Assessment of Major Reproductive Health Problems in Small Holder Dairy Farms in Essera District, Dawuro Zone, Southern Ethiopia

Abstract

The cross-sectional study was conducted from December 2015 to September 2016 at Essera Veterinary Clinic to identify the major reproductive health problems and its associated risk factors in local breed cows in Essera districts of Dawuro Zone. Out of the total 400 cows examined, 79(19.8%) were having at least one of the reproductive problems identified by clinical observation of individual cows. The major reproductive health problems identified in the present study were repeat breeding 36(9%), abortion 17(4.5%), dystocia 15(3.7%), retained fetal membrane 5(1.3%) and anoestrus 4(1%) and uterine prolapse 2(0.5%). The prevalence rate of major reproductive disorders increased from heifer to adult and older cows with prevalence of 8.2%, 22.9% and 29%, respectively. Age was highly significant (p = 0.005) on the prevalence of the major reproductive disorders. Parity number was statistically significant (p = 0.016) on the prevalence rate of the reproductive disorders and the effect increased progressively from primiparous to multiparous with prevalence of 8.4% and 26.9%, respectively. The effect of body condition on the prevalence rate of the major reproductive disorders decreased from good to poor animals with prevalence of 31.7% and 16.2%, respectively. Generally, body condition had highly significant effect ( p= 0.001) on the prevalence of the major reproductive disorders.

Authors and Affiliations

Keywords

Related Articles

In Vitro Callus Induction in Leaf Explants of Black Gram Varieties Grown Under In Situ UV-B Radiation

Callus induction was tried with leaf explants (third leaf from top of canopy) harvested from 30 DAS (days after seed germination) in situ control and supplementary UV-B irradiated (UV-B = 2 hours daily @ 12.2 kJ m -2 d...

Improving Banana Productivity: An Analysis of Socio-Economic Factors in Dilla and Surrounding Districts

Banana is one of the most important fruit crops grown in Ethiopia and it is mainly used as source of food and cash for human consumption, and purposes, banana leaves, and damaged banana fruits for animal feed despite th...

Comparative Analysis of the Profitability of Catfish, Tilapia and Carp Production in South-East Nigeria

The study compared the profitability of catfish, tilapia and carp production in South-East Nigeria. Three states, Anambra, Enugu and Ebonyi were randomly selected from the five states that make up the south-east geo-poli...

Newer Haemostats in Canine Practice

Systemic haemostatic agents play an important role in the management of blood loss during major surgery while a significant blood loss may take place; this intraoperative bleeding is controlled using standard surgical te...

Shallot Farming Performance in Java Indonesia

In order to develop shallot production in Indonesia, it is necessary to conduct research on farming performance of the commodity seen from the profit, feasibility, and the constraints of the production. The...

Download PDF file
  • EP ID EP390886
  • DOI -
  • Views 25
  • Downloads 0

How To Cite

(2016). Assessment of Major Reproductive Health Problems in Small Holder Dairy Farms in Essera District, Dawuro Zone, Southern Ethiopia. International Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, 4(4), 65-74. https://europub.co.uk/articles/-A-390886