International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences

International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences

Basic info

  • Publisher: Blue Apple Publications
  • Country of publisher: india
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2017/May/23

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Agricultural Science, Biochemistry, Plant Sciences, Soil Sciences, Zoology and Animal Science, Agricultural Economics
  • Publisher's keywords: Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Finance, Animal Sciences, Soil Science, Biochemistry & Agricultural Chemistry, Plant Breeding & Genetics
  • Language of fulltext: english

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): Yes 150 EUR
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Editorial information

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: Other
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2012
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: None
  • Content digitally archived in: Nopolicy
  • Deposit policy registered in: None

This journal has '700' articles

Effect of Benzo (1,2,3) thiadiazole-7- carbothioic acid S- methyl ester (BTH) on biochemical responses of wheat seedlings infected by Fusarium culmorum

Effect of Benzo (1,2,3) thiadiazole-7- carbothioic acid S- methyl ester (BTH) on biochemical responses of wheat seedlings infected by Fusarium culmorum

Authors: Arezoo Akbari Vafaii, Saghar Ketabchi and Ali Moradshahi
( 0 downloads)
Abstract

Fusarium culmorum is a ubiquitous soil-borne fungus able to cause foot and root rot on different small-grain cereals, in particular wheat and barley. Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is among the oldest and most extensively grown of all crops. Systemic acquired resistance (SAR) is a pathogeninduced disease resistance response in plants that is characterized by broad spectrum disease control. The effect of the resistance inducer, benzo (l,2,3) thiadiazole -7- carbothioic acid S-methyl ester (BTH) was tested by seed soaking to determine whether this resistance inducer controlled root rot of wheat caused by Fusarium culmorum. Systemic acquired resistance is an important component of the disease resistance repertoire of plants. (BTH) is a inducing disease resistance in a number of dicotyledonous and monocotyledonous plant species. In this study we have examined the factors chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, total protein, Peroxidase enzyme, Total phenol and phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL). BTH, which is an important chemical inducer of systemic acquired resistance (SAR), can Activate resistance to pathogen infection in commercial crops. Seeds treatment with Benzothiadiazole showed an elevation in the activity of defense related enzyme, peroxidase.

Keywords: Agar plug, Chlorophyll, Peroxidase, Phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL), Protein, Resistance inducer, Seed soaking, Total phenol
The study of changes resulting from the construction of spur over the Shoteyt River (Iran) on hydraulic parameters of water level and flow rate using MIKE11 model

The study of changes resulting from the construction of spur over the Shoteyt River (Iran) on hydraulic parameters of water level and flow rate using MIKE11 model

Authors: Mohammad Heidarnejad, Ebrahim Zalaqi and Mehdi Nadri
( 0 downloads)
Abstract

The aim of this research is to study of the hydraulics and evaluate the performance of spurs which are built to protect the Felman wells and to prevent the further destruction of the protected area in the Shoteyt River bank and near the city of Shoushtar (Iran) by MIKE11 model. Since in the area under study the Shoteyt River bank is seriously at the risk of scour, the hydraulic study of constructed spurs is utmost important in order to the effectiveness of them. In the present study, the flow’s condition is assumed to be unsteady and the results indicate the efficiency of the spur as well as suitability of the model in simulation of spurs. The results achieved by this software in the studied area show changes in water level and flow rate. Construction of spurs can reduce the flow rate by115 m3/s over a span of 100 year. The maximum change in water level for this flood has been 47 cm, and the maximum change in flow rate has been 0.558 meters per second. Comparing the results of a flood with a return period of 25 years and a spate with a return period of 100 years, it was noticed that these changes have a direct relation with the increase of return period and the more return period of flood increase, the more changes take place.

Keywords: spur, flow rate, MIKE11, unsteady flow
Evaluation of the essential oil composition of Salvia officinalis L. by different drying methods in full flowering stages

Evaluation of the essential oil composition of Salvia officinalis L. by different drying methods in full flowering stages

Authors: Vahid Rowshan and Sharareh Najafian
( 0 downloads)
Abstract

Common sage (Salvia officinalis L.; Lamiaceae) is one of the most important herb known for its essential oil richness and extensive use in folk medicine. In the current study, we determined the effects of three drying methods on the chemical composition of the essential oil of Saliva officinalis L. The aerial parts of Saliva officinalis were collected from Iran at the full-flowering stage and dried by three different drying methods: sun-drying, shade-drying and oven-drying at 50°C. The essential oil was extracted and analyzed by Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. 17-35 components were detected in the oil of Saliva officinalis under different drying methods, including, α-Thujone (24.0-25.0 %), 1,8- Cineole (11.0-20.0 %), viridiflorol (7.0-15.0 %), -Thujone (5.0-7.0 %) , camphor (6.0-6.5 %), Borneol (3.5-7.0 %), -pinene (5.0-6.0 %), -pinene (3.5-5.5 %) and -humulene (4.0-7.5 %), as main components. The presence of comparatively high concentration of oxygenated compounds mainly thujones, 1,8-cineole and camphor in sage oils may be attributing its carminative, antispasmodic, antiseptic, and astringent properties. Therefore, these sage collections may be exploited for various biological and therapeutic applications. The study revealed that sage can be dried by different methods in full flowering stage of the plants.

Keywords: Salvia officinalis, chemical composition of essential oils, 1,8-cineole, -thujone, camphor
Allelopathic Effect of Aqueous Extracts of Mentha longifolia on Seed Germination of Two Cultivars of barley and a Weed

Allelopathic Effect of Aqueous Extracts of Mentha longifolia on Seed Germination of Two Cultivars of barley and a Weed

Authors: Iman Bajalan, Masoumeh Zand and Shahram Rezaee
( 0 downloads)
Abstract

This research is an attempt to analyze the allelopathic effect of aqueous extracts of Mentha longifolia on germination of two cultivar of barley (Zarjo and Valfajr) and a weed (Portulaca oleracea) experimentally and in a quiet accidentally frame of 5 treatments and 4 replications. The treatments of the experiment included aqueous extract of M. longifolia (in concentrations of 6, 12, 25 and 50 percent) and distilled water (control). The results showed the strong allopathic effect of the extract of M. longifolia on germination of barley and Portulaca oleracea seeds in such a way that the statistical comparison indicates the reduction of germination percentage of seeds in treating the aqueous extracts in comparison with control in the level of 5 percent.

Keywords: Allelopathy, Aqueous extract, Barley, Germination, Mentha longifolia, Portulaca oleracea
Effect of different sowing date on yield and yield components seed of spring rapeseed cultivars

Effect of different sowing date on yield and yield components seed of spring rapeseed cultivars

Authors: Hamidreza Javanmard, Ahmadreza Golparvar
( 0 downloads)
Abstract

In order to determine the grain yield and other characters of spring rapeseed cultivars under varying sowing dates, an experiment was conducted at cultural experiment and research center, faculty of agriculture, Islamic Azad University, Khorasghan Branch, Isfahan. (latitude 32o 40/ N, longitude 51o 58/ E, and 1570 m elevation). The experimental design was a split plot in completely randomized block lay out with three replications. Four sowing dates (27 Feb, 9 Mar, 19 Mar and 28 mar) and four rapeseed cultivars (RGS003, PF7045-91, Option 500 and Hyola 401) as subplots. Results showed that the effect of sowing date on all experimental factors, was significant. Also, effect of cultivars number of grain per main silieques and oil seed rate, was significant. The interaction between sowing date and cultivar has significant effects on the number of grain per main silique, a thousand grain weight and oil percentage. In the view of the sensitivity of rapeseed to climatic factors especially to photoperiod and temperature, it is essential that sowing should be done on time, so that there have enough time for vegetative growth. According to the results obtained during two years, RGS003 cultivar at the first planting date recommended for sowing in Isfahan province.

Keywords: Sowing date, Spring rapeseed, Yield and Yield components
Effect of conservation tillage and remains under the influence of drip irrigation on watermelon yield in the Bardsir Region

Effect of conservation tillage and remains under the influence of drip irrigation on watermelon yield in the Bardsir Region

Authors: Mohammad Javad Khosravi, Mohammad Amin Asoodar and Amin Reza Jamshidi
( 0 downloads)
Abstract

Cultivation two products in one year, due to the limited opportunities to prepare the seed bed for the second crop after wheat harvest and loss of soil organic matter due to harvesting or burning of crop residues before and continuous cultures is one of the agriculture of problems in the city Bardsir. However, due to the use of machines such as conventional moldboard plow and disk tillage destruction of soil structure in this way, use of alternative tillage can be one of the best options to achieve sustainable agriculture. In order to test split plot in a randomized complete block design with triplicate in a sandy loam soil land with villages Dashtkar was implemented in 1391. Management and conservation tillage remains the main treatment includes: 1. Conventional tillage (moldboard plow + disk), 2. Strip tillage (heavy cultivator Cultivation online + disk 2 times) 3. minimum tillage (plow ink) 4. No tillage (direct sowing of seeds) and 4 leftover amount as subplots include: 90 percent, 60 percent, 30 percent and remains, were evaluated. Based on the results of this study, Simple effect of tillage treatments and the remains were significant at 1% level. So that the treatment reduced tillage 24,200 kg maximum performance and no tillage treatments assign minimal performance with 11,433 kg. Between conventional tillage and minimum tillage treatment were not significant differences. After analysis of variance results indicated that the minimum tillage treatments with 60% of the traffic remains lower agricultural machinery, maintain soil structure, crop yield and soil moisture had the best performance compared to other treatments.

Keywords: watermelon, conservation tillage, crop residue, performance
Investigate Panicle Structure in Rice by application nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizer

Investigate Panicle Structure in Rice by application nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizer

Authors: YosefTabar
( 0 downloads)
Abstract

In order to investigate the effect of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizer on panicle structure in rice cultivar(Oryza Sativa L), an experimental design in north of iran in 2011 cropping season. Nitrogen fertilizer at 50,100 and 150 kg/ha was main plot and phosphorus fertilizer at 4 level 0(control), 30, 60 and 90kg/ha as sub plot. Using randomized complete block desing(RCBD) with 3 replication. The results showed that panicle number, panicle lenght, primary branches, filled grain, 1000-garin weight , straw and grain yield increased significantly with nitrogen fertilizer,but the unfilled grain decrease by application nitrogen fertilizer. Interesting in comparison to 50 and 100 kg/ha level application of higher Nfertilizer 150 kg/ha showed a positive respond to application of high nitrogen for taroom hashemi cultivar. Effect of different application of P-fertilizer were significantly on panicle number, filled grain, unfilled grain,1000-garin weight , straw and grain yield. this parameter increase by application P-fertilizer, but the unfilled grain decrease by application phosphorus fertilizer. study of interaction effect of N and Pfertilizer was significant in panicle number and 1000-grain weight.

Keywords: Rice-Nitrogen- Phosphorus- Panicle Structure
Plant Response to Mechanical Stress

Plant Response to Mechanical Stress

Authors: Zeinolabedin jouyban
( 0 downloads)
Abstract

Mechanical stress vectors of nature include wind, rain, hail, and animal movements. Production agriculture and landscape practices provide further physical insults to plants in the form of pruning, pinching, tying, guying, and trimming. Urban high-rise buildings create air turbulence and downdrafts that permanently entrain trees and shrubs to growth habits reminiscent of natural plants inhabiting seacoasts and mountain slopes. Appreciation for wind per se as a powerful factor limiting plant development has been slow to develop. It is easy to overlook the mechanical aspect of wind and precipitation on plant form and growth habit because they are not always present and because many environmental stress factors coexist with wind in the outdoor environment. The influences of other environmental stress factors on plants often mask or negate the influence of mechanical stress. Confounding natural factors include airborne sea salt, desiccation, and evaporative chilling, all of which accompany wind. Only if controlled mechanical stresses (e.g., shaking, handling, flexing) are applied to plants growing in the wind-protected confines of a greenhouse or growth chamber is it possible to separate effects of mechanical stress per se from those of other environmental stresses, such as heat, cold, drought, flooding, and/or mineral deficiencies. It is surprising how sensitive plant growth can be to brief episodes of mechanical stress, especially if the plants are grown otherwise undisturbed in a stressfree environment.

Keywords: Mechanical stress, Environmental stress, Confounding natural, Plant growth
Contaminations of Heavy Metals in Tea Leaves, Finished Tea Products and Liqour in Gilan Province, Iran

Contaminations of Heavy Metals in Tea Leaves, Finished Tea Products and Liqour in Gilan Province, Iran

Authors: Parisa Ziarati, Zahra Khoshhal, Jinous Asgarpanah and Mahnaz Qomi
( 0 downloads)
Abstract

Tea is drunk by most of Iranian people. It is widely cultivated and consumed in the north of Iran. Although tea is rich in many trace inorganic elements, probably some toxic elements also are present in tea leaves due to polluted soil, application of pesticides, industrial activities or fertilizers. As the significant amount of tea consumed (several times in a day) it was necessary to determine the toxic metal contents. To assess the levels of Zinc, Copper, Cadmium and Lead in Tea leaves and finished tea products, 100 samples after harvesting from 12 major Tea farms mostly in 5 cities (Ladhijan, Siahkal, Langerud, Rudsar , Foman) in Gilan province in the north of Iran and 50 samples from 5 Tea Factories in 2012 were randomly collected. Soil samples were collected at each place and time the tea leaves were plucked and soil mixed thoroughly to give a represent able fraction. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was employed to detect significances among samples from different forms of tea samples (Black tea, tea leaves). Soil results showed that the Cadmium contents in the soil samples collected from all farms in 5 cities in the Gilan province are higher than WHO permissible levels and the mean content of Cadmium in all tea leaves samples is over, while Lead, copper and zinc contents were below the maximum permitted level for making tea has the significant role (p< 0.003) in decreasing the cadmium content.

Keywords: Tea leaves, finished tea products, Cadmium, contamination
The effect of seed priming by KNO3 on bioactive compounds of germinated Rye (secale cereal) under salinity stress

The effect of seed priming by KNO3 on bioactive compounds of germinated Rye (secale cereal) under salinity stress

Authors: Mohsen Salami, Davood Eradatmand Asli and Mojtaba Yousefi Rad
( 0 downloads)
Abstract

Seed priming is one of the ways to reduce negative effects of salt which is used for increasing germination percentage and seed resistance increase in salty zones. In order to study the effect of pre treatment of rye seed (secale cereale L.) by KNO3 on germination an experiment was conducted in triplet in factorial form and based on fully randomized plan in vitro. Factors include KNO3 with density 2 and osmosis potential produced using NaCl 15 and 30 molar were composed the second factor. Germinated seeds were counted daily for eight days. Then the percent of germination, germination speed, the average daily germination, the length of the shoot, root and the weight of dry plant were measured. Regarding mean data resulted from the experiment the results showed that KNO3 affects on the percent of germination, germination speed, the average daily germination, the weight of dry plant, the length of the shoot and the root on the level of one percent (p>0/01) significantly. In sum the results showed that pre treatment seed by the KNO3 can help the farmers in setting and producing suitable rye plant.

Keywords: KNO3, NaCl, seed priming, germination indices, rye
The effect of seed priming by ascorbic acid on bioactive compounds of Canola (Brassica napus L.) under salinity stress

The effect of seed priming by ascorbic acid on bioactive compounds of Canola (Brassica napus L.) under salinity stress

Authors: Mohammad Hosein Mirzaee Mahyari, Ali Reza Pazoki and Davood Eradatmand Asli
( 0 downloads)
Abstract

Seed priming is one of the ways to reduce negative effects of salt which is used for increasing germination percentage and seed resistance increase in salty zones. Ascorbic acid is of the most important vegetative antioxidants playing an important role in cell metabolism reactions at the time of germination, cellular disinfection, cell protection against oxidative reactions. So, to examine the effect of ascorbic acid on germination percentage, rootlet length and the extent of activity of peroxidace and catalase existing in canola seed under salt conditions, an experiment was conducted in triplet in factorial form and based on fully randomized plan in vitro. Three levels of ascorbic acid (0, 500 and 1000 M) and three osmosis potentials produced using chlorine and sodium (0, 60 and 100 M) were composed the second factor levels. Regarding mean data resulted from the experiment, as salt level increased germination indices decreased, but seed priming with ascorbic acid led to the increase of trait performance and the reduction of the respective enzymes' activity which is probably caused by the neutralization of free radicals resulted from salt stress.

Keywords: Ascorbic acid, salt stress, germination, Canola
An Investigation into Biocompatibility and Biodegradability of Electrospuned PLLA Nano-Scaffold

An Investigation into Biocompatibility and Biodegradability of Electrospuned PLLA Nano-Scaffold

Authors: Elmira Pasban, Shahrbanoo Oryan, Asadollah Asadi and Akram Eidi
( 0 downloads)
Abstract

Tissue engineering provides a new research field. In this new research field, cell scaffold and biomolecules are used to create an extended landscape in restoration, repair and maintenance of tissues. In this study, nano properties of polymer scaffolds for tissue engineering purposes are discussed. PLLA polymer scaffold was created using electrospinning technique, chloroform solvent and DMF. Then the surface of scaffold was treated to improve biodegradability. Scaffold was investigated in terms of surface morphological characteristics, biodegradablility, porosity and pore size. For this purpose, porosity measurements with Archimedes law, biodegradablility test and scanning electron microscopy study were performed. Degradation rate of scaffold is high because there are small pores and scaffold degradation rate is proportional to the time. The most important factor in the biodegradable scaffold is direct relationship between the amount of biodegradable scaffold and water absorption by the scaffold. Evaluation of cell growth and increased cell growth in the presence of nano-scaffold showed the confirmed the biocompatibility of nano-scaffold. It indicated high porosity of 90/75 percent and internal tissue growth.The overall results showed that PLLA nano-scaffold polymer synthesized with electrospinning technique is a good candidate for tissue engineering.

Keywords: Nano-scaffolds, Electrospinning, Biocompatibility, Biodegradability
Plant conservation and use of biotechnology

Plant conservation and use of biotechnology

Authors: Zeinolabedin jouyban
( 0 downloads)
Abstract

Conservation and sustainable use of genetic resources is essential to meet the demand for future food security. Advances in biotechnology have generated new opportunities for genetic resources conservation and utilization. Techniques like in vitro culture and cryopreservation have made it easy to collect and conserve genetic resources, especially of species that are difficult to conserve as seeds. While technologies like enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) have provided tools that are more sensitive and pathogen specific for seed health testing, tissue culture methods are now widely applied for elimination of systemic diseases such as viruses for safe exchange of germplasm. Molecular markers are increasingly used for screening of germplasm to study genetic diversity, identify redundancies in the collections, test accession stability and integrity, and resolve taxonomic relationships. The technology is also expanding the scope of genetic resources utilization.

Keywords: Plant conservation, Biotechnology, genetic resources
Investigation of Psyllium Skin Gum Effects on The Rheological Properties of Milk Concentrate Protein (MPC)

Investigation of Psyllium Skin Gum Effects on The Rheological Properties of Milk Concentrate Protein (MPC)

Authors: Narjes Kazemi Ghahfarokhi, Mohammad Hojjatoleslamy, Javad Keramat and Amir Shakerian
( 0 downloads)
Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the psyllium skin gum effects on milk protein concentration (MPC) with no thermal processing. Psyllium skin gumin diffent concentrations including (0 ,0.01, 0.03, 0.06, 0.09 % w/w) added to the MPC (1.5 % W/W), experimented by programmable rheometer Brookfield, model LV DV III, results evaluated by Rheocalc software , which displayed the most fitness to Hershel Bulkley model. Flow index (n) amounts , n>1, for samples revealed a non Newtonian behavior ,therefore by increasing shear rate in control and samples containing 0.01,0.03,0.09 % gum led to increase viscosity and displayed a shear thickening behavior, and an decrease in viscosity , followed by shear thinning behavior in sample containing 0.06 % gum , up to shear rate amount reach to 110 , the behavior observed the same with other concentration. The most viscosity was related to sample contains 0.09 gum.

Keywords: Milk, Psyllium, Concentrate Protein
Effect Nitrogen Management on fertility Percentage in Rice (oryza sativa L.)

Effect Nitrogen Management on fertility Percentage in Rice (oryza sativa L.)

Authors: S. Yoseftabar
( 0 downloads)
Abstract

Nitrogen is the most important and the most limiting element in rice growth.This experiment was carried out in randomized complete block desing with 3 replication. Main polt was nitrogen rates including(100,200 and 300kgN/ha) applied as urea and sub plot was split application at three levelT1(1/2 basel-1/2 mid tillering), T2(1/3 basel-1/3 mid tillering-1/3 panicle initiation) and T3 (1/4 basel-1/4 mid tillering-1/4 panicle initiation-1/4 flowering).The analysis of variance showed that the different rate and split application of nitrogen fertilizer on total tiller, fertile tiller, fertile tiller percentage(%), bearin tiller percentage(%), total spikelet, fertile spikelet, fertile spikelet percentage(%), spikelet sterility percentage(%), 1000-grain weight and grain yeild were significant in different probability level. Results showed that maximum of this parameter was observed for 300 kg/ha nitrogen fertilizer except the fertile tiller precentage(%),bearin tiller percentage(%) and spikelet sterility percentage(%). also split application N-fertilizer increased the fertile spikelet percentage (%), fertile spikelet, fertile spikelet percentage(%),1000-grain weight and grain yeild but decresed in the total tiller, bearing tiller percentage% and spikelet sterility percentage(%). Nitrogen managemet (different rate and timing split) is important in improving the fertility percentage that productive high grain yield with the balance between crop N demand and applied fertilizer.

Keywords: rice-nitrogen-spilt application- fertility Percentage

About Europub

EuroPub is a comprehensive, multipurpose database covering scholarly literature, with indexed records from active, authoritative journals, and indexes articles from journals all over the world. The result is an exhaustive database that assists research in every field. Easy access to a vast database at one place, reduces searching and data reviewing time considerably and helps authors in preparing new articles to a great extent. EuroPub aims at increasing the visibility of open access scholarly journals, thereby promoting their increased usage and impact.