A comparative study of antimicrobial sensitivity patterns in neonatal infections in 2011 and 2014 in a tertiary care hospital of east India

A comparative study of antimicrobial sensitivity patterns in neonatal infections in 2011 and 2014 in a tertiary care hospital of east India

Journal

  • Journal title: Asian Pacific Journal of Health Sciences
  • ISSN: 2350-0964 (print) 2349-0659 (online)
  • Publisher: IJPMR Publishing Press, India.
  • Country of publisher: india
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2019/Sep/29

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Medicine, Health and Wellness
  • Publisher's keywords: Ampicillin, Antibiotic Resistance, Drug Vacation, Neonate.
  • Language of fulltext: english
  • Full-text formats available: PDF
  • Time From Submission to Publication: 6

AUTHORS

    NC Nanda

FULL TEXT

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ABSTRACT

Objectives: To compare the antimicrobial sensitivity patterns in neonatal infections in the year 2011 and 2014 in a Tertiary care Hospital in east India. Methodology: A retrospective study was done by collecting data from medical records of 150 neonates with positive cultures for blood, urine and cerebrospinal fluid in a Tertiary care hospital of Rourkela, Odisha. The antibiotic sensitivity patterns of the years 2011 and 2014 were tabulated. The data was analyzed using chi square test. Results: A statistically significant decrease in resistance to Ampicillin was seen in 2014 when compared to 2011 (p value=0.011) Conclusion: The advent of higher antibiotics has led to decreased use of baseline antibiotics like Ampicillin. The subsequent "drug vacation" may have led to the lower Ampicillin resistance.

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