Universal Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Universal Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Basic info

  • Publisher: UJPR
  • Country of publisher: india
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2019/Feb/24

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Medicine
  • Publisher's keywords: Pharmaceutics, Pharmacology, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, Biopharmaceutics, Pharmaceutical Analysis, Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Pharmacology and Toxicology, Clinical Pharmacy, Bioinformatics, Pharmaceutical Management, Health Care Management, Hospital Management, Biochemistry, Regulatory Affairs
  • Language of fulltext: english
  • Full-text formats available: PDF

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): Yes 100 USD
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? Yes

Editorial information

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: CC BY
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2016
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: DOI
  • Content digitally archived in: Nopolicy
  • Deposit policy registered in: None

This journal has '151' articles

TRACE METALS IN SURFACE SEAWATERS IN THE RED SEA AND GULF OF ADEN-YEMEN

TRACE METALS IN SURFACE SEAWATERS IN THE RED SEA AND GULF OF ADEN-YEMEN

Authors: Mohammed Kassem Othman Al-qadasy, Abdulla Saleh Babaqi, Mukhtar Mohammed Al-Abyadh, Ali Gamal Ahmed Al-kaf
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Abstract

The present work has been done considering the constant spread pollution of heavy metals in water bodies. Pollution among water bodies is a major global problem. This contaminates not only the water but also the sediment and aquatic life such as fish. The water samples were collected from the Three different Cities of Yemeni coasts. Aden, Al-Hodeidah and AL-Mukalla were chosen for the sample collection. The study was carried out in the all three seasons of winter 2011, summer 2012 and winter 2013 in order to check seasonal variation of heavy metal pollution.Total 81 samples of each Water were analyzed. The four heavy metals lead, Cadmium, Mercury and arsenic which are considered highly toxic were detected in the samples in the year 2010, 2012 and 2013. The heavy metal concentrations in the samples were measured using the Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. The obtained results showed that the concentration (mg/l) of the heavy metal in seawater (Pb-0.061±0.005, Cd-0.007±0.001, Hg-0.007±0.0005 and As-0.008±0.0003) mg/l. The obtained results showed that the heavy metals concentrations were significantly higher, during the summer season for seawater samples in all stations during the study period. Because of the frequent use of water in the hot summer, resulting in an increase in sewage, as well as to the high rate of environmental variables in the summer. By comparing the results obtained with other data obtained from the local and international studies, in addition to, comparing the results standard levels of these metals contaminated and adopted internationally and domestically and the pollution levels in Yemen is currently within the lower limits of pollution. However, the study recommends continuing the study of these pollutants and other contaminants and their impact on the environment and marine life especially invertebrates.

Keywords: pollution, heavy metals, Yemeni coasts, seawater
ANALYTICAL ENVIRONMENTAL STUDY ON THE POLLUTION EFFECT OF HEAVY METALS IN SOME TYPES OF THE FISH IN YEMEN

ANALYTICAL ENVIRONMENTAL STUDY ON THE POLLUTION EFFECT OF HEAVY METALS IN SOME TYPES OF THE FISH IN YEMEN

Authors: Mohammed Kassem Othman Al-qadasy, Abdulla Saleh Babaqi, Mukhtar Mohammed Al-Abyadh, Ali Gamal Ahmed Al-kaf
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Abstract

The fish samples were collected from the three different Cities of Yemeni coasts. Aden, Al-Hodeidah and AL-Mukalla were chosen for the sample collection. Lethrinusmahsena, Thunnustonggol, Sphyraenajello and Epinephelusareolatus fish samples were considered for the study as they are more common eatable fish among the population.The study was carried out in the all three seasons of winter 2011, summer 2012 and winter 2013 in order to check seasonal variation of heavy metal pollution.Total Fish (108 samples of each muscles, liver and gills) were analyzed. The four heavy metals lead, Cadmium, Mercury and arsenic which are considered highly toxic were detected in the samples in the year 2010, 2012 and 2013. The mean concentration of Pb, Cd, Hg and as in muscle was 0.101±0.012, 0.046±0.010, 0.058±0.002 and 0.089±0.002 µg.g-1 dry wt. respectively; whereas in liver was 0.196±0.033, 0.132±0.020, 0.102±0.007 and 0.115±0.0005 µg.g-1 dry wt. respectively; whereas in gill was 0.294±0.042, 0.196±0.063, 0.016±0.0006 and 0.034±0.0005 µg.g-1 dry wt. respectively. The results showed that, the heavy metals concentrations were high in stations AL- Hudaydah and AL- Mukalla and low in station of Aden. Also the heavy metals concentrations were high in Seasons summer and low in Seasons winter. From the heavy metal concentrations mentioned above we can see that somewhere the concentration is crossing the limits as permissible by the World Health Organization. It suggests a high risk to the health of human being on the consumption of contaminated fish. Therefore it is recommended that the practice of trace element detection should be continued in order to update whether the heavy metal concentration is above or below the permissible limits and if it is above the limit then precautions must be taken to avoid possible consumption of contaminated eatables.

Keywords: Fish samples, heavy metals, Yemeni coasts, seawater
A REVIEW ON CHEMICAL COMPONENTS AND THERAPEUTIC USES OF ANT LION (MYRMELON SP)

A REVIEW ON CHEMICAL COMPONENTS AND THERAPEUTIC USES OF ANT LION (MYRMELON SP)

Authors: Narayan Sharma
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Abstract

Along with the beneficial effects of ant lion in agriculture, they have been found to be containing various bioactive components such as polypeptides and alkaloids. They have been proved to be useful as therapeutic agents in treatment of various human ailments such as diabetes, convulsion and also in back pain. This review article summarizes some chemical constituents of the insect and some pharmacological uses as reported by various studies.

Keywords: Ant lion, chemical components, therapeutic uses
AN EXHAUSTIVE STATISTIC ON CURRENT MUCOADHESIVE INTRAVAGINAL DRUG DELIVERY METHODOLOGIES

AN EXHAUSTIVE STATISTIC ON CURRENT MUCOADHESIVE INTRAVAGINAL DRUG DELIVERY METHODOLOGIES

Authors: Abhijeet Ojha, NVS Madhav, Shubham Tyagi, Vidhya Basnet, Hiba Parveen
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Abstract

The vaginal course of medication conveyance offers many focal points because of its huge permeation range, rich vascularization, avoidance of first pass metabolism and relatively low enzymatic activity. A few examinations have demonstrated that for sedate organization the vaginal pit is a viable course which expected for the most part for neighborhood activity and conveying drugs for foundational impacts with uterine focusing on. It was first Sobrero who endeavored the vaginal mucosa for tranquilize assimilation, from that point forward much research has been done on the organization of medications through this course. As of late, for vaginal dose frame, different plan and application has expanded impressively. It is fundamentally the conveyance of medications inside or through the vaginal mucosa for neighborhood or foundational pharmacological activity. Degree of medication ingestion and its rate after organization may shift contingent upon vaginal physiology, age of the patient, arrange in the menstrual cycle, neurotic conditions and detailing factors. Here in this audit, there’s a feature, the advantages and confinements of vaginal medication conveyance, philosophy in assessment of vaginal medication conveyance frameworks, pharmaceutical viewpoints and an outline of late advances made in the bailiwick of vaginal medication conveyance. Advancement of measurements frame in various stages and in the market, are likewise audited.

Keywords: Intra-vaginal drug delivery, vaginal delivery, microbicide delivery, solubility modifier, first pass metabolism
Editorial Message

Editorial Message

Authors: Dr. Asia Selman Abdullah
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Abstract

It is a great honor for me to join the Universal Journal of Pharmaceutical Research (UJPR) as a member in the Editorial Board team. I would like to extremely congratulate all the UJPR team for completing approx. two successful years since the establishment of the journal. I take this opportunity to thank Editor-in-Chief and all the board members for their progress and success in scientific publication pathway and providing suggestions to improve the journal quality, causing a journal indexed in good indexing platforms and increase the journal articles citations. I am expecting more success for our journal to be indexed in the famous indexing such as Scopus and Thomson Reuters.

Keywords: Message
EVALUATION OF FACTORS AFFECTING EFFICIENCY AND EFFECTIVENESS AMONG STAFFS OF SHIRAZ UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCE

EVALUATION OF FACTORS AFFECTING EFFICIENCY AND EFFECTIVENESS AMONG STAFFS OF SHIRAZ UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCE

Authors: Somayeh Hessam, Fatemeh Beizavi, Abbas Yazdanpanah
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Abstract

The general goal of present research is to study factors affecting improvement of efficiency and effectiveness among staffs of Shiraz University of medical science. This is an applied research in terms of objective and this is a descriptive co relational research in terms of information collection. Information was collected by library in field form. Statistical population includes all personnel of Shiraz University of medical science (900 people). Concerning Cochran's table, the number of samples was 269. The simple random sampling was used. The researcher-conducted questionnaire has been used to collect information and to study factors affecting the improvement of efficiency and effectiveness among personnel of Shiraz University of medical science. The questionnaires were designed based on Five-point Likert scale and the questionnaire contains 27 items. The validity and reliability of the questionnaire were confirmed. Various statistical methods have been applied to analyze data resulted from the questionnaire. Descriptive statistical method, relative frequency distribution table and percentage diagrams have been used in descriptive part of the research. Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Pearson correlation as well as Friedman tests have been used to study data normality in inferential statistical section. Results indicated that there was a significant relationship between organizational culture, incentive, technological factors, staffs' training and the effectiveness and efficiency of personnel of Shiraz University of medical science. The sequence of efficiency indicators of personnel of Shiraz University of medical science shows that organizational culture of personnel of Shiraz University of medical science is in the first place using Friedman test. Incentive, technological factors and staff training are in the second, third and fourth place respectively. Furthermore, Friedman test of the sequence of effectiveness indicators of personnel of Shiraz University of medical science indicates that technology with mean of 5 is in the first place. Incentive, staff training and organizational culture are in the second, third and fourth place respectively. It is suggested that indicators of organizational culture and technology are paid attention by authorities for organizational effectiveness and efficiency.

Keywords: Effectiveness, improvement of efficiency, organizational culture, personnel of Shiraz University of medical science, technology
THE IMPACT OF HOSPITAL INFORMATION SYSTEM ON THE WORKING PROCESS OF IMAM JA’FAR SADIQ HOSPITAL, ALBORZ PROVINCE - 2016

THE IMPACT OF HOSPITAL INFORMATION SYSTEM ON THE WORKING PROCESS OF IMAM JA’FAR SADIQ HOSPITAL, ALBORZ PROVINCE - 2016

Authors: Shaghayegh Vahdat, Jafar Dadashi, Somayeh Hessam
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Abstract

This research has been done on the impact of the hospital information system on the staffing of Imam Ja’far Sadiq Hospital in Alborz in 2016. The research method is applied and in terms of data collection method, descriptive-survey method. The statistical population consisted of all employees of contractual, design and contract personnel working in Imam Jafar Sadiq Hospital. In this study, 384 people were selected using Cochran's formula, which were selected by available sampling method. The validity of the researcher-made questionnaire and their reliability were confirmed by Cronbach's alpha with a coefficient of above 0.7. In the descriptive statistics section, mean, standard deviation, frequency and percentage of frequency were used. In the inferential statistics, the inclination and elongation were used to determine the normality of the data. The results of one-sample T-test and Friedman indicate that the hospital information system improves the work process of the staff members of Imam Jafar Sadiq Hospital. Also, the hospital information system has the greatest impact on hospital support and administration and has had the least impact on hospital performance. It should be noted that the results are consistent with most studies performed.

Keywords: Hospital Information System, Imam Ja’far Sadiq Hospital×, Staffing, working Process
Home / Archives / VOLUME 3, ISSUE 1, JANUARY- FEBRUARY 2018 / Research Articles   THE EVALUATION OF THE POSITION OF HEALTH AND SAFETY SYSTEM IN MULTI-LEVEL STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT OF STAFFS IN SHIRAZ UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCE

Home / Archives / VOLUME 3, ISSUE 1, JANUARY- FEBRUARY 2018 / Research Articles THE EVALUATION OF THE POSITION OF HEALTH AND SAFETY SYSTEM IN MULTI-LEVEL STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT OF STAFFS IN SHIRAZ UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCE

Authors: Somayeh Hessam, Afsaneh Simi, Abbas Yazdanpanah
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Abstract

The present research aimed to evaluate the position of health and safety system in multi-level strategic management of Shiraz University of medical science. This is a co relational-surveying study. Field information was collected via questionnaire. Statistical population consists of all staffs of Shiraz University of medical science (900 individuals). To determine the sample size, Morgan table was used so 269 individuals were selected by simple random method. To prevent drop out, 320 questionnaires were distributed and collected. As a result, 308 questionnaires were completed. Random sampling was used in the research. The instrument includes researcher-conducted questionnaire for evaluation of position of health and safety in multilevel management. The questionnaire's validity and reliability were confirmed. To analyze data, Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Pearson correlation coefficient, one sample T, independent T as well as variance analysis tests and SPSS version 20 were used. Results indicated that the safety system has an improper position in multilevel management of staffs in Shiraz University of medical science in addition; health system has a good position in multilevel management of staffs in Shiraz University of medical science. It is suggested that subjects’ related to multilevel management of staffs is considered.

Keywords: Health information management, family physician, treatment process
MYOCARDIAL POTENCY OF AQUEOUS EXTRACT OF HARUNGANA MADAGASCARIENSIS STEM BARK AGAINST ISOPROTERENOL-INDUCED MYOCARDIAL DAMAGE IN RATS

MYOCARDIAL POTENCY OF AQUEOUS EXTRACT OF HARUNGANA MADAGASCARIENSIS STEM BARK AGAINST ISOPROTERENOL-INDUCED MYOCARDIAL DAMAGE IN RATS

Authors: Esther Ngo Lemba Tom, Florette Diane Nankia, Nyemb Nyunaï
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Abstract

The present study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of Harungana madagascariensis on electrocardiographical, biochemical and histopathological changes in isoproterenol (ISO)-induced myocardial infarction in rats. Male Wistar albino rats were randomly divided and treated with the aqueous extract of Harungana madagascariensis stem bark (AEHM, 200 and 400 mg/kg per os), or normal saline or vitamin E for 7 days with concomitant administration of ISO (85 mg/kg, subcutaneously) on 8th and 9th days, at 24 h interval. The ISO injections to the rats caused cardiac dysfunction evidenced by a marked (P<0.01) elevation in ST-segment, a reduction in R wave amplitude (P<0.01), decrease in endogenous antioxidant reduced glutathione (GSH), increase in malondialdehyde (MDA), a lipid peroxidation marker, increase of cardiac marker enzymes lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), aspartate amino transferase (AST) and alanine amino transferase (ALT). All these changes in cardiac function as well as GSH, MDA and the enzymes (LDH, AST and ALT) were ameliorated when the rats were pretreated with AEHM. Additionally, the protective effects were strengthened by improved histopathological changes, which specifies the protection of cardiomyocytes from the deleterious effects of ISO. This study demonstrates the cardioprotective effect of Harungana madagascariensis on isoproterenolinduced myocardial infarction in rats. The mechanism might be associated with the enhancement of antioxidant defense, reduction of lipid peroxydation and it is confirmed by amending electrocardiographic pattern, improvement of cardiac markers and less histopathological damages following ISO-induced myocardial infarction. It could provide experimental evidence to support the use of Harungana madagascariensis used in traditional medicine to treat cardiovascular disorders.

Keywords: Antioxidants, electrocardiography, Harungana madagascariensis, isoproterenol, myocardial infarction
THE RELATION BETWEEN GENERAL HEALTH AND ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE IN PERSONNEL OF SHIRAZ CITY EMERGENCY IN 2017

THE RELATION BETWEEN GENERAL HEALTH AND ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE IN PERSONNEL OF SHIRAZ CITY EMERGENCY IN 2017

Authors: Abbas Yazdanpanah, Ali Amiri, Ali Khani Jeihooni
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Abstract

Health is the fundamental right of every human and a social goal and all governments and organizations are bound to supply individuals' health and organizational performance is considered one of the most important structures discussed in management projects and undoubtedly the most important criterion of assessing success in commercial companies. The general objective of this study is to examine the relation between general health and organizational performance of authorities and personnel of Shiraz city emergency in 2017. This study is applied in respect of objective. The statistical population in the present study includes all Shiraz City emergency personnel. And their number according to obtained results is 200 persons that based on the table of Cochran sample content, 125 persons were specified as research sample. In this study, two questionnaires were used. Firstly, for examining the general health, Goldberg and Hiller measurement instrument (1979) was used. Also, for examining the organizational performance, Heresy and Goldsmith questionnaire was used. For analysis of the collected data Pearson correlation coefficient test and regression were used and using SPSS software version 18, the research hypotheses were examined. The results of the research showed that there is a significant and positive relation between general health and organizational performance of Shiraz City emergency personnel and also there is a significant and positive relation between physical symptoms, signs of social function as components of general health and organizational performance of Shiraz city emergency personnel. There is a negative relation between anxiety symptoms and depression symptoms as components of general health and organizational performance of Shiraz city emergency personnel. The results of multiple correlation coefficient show that there is a direct and significant relation between components of general health and organizational performance ( r = 0.499) and the determination factor r2 shows that 25% of organizational performance variance is related to the mentioned factors and 75% is related to factors out of model. Therefore, training general health and organizational performance should be one of operational goals of Shiraz city emergency personnel and this should be considered in training planning.

Keywords: General health, emergency, organizational performance
INVESTIGATING THE RELATION OF TALENT MANAGEMENT WITH DEVELOPING SUCCESSORS OF HUMAN POWER OF KERMAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES

INVESTIGATING THE RELATION OF TALENT MANAGEMENT WITH DEVELOPING SUCCESSORS OF HUMAN POWER OF KERMAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES

Authors: Abbas Ghavam, Neda Molai Hajebi, Jamalledin Alvaani
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Abstract

Today, financial and technological resources are not only enumerated the organization advantage but possessing capable and mighty people may also compensate for lack or imperfection of other resources. In the present competitive status, only those organizations will be successful in obtaining preeminent that have comprehended the strategic role of their human resources and have skillful, knowledge- oriented, qualified, elite and capable human resources. This paper was conducted with the aim of investigating the relation of talent management with developing successors of human resources of Kerman University of Medical Sciences. The method used in the present study is of correlation type which was conducted using stratified random sampling method in Military University of Medical Sciences. Also, Ahmadi talent management questionnaire (2012) and Kim developing successors (2006) were used. For data analysis, Pearson correlation test, Kolmogorov- Smirnov test was used. This study showed that there is a significant and positive relation between talent management and developing successors. Also, there is a significant and positive relation between talent management components (personnel selection, personnel participation, personnel training, personnel maintenance) and developing successors of human power. Applying talent management is necessary in any organization in all fields. Since human power of an organization, is considered its greatest wealth, therefore, noticing the personnel talent is very significant since the organizations success depends on the capable and mighty personnel.

Keywords: Developing successors, personnel selection, personnel participation, personnel training, personnel maintenance, talent management
HYPOGLYCEMIC AND LIPID LOWERING EFFECT OF AQUEOUS FRESH LEAF EXTRACT OF CHROMOLAENA ODORATA (LINN) IN ALBINO WISTAR RATS FED DIFFERENT CONCENTRATIONS OF CHOLESTEROL ENRICHED DIET

HYPOGLYCEMIC AND LIPID LOWERING EFFECT OF AQUEOUS FRESH LEAF EXTRACT OF CHROMOLAENA ODORATA (LINN) IN ALBINO WISTAR RATS FED DIFFERENT CONCENTRATIONS OF CHOLESTEROL ENRICHED DIET

Authors: Idoko A, Ikpe VPO, Rita ON, Nelson NO, Effiong JU, Alhassan AJ, Muhammad IU, Abubakar N, Abubakar SM, Ugwudike PO
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Abstract

High lipids and carbohydrate have been seriously implicated to cardiovascular problems, which has led to several uses of medicinal plants for traditional remedies. The present study investigated the lipid lowering activity of fresh leaf extract of Chromolaena odorata in Albino wistar rats. Twenty (20) rats used for the study were grouped into four groups of five (5) rats each. Group I served as normal control, group II, III and IV served as test groups, fed 75, 108 and 148 g of cholesterol enriched diet for one week and thereafter, administered with 50, 100 and 150 mg/kg body weight of fresh leaf extract of Chromolaena odorata respectively for four (4) days. Lipid profile and blood glucose were assayed at fed state and after administration. Results showed a significant (p<0.05) increase in total cholesterol, triacylglycerol, low density lipoprotein, blood glucose concentration and body weight compared with control group in fed state. Administration with fresh leaf extract of Chromolaena odorata showed a significant (p<0.05) increase in high density lipoprotein, significant (p<0.05) decrease in blood glucose concentration, low density lipoproteins, triacylglycerol, total cholesterol and body weight of rats. The oral treatment with 50, 100 and 150 mg/kg body weight of the fresh leaf extract of this study demonstrated a general hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic activity not necessary a dose dependent pattern. It may therefore be concluded that the hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic activity of Chromolaena odorata taken freshly squeezed could be due to its phytochemical and antioxidants content.

Keywords: Blood glucose concentration, cholesterol, Chromolaena odorata, hyperlipidemia, hypoglycemic, weight loss
IDENTIFICATION AND PRIORITIZATION OF BARRIERS TO IMPLEMENT THE GREEN HOSPITAL STANDARDS AT IMAM HASSAN MOJTABA HOSPITAL IN DARAB

IDENTIFICATION AND PRIORITIZATION OF BARRIERS TO IMPLEMENT THE GREEN HOSPITAL STANDARDS AT IMAM HASSAN MOJTABA HOSPITAL IN DARAB

Authors: Abbas Yazdanpanah, Marjan Yazdi, Parviz Aghayii Barzabad
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Abstract

One of the most important issues being discussed globally is the environmental protection. The study and review of the standard of the Green Hospital is of particular importance because hospitals are the second most polluting industry. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to identify and prioritize the barriers to implement Green Hospital standards at Imam Hassan Mojtaba Hospital in Darab. The present study was descriptive-applied. The statistical population in this study was a number of knowledgeable personnel and managers regarding the standards of Green Hospital in Darab, and the number of samples was 8 people who were selected through purposeful sampling. The tools used to collect information in this research were interviews, questionnaires, tables, databases and computer networks. In addition, the multi-criteria decision-making model of TOPSIS was used in this research for component-based ranking related to the research. Data were gathered through questionnaires and interviews with personnel and managers. Then, Excel software was used to analyze the statistical data. The results showed that conceptual model included five groups of environmental factors, technological factors, awareness and knowledge factors, economic factors and human resource factors. Meanwhile, the barriers to knowledge with the value of CL=1 were identified as the most important ones for implementation of the Green Hospital standards in Imam Hassan Mojtaba Hospital in Darab. The technology barriers index with CL value of 0.690 was assigned in the second place, then the human barriers index with CL = 0.493, economic barriers with CL = 0.39 and environmental barriers with CL = 0.223 were the next priorities. According to the results of the present study, the barriers to knowledge and awareness were identified as the most important ones for the implementation of the Green Hospital standards in Imam Hassan Mojtaba Hospital of Darab. Another result of this study was the impact of lack of infrastructure for technology Information as one of the most important barriers to implement Green Hospital standards.

Keywords: Barriers, Green hospital, standard
ETIOLOGY AND RISK FACTORS OF STOMATITIS AMONG YEMENI DENTURE WEARERS

ETIOLOGY AND RISK FACTORS OF STOMATITIS AMONG YEMENI DENTURE WEARERS

Authors: Nesreen F. Al-Sanabani, Abbas M Al-Kebsi, Hassan A. Al-Shamahy, Al-Kasem M A Abbas
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Abstract

Denture stomatitis (DS) is a benign condition, usually asymptomatic, that can affect denture wearers patients. The aims of this study was to describe the etiology of DS among Yemeni denture wearers and the risk factors of DS. A cross sectional study was carried out at Prothodontics Departments at the Faculty of Dentistry- Sana'a University, Sana’a city – Yemen. The study group consisted of 288 denture wearers' patients' contracting DS. The microbiological samples were collected by wiping sterile swabs on upper and lower denture fitting surfaces. Then, they were directly cultured for Candida in Chromomeric agar media and for bacteria in standard selective media, using standard bacteriological methods. The most common microbial cause of DS was C. albicans (58.3%), followed by S. mutans (17%), while S. aureus (4.9%), lactobacillus (3.1%) and C. glabrata (4.2%) were less common. There was an association between male patients, older age group and longer period of denture wearers with high risk of contracting candidal DS and bacterial DS. Most of those patients were suffering from DS Type I and few from Type II, but no case of DS Type III was found. Ending, DS is a condition that commonly affects denture wearers, and should be treated even if asymptomatic. The condition requires a combined treatment approach from both patient and clinician, and the role of the patient must be stressed. Management of aetiological risk factors is key in order to prevent recurrence. Treatment modalities may include: treatment of any underlying systemic risk factors, improvement in the fit of existing dentures, replacement of existing dentures, improved denture hygiene and the use of antifungal agents. Whichever methods are employed, the main aim of treatment is to eradicate the biofilm from the patient’s dentures.

Keywords: Bacterial DS, Candidal DS, Denture stomatitis (DS), DS risk factors, Sana'a city, Yemen
THE IMPACT OF UNDER KNEE PROSTHESIS ON VARIOUS DIMENSIONS OF LIFE QUALITY OF DISABLED INDIVIDUALS REFERRING TO REHABILITATION CENTER OF SHIRAZ RED CRESCENT IN 2017

THE IMPACT OF UNDER KNEE PROSTHESIS ON VARIOUS DIMENSIONS OF LIFE QUALITY OF DISABLED INDIVIDUALS REFERRING TO REHABILITATION CENTER OF SHIRAZ RED CRESCENT IN 2017

Authors: Abbas Ghavam, Ali Hooshmandi, Shaghayegh Vahdat
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Abstract

Mutilation is one of the most common motor disability and each year due to factors such as illness, trauma and birth defects about 200 to 500 million mutilation occurs that from this number almost 85% is related to lower limb. Lower limb mutilation creates many changes in the life quality of patients and their families. This study is semi-experimental before and after intervention which has been performed in 2017. The research sample is 78 disabled individual of lower limb mutilation referring to rehabilitation center of Shiraz Red Crescent selected with census method. For evaluating variables, TAPES questionnaire has been used. Data analysis was performed with SPSS software and using descriptive and inferential statistics. Using under knee prosthesis has a significant impact on adaptation scales (the individual adaptation rate with mutilation and using prosthesis) and satisfaction(the individual satisfaction rate from various aspects of prosthesis) but the under knee prosthesis on limitation scale doesn’t have a significant impact. Using under knee prosthesis has had a significant impact on two scales of adaptation and satisfaction of disables and has increased their life quality. But despite using prosthesis, still there are limitations and dissatisfactions due to sport activities and also high weight of prosthesis for disabled individuals that this problem could be somewhat solved using carbonic prostheses and sport claws. This point should be mentioned that due to the high price of prostheses, most disabled individuals don’t have the possibility of using these services and necessity of being under insurance coverage of these costs for providing more facilities for disabled people is felt more than before.

Keywords: life quality, Mutilation, prosthesis

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