Feeding practices and immunization status among children with severe acute malnutrition: Findings of a single center observational study

Journal Title: Medpulse International Journal of Pediatrics - Year 2017, Vol 4, Issue 2

Abstract

Objective: To describe the pattern of feeding practices among children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) Material and Methods: This was an observational study among hospitalized children between six month to five years of age. Children were eligible for inclusion in the study if they fulfilled any one of the following criteria; weight for height/length Z score < -3SD, mid upper arm circumference <115 mm, presence of bilateral pitting edema of nutritional origin or severe visible wasting. Pattern of feeding practices in children with SAM was recorded. Results: Thirty eight children with mean age of 24.86 (±13.3) months out of 2751 had SAM. Breastfeeding was initiated within one hour in 55.2% children with SAM whereas in 34.20% it was initiated after one hour. A total of 5.3% children were not breast fed at all. The percentage of children receiving exclusive breastfeeding, mixed feeding or replacement feed during first six month were 47.4%, 42.1% and 10.5% respectively. Out of 38 children, 21.1% were bottle fed. Diarrhea was present in 62.5% of bottle fed children. Complementary feeds were initiated before six months in 52.7% children with SAM and immunization status at the time of admission was complete only in 50% children. Conclusion: Feeding practices and immunization in children are potentially modifiable factor which play an important role in the development of severe malnutrition in children. Parents should be educated about the correct feeding practices and importance of immunization to avoid complications in the children below five years of age.

Authors and Affiliations

Uday Gajare, Shivprasad Kachrulal Mundada, Suresh Narayan Singh

Keywords

Related Articles

A Study of Laboratory profile of the patients undergoing upper GI endoscopy at tertiary health care centre

Background: An endoscopy (looking inside) is used in medicine to look inside the body.1The endoscopy procedure uses an endoscope to examine the interior of a hollow organ or cavity of the body. Aims and Objectives: To St...

A study on effect of nutritional variables in children with iron deficiency anemia in south Indian population

Background:Iron Deficiency (ID) is the most prevalent nutritional disorder in the world. The prevalence of Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA) is about 9% in toddlers, 9-11% in adolescent girls and less than 1% in teenage boys....

Study of undernutrition and its risk factors using mid upper arm circumference (MUAC) in children aged 6 months to 59 months admitted in paediatric ward

Aim: Study the undernutrition using MUAC in children aged 6 months to 59 months admitted in Paediatric Ward. Objectives: 1. To classify undernutrition using WHO guidelines of MUAC. 2. To find out the possible risk factor...

Correlation of mucocutaenous manifestations of HIV infection with the degree of immunosupression in children

Background: Skin is commonly involved in HIV infection. Dermatological manifestations in HIV patients tend to be more severe, may manifest atypically, are often resistant to treatment, and tend to have a high rate of rec...

A study of serum zinc of neonates and their mothers

Background: Zinc is one of the essential trace metals required for optimal growth and development. Its importance in fetal nutrition and growth has been increasingly recognized. Zinc is a trace element necessary for norm...

Download PDF file
  • EP ID EP260270
  • DOI -
  • Views 169
  • Downloads 0

How To Cite

Uday Gajare, Shivprasad Kachrulal Mundada, Suresh Narayan Singh (2017). Feeding practices and immunization status among children with severe acute malnutrition: Findings of a single center observational study. Medpulse International Journal of Pediatrics, 4(2), 24-27. https://europub.co.uk/articles/-A-260270