ARTEFAK LITIK DI KAWASAN PRASEJARAH BATU EJAYYA:
TEKNOLOGI PERALATAN TOALIAN DI PESISIR SELATAN SULAWESI

ARTEFAK LITIK DI KAWASAN PRASEJARAH BATU EJAYYA: TEKNOLOGI PERALATAN TOALIAN DI PESISIR SELATAN SULAWESI

Journal

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Archaeology, Social Sciences, Sociology, History
  • Publisher's keywords: Toalian, Technology, Source, Behavior, Batu Ejayya Region
  • Language of fulltext: indonesian
  • Full-text formats available: PDF
  • Time From Submission to Publication: 8

AUTHORS

    Suryatman nln

FULL TEXT

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ABSTRACT

The Batu Ejayya region records prehistoric Toalian occupation between the mid and late Holocene near the south coast of South Sulawesi. This region is located in a volcanic rock formation, where available Chert sources are difficult to find. The research problem is the behavior of the Toalian occupants in the region in making well adapted lithic tools in view of the limited availability of Chert. The lithic artifacts found on the surface and during excavation are analyzed focusing on the categories of retouched flake tools, unretouched flake tools, complete flakes, and cores on Chert and volcanic stone. The results show that the production of small tools had stringent and complicated needs, requiring the Toalians to search out and find Chert as the main ingredient. Stages in the technology for utilizing Chert resource began with reduction of geological nodules far from where the sites were located. Volcanic stone was used as an alternative raw material only for making large tools that required little in the way of modification.

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