Clinical profile of children with ventilator associated pneumonia

Journal Title: Medpulse International Journal of Pediatrics - Year 2018, Vol 7, Issue 2


Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is the most common nosocomial infection in the intensive care unit and is associated with major morbidity and attributable mortality. Strategies to prevent VAP are likely to be successful only if based upon a sound understanding of pathogenesis and epidemiology. The major route for acquiring VAP is oropharyngeal colonization by the endogenous flora or by pathogens acquired exogenously from the intensive care unit environment, especially the hands or apparel of health-care workers, ontaminated respiratory equipment, hospital water, or air. All children who are admitted in PICU and mechanically ventilated for more than 48 hours as per definition in inclusion criteria are investigated clinically, radiologically and bacteriologically to determine presence of pneumonia and isolate causative microorganism. The study also considered the presence of comorbid conditions like CP, CHD, hematological disorders, SEIZURE disorders. Hundred and five (70%) patients had abnormal initial findings in Chest X ray, fresh (>48 hours of M/V) infiltrates in chest x ray were seen in 67(44.75%) patients. In present study sixty four (42.7%) patients developed VAP with similar percentage of male and female patients.

Authors and Affiliations

Shashikant 1, Manoj G M


Related Articles

A study of clinical profile and factors associated with acute respiratory infection in paediatric patients at tertiary health care centre

Background: Meconium Aspiration Syndrome (MAS) is defined as development of respiratory distress in newborns soon after birth, which have got radiological evidence of aspiration pneumonitis along with meconium staining o...

A study of clinical profile and etiology of status epilepticus in children at tertiary health care centre

Background: Status epilepticus happens when a seizure continues for a long time (more than half an hour), or when a child has several seizures without time to recover between them. Rapid treatment for status epilepticus...

Clinical profile of children with down syndrome with special reference to thyroid hormone levels

Background: Down syndrome (DS) results from trisomy of chromosome 21. Down syndrome produces a typical phenotype that includes a characteristic mongoloid facies, mental retardation and hypotonia, and is often associated...

A study of clinico-demographic profile and factors associated with the patients of measles at tertiary health care center

Background: After Eliminating Polio from county our next Aim toward Measles. Measles, also known as rubeola, Measles is a highly infectious but preventable disease with potential for eradication but is still responsible...

Clinical profile of neonates with jaundice: A descriptive study

Ensuring a safe level of serum bilirubin and brain damage prevention is the primary aim of the treatment. Reduction of serum bilirubin levels and prevention of neurotoxicity can be achieved by phototherapy, exchange tran...

Download PDF file
  • EP ID EP414065
  • DOI -
  • Views 109
  • Downloads 0

How To Cite

Shashikant 1, Manoj G M (2018). Clinical profile of children with ventilator associated pneumonia. Medpulse International Journal of Pediatrics, 7(2), 42-46.