Journal of Herbal Drugs

Journal of Herbal Drugs

Basic info

  • Publisher: Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord Branch
  • Country of publisher: iran, islamic republic of
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2018/Feb/04

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Marketing, Agricultural Science, Biotechnology, Botany, Genetics, Plant Sciences, Medicine, Pharmacology, Toxicology
  • Publisher's keywords: Herbs, Cultivation or Agronomy, Breeding, Biotechnology, Marketing and Economy, Medicinal Plants, Genetic
  • Language of fulltext: english, persian
  • Full-text formats available: PDF

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): No
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Editorial information

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: CC BY
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2011
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: DOI
  • Content digitally archived in: Nopolicy
  • Deposit policy registered in: None

This journal has '260' articles

Effect of milk thistle on the immune system, intestinal related variables, appearance and mortality of broilers contaminated with Aflatoxin B1

Effect of milk thistle on the immune system, intestinal related variables, appearance and mortality of broilers contaminated with Aflatoxin B1

Authors: Omid Fani makki; Nazar Afzali; Arash Omidi
( 20 downloads)
Abstract

Background & Aim: Aflatoxin (AF) is the most important fungus that contaminates food and feed and can enter the food chain of humans. The aim of this study was to investigate the ability of thistle seeds (silybum marianum L.) to reduce the adverse effects of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) on the immune system, variables related to the intestine, appearance and mortality of the broiler chickens. Experimental: In this experiment, a total of 216 male Ross 308 broiler chickens in a completely randomized factorial design 3 × 3 with nine treatments, four replications, and six chickens unit were grown on the ground for 35 days. Treatments was included three levels of AFB1 (0, 250, and 500 ppb) and three levels of milk thistle seed (0, 0.5 and 1%). Influenza and Newcastle diseases virus (IDV & NDV) titers in two steps (25 and 34 days), variables related to the intestine at the end of the experiment along with the weekly appearance and mortality of broiler chickens were evaluated. Results & Discussion: Analysis of IDV and NDV results in the day 34 showed a reduction in titers of them in birds receiving diets contaminated with 500 ppb AFB1 (p ≤ 0.05). Also, the length of the ileum and the total intestine at the end of the experimental period (day 35) indicated decrease in the group of birds received diets containing 500 ppb AFB1 (p ≤ 0.05). Chicks receiving diet containing 500 ppb of AFB1 had the most of feather abnormalities, aggressive behavior and minimal body size compared with other treatments. Mortality due to AFB1 consumption in various experimental treatments was not significant. Recommended applications-industries: Probably phitosomes of milk thistle seeds (MTS) reduce the mortality rate, nervous and aggressive behavior and increase the immunity of broilers against IDV & NDV in AFB1 exposure time.

Keywords: Aflatoxin Silybum marianum Immune system Intestinal - related variables Broilers
Effect of tragacanth gum on texture and staling of commercial sponge cake

Effect of tragacanth gum on texture and staling of commercial sponge cake

Authors: Azam Hajmohamadi; Javad Keramat; Mohammad Hojjatoleslamy; Hooman Molavi
( 20 downloads)
Abstract

Background & Aim: Tragacanth is a natural gum obtained from the dried sap of several species of Middle Eastern egumes of the genus Astragalus, that is a viscous, odorless, tasteless, water-soluble mixture of polysaccharides. Tragacanth is used in pharmaceutical and foods industries as an emulsifier, thickener, stabilizer, and texturant additive. Sponge cake is one of the most popular bakery products due to its nutritional value, ready-to-eat nature, long-shelf life and specifically its fine structure. Tragacanth gum can improve textural properties of bakery products duo to its nature as a hydrocolloid. Experimental: In this study, texture profile analysis (TPA) and also cutting tests (for crumb and crust) were applied to find out the effects of tragacanth gum on the textural properties of commercial sponge cakes during 30 days. The concentrations of tragacanth gum were 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.6, and 0.8% (w/w) in the cakes’ batter. Results &Discussion: Results revealed that tragacanth gum up to 0.4% led to softening the texture of the cake and reducing the signs of aging. Recommended applications/industries: Application of tragacanth gum (up to indicated level) in bakery products, particularly the sponge cake, can improve textural properties and increase shelf life of these products.

Keywords: Commercial sponge cakes Textural properties Tragacanth gum Texture profile analysis (TPA)
Micropropagation of Clematis orientalis L. culture in vitro

Micropropagation of Clematis orientalis L. culture in vitro

Authors: Ali Izadi Sadeghabadi; Ahmad Khalighi; Abdollah Ghasemi Pirbalouti; Marziyeh Taqipour-Dehdkordi
( 18 downloads)
Abstract

Background & Aim: Clematis is an ornamental and medicinal plant that is primarily planted as an ornamental plant. Clematis orientalis is native to Asia and Central Europe, used as an antiseptic and refrigerant. The propagation of Clematis is very important. In this study, the effects of plant growth regulators on rooting and growth of the plants in vitro culture were examined. Experimental: In this study, effects of growth regulators, including naphthalene acetic acid (NAA), at the concentrations of 0.0, 0.4, 0.5, and 0.6 mg/mL and Indol butyric acid (IBA) at the concentrations of 0.0, 0.4, 0.5, and 0.6 mg/mL on micropropagationin Murashige and Skoog’s medium (MS) were investigated. Results & Discussion: Results indicated that the effects growth regulators of auxin at different concentrations on in vitro growth micrpropagules were significant. The highest rooting and number of stems were obtained from control. Increase concentration of growth regulators decreased rooting. The highest decrease rate was obtained from0.6 mg/L auxin. Recommended applications/industries: The result of study indicated that positive effects lateral shoot explants and Murashige and Skoog’s medium (MS) without growth regulators on micropropagation.

Keywords: Clematis orientalis Micropropagation Naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) Benzyl amino purine
Effect of extract from Tragopogon graminifolius DC. on properties sensory, shelf life and the viscosity rate yogurt

Effect of extract from Tragopogon graminifolius DC. on properties sensory, shelf life and the viscosity rate yogurt

Authors: Sahar Lotfizade Dehkordi; Amir Shakerian; Abdolreza Mohammadi Nafchi
( 21 downloads)
Abstract

Background & Aim: Herbal extracts contain the important useful natural compounds. In the food industry are great important due to properties flavoring and aroma's, as well as delaying the corruption and are widely used as condiments, flavorings, preservatives and antioxidants. Experimental: The extract of Tragopogon graminifolius was added to milk prepared for yogurt production before packing and adding starter at different concentrations of 500,1000, and1500 parts per million, and produced yogurt was assessed of physical, chemical, sensory and rheological ,within 21 days and at specified time intervals. Results & Discussion: Results indicated that adding extracts salsify has been effective on chemical properties of yogurt. The extract constant acidity and increased shelf life and water-holding capacity (WHC). In addition, the extract reduced among of water in yogurt and undesired on the rheological properties of yogurt such as viscosity. Recommended applications / industries: According to the results of the experiments of physical, chemical, and rheological, concluded the extract from Tragopogon graminifolius was most desirable efficiency of the process changes acidity, pH, WHC, the amount of water coming out of yogurt.

Keywords: Extract Salsify Yogurt Herbs
α-Amylase inhibition and antioxidant activity of Singhnad Guggul in vitro

α-Amylase inhibition and antioxidant activity of Singhnad Guggul in vitro

Authors: Ashok Kumar B.S; Saleemulla Khan; Gopi Setty Saran; Naveen Kumar; Lokanath V
( 20 downloads)
Abstract

Background & Aim: Singhnad Guggulu is a traditional Ayurvedic formula for detoxifying and rejuvenating the joints. The present study was to investigate the α-amylase inhibition and antioxidant activities of aqueous extract of Singhnad Guggul (AESG). Experimental: α-Amylase inhibition assay by dinitro-salicylic acid method and antioxidant activity by ferric chelating and ferrous reducing assay. Results: AESG indicated that potent α-amylase inhibition activity (IC50= 84.00 µg/ml). AESG also showed ferric chelating and ferrous reducing activities. Recommended applications/industries: Our studies showed that Singhnad Guggulu possess alpha- amylase and antioxidant properties.

Keywords: Singhnad Guggul; α-Amylase; Chelating assay
Antioxidant effects of strawberry fruits at two phenological stages

Antioxidant effects of strawberry fruits at two phenological stages

Authors: Gita Amini; Saeed Irian; Ahmad Majd; Sedigheh Mehrabian
( 19 downloads)
Abstract

Background & Aim: Strawberry (Fragaria vesca L.) is a plant belonging to the Rosaceae family with medicinal properties, including antioxidant activity. The present study aimed at investigating the antioxidant properties of strawberry. Experimental method: To examine the antioxidant effect, fruit extracts at two phonological stages of growth (ripe and unripe strawberry) were prepared. In addition, four different solvents, including 80% ethanol, 80% methanol, acetone and distilled water were used for the preparation of plant extracts. In total, eight different plant extracts were prepared and their properties comparatively studied. To study the antioxidant effect, potassium ferricyanide and reducing power determination method were used. Results & Discussion: Results indicated that strawberry fruit had antioxidant effects in both of two stages. That is due to the presence of the higher pigments and phenolic compounds in ripe fruit than unripe fruit. Recommended applications/industries: The results of present indicated the red fruit had the highest antioxidant activity.

Keywords: Fragaria vesca L. Antioxidant activity Phenolic compounds
Rheological properties of the gum fractions from psyllium (Plantago psyllium L.)

Rheological properties of the gum fractions from psyllium (Plantago psyllium L.)

Authors: Mohammad Hojjatoleslamy; Fatemeh Raisi; Masoumeh Asadi; Mehran Mohammadian; Narges Samanian
( 17 downloads)
Abstract

Background & Aim: Psyllium (Plantago psyllium L.) is a native plant that grows widely in India and Iran. Different cases of using psyllium gum for its suitable rheological properties in a wide range of food products exist in nature. Experimental: In this study, different fractions of psyllium gum were extracted by water and alkali treatments. Rheological properties of these fractions were measured by Brookfield rheometer (RV DVIII). The obtained data was fitted by Herschel-bulkly model in three temperatures 30, 60 and 80°C. Results & Discussion: Results indicated that fractions show different behaviours during heating treatment. Recommended applications/industries: According to results of present study, the largest variations were observed in AEG0.5 fraction.

Keywords: Psyllium (Plantago psyllium) Rheology Temperature
Chemical compositions of the essential oil from peppermint (Mentha piperita L.) cultivated in Isfahan conditions

Chemical compositions of the essential oil from peppermint (Mentha piperita L.) cultivated in Isfahan conditions

Authors: Ahmad Reza Golparvar; Amin Hadipanah
( 19 downloads)
Abstract

Background & Aim: Peppermint (Mentha piperita L.) oil is one of the most popular and widely used as an essential oil. The aim of this study was to identify of the chemical components of peppermint cultivated in Isfahan climatic conditions. Experimental: The aerial parts of the plants were collected from a filed in Meymeh, Isfahan province in 2012. The essential oil was extracted by a Clevenger approach and analyzed using GC/MS. Results & Discussion: In total, 29 compounds were identified in the essential oil from the aerial parts peppermint. The results obtained in our study indicated that the major components in the oil were camphane (14.01%), menthone (13.89%), menthol (12.37%) β-pinene (7.62%), pulegone (6.41%), β-cubebene (4.95%), α-pinene (4.743%), γ-terpinene (4.08%), delta-carane (3.81%) and piperiton (3.04%). Recommended applications/industries: The oil contents of peppermint varied slightly from year to year mostly due to variations in yearly growing weather conditions.

Keywords: Mentha piperita L. Chemical constitutes GC/MS
Effects of cell phone radiation on estrogen and progesterone levels and ovarian changes in rats treated with garlic (Allium sativum L.) hydro-alcoholic extract

Effects of cell phone radiation on estrogen and progesterone levels and ovarian changes in rats treated with garlic (Allium sativum L.) hydro-alcoholic extract

Authors: Behnaz Hajiuon
( 20 downloads)
Abstract

Background & Aim: Electromagnetic waves can damage sex organs and cause hormonal disorders, whereas garlic is known as reducing risk factors for various diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the probable effects of mobile phone radiation and consumption of garlic on estrogen and progesterone levels and ovarian changes. Experimental: Five groups of rats (n = 8) were used which groups included control, sham (exposed to 900 MHz wavelength), receiving garlic extract, and receiving both extract and microwaves. After a month, rats were weighed and serum levels of estrogen and progesterone were measured. Ovaries were also removed, weighed and their probable histological changes were studied. Results & Discussion: The mean body weights in different groups showed no significant changes, whereas a significant increase was seen in serum level of progesterone in experimental groups-II and III. Also, there were no observable histological changes in the ovaries of different groups. Recommended applications/industries: Although microwaves can cause weight lost in mails and presence of allicin and vitamins A and B in garlic can compensate some of this weight lost, this isn’t the case in females. In addition, both microwaves and garlic extract have less effect on female reproductive system, reflected only in the serum progesterone concentration

Keywords: Electromagnetic wave  Estrogen  Garlic  Ovary  Progesterone
Isolation of borneol and bornyl acetate from Ferulago macrocarpa by microwave irradiation

Isolation of borneol and bornyl acetate from Ferulago macrocarpa by microwave irradiation

Authors: Jila Asghari; Mohammad Salehi; Mohsen Mazaheri Tehrani
( 20 downloads)
Abstract

Background & Aim: A simple and rapid microwave- assisted extraction (MAE) procedure was developed and optimized for the isolation of borneol and bornyl acetate from Ferulago macrocarpa. Ferulago macrocarpa (Apiaceae) is an endemic plant in Iran. Experimental: Dried powdered aerial parts of plants were soaked in water and irradiated with microwave in a Clevenger extraction approach under optimum conditions (520 W and 0.5 h). Results & Discussion: Compared to traditional heating methods by Clevenger, the present method is more efficiency and proceeds in a short time. The isolation rates of borneol and bornyl acetate increased by about 2 and 1.3, respectively, as compared to the conventional thermal methods. Low cost, easy extraction, high purity of the extracted products and high efficiency are the advantages of this method. Furthermore, solvent free extraction of the essential oils is a good method for the development of green chemistry. Recommended applications/industries: The essential oil of this plant obtained by MAHD and HD methods, contained bornyl acetate as the most abundant component. The extracted essential oil by MAHD was qualitatively similar to that obtained by HD however; it was achieved in a much short time. Therefore pilot microwave reactor might be proven suitable for large scale extraction with potential industrial applications.

Keywords: Ferulago macrocarpa  Microwave irradiation  Borneol  Bornyl acetate
Evaluation of plant pigments existence in medicinal plant, sumac (Rhus coriaria L.) at two different seasons

Evaluation of plant pigments existence in medicinal plant, sumac (Rhus coriaria L.) at two different seasons

Authors: Azra Arab; Majid Talebi; Badraldin Ebrahim Sayed Tabatabaei; Mehdi Rahimmalek
( 19 downloads)
Abstract

Background & Aim: The pigments inside the leaf chloroplasts receive sunlight energy and transport it to photosynthesis reaction center. The most important of these pigments is chlorophyll. In this study, the pigments existence in medicinal plant, sumac (Rhus coriaria L.), was investigated at Biotechnology Laboratory, Isfahan University of Technology. Experimental: Experiments were performed in three replicates by using the upper, middle and lower leaves of sumac. Pigments were extracted by 80% acetone from fresh leaves of the sumac. Extracts have been used for the reading at 645, 663 and 470 nm absorption wavelength for chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b and carotenoids, respectively. Results & Discussion: The results showed significant difference between the amounts of pigments in different seasons (p< 0.05). The amount of chlorophyll a, b, total chlorophyll and carotenoids was obtained in spring on average 0.78, 0.24, 1.02 and 3.32 mg/g of leaf, whereas it was 1.55, 0.46, 2.01 and 6.61 mg/g of leaf for winter, respectively. The total amount of carotenoid was higher than chlorophylls and both of them were high in early winter. Totally, chlorophyll a content was higher than chlorophyll b in both seasons, as well as other plants. Recommended applications/industries: Chlorophyll, carotenoids and their derivatives are important antioxidants that there are plenty of them in sumac, it reveals the potential for its use in the food industry.

Keywords: Rhus coriaria Pigment Photosynthesis
Phytochemistry analysis of essential oils of Heracleum lasiopetalum fruits, Thymus carmanicus aerial parts, and Myrtus communis leaves

Phytochemistry analysis of essential oils of Heracleum lasiopetalum fruits, Thymus carmanicus aerial parts, and Myrtus communis leaves

Authors: Leila Sedaghat Boroujeni; Mohammad Hojjatoleslami; Abdollah Ghasemi Pirbalouti; Hooman Molavi
( 19 downloads)
Abstract

Background & Aim: The use of herbs in traditional medicine to treatment of diseases and other purposes in the food industry and cosmetics has since long been considered. Considering thatHeracleum lasiopetalum, Thymus carmanicus and Myrtus communis have many health benefits therefore this research were performed to investigate the chemical composition of essential oils from these plants. Experimental: The essential oil from the fruits of H. lasiopetalum, aerial parts of T. carmanicus and leaves of M. communis were extracted using a Clevenger-type apparatus and analyzed by GC/MS. Also content of the extracted essential oils were calculated. Results & Discussion: Results indicated the amount of essential oils of H. lasiopetalum, T. carmanicus M. communis were significant and they had volatile. The main constituents of essential oils were hydrocarbons, aldehydes, ketones, alcohols, phenols, ethers with phenolic and terpenes origin. Recommended applications/industries: Due to the health benefits and antioxidant compounds found in the essential oils of these plants are examined in vitro and in food.

Keywords: Essential oil; Heracleum lasiopetalum; Thymus carmanicus; Myrtus communis; GC/MS
The influence of reduced irrigation on herbage, essential oil yield and quality of Thymus vulgaris and Thymus daenensis

The influence of reduced irrigation on herbage, essential oil yield and quality of Thymus vulgaris and Thymus daenensis

Authors: Seyed Mohammad Alavi-Samani; Abdollah Ghasemi Pirbalouti; Mehrdad Ataei Kachouei; Behzad Hamedi
( 20 downloads)
Abstract

Background & Aim: Drought stress, as a main abiotic stress, has a significant influence on growth and metabolic activities of plant species. In this study, the influence of reduced irrigation on dry herbage, essential oil yield, and chemical components of two thyme species were investigated. Experimental: This study was done in an experimental greenhouse, I.A.U., Shahrekord Branch, Iran at 2012 in a CRD with three replications. Three irrigation levels were I1 (irrigated in field capacity or control), I2 (slight drought stress or irrigation in 75% field capacity), and I3 (mild drought stress or irrigation in 50% field capacity). Two thyme species included Thymus daenensis and T. vulgaris. The essential oils obtained by hydro-distillation and were analyzed by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry. Results & Discussion: Results indicated that irrigation levels had a significant effect on many morphological and physiological characteristics, including dry matter, plant height, and leaf area index (LAI). In addition, levels of irrigation affected on oil yield and some major constituents in the essential oils. Carvacrol, γ-terpinene, and p-cymene contents in the essential oils were significantly increased under stressed conditions, whereas thymol amount was significantly reduced under stressed conditions.

Keywords: Thyme; Drought stress; Essential oil; Chemical compositions
Antibacterial activity of essential oils from Thymus vulgaris, Trachyspermum ammi and Mentha aquatica against Erwinia carotovora in vitro

Antibacterial activity of essential oils from Thymus vulgaris, Trachyspermum ammi and Mentha aquatica against Erwinia carotovora in vitro

Authors: Mehrdad Jafarpour; Ahmad Reza Golparvar; Amin Lotfi
( 19 downloads)
Abstract

Background & Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the bactericidal effect of three medicinal plant species, including Thymus vulgaris, Trachyspermum ammi, and Mentha aquatica on Erwinia carotovora growth. Experimental: This research was done in a factorial to completely randomized design with three concentrations, and three replicates on nutrient agar culture medium. Results &Discussion: Results of this study indicated that the essential oils from the studied plants were effective against Erwinia carotovora. At 300 ppm concentration, diameter of growth inhabitation was 43 mm. Results indicated the essential oil from T. ammi, especially at 300 and 400 ppm concentrations had the highest antibacterial activity against Erwinia carotovora with 43.00 and 46.67 mm diameter of growth inhabitation. In addition, there was no significant difference between 300 and 400 ppm concentrations of M. aquatica and at concentrations of 200, 300, and 400 ppm for T. vulgaris. Recommended applications/industries: The overall results indicated the essential oils, especially Trachyspermum ammi have antibacterial activity against Erwinia carotovora; it seems that the essential oils can be employed in manufacturing desirable bactericidal agents.

Keywords: Erwinia carotovora  Essential oil  Growth inhibitor  Antibacterial
Effect of Ferulago angulata sub. carduchorum on total serum antioxidant activity and some of the humoral immune responses in broiler chicks

Effect of Ferulago angulata sub. carduchorum on total serum antioxidant activity and some of the humoral immune responses in broiler chicks

Authors: Reza Govahi; Gholamreza Ghalamkari; Majid Toghyani; Shahin Eghbal Saied; Mohammad Mohammadrezaei; Mahdi Shahryari; Alireza Dehghani Abari
( 20 downloads)
Abstract

Background & Aim: Ferulago angulata sub. carduchorum (locally name: Chavir or Chavil) is an important medicinal plant in Iran. The powder of aerial parts of this plant contains variety of components with different therapeutical effects such as antioxidant activities (AOA). This study was conducted to investigate the effect of dietary supplementation powder of aerial parts of this plant on total activities of serum antioxidant and some of the humoral immune responses in broiler chicks. Experimental: Three hundred of 16 days-old commercial chicks (Ross 308) were randomly allocated to six treatments with five replicates. The dietary treatments consisted of the basal diet as control (A), 100 ppm (150 IU) of vitamin E (B), 70 g / 100 kg Flavofosfolipol (C), 0.3% (D), 0.6% (E), and 1% (F) of the powder of the aerial parts of this plant added to the basal diet. At 25 days, from each treatment of experiment, two chicks were randomly selected and sheep red blood cell (SRBC) was injected through their wings veins. At 30 days, blood samples (ten sample of per treatment) for the test of antibody measurement produced against SRBC, the influenza virus and Newcastle were prepared. Moreover, with the blood extension and numbering of Hetrophil and Lymphocyte calculated and hetrophil to lymphocyte ratio were estimated. At 42 days, blood samples (ten samples per treatment) were taken for measuring total activities of serum antioxidant. Results & Discussion: Results indicated that supplementing of 0.6% of F. angulata significantly increased total activities of serum antioxidant compared to control birds (p ≤ 0.05). There is no significant difference among the treatments of experiment in the number of Hetrophil, Lymphocyte their ratio and the antibody against the virus of Newcastle and SRBC. However, this antibody against the influenza virus at the treatment of 3 g/kg F. angulata in comparison to control treatment was more. Recommended applications/industries: Use of F. angulata in broiler diet could be increase total serum antioxidant activity and improve humoral immunity.

Keywords: Ferulago angulata  Antioxidant Activity  Immune Responses  Vitamin E  Broiler Chick

About Europub

EuroPub is a comprehensive, multipurpose database covering scholarly literature, with indexed records from active, authoritative journals, and indexes articles from journals all over the world. The result is an exhaustive database that assists research in every field. Easy access to a vast database at one place, reduces searching and data reviewing time considerably and helps authors in preparing new articles to a great extent. EuroPub aims at increasing the visibility of open access scholarly journals, thereby promoting their increased usage and impact.