Social Affairs

Social Affairs

Basic info

  • Publisher: WUFI
  • Country of publisher: sri lanka
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2018/Jan/23

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Social Sciences, Economics, History , Law, International Relations, Political Science, Sociology
  • Publisher's keywords: Political Science, Economics, Sociology, History, Law, International Relations
  • Language of fulltext: english

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): No
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Editorial information

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: CC BY-NC
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2014
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

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  • Permanent article identifier: None
  • Content digitally archived in: Nopolicy
  • Deposit policy registered in: None

This journal has '42' articles

INAUGURAL ADDRESS OF THE VICE-CHANCELLOR ON 14TH JULY, 1942

INAUGURAL ADDRESS OF THE VICE-CHANCELLOR ON 14TH JULY, 1942

Authors: Sir W. Ivor Jennings
( 1 downloads)
Abstract

The following speech by Sir Ivor Jennings, frst Vice Chancellor of the University of Ceylon, delivered at the inauguration of the University of Peradeniya as the new main campus of the University of Ceylon in July 1942, has been reproduced here in celebration of the Diamond Jubilee of the institution. In this speech, Sir Jennings reminisces the negotiations and tensions underlying the decision to shift the University of Ceylon premises to Kandy, the administrative and logistical challenges encountered in the process, and the vision for this seat of higher education as envisaged then. He also emphasizes the importance of offering well-rounded education that constructively contributes to societal growth, and also the crucial role played by academic independence in ensuring meaningful intellectual growth of an institution of higher learning.

Keywords: University of Peradeniya, Education, Research, Academic Independence, Responsibility
RECOLLECTIONS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF PERADENIYA

RECOLLECTIONS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF PERADENIYA

Authors: Shanti Nandana Wijesinghe and Hasini Lecamwasam
( 1 downloads)
Abstract

These recollections have been drawn from adaptations of two types of material: 1) Speeches delivered at the Diamond Jubilee celebrations of the University of Peradeniya held at the University of Peradeniya on January 10, 2017 and 2) Interviews conducted with key personalities of the university. The main objective of this compilation is to throw into relief from multiple perspectives the growth, progress, as well as setbacks experienced by the university during its 75 years of existence as an academic entity. In addition, it seeks to map their respective visions for the university at the juncture of its centenary celebration. The experiences and memories of academic and administrative staff of the university have been revisited in this exercise.

Keywords: University of Ceylon, University of Peradeniya, Ivor Jennings, Research
‘VAJRA JAYANTHI’ OF A GREAT SEAT OF HIGHER LEARNING: A MILLENNIUM PERSPECTIVE

‘VAJRA JAYANTHI’ OF A GREAT SEAT OF HIGHER LEARNING: A MILLENNIUM PERSPECTIVE

Authors: C.M. Madduma Bandara
( 1 downloads)
Abstract

Mine was a life closely intertwined with this great university and its intellectual traditions. I happened to be one of those few individuals who were privileged to be born in the same year in which the university was established, and lived the prime of my life in its idyllic landscape both on its summits as well as its ravines and witnessed its gradual growth, achievements, trials, and tribulations for over 50 years. I also had the exceptional privilege of presiding over its affairs in the mid-1990s. In this paper, I revisit the natural charms and attractions of the University of Peradeniya, its nascent years of being, and the ‘Golden Age’ of the University, as well as explore prospects for its future as someone who has been closely connected to the institution for most of his life. In terms of the desired future trajectory of the University, I have identifed the need to re-introduce a culture of research, lifting the observance of ‘offce hours’ within university premises (at least the library), and stronger critical connections with the development process of the country with a long term view to establishing a university town centered on Peradeniya.

Keywords: University of Peradeniya, Research, Development Process, University Town
FOR A SUSTAINABLE TRADITION OF RESEARCH IN THE PERADENIYA FACULTY OF ARTS

FOR A SUSTAINABLE TRADITION OF RESEARCH IN THE PERADENIYA FACULTY OF ARTS

Authors: G. H. Peiris
( 1 downloads)
Abstract

This paper traces the establishment and subsequent evolution of the University of Peradeniya, particularly in relation to its original mandate as the University of Ceylon. In this regard, it focuses on the most signifcant intellectual contributions of some of the university’s most illustrious alumni in the feld of Arts. The paper also explores in detail the impact of vernacularization of the medium of instruction on the quality of education imparted by the institution, its academic independence, as well as its research output. It extensively deals with the politics of the repeated restructuring of the University in terms of both its causes and consequences, and fnally makes some prescriptions for a desirable and necessary future course of action.

Keywords: University of Peradeniya, Vernacularization of Education, Quality of Education, Academic Independence, Research Output
PSYCHOLOGICAL, SOCIOLOGICAL, AND POLITICAL DIMENSIONS OF RAGGING IN SRI LANKAN UNIVERSITIES

PSYCHOLOGICAL, SOCIOLOGICAL, AND POLITICAL DIMENSIONS OF RAGGING IN SRI LANKAN UNIVERSITIES

Authors: Siri Gamage
( 1 downloads)
Abstract

Ragging is interpreted as a phenomenon that has arisen in the university mainly as a result of the sexual and romantic deprivations of male students who are away from their usual places of residence or birthplaces. This paper provides insights into ragging as a sociological phenomenon while discussing its psychological and political dimensions, and suggests a different approach to tackling the issue in the contemporary context. Ragging is an activity that reinforces the seniority of the second and potentially third year students over frst year students before the latter sets their foot on the ground and establishes old college, locality, class, caste and other linkages with those who are working or learning on campus. The paper outlines different forms of ragging, its positive aspects such as helping students from rural backgrounds break out of their shyness, and suggests various hypotheses that can be tested through systematic research such as class jealousy as a potent incentive for ragging. In spite of its positive functions, severe forms of ragging have concerned many within and outside of universities due to its physical and psychological consequences. In this light, the paper provides a series of strategies that can be used by University authorities to control severe forms of ragging in Sri Lanka.

Keywords: Ragging in Sri Lankan Universities, Sociology of Ragging, Deprivation, Romantic Interests, Positive Aspects of Ragging
PERADENIYA THROUGH TIMES: A PERSPECTIVE FROM THE FACULTY OF MEDICINE

PERADENIYA THROUGH TIMES: A PERSPECTIVE FROM THE FACULTY OF MEDICINE

Authors: Prof. Arjuna Aluwihare
( 1 downloads)
Abstract

Prof. Arjuna Aluwihare, after Trinity College, Kandy obtained his bachelor’s degree in the Natural Sciences and Biochemistry from King’s College, Cambridge, UK in 1960, and MBBChir(Cantab) and MRCS&LRCP at the London Hospital in 1963. Right after, he came to Sri Lanka for his internship. He left again for England and did his Final Fellowship of the Royal Colleges in 1966 (FRCS). He then conducted research at the College and St. Marks Hospital, and got the Cambridge Master of Surgery (MChir) in 1970. He joinined the University of Peradeniya in 1971 as a young Consultant, and was a key fgure in the Faculty, the building of the Teaching Hospital in Peradeniya, and in many roles in the University (including serving as the Vice Chancellor), UGC (including being Chairman), and senior roles in other bodies. Prof. Aluwihare retired from the university in 2004, but retained various links. He is very grateful for the role his parents and helpful and supportive wife and children, and many Sri Lankan colleagues played in making whatever he did possible. This interview was conducted by Mr. Shanti Nandana Wijesinghe of the Department of Sociology, University of Peradeniya, revisiting the journey of the University from the perspective of someone who has been involved in it from a very early stage in life.

Keywords: University of Peradeniya, Faculty of Medicine, JVP Insurrection, Diamond Jubilee
ON THE BANK OF RIVER MAHAWELI

ON THE BANK OF RIVER MAHAWELI

Authors: Wetara Mahinda
( 1 downloads)
Abstract

The following song was written by Wetara Mahinda, who frst produced the piece in Sinhala with the title ‘Mahaweli iwure pot gula weta pe…’ (music produced and sung by Sanath Nandasiri), and later himself translated it into English. It is presumably the only song about the University of Peradeniya published in English, outside of Sri Lanka’s borders. The editors’ have taken the liberty to also attach, at the end of the translation [document], a non-exhaustive list of songs written by others about the splendor of this University, as it was felt to be momentous at the “celebration of the Diamond Jubilee” of this seat of higher learning. The lyricist obtained his Bachelor’s degree in Archaeology from the University of Peradeniya with First Class honours in 1980, followed by a Master of Arts in 1995 from the same university. Having joined the University’s faculty even before his Bachelor’s convocation was held (in 1981), Wetara Mahinda continued his teaching duties up till 2011 when he resigned. He held the post of Head, Department of Archaeology for six years, having been appointed three times in 1997, 2000 and 2003. He played an active role in the administrative affairs of the University, as evidenced by the various posts he held such as serving as the Senior Students’ Counselor, Warden of Sangharamaya Hostel, Member of the Library Committee, Member of the Arts Faculty Higher Degrees Committee and Chairperson of the Arts Faculty Research Committee. Wetara Mahinda, while living in the United States, beautifully depicts in this song the moment of separation of a person who has long been associated with the picturesque University of Peradeniya, his alma mater and home.

Keywords: BANK, RIVER MAHAWELI
THE ORIGIN, DEVELOPMENT, AND CURRENT PERSPECTIVES ON ARCHAEOLOGY

THE ORIGIN, DEVELOPMENT, AND CURRENT PERSPECTIVES ON ARCHAEOLOGY

Authors: R.M.M. Chandraratne
( 1 downloads)
Abstract

In the early decades of the 20th century, archaeology was introduced as a subject in Pirivena education which mainly consisted of a segment of epigraphy. In the 1950s, the Department of History, University of Ceylon offered archaeology as a sub-discipline for the degree programmes of Sinhala, History and Buddhist Civilization. After retiring as the Commissioner of Archaeology in 1956, Dr. Senarat Paranavitana was appointed as Research Professor of Archaeology by the Vice-Chancellor Sir Nicholas Arttygalle in 1957. Subsequently, the University of Ceylon formulated a sub-Department of Archaeology under the Department of History in 1960. The special degree programme in Archaeology was initiated at the sub-Department of Archaeology in 1976 that was converted to an independent department, recruiting new staff under the headship of Dr. P.L. Prematilleke in 1979. Later the degree programme of Archaeology was improved to classical and new archaeology, with a view to fulflling national needs. After establishing the Cultural Triangle in 1980, undergraduates and graduates in Archaeology had an opportunity to do their feldwork as well as fnd employment in archaeological projects. The studies carried out by the Department of Archaeology for sixty years reflect the unique features of these research traditions. These works reflect the multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary nature of the subject representing prehistory, proto and early history, ancient built environment, archaeo-zoology, achaeo-botany, heritage management, and museology, and constituted a great source of information for archaeologists and historians around the world. Most of these research publications are available in print and electronic media for local and international readers.

Keywords: Department of Archaeology, University of Ceylon, Research Museum, Fieldwork
PERADENIYA’S CONTRIBUTION TO THE REWRITING OF THE HISTORY OF SRI LANKA

PERADENIYA’S CONTRIBUTION TO THE REWRITING OF THE HISTORY OF SRI LANKA

Authors: Chandra R. de Silva
( 1 downloads)
Abstract

In the last 75 years, scholars at and alumni of Peradeniya have transformed the writing of the history of Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka has had a long and distinguished tradition of chronicles and histories. However, with the advent of colonial rule, with exceptions like the hatan kavyas, the writing of the history of Sri Lanka fell largely into the hands of the colonizers. Though the re-writing of history by Sri Lankans through the critical reading of sources began before 1942 as a response to the colonial depiction of local history, with the foundation of the University at Peradeniya there began a major efflorescence of writing on the Sri Lankan past. This occurred not in isolation but in the context of independence from the British in 1948, and the subsequent political and ethnic tensions within the country. This paper maps the progression of this scholarly endeavor, with an appeal to a continuation of the mission by the current generation of scholars at the institution.

Keywords: History of Sri Lanka, Re-writing of history, University of Ceylon and Peradeniya
THE STORY OF TWO DEPARTMENTS: PHILOSOPHY AND PSYCHOLOGY

THE STORY OF TWO DEPARTMENTS: PHILOSOPHY AND PSYCHOLOGY

Authors: R.D. Gunaratne
( 1 downloads)
Abstract

The present article attempts to capture a glimpse of the path of Philosophy in the University of Ceylon during its 75 years of existence. Philosophy was among the subjects that were in the curriculum of the Faculty of Arts from the inception of the University in 1942. Later in its course of existence, the Philosophy Department also offered a special degree programme in Psychology, and the latter subject has today established a distinct department for itself. Some papers in Psychology were included in the Philosophy, Sociology, and Education courses from early on, but Psychology as a Special or General Degree course was not available in any university in Sri Lanka until 1990. Considering the need for such courses, the Philosophy Department (which was already functioning under the name ‘Department of Philosophy and Psychology’) took measures to initiate fully fledged degree courses in Psychology, beginning in the 1990/91 academic year. This article for the frst time reports the birth pangs, the struggles, and the problems of this effort. Thus, While observations on the general contribution of the Philosophy Department as well as more specifc contributions of some of its members are used to illuminate the role of the Philosophy Department, the article also records the experience of installing a new course of study in a country, beginning with no fxed resources but successfully completing it, leading to the establishment, after 27 years, of a new Department of Psychology in the University of Peradeniya in 2017.

Keywords: philosophy, psychology, University of Peradeniya
PERADENIYA ACADEMICS OF THE EARLY DAYS AND THEIR CONTRIBUTION TO SINHALA STUDIES

PERADENIYA ACADEMICS OF THE EARLY DAYS AND THEIR CONTRIBUTION TO SINHALA STUDIES

Authors: K.N.O. Dharmadasa
( 1 downloads)
Abstract

The contribution of the University of Peradeniya to the theatre and literary arts is well known. The ‘Golden Era’ of Peradeniya was characterized by a succession of truly phenomenal works in the felds of fction, poetry, drama and other forms of literary creativity by towering fgures such as Sarachchandra, Amarasekara, and Gunasinghe. However, it appears that the general belief is that Peradeniya’s achievements during this ‘golden era’ were confned to these areas and did not extend beyond them. The scholarly achievements of the Department of Sinhala during the 50s and 60s have not received the recognition they deserve. This paper is an attempt to fll that void by bringing to light the critical contributions of Peradeniya academics particularly in the feld of Linguistics during the hay days of the University.

Keywords: University of Peradeniya, Golden Era, Scholarly Contributions, Language Studies
SOCIOLOGY AT THE UNIVERSITY OF CEYLON

SOCIOLOGY AT THE UNIVERSITY OF CEYLON

Authors: H.L. Seneviratne
( 1 downloads)
Abstract

For eight years after its establishment in 1948, the Department of Sociology remained in the ambiguous terrain of being both an independent department and a subordinate partner of the Economics Department. In that role Sociology supplied courses for students in Economics who wished to choose it as their ‘Special Subject’ within Economics. Sociology also supplied a few courses for the Sinhala and Philosophy departments. This paper narrates the story of how the two major fgures to chair the Department of Sociology during this period contributed in their own ways to facilitate the passage of Sociology to the status of a degree-granting department, ending its ambiguous, anomalous, and liminal state.

Keywords: Sociology, Economics, Bryce Ryan, Ralph Pieris

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