Gastrointestinal Amyloidosis: An Unusual Case Where Protein-Losing Enteropathy is Associated to Malabsorption

Journal Title: Archives of Clinical Gastroenterology - Year 2016, Vol 2, Issue 2

Abstract

Introduction: The systemic amyloidosis usually doesn’t save the digestive tract, but this involvement is present in approximately 60% of patients with AA Amyloidosis and only in 8% and 1% of patients with AL Amyloidosis (respectively through biopsy and clinically). Beside gastrointestinal involvement is rarely symptomatic and clinical events are not specific. Enteropathy protein-losing is a rare condition caused by excessive loss of serum protein in the gastrointestinal tract, resulting in hypoproteinaemia, edema, and, sometimes, pleural/pericardial effusions. The diagnosis should be taken into account only when other causes have been excluded. Gastrointestinal AL amyloidosis usually appears with constipation and mechanical obstruction/pseudobstruction, on the contrary enteropathy protein-losing and malabsorption are rare. Case report: We report the case of a 59-year -old patient, with AL amyloidosis, who suffered from weight loss and ascites effusion related to an AL amyloidosis. Discussion: The case is unusual, both because of the extension in the gastrointestinal tract and for its unusual clinical presentation as enteropathy protein-losing associated with malabsorption.

Authors and Affiliations

Daniela Tirotta, Vittorio Durante

Keywords

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  • EP ID EP325507
  • DOI 10.17352/2455-2283.000020
  • Views 30
  • Downloads 0

How To Cite

Daniela Tirotta, Vittorio Durante (2016). Gastrointestinal Amyloidosis: An Unusual Case Where Protein-Losing Enteropathy is Associated to Malabsorption. Archives of Clinical Gastroenterology, 2(2), 50-52. https://europub.co.uk/articles/-A-325507