Clinical profile of children with ventilator associated pneumonia

Journal Title: Medpulse International Journal of Pediatrics - Year 2018, Vol 7, Issue 2

Abstract

Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is the most common nosocomial infection in the intensive care unit and is associated with major morbidity and attributable mortality. Strategies to prevent VAP are likely to be successful only if based upon a sound understanding of pathogenesis and epidemiology. The major route for acquiring VAP is oropharyngeal colonization by the endogenous flora or by pathogens acquired exogenously from the intensive care unit environment, especially the hands or apparel of health-care workers, ontaminated respiratory equipment, hospital water, or air. All children who are admitted in PICU and mechanically ventilated for more than 48 hours as per definition in inclusion criteria are investigated clinically, radiologically and bacteriologically to determine presence of pneumonia and isolate causative microorganism. The study also considered the presence of comorbid conditions like CP, CHD, hematological disorders, SEIZURE disorders. Hundred and five (70%) patients had abnormal initial findings in Chest X ray, fresh (>48 hours of M/V) infiltrates in chest x ray were seen in 67(44.75%) patients. In present study sixty four (42.7%) patients developed VAP with similar percentage of male and female patients.

Authors and Affiliations

Shashikant 1, Manoj G M

Keywords

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  • EP ID EP414065
  • DOI -
  • Views 109
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How To Cite

Shashikant 1, Manoj G M (2018). Clinical profile of children with ventilator associated pneumonia. Medpulse International Journal of Pediatrics, 7(2), 42-46. https://europub.co.uk/articles/-A-414065