Comparative Use of Chemical and Biological Fertilizers and Pesticides and their Health effects on Farmers in Satara Tahsil, Maharashtra

Comparative Use of Chemical and Biological Fertilizers and Pesticides and their Health effects on Farmers in Satara Tahsil, Maharashtra

Journal

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Environmental Sciences
  • Publisher's keywords: Chemical fertilizers and pesticides, Human health, Ecofriendly, Biofertilizers, Biopesticides
  • Language of fulltext: english
  • Full-text formats available: PDF

AUTHORS

    Patil Vishwas Shankar, Patil Sharmishtha Vishwas and Pathade G.R.

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

FULL TEXT

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ABSTRACT

The extensive use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides in the agriculture sector poses a serious problem to human health, environment and nation economy. Here, the relationship between the extent of use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides and signs and symptomsof illnesses due to exposure among the farmers from Satara tahsil was assessed. Twenty eight agricultural shops from study areawere surveyed to know the types and quantities of chemical and biological fertilizers and pesticides used up by the farmers.Sixty farmers from study area were interviewed with pretested interview questionnaire to know the signs and symptoms of illnesses related to agrochemical exposure. All interviewed farmers were found to use huge quantities of chemical fertilizers and pesticides than biological fertilizers and pesticides. The signs and symptoms of illness among study population due to chemical fertilizer and pesticide exposure were found to be itching eyes(61%),skin redness(47.6%),dizziness(42.9%),excessive sweating(40.5%),sore throat(26.2%), weakness(16.7%), shortness of breath(7.1%), nausea (4.8%) and stomach pain (4.8%).There is need to create awareness among the farmers to use personal protective measures while handling these chemicals and farmers should be encouraged to turn towards ecofriendly biofertilizers and biopesticides for sustainable agriculture.

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