Contact with poultry and animals increases risk of Campylobacter infections in adults of Ardabil province, Iran

Journal Title: Universa Medicina - Year 2017, Vol 36, Issue 1


Background The acute gastroenteritis caused by campylobacteriosis is known as one of the common infectious diseases with worldwide distribution. The aim of this study was to detect Campylobacter species in stool samples by routine culturing and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and explore the risk factors in adult subjects in East Azerbaijan province of Iran. Methods A cross sectional study involving 1010 adult subjects, from whom stool samples were collected. Samples with inflammatory criteria like fecal leukocytes (WBC ³5) were selected and isolated through fecal lactoferrin detection test. The WBC ³5 and lactoferrin positive samples were selected for Campylobacter detection by culture and PCR methods. The required information consisting of gender, age, place of habitation, and contact with poultry and animals were asked and recorded. Chi-square test and prevalence ratio (PR) was used to analyze the data. Results Of 1010 stool samples, 231 (22.9 %) had WBC ³5, and from these samples 58 (25.1%) were positive by culturing and 61 (26.4 %) by PCR. Subjects having habitual contact with animals and poultry had increased risk of Campylobacter infections by 1.65 times compared with subjects without contact with animals and poultry (PR=1.65; 95% CI:1.07-2.68). Conclusions Detection of Campylobacter infections by PCR was more sensitive in adults. Investigation of Campylobacter prevalence in Ardabil showed this bacterium should be viewed as one of the possible pathogens in inflammatory diarrheal cases. People having habitual contact with animals should check the health of the animals regularly and not consume food from suspected sources.

Authors and Affiliations

Reza Ranjbar, Daryoush Babazadeh


Related Articles

Tumor necrosis factor-α-activated mesenchymal stem cells accelerate wound healing through vascular endothelial growth factor regulation in rats

Background Wounds are areas of physical or thermal damage of the epithelial layer of skin or mucosa. The wound healing process consists of hemostasis, inflammation, proliferation, and remodeling. Mesenchymal stem cells (...

Zinc deficiency as risk factor for stunting among children aged 2-5 years

Background Stunting is a nutritional problem in the form of linear growth disturbance caused by low intake of macro- and micronutrients. The prevalence of stunting in children aged 2-5 years in Semarang is higher in wel...

Habit of cooking pork on hot stones as main risk of cysticercosis

Background Cysticercosis is an infectious disease caused by the larval form of Taenia solium (cysticercus cellulosae) and has been ranked as the most important food-borne parasite of humans in terms of public health, soc...

Catechins decrease neurological severity score through apoptosis and neurotropic factor pathway in rat traumatic brain injury

BACKGROUND Catechins inhibits apoptosis through anti oxidant and anti inflamation pathway. Catechins also increases brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). There was a few research that explained the role of catechins...

Motorcycle accident injuries are more severe than other land transportation injuries

Background Injuries due to traffic accidents are the leading cause of death and disability, especially in developing countries. The proportion of injuries in Indonesia tends to increase. The cause of the injury is domina...

Download PDF file
  • EP ID EP383188
  • DOI 10.18051/UnivMed.2017.v36.59-67
  • Views 144
  • Downloads 0

How To Cite

Reza Ranjbar, Daryoush Babazadeh (2017). Contact with poultry and animals increases risk of Campylobacter infections in adults of Ardabil province, Iran. Universa Medicina, 36(1), 59-67.