A study of clinical profile and associated factors of nephrotic syndrome in children at tertiary health care center

Journal Title: Medpulse International Journal of Pediatrics - Year 2017, Vol 2, Issue 1

Abstract

Background: Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is a kidney disease with high incidence compared with other kidney disease. Aims and Objectives: To Study Clinical profile and Associated factors of Nephrotic syndrome in Children at tertiary health care center. Methodology: This was a cross-sectional study in the Children admitted to Pediatric department of a tertiary health care center during one-year period i.e. June 2015 to June 2016. Diagnosis of nephrotic syndrome was based on the following criteria – massive proteinuria > 40mg/m2/hr. or protein creatinine ratio >2-3:1, hypoalbuminemia200 mg/dl. Total 32 patients were included into study by above criteria. The detailed history of the patients like age, sex, symptoms, signs, and associated factors etc. were noted. Result: In our study found that The majority of the patients were in the age group of 9-12 i.e. 34.38% followed by 6-9 i.e. 28.13%. 3-6 -21.88%. 0-3 -15.63%. The majority of the patients were Male -59.37%, Female- 40.63 %. The most common symptoms were Puffiness of Face -65.63%, followed by Abdominal distension 46.88%, Genital edema -37.50, Decreased frequency of Urination -34.38%, Burning Micturition 28.13%, Abdominal pain -21.88%, Fever-18.75%, Vomiting -15.63%. The most common signs were Hypertension -53.13% followed by Pitting Edema in 46.88%, Ascitis-40.63%, Hepatomegaly-34.38%, Pallor-28.13%. The most common associated factors seen were history of URTI-59.38%, Pneumonia-46.88%, UTI -37.50%, Osteomyelitis -28.13%, Meningitis -15.63%, Disseminated varicella -9.38%, Herpes Zoster -6.25%. Conclusion: It can be concluded from our study that The most common symptoms were Puffiness of Face followed by Abdominal distension, The most common signs were Hypertension, followed by Pitting Edema, Hepatomegaly, The most common associated factors seen were history of URTI, Pneumonia, UTI, Osteomyelitis, Meningitis, Disseminatedvaricella etc.

Authors and Affiliations

Rajendra Namdeo Patil, Anant Ganpath Bendale

Keywords

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  • EP ID EP261597
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How To Cite

Rajendra Namdeo Patil, Anant Ganpath Bendale (2017). A study of clinical profile and associated factors of nephrotic syndrome in children at tertiary health care center. Medpulse International Journal of Pediatrics, 2(1), 5-7. https://europub.co.uk/articles/-A-261597