International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences

International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences

Basic info

  • Publisher: Blue Apple Publications
  • Country of publisher: india
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2017/May/23

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Agricultural Science, Biochemistry, Plant Sciences, Soil Sciences, Zoology and Animal Science, Agricultural Economics
  • Publisher's keywords: Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Finance, Animal Sciences, Soil Science, Biochemistry & Agricultural Chemistry, Plant Breeding & Genetics
  • Language of fulltext: english

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): Yes 150 EUR
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Editorial information

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: Other
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2012
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: None
  • Content digitally archived in: Nopolicy
  • Deposit policy registered in: None

This journal has '700' articles

Comparison of population growth parameters of the Plodia interpunctella Hübner (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) on Zahedi, Shahabi and Kabkab cultivars of date

Comparison of population growth parameters of the Plodia interpunctella Hübner (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) on Zahedi, Shahabi and Kabkab cultivars of date

Authors: Hamideh Pourbehi, Ali Asghar Talebi, Abbas Ali Zamany, Shila Goldasteh, Naser Farrar and Nasrin Niknam
( 0 downloads)
Abstract

The Indian meal moth, Plodia interpunctella (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) is one of the most commonly reported pests of stored date in Iran. The population growth parameters of P. interpunctella were studied on three cultivars (Zahedi, Shahabi and Kabkab) of date. The experiments were conducted in laboratory conditions at temperature of 27±2 ºC, relative humidity of 45±5% and a photoperiod of 16L: 8D hours. Data were analyzed according to Jackknife method with SAS and SPSS statistical software. The net reproduction rates were 55.28±5.80, 42.58±4.26 and 36.03±4.67 females per female per generation on Zahedi, Shahabi and Kabkab cultivars, respectively. The intrinsic rate of increases on Zahedi, Shahabi and Kabkab cultivars were estimated 0/0941±0/002, 0/0813±0/002 and 0/0691±0/002 females per female per day, respectively. There was significant difference between intrinsic rate of increase, finite rate of increase, doubling time and mean generation time on different cultivars of date. The longest and shortest mean generation time was obtained on Kabkab (51.984±0.004 days) and Zahedi (42.655±0.005 days) cultivars, respectively.

Keywords: Plodia interpunctella, Cultivars of date, population growth parameters
Interfering of pyridoxine with NaCl on bioactive compounds and enzyme activity of germinated watermelon (Citrullus vulgaris)

Interfering of pyridoxine with NaCl on bioactive compounds and enzyme activity of germinated watermelon (Citrullus vulgaris)

Authors: Aliakbar Naghdi, Davood Eradatmand Asli and Pejhman Moradi
( 0 downloads)
Abstract

In order to study the effect of pre treatment of watermelon seed (Triticum aestivum L.) by pyridoxine on germination and development characteristics of its herb as factorial in the frame of the plan was completely three times accidentally. Factors include pyridoxine with densities (witness), 0/01, 0/02 and NaCl was 0, 60 and 100 mM. Germinated seeds were counted daily for eight days. Then the percent of germination, germination speed, the average daily germination, the length of the shoot, root and the weight of dry plant and also the amount of catalase and peroxidase activity were measured. The results showed that pyridoxine affects on the percent of germination, germination speed, the average daily germination, the weight of dry plant, the length of the shoot and the root and the amount of catalase and peroxidase enzyme activity on the level of one percent (p>0/01) meaningfully. These results showed that NaCl on the percent of germination, the weight of dry plant, the length of the shoot and the root, the amount of catalase and peroxidase enzyme activity on the level of one percent (p>0/01) have meaningful effects but it doesn’t have meaningful effect on the average daily germination and in other word the effect of pyridoxine and NaCl on the all measured characteristics on the level of one percent probability (p>0/01). To sum up, the results showed that pre treatment seed by the pyridoxine can help the farmers in setting and producing suitable watermelon plant.

Keywords: pyridoxine, peroxidase, pre treatment, NaCl, catalase, watermelon
Effect of the kind of nitrogen fertilizer on the performance of host plant sunflower (Helianthurn annuas L.) in presence of parasite plant (Orobanche aegyptiaca)

Effect of the kind of nitrogen fertilizer on the performance of host plant sunflower (Helianthurn annuas L.) in presence of parasite plant (Orobanche aegyptiaca)

Authors: Narges Mesbah, Hamid Dehghanzadeh and Manochehr Jamnejad
( 0 downloads)
Abstract

In order to evaluate the effects of kind and amount of nitrogenous fertilizers on control of broomrape in prescience of sunflower as host plant a factorial experiment in randomized block design with 4 replication in Azad University of Saveh were down. First factor was kind of fertilizer (Urea, Ammonium nitrate, Ammonium phosphate). Second factor was dilution of nitrogen(consist of zero, 2,4 and 5 PPM) a. Results of this experiment showed that effect of kind of nitrogenous fertilizer on dry seed weight ,dry weight of broomrape and number of broomrape is significant(P=0.01).Highest dry weight of stem and leaf of sunflower were in dilution of 4 ppm of ammonium nitrate. In dilution of 5 ppm of ammonium nitrate, ammonium phosphate and urea fertilizers, highest seed of sunflower weighted. Lowest dry weight of broomrape was in dilution of 2 and 4 ppm of ammonium nitrate and least number of broomrape were counted in 5 ppm of urea form of fertilizers.

Keywords: Broomrape, Nitrogenous fertilizers, Sunflower
Assessing The Health Risk of Some Trace Metals Contents in Vegetables Sold in Local Markets of Tehran-Iran

Assessing The Health Risk of Some Trace Metals Contents in Vegetables Sold in Local Markets of Tehran-Iran

Authors: Zahra Mousavi and Parisa Ziarati
( 0 downloads)
Abstract

Contaminations of vegetables from local markets in Tehran city with lead, cadmium, chromium, copper and zinc; the subsequent human exposure risks were determined. Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (wet digestion) was used for the analysis. In four months of four seasons, May, August, November 2011 and February 2012, thirteen vegetable forms and crops were purchased randomly from local markets in Tehran, Iran. The concentrations of metals (mg/kg dry weight) in vegetable ranged from 0.9-9.3 for Pb, 1.0-2.1 for Cd, 0.11-12.11 for Cr, 11.1-59.1 for Cu and 41.51-1070 for Zn,. The results of the study indicated that lead, cadmium, chromium were present at concentrations above the permissible levels in vegetables, while the copper were present at levels below the permissible levels. The present study showed that the contributions of these vegetables to daily intake of Pb, Cd, Cr, Cu and Zn were 21.7%, 42.5%, 161.7%, 8.3% and 6.4% of PTDIs, respectively. It can be suggested that the consumption of these contaminated vegetables does not pose a health risk for the consumers as the values obtained are below the FAO/WHO limits, but the vegetables is not alone source of dietary heavy metals. Therefore, certain group of consumer such as elderly with cardiovascular problems and kidney deficiency who may intake these food items for long term should be extra cautions as they are more susceptible to toxicities.

Keywords: Heavy metals, Vegetables, Risk assessment, Daily intake, Iran
Analysis of genetic diversity in barley genotypes using storage proteins

Analysis of genetic diversity in barley genotypes using storage proteins

Authors: Ali Reza Shekhghasemi, Hossein Shahbazi, Ali Akbar Imani and Marefat Ghasemi
( 0 downloads)
Abstract

Genetic variation is considered as a fundamental factor to plants breeding and makes it feasible to select plants with suitable traits. One of the methods to study genetic variation among plant species is using electrophoresis of seed storage proteins. In this research genetic diversity of 23 cultivars of barley genotypes with the use of Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis SDS-PAGE was performed. Based on the revealing results, 21 bands (markers) in sheet of Polyacrylamide gel were apparent and the number of bands in each marker was different which indicates genetic diversity in genotypes under studies. According to tree diagram resulting from cluster analysis, these genotypes are in 3 groups. The amount of genetic diversity in genetic locus 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17and 18 respectively are equal to 0.49, 0.5, 0.09, 0.49, 0.38, 0.34, 0.34, 0.34, 0.28, 0.38, 0.38, 0.28, 0.5, 0.47, 0.38, 0.47 and 0.38 and its mean equals 0.37. According to the present results and high diversity in protein markers, these markers can be used to identify differences between varieties.

Keywords: Electrophoresis, Seed storage proteins, Barley, Cluster analysis
The effect of seed inoculation with growth stimulus bacteria and nitrogen fertilizer on the yield and yield components of mung bean in the Ivan Gharb city

The effect of seed inoculation with growth stimulus bacteria and nitrogen fertilizer on the yield and yield components of mung bean in the Ivan Gharb city

Authors: Somayeh Mahmoudi, Raouf Seyed sharifi and Aliakbar Imani
( 0 downloads)
Abstract

In order to effect of nitrogen fertilizer and seed inoculation with growth stimulus bacteria on the yield and yield components of mung bean, a factorial experiment was conducted in a randomized complete block design with three replications in the research farm located 15 km from the city of West Ivan in the 40 km northwest of Ilam In the 2012. Factors included the levels of nitrogen fertilizer at four levels of urea source (Zero, 25, 50 and 75 kg urea per acre) and seed inoculation with growth stimulus bacteria at four levels included (Non-inoculated of the seed as control, seed inoculation with Pseudomonas, Putida strain 186, Azotobacter strain 5 and Azospirillum lipoferum strain). The results showed that the nitrogen fertilizer and seed inoculation with bacteria had significant effect on the number of pods per plant, number of seeds per plant and biological yield. In addition to the effect of nitrogen and growth bacteria, the effect of treatments was significant on grain yield and harvest index. The highest grain yield was obtained with the consumption of 50 kg urea per hectare and seed inoculation with Azospirillum (3182 kg per ha). It seems that seed yield can be increased when seed inoculation with growth bacteria the Azospirillum in the lower urea values. Also in the experiment, all traits except thousand seed weight had positive and significant correlations with grain yield.

Keywords: mung bean, growth stimulus bacteria, yield
Comparison of the canola (Brassica napus L.) cultivars for yield, yield components and grain filling rate under different sowing times

Comparison of the canola (Brassica napus L.) cultivars for yield, yield components and grain filling rate under different sowing times

Authors: Arezoo Armin, Ahmad Reza Golparvar, Mohammad Reza Naderi
( 0 downloads)
Abstract

Canola has industrial applications as well as edible usage. In regard to 15.8 kg oil per capita usage and vast oil importing, cultivation development of oil seeds is a major issue. In order to investigate the effect of sowing time on seed yield and its components as well as determine the best winter canola cultivars to sow in Isfahan province, this experiment was conducted during 2011-2012 farming season. A split plot design in the layout randomized complete block design with three replications was used for this research. Four planting dates 15 October, 22 October, 29 October and 5 November were considered as main factor levels in the main plot. Also, ten canola cultivars were used as sub factor levels and were arranged randomly in the sub plots. Analysis of variance showed the significant effect of sowing time on all measured traits. Also, the cultivar effect was significant on all traits except biological yield. Interaction effects between sowing time and cultivar was significant for 1000- seed weight, harvest index and grain filling rate at 5% probability level while for grain filling duration at 1% . In conclusion, cultivar KR4 and Karaj3 are recommended as the best cultivar to sow in 15 October (normal sowing time) and 22 October (late sowing time), respectively. All to gether, KR4 is the best and superior cultivar to sow in Isfahan province.

Keywords: Sowing time, late sowing, winter rapeseed, split plot design, agronomic attributes
Production of Fish Varieties in Paddy Fields Simultaneously (The Case Study in Iran)

Production of Fish Varieties in Paddy Fields Simultaneously (The Case Study in Iran)

Authors: Seyyed Ali Noorhosseini-Niyaki, Forouzan Bagherzadeh-Lakani
( 0 downloads)
Abstract

At present, agriculture systems must be programmed to achieve economic and sustainable crop production. Fish farming in the paddy fields taking the potential facilities available in the paddy fields is straight forward and low-cost. Four species of warm-water fish (common carp, grass carp, silver carp, and bighead) are of production potential in Northern Iran paddy fields. These 4 species of fish interrelated to each other (synergy). Fish farming in paddy fields is a sustainable, low cost activity to produce high value protein and minerals. This kind of combined production optimizes the resource consumption through complementary usage of land and water irrigation. Across the field, integrated rice and fish farming decrease the fertilizer, insecticides and herbicide consumption. On this basis, a positive environmental aspect is that economic loss threshold for pesticides and herbicides consumption increase to the higher levels. Also, higher yield of the rice plant is followed and provides more net interest for the farmer compared to rice monoculture through increase yield of rice and selling the fish.

Keywords: rice-fish farming, benefits, sustainable agriculture, fish production, rice paddy
Effective factors that influence agricultural sustainability-A case study of the Greater Dezful rural system in Iran

Effective factors that influence agricultural sustainability-A case study of the Greater Dezful rural system in Iran

Authors: Farzaneh Afzalinia, Najaf Hedayat and Mohammad Reza Bosshaq
( 0 downloads)
Abstract

Agricultural sustainability is emerging as one of the pre-requisites for socio-economic and rural regeneration. This is to ensure crop production while taking appropriate measures to protect the environmental integrity. The paper aims at investigating the factors in which influence the sustainability of crop production and rural regeneration in the Greater Dezful rural system. The methodology involved descriptive-survey of a random sample consisting of 220 selected from the crop growers by administration of survey questionnaires, the data of which were analyzed by application of Cochran' formula within the SPSS environment Results show that measures to achieve crop production sustainability with an strong emphasis on environmental protection and eco-system integrity is very crucial from the points of view of the stakeholders in the rural system. It was found that the whole constellation of factors that can contribute to rural growth through institutionalization of the crop production sustainability can be achieved by measures to enhance five agricultural-production-related components namely, social-participation, infrastructural support services, ecological, agronomical and economical productivity that comprised of 22 associated variables in Greater Dezful rural system showing over 75% variance.

Keywords: Agricultural sustainability, Greater Dezful, rural system, factors, variables
The Phytoremidiation Technique for Cleaning Up Contaminated Soil by Geranium (pelargonium roseum)

The Phytoremidiation Technique for Cleaning Up Contaminated Soil by Geranium (pelargonium roseum)

Authors: Maryam Ahmadi, Parisa Ziarati, Maryam Manshadi, jinus Asgarpanah and Zahra Mousavi
( 0 downloads)
Abstract

Phytoremediation is the biotechnological application of plants to detoxify pollutants, and is an ideal and modern technique for environmental clean-up. Regarding the vast industrial waste materials and sewages from a lot factories and different chemical fertilizers and pesticides have caused contamination of soils in capital city Tehran , potential ability of Geranium (pelargonium roseum) to phytoextract lead, cadmium, Cobalt, chrome and nickel was investigated. Results indicated that the younger plants have more potential to uptake and concentrate the studied heavy metals than the older ones and the uptake rate is significantly affected by the plant accumulation and the soil pH. Our studies demonstrated the ability of several high biomass pelargonium roseum cultivars to hyper-accumulate lead, cadmium, nickel and chrome on contaminated soils in Tehran and other polluted cities and preventing vegetables, crops and other products to absorb toxic heavy metals. Besides helping farmers who grow crops on acid soils, phytoremediation research findings can be used by other organization in government and academia and by environmental consultants, and industry groups complying with cleanup of contaminated sites. Other fast growing plants with high biomass and good metal uptake ability are needed in Iran in order to clean contaminated soils especially near the mines.

Keywords: pelargonium roseum, hytoremidiation, Cadmium, Chrome, Lead, Nickel, soil
Biodiversity of plant-parasitic nematodes associated with pepper in the regions of Diffa and Dosso (Niger republic)

Biodiversity of plant-parasitic nematodes associated with pepper in the regions of Diffa and Dosso (Niger republic)

Authors: HAOUGUI Adamou, SARR Etienne and DJIBEY Ramatou
( 0 downloads)
Abstract

The pepper (Capsicum annum) is one of the most important vegetable crops grown in Niger. It is attacked by many pests and diseases. In the regions of Diffa and Dosso, plant-parasitic nematodes are often suspected of being responsible of significant yield losses on pepper. The study aimed to characterize the plant-parasitic nematode communities associated with this crop. Sampling was undertaken in six main pepper producing sites of the 2 regions. Samples of soil and roots were collected from the plant rhizosphere and brought to the laboratory for the analysisof nematodes. Twelve (12) species of plant-parasitic nematodes associated with pepper were found, including root-knot nematodes belonging to the genus Meloidogyne that were both frequent and abundant in all sites.

Keywords: Biodiversity, pepper, plant-parasitic nematodes, Meloidogyne, Niger
Effect of Equivalence Ratio on ITM 285 Tractor engine performance at nominal rpm

Effect of Equivalence Ratio on ITM 285 Tractor engine performance at nominal rpm

Authors: M. Abdolahi, S.R Mousavi Seyedi, D. Kalantari
( 0 downloads)
Abstract

In this research work, one of the most widely used agricultural diesel engines (scientific name of 4.248G) placed on ITM 285 tractor is analyzed experimentally. This paper focuses on the effect of equivalence ratio on this engine performance parameters at nominal rpm )Speed of 2000 rpm). Equivalence Ratio was varied from =0.197 to =1.23 at speed of 2000 rpm. From the acquired results show that the equivalence ratio was greatly influences on the engine performance. It was shown that by increasing the equivalence ratio, the output power and mean effective pressure in the cylinder at first increases and then decreases. The lowest brake specific fuel consumption occurs at equivalent ratio ≅0.7. Maximum Brake thermal efficiency was obtained equal to 31.45% and a significant relationship was not found between equivalence ratio and volumetric efficiency. The results obtained in this study can be used to optimize 4.248G diesel engine performance at nominal rpm.

Keywords: Air Fuel Ratio, Output Power, Brake Thermal Efficiency, Brake mean effective pressure, Brake Specific fuel consumption, Volumetric Efficiency
Morphological traits of maize affected by seed vigor and water limitation

Morphological traits of maize affected by seed vigor and water limitation

Authors: Bahareh Dalil and Kazem Ghassemi-Golezani
( 0 downloads)
Abstract

An experiment was conducted as factorial based on RCB design with three replicates in 2010 to investigate the effects of seed vigor (three seed lots with acceptable normal germinations of 98%, 92% and 88%) and different irrigation treatments (irrigation after 70, 90, 110 and 130 mm evaporation from class A pan, respectively) on some morphological characteristics of maize (cv. KSC301). Mean emergence percentage was decreased, but plant height, ear length and diameter and grains per ear of plants significantly increased with decreasing seed vigor. The higher plant height and ear length and diameter of plants from low vigor seeds were attributed to the great availability of environmental resources for these plants, due to the low stand establishment (Figure1), compared with high density of plants from high vigor seed lot. Decreasing water availability led to 10.9-14.2 % reduction in plant height. The other traits were not significantly affected by this factor, due to mild water stress.

Keywords: maize, morphological traits, seed vigor, water stress
Processing industries: valuable strategy for reducing rice losses

Processing industries: valuable strategy for reducing rice losses

Authors: Seyedeh-Maryam Hasheminya and Jalal Dehghannya
( 0 downloads)
Abstract

Reduction in rice losses can indirectly leads to decrease in production costs and increase in farmers’ income as well as in production rate. To obtain this aim, processing stage should be of concern in addition to use of modern technologies during planting, growing and harvesting operations. Integrated industry is an important step for optimum use of rice losses. In addition to rice which is the major product of rice farming, its byproducts such as paddy stalk, rice bran, broken rice and straw are of commercial and economic potential. In this overview, use of various technologies in rice processing industries in order to process the rice byproducts will be investigated.

Keywords: Broken rice, integrated industry, paddy stalk, rice bran, straw
Effects of plant density and nitrogen levels on yield and yield components in corn

Effects of plant density and nitrogen levels on yield and yield components in corn

Authors: Fardad Helali, Jalil Ajli and Mohammad-Bagher Khorshidi
( 0 downloads)
Abstract

In the present research the effects of different levels of nitrogen fertilizer and plant density on yield and yield components in corn in field conditions was under investigation.A factorial experiment was conducted in Moghan area as a complete randomized block design with 3 replicates in year 2010. The first factor was four levels of nitrogen fertilizer (225 and 150, 75, 0) and the second factor was plant density (12, 10, and 8) p/ m2 within 60 cm row spaces. In this study number of grains per row, number of grains per corn, 1000 grain weight and grain yield were evaluated. Results from variance analysis indicated that there were significant differences between interactional effects of nitrogen fertilizer and plant density for all traits. In fertilizing treatment of 225 kilogram nitrogen per hectare and plant density of 10 plants per square meter more yield was obtained and in fertilizing treatment of 225 kilogram nitrogen in hectare and also minimum yield in fertilizing treatment of 75 kilogram per hectare and plant density of 12 plants per square meter was observed.

Keywords: Corn, Nitrogen, Plant density, Yield

About Europub

EuroPub is a comprehensive, multipurpose database covering scholarly literature, with indexed records from active, authoritative journals, and indexes articles from journals all over the world. The result is an exhaustive database that assists research in every field. Easy access to a vast database at one place, reduces searching and data reviewing time considerably and helps authors in preparing new articles to a great extent. EuroPub aims at increasing the visibility of open access scholarly journals, thereby promoting their increased usage and impact.