Scientific Journal of Zoology

Scientific Journal of Zoology

Basic info

  • Publisher: Sjournals
  • Country of publisher: iran, islamic republic of
  • Platform/Host/Aggregator: Sjournals
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2017/Feb/20

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Biological Sciences, Animal Behavior, Biochemistry, Parasitology, Ecology, Physiology
  • Publisher's keywords: Animal Sciences, Ecology, Biological Sciences
  • Language of fulltext: english
  • Time from submission to publication: 3 weeks

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): Yes, 100 EUR
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? Yes

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: Other
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2012
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? True
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? True

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: DOI
  • Content digitally archived in: LOCKSS
  • Deposit policy registered in: None

This journal has '48' articles

Preliminary survey of avifauna around wind farm of Jangi region, Kutch District, Gujarat, India

Preliminary survey of avifauna around wind farm of Jangi region, Kutch District, Gujarat, India

Authors: A.M. Samsoor Ali*| Division of Environmental Impact Assessment, Sálim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History (SACON), Anaikatty, Coimbatore- 6...
Year: 2012, Volume: 1, Number: 1
(40 downloads)
Abstract

A total of 139 species of birds belonging to 45 families were recorded in the study area from September 2011 to July 2012. 67 species of these were residents, 28 were residents and local migrants, 22 were residents and winter migrants, 17 were winter migrants and 5 species were winter migrants as well as passage migrants. The order Passeriformes was highest in dominance followed by Charadriiformes, Ciconiiformes, Coraciiformes and Anseriformes. Among the bird species recorded the Darter (Anhinga melanogaster), Painted Stork (Mycteria leucocephala), Oriental White Ibis (Threskiornis melanocephalus), Lesser Flamingo (Phoenicopterus minor), Black-tailed Godwit (Limosa limosa), Eurasian Curlew (Numenius arquata), Black-bellied Tern (Sterna acuticauda) and European Roller (Coracias garrulous) are Near Threatened species (IUCN 2011).

Keywords: Avifauna, India, Kutch, Migrants, Near threatened, Residents
A biometric study of the digestive tract of one-humped camel (camelus dromedarius) fetuses

A biometric study of the digestive tract of one-humped camel (camelus dromedarius) fetuses

Authors: A. Bello*| Department of Veterinary Anatomy, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria., B.I. Onyeanusi| Department of Veterinary Anatomy, Ahmadu B...
Year: 2012, Volume: 1, Number: 1
(40 downloads)
Abstract

A Biometrical study was conducted on the digestive tract of 35 foetuses of the one-humped camel collected from the Sokoto metropolitan abattoir, over a period of five months at different gestational ages. The approximate age of the foetuses was estimated from the crown vertebral rump length (CVRL) and samples were categorised into first, second and third trimester. The mean body weight of the foetus at first, second third trimester ranged from 1.40 ± 0.06 kg, 6.10 ± 0.05 kg and 17.87 ± 0.6 kg respectively. The mean weights of the entire digestive system at first, second and third trimester were 0.80 ± 0.07 kg, 2.13 ± 0.04 kg and 4.86 ± 0.08 kg respectively. The mean weights of the digestive tract at first, second and third trimester were 0.53 ± 0.07 kg, 1.03 ± 0.05 and 2.43 ± 0.07 kg respectively. The small intestine at first trimester were found not to have any clear demarcation to show duodenum, jejunum and ileum; the entire small intestine was found to be 76.00 ± 3.00 cm at first trimester and showed clear demarcation at second and third trimesters.. The mean volumes of the entire stomach (rumen, reticular and abomasum) ranged from 136.67 ± 8.30 cm3 at first trimester to 353.33 ± 6.50 cm3 at third trimester. It was observed that there was increase in body weight, organ weight and individual segment of the digestive tract of the fetuses with advancement in gestation period. A geometrical increase in length and diameter of the various segments of the digestive tract showed a significant difference (P≤ 0.05) with advancement in gestational period.

Keywords: Biometry, Camel, Digestive tract, Fetus, Prenatal development
Comparative weight assessment of some visceral organs in adult pigeon (columbia livia) and Japanese quail (coturnix japonica)

Comparative weight assessment of some visceral organs in adult pigeon (columbia livia) and Japanese quail (coturnix japonica)

Authors: S.A. Hena*| Department of Veterinary Anatomy, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria, M.L. Sonfada| Department o...
Year: 2012, Volume: 1, Number: 1
(41 downloads)
Abstract

The work was aimed at comparative assessment of the weights of the heart, liver and lungs in both pigeon and quail and comparism made. In the course of this study twenty birds were used comprsing of ten quails and ten pigeons. The mean weights of the heart in the quail and pigeon were 2.38±0.25g and 2.95±0.22g respectively, this was not statistically significant (P>0.05). Statistical significant differences (P<0.05) was observed for in the liver of the quail and pigeon with a mean weights of 4.53±0.29g and 5.96±0.44g respectively. The lungs from quail and pigeon had their mean weights as 1.83±0.30g and 3.80±0.52g respectively, this was considered significant (P<0.05). The knowledge of the weights of these organs may be useful in giving insight into their anatomical and physiological adaptation which consequently could be useful in breeding programmes or as models for feed formulation and nutrient trials. The baseline data will be valuable for further pharmacological and nutritional investigations involving these organs in the two bird types.

Keywords: Comparative, Weight, Organs, Pigeon, Quail
A concomitant case of unilateral renal agenesis and unihorn uterus in a balb/c mouse

A concomitant case of unilateral renal agenesis and unihorn uterus in a balb/c mouse

Authors: L.G. Devi| Department of Pathology, AIIMS, New Delhi, India, N.D. Singh*| Department of Veterinary-Pathology, COVS, GADVASU, Ludhiana, H.S. Banga| Dep...
Year: 2012, Volume: 1, Number: 1
(44 downloads)
Abstract

A case of unilateral renal agenesis and unihorn uterus in BalbB/C mice is discussed here. The post mortem examination conducted on naturally dead mice revealed absence of left kidney, ureter and left uterine horn which is rare condition in BalbB/C mice. Microscopically kidney, ureter and uterus did not show any significant histopathological alterations. Different etiologies might be related to such nonlethal genetic defect resulting in abnormal organogenesis.

Keywords: Mice, Kidney, Ureter, Uterine horn
Prevalence of gastrointestinal round worms in calves in Sokoto, northwestern, Nigeria

Prevalence of gastrointestinal round worms in calves in Sokoto, northwestern, Nigeria

Authors: A. Mahmuda*| Department of Parasitology and Entomology,Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, P.M.B. 2346, Sokoto, Nigeria., Y....
Year: 2012, Volume: 1, Number: 2
(42 downloads)
Abstract

An investigation to determine the prevalence and distribution of gastrointestinal roundworms in calves in Sokoto metropolis was carried out. A total of 216 faecal samples from calves were examined using Modified McMaster technique for morphological egg differentiation and count of worm-egg per gram of faeces of the sampled calves. Positive samples were cultured to differentiate between morphologically indistinguishable nematode genera. An overall prevalence was found to be 133 (61.57%). Eight different nematode genera were identified with Cooperia spp being highest in prevalence (28.78%) followed by Haemonchus spp (26.76%) and the least was Toxocara spp (0.50%). The prevalence was generally higher in females (56.39%) than in males (43.61%).

Keywords: Prevalence, Gastrointestinal, Roundworm, Calves, Sokoto, Northwestern
Morphometric analysis of the reproductive system of African zebu cattle

Morphometric analysis of the reproductive system of African zebu cattle

Authors: A. Bello*| Department of Veterinary Anatomy,College of Agriculture, Hassan Usman Katsina Polytechnic, Katsina -Nigeria., Y.A. Adamu| Department of Vet...
Year: 2012, Volume: 1, Number: 2
(40 downloads)
Abstract

A study was carried out on the morphometry of reproductive genitalia of 45 African Zebu cattle (AZC) using standard laboratory procedure, with special reference to heifers and cows. The overall mean weight of the genitalia of heifers and cows were 0.43 +0.03 kg and 0.79 + 0.02 kg respectively. The mean ovarian weights of the heifer from left and right were 3.80 +0.12g and 4.88 +0.04g; that of the cows were 3.53 +0.10g and 5.48 +0.04g respectively. The mean length of the cow oviduct from left and right was 30.04 +0.08 cm and 30.21 + 0.07 cm; that of the heifer was 21.68 + 0.18 cm and 22.14 + 0.16 cm respectively. There was no significant difference in the diameter of the oviduct and between the right and left length of the oviduct (P > 0.05). The length and diameter of the cervix of heifer were 7.38 + 0.10 cm and 3.18 + 0.07 cm; and that of the cows were 8.08 + 0.04 cm and 3.48 + 0.02 cm respectively. It was observed that the ovaries of cows were significantly greater in weight than those of the heifers (P<0.05). This study provides a baseline for our indigenous breed of African Zebu Cattles in the North-east zone of Nigeria.

Keywords: Biometry, Cattle, Heifer, Reproductive system, Zebu
Postmortem procedure and diagnostic avian pathology

Postmortem procedure and diagnostic avian pathology

Authors: A. Bello*| Department of Veterinary Anatomy,Sokoto state Polytechnic,Sokoto, Nigeria., M.A. Umaru| Department of veterinary Animal production and Ther...
Year: 2012, Volume: 1, Number: 3
(43 downloads)
Abstract

This review paper will highlight the basic systematic procedures involve from submission of carcass for the investigation of disease to diagnosis and will serve as a guide to veterinarians (anatomist and pathologist) on postmortem proceedures in clinical practice.

Keywords: Avian, Diagonostic, Pathology, Postmortem procedure
Breeding biology of pond heron in Kerala, south India

Breeding biology of pond heron in Kerala, south India

Authors: K. Seedikkoya*| Department of Zoology, MES College, Mampad, Malappuram, Kerala., P.A. Azeez| bEIA Division, SACON, Anaikatty, Coimbatore., E.A. Abdul-...
Year: 2012, Volume: 1, Number: 3
(47 downloads)
Abstract

Regular intensive investigations to locate nesting colonies of Pond Heron were carried out during early monsoon of 1999 up to 2002. For detailed study a few breeding colonies were selected. The nesting trees, nest characteristics, eggs characteristics, incubation, hatching and hatchlings were documented.

Keywords: Indian pond heron, Ardeola grayii, Nest materials, Clutch size, Hatching success
The Large-Bodied hominoids of the Himalayas

The Large-Bodied hominoids of the Himalayas

Authors: M. Trachtengerts*| Seminar on Hominology at State Darwin Museum, Moscow, Russia.
Year: 2012, Volume: 1, Number: 3
(44 downloads)
Abstract

The review of available data concerning to large-bodied hominoids detected in the Himalayas is presented. They are mainly footprints (photographs by E.Shipton and M.Ward, P.Bordet, F.Smythe, and A.Woodridge) and also narration of one remote observation. It is shown that on the whole these data reveal basic features of the undefined creature, most probably humanlike primate, and allow describing it as a separate species. One of its features is unusual four-toed foot with two strong toes and two small toes. A taxonomic name for this hominoid is proposed ¾ Homo pardigitatus sp. nov. ("That has paired toes").

Keywords: Hominoid, Himalayas, New species, Humanlike primate
Predicting solubility index of roller dried goat whole milk powder using Bayesian regularization ANN models

Predicting solubility index of roller dried goat whole milk powder using Bayesian regularization ANN models

Authors: S. Goyal*| National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal -132001, India., G.K. Goyal| National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal -132001, India.
Year: 2012, Volume: 1, Number: 3
(46 downloads)
Abstract

A predictive model for predicting solubility index of roller dried goat whole milk powder using artificial neural network is proposed. The model takes into account solubility index of the product as a function of roller dried goat milk. Feedforward networks with one hidden layer were used with Bayesian regularization algorithm. The best fitting with the training data set was obtained with 4à5à1 topology, which made possible to predict solubility index of roller dried goat whole milk powder with accuracy, at least as good as the experimental error, over the whole experimental range. On the validation data set, simulations and experimental kinetics test were in good agreement. The developed model can be used for predicting solubility index of roller dried goat whole milk powder.

Keywords: Solubility index, Artificial neural network, Bayesian regularization algorithm, Goat, Milk powder
Survey of poultry diseases among exotic breeds of poultry in Katsina metropolis, Katsina state, Nigeria

Survey of poultry diseases among exotic breeds of poultry in Katsina metropolis, Katsina state, Nigeria

Authors: S. Ukashatu*| Department of Animal Health and Production Technology, Hassan Usman Katsina Polytechnic Katsina state, Nigeria., A.S. Magaji| Department...
Year: 2012, Volume: 1, Number: 3
(47 downloads)
Abstract

A survey of some predominant poultry (exotic breeds) diseases was carried out in Katsina metropolis, Katsina state, Nigeria using an oral interview and a close ended questionnaire which was issued to 30 selected Poultry Farm Owners within the study area after a thorough consultation of the records at the State Veterinary Clinic.

Keywords: Diseases, Katsina Metropolis, Nigeria, Poultry, Survey
Ectoparasites and haemoparasites of chickens in sokoto, northwestern Nigeria

Ectoparasites and haemoparasites of chickens in sokoto, northwestern Nigeria

Authors: M. Usman*| Department of Parasitology and Entomology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, P.M.B. 2346, Sokoto-Nigeria., J.P....
Year: 2012, Volume: 1, Number: 3
(42 downloads)
Abstract

A study to determine the prevalence of ecto and haemoparasites of chickens was carried out in Sokoto metropolis between April and August 2010. A total of 200 adult chickens from 2 different production systems (commercial and free range) were sampled. Thin blood smear was used to analyse the blood sample while the ectoparasites recovered were properly examined. All chickens from the free range production system were infested with ectoparasites and 12% had haemoparasites. Only 50% of the chickens in the commercial system had ectoparasites. One tick, five lice and one species of haemoparasite were identified with the following prevalences (free range %/commercial %): Tick; Argas persicus (66/0); Lice; Amyrsidea powelli (50/0), Goniocotes gallinae (74/16), Goniodes gigas (56/16), Lipeurus tropicalis (94/34), Menacanthus cornutus (100/50) and haemoparasite; Plasmodium gallinaceum (12/0). In general, the occurrence of the parasites was significantly influenced by production system being significantly higher in the free range system than the commercial system of production (p< 0.0001).

Keywords: Ectoparasites, Haemoparasites, Chickens
Schistosomus reflexus in a red Sokoto doe

Schistosomus reflexus in a red Sokoto doe

Authors: A. Bello*| Department of Veterinary Anatomy, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria., M.L. Sonfada| Department of Veterinary Anatomy, Usmanu Dan...
Year: 2012, Volume: 1, Number: 4
(41 downloads)
Abstract

Dystocia was observed in a primiparous One year old Red Sokoto Doe and was relieved manually, the fetus was observed to be monstrous and gross pathological examination showed; cleft sternum, scoliosis, abdominal and thoracic evisceration, absence of diaphragm, pulmonary hypoplasia, malpositioned kidney and heart, spinal inversion and limb ankylosis. The digestive, respiratory, cardiovascular, urogenital and skeletal system anomalies were observed in this report. Many of the malformations and malpositioning have been previously reported. The above clinical findings suggest Schistosomus Reflexus.

Keywords: Schistosomus reflexus, Reproductive problem, Red Sokoto Goat
A study of the biometric of the reproductive tract of the one-humped camel (Camelus dromedarius) in northern Nigeria

A study of the biometric of the reproductive tract of the one-humped camel (Camelus dromedarius) in northern Nigeria

Authors: M.A Umaru*| Department of Veterinary Theriogenology and Animal Production, Sokoto, Nigeria., A. Bello| Department of Veterinary Anatomy Usmanu Danfodi...
Year: 2012, Volume: 1, Number: 5
(44 downloads)
Abstract

A Biometric study was conducted on the female reproductive tract of Eight-five (85) one-humped adult non-pregnant camel collected from the Sokoto metropolitan abattoir, over a period of two months. A pair of scissors, a scalpel and a blade was used to incise, excise, separate or debride various segments of the reproductive tract for measurements. The mean dimension of the left and right ovaries in the adult non-pregnant animal is 3.18 ± 0.78cm and 2.96 ± 0.61cm length, 2.23 + 0.50cm and 1.89 ± 0.35cm breadths, 1.12 ± 0.19cm and 0.94 ± 0.18cm thicknesses and 4.13 ± 0.63g and 3.00 ± 0.61g weight respectively. The mean dimension of the left and right uterine horn is 9.86 ±1.38cm and 6.56 ± 0.9cm length and 4.43 ±2.48cm and 3.39 ± 0.7cm diameter respectively. The mean dimensions of corpus uteri are 9.59 ± 2.27cm in length and 4.94 ± 0.56cm width. The mean dimension of the cervix ranging from the external os to the internal os is 4.92 ± 1.06cm; and that of the vagina is 27.5 ± 5.30cm in is length and 1.35 ± 1.37cm diameter. It was concluded that the mean values obtained in this study were essentially in agreement with a considerable number of similar studies. However, a number of differences have also been observed which was attributed to specie and ecotype differences.

Keywords: Biometry, Camel, Non-pregnant, Reproductive tract, Northern Nigeria
Oestrus Synchronization using Cloprostenol in Red Sokoto Doe (RSD) in Sokoto

Oestrus Synchronization using Cloprostenol in Red Sokoto Doe (RSD) in Sokoto

Authors: M.A. Umaru*| Department of Theriogenology and Animal Production., H.S. Garba| Department of Veterinary Medicine., J.B. Adeyanju| Department of Veterin...
Year: 2012, Volume: 1, Number: 5
(39 downloads)
Abstract

A dose determination study for the prostaglandin analogue cloprostenol was conducted in the Red Sokoto Does (RSD). 24 RSD were divided into four groups of 6 animals, the first group is the untreated control receiving 0µg of the cloprostenol. The second, third and fourth groups were given 50µg, 75 µg and 100 µg of the drug respectively. No oestrus response was observed in the control. All the animals in group 2, 3 and 4 were seen to come on heat between the 48th and 96th hour after the second injection, all the Does in these groups manifested heat (100% response). The study demonstrates that 50µg, 75µg and 100µg of cloprostenol are effective doses for synchronization of oestrus in the RSD. These findings were discussed in the paper.

Keywords: Cloprostenol, Oestrus synchronization, Red Sokoto Doe

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