA3 and Ehtephon on sex expression and oil yield in medicinal pumpkin (Cucurbita peop var. styriaca)

Authors: Shirzad Sure, Hosein Arooie and Majid Azizi
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Abstract

Evidence had accumulated from a number of experiments indicating that plants growth regulators levels may modify the sex expression of flowering plants. The effect of foliar application of Ethephon (2- chloroethylphosphoric acid: 100, 200 and 300 mgl−1) and gibberellin (GA3: 25, 50 and 75 mgl−1) on growth and flowering of medicinal pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo var styriaca) were studied. The plant growth regulators were applied on 4 true leaf stages for tree time. The results of the study showed that, spraying of gibberellin at (25, 50 and 75 mgl−1) during 4 leaf stage hade more significantly effects of vegetative growth and increased the flowering, So that enhanced the seed yield and oil seed per hectare than control and Ethephon treatments. Spraying of Ethephon at (100, 200 and 300 mgl−1), significantly enhanced the yield by increasing the female flower and decreased the sex ratio.

Keywords: Medicinal Pumpkin, Cucurbita pepo, Ethephon, Gibberellin, Yield
Comparative Effects of Some PGRs Combination on Proliferation and Hyperhydricity of Sebri Pear Cultivar

Comparative Effects of Some PGRs Combination on Proliferation and Hyperhydricity of Sebri Pear Cultivar

Authors: S. Karimpour, G. H. Davarynejad, A. Tehranifar and A. Bagheri
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Abstract

In order to improve in vitro culture of Sebri pear cultivar several combinations of plant growth regulators of BAP, IBA and GA3 were tested. In all PGRs combination, regenerated shoots increased with increasing BAP concentration In media containing of different combinations of BAP (3 mgL-1) and BAP (2 mgL-1) + GA3 the highest of regenerated shoots were obtained. The higher regenerated shoot length showed in media containing IBA. The highest regenerated shoots length obtained in BAP (2 mgL-1) + IBA and the lowest showed in BAP (3 mgL-1). In BAP (3 mgL-1) + GA3 combination, internode length was the highest. Hyperhydricity rate was affected by BAP concentration and plant growth regulators combinations. A negative relation was obtained in internode length and hyperhydricity rate. The higher concentration of BAP induced more hyperhydricity rate and BAP + IBA + GA3 produced the highest hyperhydric regenerated shoots, while BAP (2 mgL-1) + GA3 induced the lowest hyperhydricity rate.

Keywords: BAP, GA3, IBA, Micro propagation, Tissue culture
Effect of NaCl Stress on Pineapple Plant (Ananas comosus Merr. (L.) cv. Del Monte) In Vitro

Effect of NaCl Stress on Pineapple Plant (Ananas comosus Merr. (L.) cv. Del Monte) In Vitro

Authors: Majid A. Ibrahim
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Abstract

The present study was carried out at Plant Tissue Culture Laboratory, during the period from (15/10/2011 - 15/11/2012) to investigate effect of different sodium chloride (NaCl) concentrations on vegetative and root growth characteristics of pineapple plant via in vitro culture. The results showed that MS medium supplemented with 1.5 mg.l-1 kinetin for shoot multiplication gave 360 shoots after 24 weeks from culture (three re-cultures). Also, the results showed that MS medium without NaCl treatment of shoot multiplication stage gave high significantly percentage of survival explants reached 85%. While, the MS medium supplemented with 2% NaCl gave low significantly percentage of survival explants reached 15%. The vegetative and root growth characteristics decreased when the NaCl concentration were increased in multiplication and rooting stages. The MS medium without NaCl treatment gave highest vegetative and root growth characteristics reached 12.42 cm (leaf length), 5.4 (leaves), 11.6 (shoots), 90% (rooting percentage), 4.00 cm (root length) and 7.6 (roots). But, the MS medium supplemented with 2% NaCl gave low values in there characteristics reached 1.08 cm, 3.8 leaves, 1.4 shoots, 20% rooting percentage, 1.24 cm root length and 1.4 roots. Also, the results showed that plantlets produced from MS medium supplemented with NaCl at 0.0% and 0.5% concentrations were successfully acclimatized (100%) after eight weeks from rooting stage. While, the weak plantlets of other treatments (1.5 and 2.0%) NaCl were failed in growth and acclimatization. Conclusion from present study that pineapple plantlets were low of salt tolerance and the possibility of planting of pineapple plants in Basrah government, southern Iraq.

Keywords: In vitro, Sodium chloride, Kinetin, Naphthalene acetic acid, Shoot multiplication
Investigating the important agronomic traits of selected hybrids produced of Savalan and Ceaser Cultivars by factors analysis

Investigating the important agronomic traits of selected hybrids produced of Savalan and Ceaser Cultivars by factors analysis

Authors: Maryam Segheteh Mojtahedi , Davoud Hassanpanah and Ali Akbar Imani
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Abstract

In order to categorize 20 selected potato hybrids derived from crossing Savalan (as female parent) and Ceaser (as male parent) varieties according to the evaluated traits, an experiment in Agriculture and Natural Resources Research Station of Ardabil in agronomic year of 2012 in completely randomized block design with three replications was conducted. In analyzing to the factors, three factors with high Eigen values were selected, where they consisted 78.44 percent of the main data variance. Based on the analyzing to the factors results, most of traits have a high coefficient of the same behaviors and the results show that the number of selected factors was appropriate to our aim and the selected factors have been able to justify and interpret the traits changes properly. The first factor have been able to explain about 44.497 percent of the main variables and in this factor, number of tubers per plant, tuber weight per plant, tuber yield, marketable tuber yield, dry matter percent and plant height were taken large and positive coefficients. Therefore this factor could be named as yield factor. The second factor explained and justified about 17.139 percent of the variations of the main data. Traits including day number till tuberization were affecting this factor and it was labeled as phonological traits affecting factor. The third factor was named as stem affecting factor. Simply, these three factors set one special trait in front of the other evaluated traits.

Keywords: Potato, Yield and its components, factors analysis
Direct regeneration from leaves and nodes explants of Physalis peruviana L.

Direct regeneration from leaves and nodes explants of Physalis peruviana L.

Authors: Mahmoud Otroshy , Arash Mokhtari, Sayyed Mohammad Mehdi Khodaee and Amir-Hossein Bazrafshan
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Abstract

Physalis peruviana L. is a popular folk medicine used for treating cancer, leukemia, hepatitis, rheumatism and other diseases. An experiment was conducted to study the effect of growth regulators on plant regeneration in P. peruviana. In this experiment, rhizogenesis and organogenesis were initiated from the leaves and nodes of P. peruviana. The medium used for this purpose was MS with different concentrations of Kin (0, 1, 2 mg/l) and BAP (0, 1, 2, 3, 4 mg/l) for leaves explants and BAP and Kin in combination with different concentration of IBA (0.5, 1 mg/l) for nodal segments. In this study, our objectives were to development of an efficient micropropagation protocol for the medicinal plant Physalis peruviana by the in vitro culture of leaf and nodes explants. The results showed that highest regeneration from leaf and nodal explants was observed at the highest concentration of BAP and Kin. Maximum callus induction (100%) was observed from nodal segment at lower concentration of cytokinine and presence of IBA. Full strength MS solid medium with 1.0 mg/l IBA without or at lower concentrations of cytokinine exhibited the best in vitro rooting.

Keywords: Benzyl amino purine; cherry; kinetine, organogenesis, plant growth regulators, tissue culture
The Study of lines and Different Cultivars of Barley in Terms of Germination Index in Laboratory Condition

The Study of lines and Different Cultivars of Barley in Terms of Germination Index in Laboratory Condition

Authors: Ali Mohammadpour Khanghah, Aliakbar Imani, Marefat Ghasemi and Hossein Shahbazi
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Abstract

Barley is one of the most important grains and essential resources for provide animal food and human in the world. This study was conducted in a randomized complete block design (CRD) with three replications at the Agricultural Laboratory of Islamic Azad University of Ardabil. Analysis of variance results showed that there were significant differences between lines in terms of the all evaluated traits at 1% level. Results of data indicated that the range of variation Germination Rate Index (GRI) between the lines and studied cultivars from 9.35 percent (line 6) to 3.72 (line number 28) was variable. Also results showed that the Coefficient of Velocity of Germination (CVG), line 34 with the mean of 16.40 had highest value and was in class A. The results also showed that in terms of germination rate (Rs) line 8 with an average of 0.1246 was the top line; in front line 34 with a mean of 0.1640 accounted the lowest germination rate.

Keywords: Barley, Germination indices, Laboratory Condition
Effects of polyethylene glycol on proline levels in two sugar beet cultivars

Effects of polyethylene glycol on proline levels in two sugar beet cultivars

Authors: Nasim Naderi, Ali Aghaei
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Abstract

To evaluate the physiological traits, proline and two Jolge and Rasoul beet varieties under drought stress experiment in a randomized complete block Rasoul on hydroponic culture at 5 levels (0, -1.4, -2.9, -4.18 and -7.11 MPa), respectively, of the levels (0, 98, 148, 197 and 322 grams per liter) polyethylene glycol 6000 and 3 replications was conducted in 2012, in Ardebil. Proline in two periods of 10 days and 20 days after stress was measured and compared to that proline leaves in both cultivars and both figure to increase significantly and increases during stress, proline leaves the gain reaches a figure of Jolge Rasoul more than the increase in the maximum concentration of proline was 322. Increase of proline in osmotic potential to absorb and hold water for the plant, along with increasing protein to prevent protein decomposition of and power plant can be a good indicator for selecting cultivars are resistant to drought. Proline in Jolge variety with maximum tension adjustment is more than a Rasoul figure. Resulting in increased resistance to environmental stress and are suitable for growing in water scarce regions.

Keywords: Sugar beets, polyethylene glycol, proline
Grouping of Lines and Different Cultivars of Barley in terms of studied traits in Laboratory Condition

Grouping of Lines and Different Cultivars of Barley in terms of studied traits in Laboratory Condition

Authors: Ali Mohammadpour Khanghah, Aliakbar Imani, Marefat Ghasemi and Hossein Shahbazi
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Abstract

Grain used as food by humans long ago and today, a variety of grain products is prepared. This study was conducted in a randomized complete block design (CRD) with three replications at the Agricultural Laboratory of Islamic Azad University of Ardabil. For grouping the genotypes, clustering analysis by Ward's method using Euclidean distance based on the average standard, 6 evaluated attributes were done in the laboratory and 39 lines with cutting in Euclidean distance underwent in five groups. Diagnosis function analysis also confirmed this grouping. In analysis of variance between groups in terms of all traits, results showed the most significant differences between the groups at 1% level that confirmed grouping. The second group were consists of Radical and Tokak control cultivars and lines 2, 3, 10, 12, 14, 29, 32, 33 and 34 which had more value and were in the first grade in terms of the characteristics such as the coefficient of velocity of germination (CVG) and germination rate (RS) and had lowest value and were in the end grade in terms of the characteristics such as the Mean Time Germination (MTG). The results showed that the results showed that the was fourth group with lines 1, 7, 8, 9, 18, 19, 20, 24, 25, 26, 28, 30 and 31 among the four groups as a superior group, because whatever coefficient of velocity of germination (CVG) and germination rate (RS) is low is better.

Keywords: Barley, cluster, Laboratory Condition
Identifying susceptible and tolerant lentil (Lens culinaris Madke) genotypes through tolerance indices

Identifying susceptible and tolerant lentil (Lens culinaris Madke) genotypes through tolerance indices

Authors: Peyman Aligholizadeh Moghadam, Ali Akbar Imani
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Abstract

In order to identify the best tolerance indices as well as the most drought tolerant lentil genotypes, an experiment was conducted on 10 lentil genotypes in Agricultural Research Station of Islamic Azad University, Ardabil Branch, in the form of Randomized Complete Blocks Design (RCBD), with three replications, during 2011 year. Results from analysis of variance for yield under two studied environments revealed the genotypes differed significantly in terms of grain yield under both conditions, at 5% probability level. Component analysis reduced the five indices into two components. Correlation analysis on yields in two studied environments and on indices, as well as the Bi Plot drawn based on the components, revealed STI to be the most suitable index capable of indentifying drought tolerant genotypes. Cultivars number 2, 8, 5 and 4 were located in desirable area of the Bi Plot, and can be considered as the most tolerant genotypes. Thus, the abovementioned genotypes produced low yield variability under different conditions and consequently were designated as stress tolerant genotypes.

Keywords: lentil, drought stress, tolerance indices, component analysis
Investigating of Rheological Properties of Oil Extracted From Three Varieties of Olive in the Process of Bleaching

Investigating of Rheological Properties of Oil Extracted From Three Varieties of Olive in the Process of Bleaching

Authors: Mohammad Ali Shariaty, Peiman Mahasti, Mehrdad Ghavami and Amir Hooman Hemmasi
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Abstract

Investigating the behavior of fluids and viscosity of liquids is one of the important issues in the manner of their transmission in different systems or factories. Investigation of behavior of olive oil in different temperatures of bleaching can show a desirable criterion of behavior of this fluid in absorbing wastes in bleaching. In this study 3 varieties of Iranian olive were selected being Yellow, Phishomi, Shenge. They were bleached after extracting their oil, neutralizing oil. In this research the samples of olive oil were investigated and compared in order to study the influence of selected temperatures of bleaching (60, 50, 40 and 70 centigrade’s) on rheological properties. In all temperatures studied the most amount of viscosity is related to the variety Shenge and the least amount is related to Shenge. The results also showed that with increasing shear rate the viscosity of each sample remained almost constant and did not show remarkable decrease or increase.

Keywords: Iranian olive oil, rheological properties, bleaching
The effect of Humic acid usage on the specific weight of stem and its components in Maize SC varieties

The effect of Humic acid usage on the specific weight of stem and its components in Maize SC varieties

Authors: Seyed Sajjad Moosavi
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Abstract

Maize (Zea mays L.) is one of the most highly consumed crops, and the most important foodstuff after wheat and rice around the world. Humic acids (HA) are a major component of organic fertilizers. In order to study the response of maize genotype against the application of peat and leonardite based liquid humic fertilizers, an experiment was conducted at experimental field of Islamic Azad University, Ardabil Branch in 2009-2010 cropping year. The Experiment was conducted of randomized complete block design (RB) with three replications. Treatment used on the Single cross 704 genotype was at three Conditions (peat based humic fertilizer; leonardite based humic fertilizer; without the application of humic fertilizer). Results showed that there was significant difference between the experimental conditions (test solution) of the special weight of peduncle and specific weight between Pre-terminal nodes at 1% level and in terms of specific weight of stem in the 5% level.The results of the comparison data on the experimental conditions (test solution) showed the Humic liquid fertilizer based on Leonardite and the liquid Humic fertilizer based on pit respectively with average of 1.05 and 1.27 were the best condition in terms of specific weight of stem and normal condition with an average of 1.58 was in the next rank.

Keywords: Humic liquid fertilizer, Maize, Specific weight
Effects of liquid humic acid fertilizer on the physiological characteristics proportion in single cross maize cultivar

Effects of liquid humic acid fertilizer on the physiological characteristics proportion in single cross maize cultivar

Authors: Ali Mohammadpour khanghah
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Abstract

Humic substances comprise a major part of organic matter, and their influence on soil properties is well known and could be used to improve microbial activity. Maize is one of the most highly consumed crops, and the most important foodstuff after wheat and rice around the world. In order to study the response of maize genotype against the application of peat and leonardite based liquid humic fertilizers, an experiment was conducted at experimental field of Islamic Azad University, Ardabil Branch in 2009-2010 cropping year. The Experiment was conducted of randomized complete block design (RB) with three replications. Treatment used on the Single cross 704 genotype was at three Conditions (peat based humic fertilizer; leonardite based humic fertilizer; without the application of humic fertilizer).Results showed that there was significant difference between the experimental conditions (test solution) in terms the all traits at 1% level.The results of the comparison data on the experimental conditions (test solutions) showed the liquid Humic fertilizer based on Leonardite, in terms of traits such as ratio of peduncle length to plant height, the ratio of pre-terminal internodes length to plant height and the ratio of other internodes length to plant height respectively with average of 0.09, 0.05 and 0.34 were the lowest but was the best condition.

Keywords: Humic liquid fertilizer, Maize, Physiological traits ratio
Investigation of Optimized Methods for Improvement of Organoleptical and Physical Properties of Soy milk

Investigation of Optimized Methods for Improvement of Organoleptical and Physical Properties of Soy milk

Authors: Touba Izadi, Zahra Izadi, Mostafa Mazaheri Tehrani, Mandana Ali pour, Mohammad Zamany Moghadam, Mohammad Ali Shariaty
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Abstract

Soy milk is a water extract of soybeans that is a source of protein and calories for human consumption. Also, has been given considerable attention as an economical and nutritive beverage. The undesirable flavour of soybeans is described as beany flavour, bitter, grassy, and astringent. It is important that identification of off flavour agents and using of methods for improvement of soy milk quality. The objective of this study is identification and improvement of organoleptical and physical deficiencies associated with soy milk compositions and investigation of technological methods in order to better utilize the its health and nutritional benefits.

Keywords: soy milk, undesirable flavor, organoleptical deficiencies

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