A study of biochemical abnormalities among children suffering from Acute diarrhea

Journal Title: Medpulse International Journal of Pediatrics - Year 2019, Vol 9, Issue 1

Abstract

Background:The average incidence of diarrhea among under five children per year in most of the developing countries is 3.2 episodes of diarrhea per child per year and the mortality of 4.9/1000 episodes per year. Diarrhea alone results in nearly 21% of the all the death in the under five years’ children.Diarrhea is defined as passage of 3 or more loose or watery stools in 24-hour period that would take up the shape of the container6. It is also defined as a recent change in consistency and character of stool with a frequency of 3 or more liquid stools per day.Objective:To assess the level of biochemical abnormalities among under five children admitted in a tertiary care hospital.Materials and Methods:A cross section study was conducted at Basaveshwara Medical College and HospitalFrom May 2018to November 2018.All the children during the study period who were between the age group of 1 months to 5 years who were admitted in the pediatric ward with history of. diarrhea were included in the study. A total of 160 cases were included in this study. Results:Majority (55%) of the study subjects were in the age group of less than 1 years and 10% between 1-2 years and 35% in the age group of 3-5 years.The frequency of loose stools less than 3 episodes per day was seen in 19(12%), 107 (67%) had 3-10 episodes per day and 34 (21%) had more than 10 episodes of loose stools per day.The urea levels were less than 20 mg/dl in nearly 10(6%) of the subjects, 20-35 mg/dl in 110(69%) and > 35 mg/dl in nearly 40 (25%) of the subjects. The Creatinine level less than 0.4 mg/dl was seen in nearly 101(63%).Conclusion: Acute diarrhea in children is associated with high morbidity and mortality Most of the patients with transient hyponatremia and transient hypokalemia, treated with ORS. These patients did not show classical signs and symptoms of hyponatremia. andhypokalemia.

Authors and Affiliations

Srinivasa V, Lakshmi L

Keywords

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  • EP ID EP443869
  • DOI 10.26611/1014917
  • Views 98
  • Downloads 0

How To Cite

Srinivasa V, Lakshmi L (2019). A study of biochemical abnormalities among children suffering from Acute diarrhea. Medpulse International Journal of Pediatrics, 9(1), 24-26. https://europub.co.uk/articles/-A-443869