Journal of Language, Literature, and Teaching (JLLTE)

Journal of Language, Literature, and Teaching (JLLTE)

Basic info

  • Publisher: Sekolah Tinggi Bahasa Asing PERSAHABATAN INTERNATIONAL ASIA
  • Country of publisher: indonesia
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2019/May/24

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Languages and Literature, Applied Linguistics, Literature, Education
  • Publisher's keywords: Second and Foreign Language Teaching and Learning, Literature, Language, and Linguistics, Discourse Analysis, Translation, Stylistics
  • Language of fulltext: indonesian, chinese, english

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): No
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Editorial information

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: CC BY-SA
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2019
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? True
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? True

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: None
  • Content digitally archived in: Nopolicy
  • Deposit policy registered in: None

This journal has '12' articles

A Brief Talk on the Condition of How Learners in Medan Learn the Blade-palatal Initials in Standard Chinese

A Brief Talk on the Condition of How Learners in Medan Learn the Blade-palatal Initials in Standard Chinese

Authors: Antony Hardi
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Abstract

Blade-palatal initials zh[ʈʂ], ch[ʈʂh], sh[ʂ], and r[ʐ] are important characteristics in Standard Chinese (Putonghua) pronunciation, which are also some difficult parts for non-Chinese speakers. This paper is intended to analyze the appearance and condition of the blade-palatal-initial pronunciation of learners in Medan, Indonesia, in which the learners are divided into two groups, Chinese Indonesians and locals. It also describes the brief differences between Standard Mandarin and Southern Min initials and between Standard Mandarin initials and Indonesian consonants. To achieve the objective, the research was conducted by using descriptive-qualitative design. Because there are no blade-palatal sounds either in Indonesian or in Southern Min, it is very common for Chinese descendants in Medan who speak Putonghua to always omit the blade-palatal parts, e.g.: “to eat” that should be pronounced as [ʈʂhʅ55] to always be pronounced as [ʦhəʔ], which is not correct and might lead to another meaning. As well as locals who speak Indonesian to always replace the blade-palatal sounds with the consonants which sound near to them: [ʦə], [ʦhə], [sə],[rə].

Keywords: Indonesia; Standard Mandarin Phonetics; Blade-palatal Initials
Pengaruh Motivasi Belajar Terhadap Kemampuan Membaca Pemahaman Mahasiswa STBA-PIA Semester 5

Pengaruh Motivasi Belajar Terhadap Kemampuan Membaca Pemahaman Mahasiswa STBA-PIA Semester 5

Authors: Cynthia Hualangi, Jonathan Effendy
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Abstract

The aim of this research was to find whether learning motivation had a significant effect on the 5th semester of STBA-PIA students’ reading comprehension in Mandarin. This research applied ex post facto design and random sampling. The population of this study was 170 students majoring in Chinese Literature at STBA-PIA in academic year 2013/2014. The sample was 50 students. The data was collected by using questionnaire to find their learning motivation and HSK 5 test. The data was analysed by using validity test, reliability test, data description and ttest. This study showed that tcount was 7.674 and ttable (dk=48) was 1.67. The tcount > ttable (7.674 > 1.67) which showed that there was a significant effect of learning motivation on the 5th semester STBA-PIA students’ reading comprehension in which the significant level was 5%. Ha was accepted while Ho was rejected.

Keywords: learning motivation,reading comprehension, Chinese literature
The Development of Exposition Paragraph Writing Ability of Grade 10-12 Students of MAN 2 Model Medan

The Development of Exposition Paragraph Writing Ability of Grade 10-12 Students of MAN 2 Model Medan

Authors: Berlin Sibarani, Muhammad Hafiz Aziz
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Abstract

This research was aimed at describing the extent to which the grade 10,11, and 12 students acquire the paragraph development of exposition paragraph writing and to describe the process of acquiring the paragraph development. The development of exposition paragraph was analyzed by following the theory of Knapp & Watkins (2009:152) that consists of text structure and lexico-grammar. The text structure is used to see the logical flow of ideas from the beginning until the end of the paragraph, while the lexico-grammar refers to the wordings to form meaning. To achieve the objectives of this study, this research was conducted by using descriptive qualitative design which relied on words to describe the phenomena. The data was analyzed following Miles et.al’ s model. The research finding showed that first, the students from grade 10,11, and 12 had not acquired the development of exposition paragraph writing since they only put thesis statement, argument, but there was no conclusion. Second, the development of exposition paragraph could not be explained since the subjects did not relate the thesis statement to the argument and they did not provide conclusion. However, the development can be seen through the greater use of lexico-grammar from grade 10, 11 until 12.

Keywords: exposition, lexico-grammar, text-structure
Transitivity System in Different Spoken Discourses

Transitivity System in Different Spoken Discourses

Authors: Indah Sari, Rosdiana Sembiring
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Abstract

The aim of this study was to describe the types of processes in transitivity systems used in various spoken discourses and the reasons of using them. This research applied descriptive qualitative design which relies on words to describe the phenomena. The documentation technique was used to achieve the aim of the study. The sources of the data were speech entitled of I Have a Dream by Marthin Luther King published in 1963; the sermon on the mount by Jesus of Nazareth published in 2012; and the song entitled of You Raise Me Up by Josh Groban in 2003. The findings showed that there were six types of processes in speech and sermon but not all types of them were used in the song. The types of processes found in the speech were 139 processes; dominantly was material process which was 60 (43%). There were 76 processes in sermon, and dominantly were 44 (57, 8%) material process; while there were 42 processes in the song; dominantly was 25 (59, 6%) material process. There were 6 reasons of using types of processes in different spoken discourses: 1) physical actions, 2) thinking actions, 3) identifying features, 4) speaking actions, 5) physiological actions and 6) actions that signal the existence of something/someone. It could be concluded that material process are found to be the most dominant in spoken discourse as it represents the process of doing.

Keywords: transitivity, process, spoken discourse
Pengaruh Media Buku Cerita Bergambar Terhadap Pemahaman Membaca Bahasa Mandarin Murid SD kelas 1 W.R. Supratman 2 Medan

Pengaruh Media Buku Cerita Bergambar Terhadap Pemahaman Membaca Bahasa Mandarin Murid SD kelas 1 W.R. Supratman 2 Medan

Authors: Lyna Lyna, Charissa Charissa
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Abstract

This research was aimed at finding out the effect of storybook as the learning media on the first-grade of primary school students’ reading comprehension at W.R. Supratman 2 Medan. The storybook included the interrelated pictures and sentences that formed a coherent story. This research used experimental design. The subjects of this research were 88 students divided into 44 students in control group and 44 students in experimental group. From the data analysis, this research revealed that the average score of experimental group was 69.32 which was higher than the average score of control group 48.18 (69.32 > 48.18), and the result of t-test showed that tcount = 3.14 was higher than ttabel = 1.68 (3.14 > 1.68). It showed that the effect of the storybook significantly influenced the achievement of the students’ reading comprehension.

Keywords: media, storybook, Mandarin
Experiential Metafunction In Narrative Texts

Experiential Metafunction In Narrative Texts

Authors: Alemina Alemina, Nanang Panggabean
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Abstract

This study was aimed at describing the types of process and the reason of using those types in two narrative texts. It was conducted by using descriptive qualitative design. The data were collected by using documetary technique. There were 170 clauses in the story of Sleeping Beauty which contained material process (120/70,5%),mental process (9/5,3%), relational process (17/10,5%), verbal process (8/4,7%), behavioral process (12/7,1%) and existential process (4/2,3%). In the story of Zeus, there were 112 clauses which contained material process (81/72%), mental process (3/2,7%), relational process (23/20,9%), verbal process (2/1,8%),behavioral process (2/1,8%) and existential process (1/0,9%). From the data, it was concluded that all the types of processes were found in both strories. The reason of using those types because there was some descriptions of the events and were dominated by the act of doing performed by the participants.

Keywords: Experiential, Metafunction, Narrative
Figurative Language in Novel The Notebook and The Host

Figurative Language in Novel The Notebook and The Host

Authors: Rita Napitupulu, Jessica Rusli
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Abstract

This study was aimed at describing the types of figurative language used in two genres; they were romance (The Notebook) and science fiction (The Host) and the reasons underlying the finding. This research was conducted by using descriptive qualitative design which relied on words to describe the phenomena. The data was analyzed by using Miles et.al „s interactive model of data analysis. Based on the analysis, it can be concluded that simile, hyperbole, metaphor, and personification existed in both of the genres. The reasons underlying this finding were to create tone and communicate emotion, to create humor and abstract thinking, and cultural cohesiveness. These reasons were tied to both the romance and also science-fiction genre.

Keywords: figurative language, novel, genre
The Use of Mandarin Slang in Let the Bullets Fly and Caught in the Web

The Use of Mandarin Slang in Let the Bullets Fly and Caught in the Web

Authors: Zuo Ling Jiao, Michellin Stevanny
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Abstract

Slang words are the social variation which has distinctive characteristic and confidential in nature. It means that the variation is used for certain community. Slangs are divided into proper slang, taboo slang, vogue slang, proxy slang and pragmatic slang. This research was intended to describe slangs in Let the Bullets Fly and Caught in the Web. The theory used in this research was the theory of slang words. The data collected in this research was documentation technique; and the source of the data was the dialogue in Let the Bullets Fly and Caught in the Web. The result showed that there were 4 types of slangs found in both of the movies, they were: proper slang, taboo slang, vogue slang, and proxy slang. Taboo slang was dominantly used in both of the movies. The reasons for using these slangs were to show jokes, to show the aesthetic of the language, to avoid cliché, to enrich vocabulary, and to add emotional appeal in Let the Bullets Fly dan Caught in the Web movie.

Keywords: slang, movie, mandarin
Penggunaan Diksi dalam Kumpulan Cerita Pendek Shen Congwen dalam Kurun Tahun yang Berbeda

Penggunaan Diksi dalam Kumpulan Cerita Pendek Shen Congwen dalam Kurun Tahun yang Berbeda

Authors: Sinar Anwar, Fenny Salim
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Abstract

The goal of this study was to explore the dictions used in the outstanding compilation of short story written by Shen Congwen and also to find whether there was any changes of dictions made by the author within different year of publication. The short story that became the focus of this study was 棉鞋(MianXie) published in 1925 and传 奇不奇(Chuanqi Buqi) published in 1947. This study revealed that 棉鞋(MianXie) in 1925 used 686 dictions which consisted of: denotation 12%, connotation 4%, abstract 5%, general 27%, odd 11%, scientific 21%, popular 18%, slang 2%. Meanwhile, 传奇不奇 (Chuanqi Buqi) in 1947 used 1625 dictions which was categorized as denotation 6%, connotation 2%, abstract 4%, general 26%, odd 9%, scientific 28%, popular 23%, and slang 2%.

Keywords: dictions, short story, Mandarin
Speech Function In Insurance Advertising Slogans

Speech Function In Insurance Advertising Slogans

Authors: Johannes Jefria Gultom, Jimmy Jimmy
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Abstract

The objectives of this study was to describe the types of speech function and the reasons of using them in the insurance advertising slogan. This research used descriptive qualitative research design. The data was taken from the insurance advertising slogans in the form of sentences that belonged to the types of speech function. To collect the data, the researcher used documentary technique. Based on the analysis of the data, it could be concluded that the types of speech function in the insurance advertising slogans can be classified into statement category. The reason of using speech function in the insurance advertising slogans was mostly used to persuade to readers or customers to join with the company despite of the speech functions of some advertisements which described its content.

Keywords: speech function, advertising, slogan
Motivasi Belajar Bahasa Mandarin Murid Kelas II SMP Sekolah Minggu Buddha Maitreya Medan

Motivasi Belajar Bahasa Mandarin Murid Kelas II SMP Sekolah Minggu Buddha Maitreya Medan

Authors: Elly Romy, Nuryadi Nuryadi
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Abstract

This research was aimed at explaining the learning motivation of the second grade of Junior High School students at Sekolah Minggu Buddha Maitreya Medan in learning Mandarin. Besides, the goal of this research was to describe the factors that influence their learning motivation. This study was conducted by using descriptive qualitative design. The subjects of this study was 20 students of the second grade of Junior High School students at Sekolah Minggu Buddha Maitreya. Motivation is divided into intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. Thus, the study of the students’ learning motivation was separated according to the type of motivation. The results showed that there were about 8 students that had intrinsic motivation, while there were about 11 students that had extrinsic motivation. The factors that underlie this finding was due to the difficulty that the students faced in learning Mandarin.

Keywords: learning motivation, Mandarin, extrinsic, intrinsic
Pengaruh Pemberian Reinforcement terhadap Hasil Belajar Kosakata Bahasa Mandarin Siswa TKB Picket Fence Pre-School

Pengaruh Pemberian Reinforcement terhadap Hasil Belajar Kosakata Bahasa Mandarin Siswa TKB Picket Fence Pre-School

Authors: Yenny Marlim, Patricia Winner
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Abstract

The goal of this research was to find the effect of reinforcement on the kindergarten B students’ learning achievement in Mandarin vocabulary. The researcher used quantitative with quasi-experiment type and pre-test and post-test design. The sample of this research was all of the kindergarten B students at Picket Fence Pre-School, specifically experimental group consisted of 20 students and control group 20 students. The hypothesis was that there was an effect of reinforcement on students’ learning achievement in Mandarin vocabulary. The ttest result showed that reinforcement had a significant effect on students’ achievement in vocabulary. The post-test result in experimental group was 87,5; while the post-test in control group was 79,5. It was found that tcount > ttable with tcount was 2 while ttable was significantly 5% with dk = 38 that was 1,69. Thus, Ha was accepted and Ho was rejected. Based on the explanation above, it was concluded that reinforcement had a significant effect on kindergarten B students’ learning achievement in Mandarin vocabulary at Picket Fence Pre-School.

Keywords: Reinforcement, Hasil Belajar, Kosakata, Bahasa Mandarin

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