A Study on Epidemiological Profile of Urinary Tract Infections in Perspective of Diabetic Status among Patients Attending Tertiary Care Hospital, Ahmedabad
Journal Title: National Journal of Community Medicine - Year 2018, Vol 9, Issue 8
Background Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) is common illness involving all age groups. Diabetics tend to have more episodes of illness as compared to non diabetics. Present study compared various epidemio-logical aspects of UTI among diabet-ic and non diabetic patients. Methods: A hospital based study was conducted among 300 cases (200 non diabetics and 100 diabet-ics) of UTI attending one of the ter-tiary care hospitals of Ahmedabad city. Bacterial Isolation and antimi-crobial sensitivity was tested in urine samples of all cases. Z test, Chi-square test with Cramers’ V and Phi correlation were applied for testing the statistical significance. Result: Mean age of diabetics and non-diabetics was 55.6 ± 12.1 years and 33.7 ± 21.9 years, respective-ly.UTI cases with positive urinary culture were 92% and 67% in dia-betic and non-diabetic groups, re-spectively. Most common organism isolated among both the groups was E coli. In both groups E coli and Klebsiella had high antimicrobial sensitivity for Imipenam, Gentamy-cin and Nitrofurantoin. Among di-abetics, the duration of diabetes, regularity of medication and type of treatment has significant effect on number of episodes of UTI in a year. Conclusion: Escherichia coli were universally common isolate. Ami-noglycoside and Nitrofurantoin can still be used empirically to treat UTI irrespective of diabetic status. Screening of urine samples for an-timicrobial sensitivity while initiat-ing the course of treatment among all UTI cases is recommended to check for and prevent resistance.
Authors and Affiliations
Viral R Dave, Venu R Shah, K N Sonaliya, Shruti D Shah, Aniruddha R Gohel
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How To Cite
Viral R Dave, Venu R Shah, K N Sonaliya, Shruti D Shah, Aniruddha R Gohel (2018). A Study on Epidemiological Profile of Urinary Tract Infections in Perspective of Diabetic Status among Patients Attending Tertiary Care Hospital, Ahmedabad. National Journal of Community Medicine, 9(8), 594-598. https://europub.co.uk/articles/-A-562299