International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences

International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences

Basic info

  • Publisher: Blue Apple Publications
  • Country of publisher: india
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2017/May/23

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Agricultural Science, Biochemistry, Plant Sciences, Soil Sciences, Zoology and Animal Science, Agricultural Economics
  • Publisher's keywords: Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Finance, Animal Sciences, Soil Science, Biochemistry & Agricultural Chemistry, Plant Breeding & Genetics
  • Language of fulltext: english

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): Yes 150 EUR
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Editorial information

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: Other
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2012
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: None
  • Content digitally archived in: Nopolicy
  • Deposit policy registered in: None

This journal has '700' articles

The study the effects biologic fertilizers on germination index barley in laboratory conditions

The study the effects biologic fertilizers on germination index barley in laboratory conditions

Authors: Mohammad Mohammadpour Khanghah and Siamak Gharibi-asl
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Abstract

The use of biological products for feed grains is one of the solutions in achieving the goals of organic production is considered. The Experiment was conducted as factorial in the basis of randomized complete block design (CRD) with three replications at the Agricultural Laboratory of Islamic Azad University of Ardabil. Results from analysis of variance for study traits suggest that there was a significant difference between experimental conditions in terms of the all evaluated traits at 1% probability levels. In addition, there was a significant difference between study genotypes in terms of all evaluated traits at 1% probability level. Results from mean comparison of data for studied lines and cultivars indicate that line number 34 (16.52) had the highest coefficient of velocity of germination (CVG), whereas line number 14 (12.94) had the lowest coefficient of velocity of germination (CVG) on average. The results also showed that in terms of germination rate (Rs) line 14 with an average of 0.1294 was the top line; in front line 34 with a mean of 0.1652 accounted the lowest germination rate. The results showed that in terms of germination rate (Rs) application of kadostim based biologic fertilizer produced with an average of 0.1413 had the highest; in front condition without the application of biologic fertilizer with a mean of 0.1384 accounted the lowest germination rate.

Keywords: Barley, Biologic Fertilizer, Germination Index
Response of some wheat genotypes to drought stress by indices of drought resistance

Response of some wheat genotypes to drought stress by indices of drought resistance

Authors: Yousef Alaei
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Abstract

In order to identify the effective traits of performance and the best index of drought resistance on bread wheat in cold regions of Ardabil province, an experiment was conducted on 10 wheat crop in a randomized complete block design with three replications at the research station of Islamic Azad University of Ardabil in 2011. Genotypes were cultured in the form of separate design with normal irrigation and drought in last season. The common irrigation was cut off by the end of the season and the other irrigation from the pollination stage in one of the parts. The variance analysis results showed that stress reduced most of traits and was observed the highest reduction in yield. The study of the index of drought resistance, drought tolerance (STI), the geometric mean of productivity (GMP) and the productivity mean (MP) had highly correlation with potential yield (YP) and yield in stress condition (YS), they were recognized the most resistant genotype as the best index and genotypes C-78-14 and Marvdasht with the highest yield. Two main components justified 97.7% of the variations with principal components analysis on tolerance indices to drought. Gascogne was identified as the weakest cultivar in both stress and normal conditions.

Keywords: Drought stress, yield, tolerance index, bread wheat
Residual and accumulative effects of sewage sludge on bioavailability of some macronutrients in basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) medicinal plant

Residual and accumulative effects of sewage sludge on bioavailability of some macronutrients in basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) medicinal plant

Authors: Azadeh Kashani, Hemmatollah Pirdashti, Mohammad Ali Bahmanyar and Keyan Kashani
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Abstract

To study the residual and accumulative effects of sewage sludge on bioavailability of some macronutrients in basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) medicinal plant an experiment was arranged in split plot based randomized complete block design with three replications. The main plots included fertilizers at six levels including control; recommended chemical fertilizer; sewage sludge as the rate of 20 and 40 Mg ha-1 both enriched and non-enriched with 50% chemical fertilizer. The sob plots were considered one (2006), two (2006-2007), three (2006-2008) and four (2006-2009) consecutive application periods of different fertilizers. Results showed that interaction of sewage sludge and application period (residual and accumulative effect) significantly affected the macronutrients accumulation in basil leaves. Orthogonal comparisons also showed that effects of sewage sludge application on P, N and K content in leaves was significantly higher than chemical fertilizers. The accumulative effects of 40 Mg ha-1sewage sludge both enriched and non-enriched with 50% chemical fertilizer after three consecutive years improved the leaves nitrogen content by 72%. Similarly residual effect of sewage sludge 20 Mg ha-1 enriched and non-enriched with 50% chemical fertilizer for one year increased the P content of leaves by 83%. In addition results derived from the regression diagram showed a strong linear relationship between the amount of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium absorption with basil dry matter yield.

Keywords: basil, chemical fertilizer, dry matter, macronutrients, sewage sludge
Determination of lead and Cadmium Contents in (oryza sativa) rice samples of agricultural areas in Gillan- Iran

Determination of lead and Cadmium Contents in (oryza sativa) rice samples of agricultural areas in Gillan- Iran

Authors: Parisa Ziarati, Sajad Arbabi, Sepideh Arbabi Bidgoli and Mahnaz Qomi
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Abstract

The major source of Cadmium intake for rice eating countries in Asian countries like Iran is rice. Due to the accumulation of heavy metal compounds formed in plants for food could be an important factor in human toxicity; we have been investigating the Cadmium and Lead contents in rice as the high daily intake in the north Iranian diet and high incidence of diseases among people in the north provinces in Iran. To assess the levels of Cadmium and Lead in Hashemi raw rice (Oryza Sativa), 100 samples after harvesting and 50 samples from one-year stored were randomly collected from 10 major rice production areas in 2012 .All samples were collected in during harvesting of rice in Gillan fields in two consequent years. Samples were analyzed by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer in 4 stages of : raw , rinsing , boiling & draining and cooking rice . Results were determined as mean ± SD of dry weight from three replicates in each test. The samples were analyzed by wet digestion method and standardized international protocols were followed for the preparation of material and analysis of heavy metals contents and analyzed by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer.The mean content of Cadmium and Lead in all samples had Cadmium and lead contents above maximum level which is recommended by FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) .Average concentrations of lead and cadmium in cooking rice is lower than boiling and draining rice and the results show that washing and rinsing rice has the significant role) in decreasing the cadmium and lead contents. Repetitive washing of the rice can greatly reduce level of heavy metal contents. The total dietary exposure levels of Lead and Cadmium determined in this study were compared with the provisional tolerable weekly intakes (PTWLS) by the JECFA and showed higher than it. Our results reveal that weekly Cadmium and lead intake from rice were higher than the maximum weekly intake recommended by WHO/FAO.

Keywords: Hashemi rice, Cadmium, Lead, Contaminant, Gillan
The Impact of Fertilizers Subsidy on Cassava Production in Nigeria (1986-2010)

The Impact of Fertilizers Subsidy on Cassava Production in Nigeria (1986-2010)

Authors: Abula. M and Mohammed. S
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Abstract

The Study examined the impact of fertilizer Subsidy on Cassava Production in Nigeria from 1986 to 2010. Time Series analysis data for the year 1986 to 2010were used to estimate relative price elasticity of fertilizer demand in Nigeria, using fertilizer price and land area used for Cassava Production in Nigeria as the explanatory Variables and annual Cassava output as the dependent variables. Employing the OLS regression technique, our result shows that fertilizer Subsidy has a positive impact on Cassava outputs in Nigeria. Another plausible finding of the study was the study Positive correlation between hectare of land area used and Cassava outputs. Following these outcome, it was advocated, in the main that government should review the land tenure system to enable farmers have access to land. It was also recommended that the National Fertilizer Company of Nigeria (NAFCON) in Portharcourt and Kaduna be supported and revitalized to enhance its efficiency in local production of Fertilizer.

Keywords: Fertilizer Subsidy, Cassava, production, Gross Domestic products, price, land area
Differential antioxidative response to drought stress and relationship with water use efficiency in maize hybrids

Differential antioxidative response to drought stress and relationship with water use efficiency in maize hybrids

Authors: Vahid Mozaffari, Hassan Pakniyat, Hojjat Hasheminasab and Hadi Pirasteh-Anosheh
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Abstract

Knowing about antioxidant enzymes activities after drought stress in plants are important, particularly in maize that is a sensitive plant to drought stress. Hence a study was conducted on six hybrids maize. Treatments were consisted of six maize hybrids: SC704, BC666, ZP599, SC524, ZP434, SC400 and irrigation at three regimes: optimal (100% FC), mild stress (75% FC) and severe stress (50% FC). Sampling was in stem elongation, tasseling and blisteringThe results showed that WUE slightly decreased under stress conditions, differences were non-significant. The activity of catalase and ascorbic peroxidase significantly increased while activity of peroxidase decreased under drought stress. Superoxide dismutase activity decreased and increased under mild and severe stress, respectively. According to These results suggest that superoxide dismutase is the best indicator for screening tolerance hybrids in drought stress and also stem elongation is the best stage.

Keywords: drought, catalase, Superoxide dismutase, peroxidase, ascorbic peroxidase
The study of correlation between traits evaluated at farm and laboratory conditions at 58 lines and varieties of bread wheat

The study of correlation between traits evaluated at farm and laboratory conditions at 58 lines and varieties of bread wheat

Authors: Maryam Jafari
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Abstract

Triticum aestivum is the most important crop in the world. This study was designed at the Agriculture and Natural Resources Research Station of Ardabil and Agriculture Laboratory of Islamic Azad University, Ardabil Branch in 2011-2012 crop years. In this experiment, 55 wheat lines and three varieties were investigated as control. This study was conducted in laboratory in a randomized complete block design (CRD) with three replications and was conducted in farm augmented design so that controls cultivars was examined with three replications and new lines were broadcast randomized into the three replications. The results showed that there were significant and positive relationship between spike weights with spike length, number of spikelet per spike, number of grains per spike, grain weight per spike and 1000 grain weight. Also results showed that there is a positive and significant relationship between grain weights per spike with 1000 grain weight (r=0.578**), in other words, 1000 grain weights are also increased with increasing grain weights per spike. The results showed that there was positive and significant relationship between germination speed coefficient with all traits and this relationship was negative and significant with germination time mean. In other words, all traits are increased with increasing germination rate, in case, mean germination time mean is reduced.

Keywords: Wheat, Correlation, Germination indices, Morphological traits, Yield
Plant responses to stress: functions of the Arabidopsis TCH genes

Plant responses to stress: functions of the Arabidopsis TCH genes

Authors: Zeinolabedin jouyban
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Abstract

Expression of the Arabidopsis TCH genes is markedly upregulated in response to a variety of environmental stimuli including the seemingly innocuous stimulus of touch. Understanding the mechanism(s) and factors that control TCH gene regulation will shed light on the signaling pathways that enable plants to respond to environmental conditions. The TCH proteins include calmodulin, calmodulinrelated proteins and a xyloglucan endotransglycosylase. Expression analyses and localization of protein accumulation indicates that the potential sites of TCH protein function include expanding cells and tissues under mechanical strain. We hypothesize that at least a subset of the TCH proteins may collaborate in cell wall biogenesis.

Keywords: Arabidopsis, Calmodulin, Cell Wall, Gene regulation (TCH genes)
The Estimate of Heterosis and Combining Ability Some Morphological Characters in Tomato Transplants (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.)

The Estimate of Heterosis and Combining Ability Some Morphological Characters in Tomato Transplants (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.)

Authors: Akram Farzane, Hossein Nemati, Hossein Arouiee and Amin Mirshamsi Kakhki
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Abstract

To examine the combining abilities of nine tomato lines, parental lines (Supc (P1), Pte12 (P2), Mb3 (P3), Supl44 (P4), Vfj (P5), Ptk (P6), Sps (P7), Csh74 (P8) and Prg (P9)) were placed in a complete diallel crosses design (9×9). In the second year, hybrids with the parents in a randomized complete block design with three replicates were examined. Traits examined were: days to 50% seed emergence, plant height (cm), number of leaves to first inflorescence, days from germination to first inflorescence. The results showed the rule of both additive and non-additive gene action for control of all traits except plant height. The crosses Sps×Mb3, Vfj×Pte12 and Prg ×Supc were the earliest hybrids among 72 hybrids studied. The heterosis showed a good response to number of days to 50% seed emergence and days to first inflorescence.

Keywords: Additive and non-additive gene, diallel cross, inflorescence, seed emergence
Effect of Harvest Time on some Qualitative and Quantitative Characteristics of Hayward Kiwifruit in the West of Gilan, Iran

Effect of Harvest Time on some Qualitative and Quantitative Characteristics of Hayward Kiwifruit in the West of Gilan, Iran

Authors: Ebrahim Farzam, Hossein Shahbazi, Ali Akbar Imani and Ebrahim Abedi Gheshlaghi
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Abstract

Harvest time can affect the quality characteristics of kiwi fruit. To get the best harvest time, this experiment in randomized complete block design, with three replications and five treatments were performed in the West Gilan. The treatment involved flushing interval of 7 days with 3 replications in each tree. Based on the results, further quantitative fruit traits were affected by time, and different times of sampling significantly affected fruit length, fruit width, fruit shape and fruit size in 1% level and fruit weight at the 5% level. Based on the results, further qualitative effects were also affected by time, and different times of sampling significantly affected fruit firmness total soluble solids (TSS), titratable acidity, soluble solids ratio (TSS / TA) and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) at the 1% level and titratable acidity (TA) at the 5% level. Fruit ascorbic acid (vitamin C) was not affected by the sampling time.

Keywords: kiwi, harvest time, fruit quality and quantity characteristics, antioxidant capacity
Evaluating the effective of barriers and restrictions on applying precision agriculture in sari’s rice field (Iran), from the view of agriculture jihad’s experts

Evaluating the effective of barriers and restrictions on applying precision agriculture in sari’s rice field (Iran), from the view of agriculture jihad’s experts

Authors: Eman pourkhiz, valiolah azizifar and saeed dadashi
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Abstract

An precision agriculture is a managerial strategy which examines on special local details for management on product’ s puts on the needed basis of each area, so that economical production increases and the environment sustain the least lost. The final objective of this project is examining on possibility of an precision agricultural technology administering in sari’s rice fields. The final object of this project is evaluating the effective barriers and restrictions factors on applying precision agriculture in sari’s rice fields, from the view of agriculture jihad’s experts. This project is among in correlativedescriptive research and in terms of its applied objective and the type of collecting data, it is a kind of descriptive and non-experimental research and it was done based on measurement. We use chronbach alpha coefficient for determining its reliability. The coefficient of 0.96 percent for all parts of this research shows that research instrument has good reliability. The results showed that there is a significant correlation between barriers and restrictions factors and the possibility of applying the precision agriculture. So the estimation equation show’s that our research’s independent variable establishes 41 percent of our research’s dependent variable.

Keywords: precision agriculture, barriers and restrictions, rice, sari
Evaluation of grain Yield and Nitrogen efficiency indexes in different plant densities and different nitrogen levels in maize (Zea Mays L.) hybrid 704

Evaluation of grain Yield and Nitrogen efficiency indexes in different plant densities and different nitrogen levels in maize (Zea Mays L.) hybrid 704

Authors: N. Niknam, H. Farajee and Hamideh pourbehi
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Abstract

The object of present study was to evaluate the effect of plant population and nitrogen rate on yield and nitrogen efficiency indexes of maize (Zea mays L, hybrid 704) in Mamasani region, Fars Province at 2008. The experiment was conducted as factorial based on completely randomized block design with three replications, with four plant population (75000, 90000,105000, and 130000 plant ha-1) and three nitrogen rates (200, 300 and 400 kg ha-1). Results indicated that Grain yield was significantly increased from 12910 to 16890 kg ha-1 by increasing plant population from 75000 to 130000 plant ha-1. Nitrogen rates and its interaction with plant population had no significant effect on grain yield. By increasing plant population from 75000 to 130000 plant ha-1 physiological efficiency increased from 31.5 to 45.5, and with increasing nitrogen rate from 200 to 400 kg ha-1 decreased from 43.1 to 32.7. With increasing plant population from 75000 to 130000 plant ha-1 agronomic efficiency increased from 11.3 to 22.5, and with increasing nitrogen rate from 200 to 400 kg ha-1 decreased from 22.1 to 10.8. With increasing plant population from 75000 to 130000 plant ha-1 Apparent Efficiency increased from 25.3 to 48.6, and with increasing nitrogen rate from 200 to 400 kg ha-1 decreased from 50.8 to 32.6. According to the results of the present study, population of 130000 plant ha-1 and 200 kg nitrogen ha-1 is recommended for maximum yield in the region.

Keywords: plant population, nitrogen, corn, yield
Effects of Nitrogen fertilizer on yoeld and som physiological charachteristics on two drought resistance and susceptible wheat (Tritticum aestivum L.) cultivars in response to water stress

Effects of Nitrogen fertilizer on yoeld and som physiological charachteristics on two drought resistance and susceptible wheat (Tritticum aestivum L.) cultivars in response to water stress

Authors: Masoud Karimpour, Adel Siosemardeh, Hamid Fateh, Hedie Badakhshan and Gholamreza Heidari
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Abstract

Drought stress and nutrient deficiency are the major limiting factors in crop production around the world. In order to investigation the effects of nitrogen on physiological characteristic and yield of two winter wheat varieties under drought stress, a pot experiment was carried out in a factorial experiment in randomized complete block design with three replications at the University of Kurdistan during 2008. Treatments included drought stress (irrigation at soil water potential -3 bar as control and irrigation at soil water potential -13 bar as water deficit), nitrogen fertilizer (control treatment as non fertilizer application, 0.35 and 0.70 g nitrogen per pot), applied on Zarrin and Azar2 of wheat cultivars. Results showed that despite of lower values of SPAD in drought stress condition, it was increased in each of nitrogen application. Under drought stress treatment, however we observed a reduced amount of photosynthesis (Pn), intercellular CO2 concentration (Ci), transpiration (E) and mesophyll conductance (MC). After exposure to recovery condition, the levels of photosynthesis and mesophyll conductance in Azar2 was significantly higher than Zarrin cultivar. Nitrogen fertilizer application under non stress condition caused in increasing trend of mesophyll conductance and concentration of soluble proteins was also increased.

Keywords: photosynthesis, transpiration, drought stress, wheat
Changes in number of seed and seed yield of barley, s genotypes under drought stress and normal irrigation condition

Changes in number of seed and seed yield of barley, s genotypes under drought stress and normal irrigation condition

Authors: Ali Soleymani, Mohamad Hesam Shahrajabian
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Abstract

In order to evaluate the seed yield and yield components of Barley ,s genotypes, under drought stress condition, an experiment was conducted at Kabotarabad Agriculture Research Station in 2011. These two experiments were done separately, by complete block design with 3 replications, 10 genotypes were studied at drought stress condition (Irrigation disruption after emergence of spikes) and normal water irrigation. In stress condition experiment, two last irrigations were omitted. The effect of treatment was significant on a thousand seed weight, biological yield and harvest index in non drought stress. Treatment also had significant effect on the number of seed per spike and a thousand seed weight in stress condition. Even though the maximum number of seed per spike and a thousand seed weight in normal condition was related to genotype number 6 and 10, respectively, the maximum seed yield and biological yield was achieved in genotype number 8 in non stress condition. Furthermore, the highest harvest index also obtained in genotype number 1. In drought stress condition the highest a thousand seed weight, seed yield and biological yield was related to genotype number 10, genotype number 2 and genotype number 4, respectively; moreover, genotype number 5 had obtained the highest harvest index. So cultivation of line 3 was appropriate in normal water condition. Also, Line 2 and 10 was suitable for producing high seed yield in drought stress condition.

Keywords: Barley, genotype, seed yield, seed number, drought stress, normal irrigation condition
Study the effects of relay cropping on yield and yield components, growth length, light interception and solar radiation depreciation of different species of Brassica

Study the effects of relay cropping on yield and yield components, growth length, light interception and solar radiation depreciation of different species of Brassica

Authors: Ali Soleymani, Mohamad Hesam Shahrajabian
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Abstract

The experiment was conducted in 2010-2011 at Isfahan Agricultural Research Station as a split plot layout within a randomized complete block design with three replications. Main plots were two planting dates (27 September was normal cropping and 27 October was relay cropping), subplots were inclusive of species B. napus (Option 500, Hyola 330, Hyola 401, Sargol, Modena, SLM 046, Opera, Zarfam and RGS003), two varieties of B. rapa (Echo and Park land) and one variety of B. juncea (Land race). Planting date had significant effect on LAI, seed yield, a thousand grain weight, biological yield, harvest index, Oil percentage and oil yield. The effect of cultivar was significant on LAI, seed yield, the number of seed per pod, a thousand seed weight, biological yield, harvest index, oil percentage and oil yield. The highest seed yield, biological yield, harvest index and oil yield was obtained by Zarfam and Opera at normal planting date and the maximum seed yield and oil yield was related to Slm046 at relay cropping. Oil yield in Zarfam, Opera and Slm046 was 1662, 1587 and 1578 kg/ha. The interaction between planting date and cultivar had significant effects on the number of days from planting to stem elongation, light interception, light depreciation and LAI. The best cultivar in normal planting date were Zarfam and Opera and in relay cropping was SLM046 that these cultivars with suitable growth length, could provide appropriate conditions to intercept light.

Keywords: Relay cropping, growth length, light interception, solar radiation depreciation, Brassica

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