International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences

International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences

Basic info

  • Publisher: Science Explorer Publications
  • Country of publisher: united kingdom
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2017/May/14

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Public Health and Community Medicine
  • Publisher's keywords: Health
  • Language of fulltext: english

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): No
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Editorial information

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: CC BY
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2010
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: None
  • Content digitally archived in: LOCKSS, CLOCKSS
  • Deposit policy registered in: None

This journal has '2581' articles

A Comparative Investigation of the Effect of Political Dowry Phenomenon on Knowledge Management Strategy among the Selected Managers of Governmental and Private Organizations

A Comparative Investigation of the Effect of Political Dowry Phenomenon on Knowledge Management Strategy among the Selected Managers of Governmental and Private Organizations

Authors: Hussein Shakerzadeh| Master in Strategic Management, Islamic Azad University, Executive Management Department, Yasouj Branch, Yasouj, Iran, Mehrdad Ha...
( 35 downloads)
Abstract

The aim of this study was a comparative investigation of the effect of political dowry phenomenon on knowledge management strategies in the governmental and private organizations. The statistic community of the study was 971 managers of governmental and private organizations from Boushehr Province, Iran. Using the Cochran formula, the statistical sample volume, which included 276 people, was selected by the simple stochastic sampling. The research tool in this study was the questionnaire, and based on the Cronbach`s alfa, its reliability was calculated to be 0.94 for the knowledge management questionnaire and 0.87 for the political dowry questionnaire, and its validity on the basis of content validity was confirmed by the professional professor viewpoints. The SAS and SPSS software were used for analyzing the data obtained from the questionnaire. In order to determine the relation between the phenomenon of political dowry and knowledge management strategies, the structural equations were used. The results of the study showed that the phenomenon of political dowry had positive effect in respect of political aspect, and it had negative effect in respect of organizational aspect. Moreover, if the managers use more knowledge management strategies (man-oriented strategies or system-oriented strategies) in their organizations, they will be more influenced by the phenomenon. Therefore, the influence level has less effect on governmental organizations than private organizations.

Keywords: Political Dowry Phenomenon, Knowledge Management, Knowledge Management Strategies, Man-oriented Strategies, System-oriented Strategies
The Study of carotid artery atherosclerosis Prevalence on Panoramic Radiography and Its Related Factors for smokers Admitted in Private Clinic

The Study of carotid artery atherosclerosis Prevalence on Panoramic Radiography and Its Related Factors for smokers Admitted in Private Clinic

Authors: Golnaz Malihi| Post-Gradute Student,Department of Pediatric Dentistry,Faculty of Dentistry ,Mashhad University of Medical sciences,Mashhad , Iran. ema...
( 35 downloads)
Abstract

The survey is descriptive and the society under study were smokers between the ages of 50 – 80 admitted to private clinic for panoramic radiography. The sampling method is purposive performed on 85 patients. Further, the selected variables were qualitative and quantitative and chi-square test (chi-square) and Fisher's exact test were considered for statistical analysis. In this survey, it was found that carotid artery atherosclerosis prevalence was 38.8 percent which meant that the inflicted were not at higher risk in terms of gender, diabetes, high cholesterol and high triglycerides yet faced 3.5 times more the amount with higher blood pressure in comparison with non-afflicted (OR-3.5) also obesity was statistically shown significantly in correlation with atherosclerosis (OR-2.2). In addition, atherosclerosis inflicted were 3.9 times more in exposure in comparison with non-afflicted since these smoked more than 20 cigarettes per day; those who had smoked more than 27 years were 4.3 times more in exposure as compared to non-afflicted. The obtained results indicated that smokers were at higher risk of carotid artery atherosclerosis prevalence based on panoramic radiography. The dentists were to accurately study smoker patients radiography, identify them and refer these to specialists so that in case necessary take therapy measures.

Keywords: carotid artery atherosclerosis, panoramic radiography and smokers
The Relationship between Knowledge Management and Financial Performance of Iranian Privatized Companies after Application of Article 44 of the Constitution Compared with Governmental Companies

The Relationship between Knowledge Management and Financial Performance of Iranian Privatized Companies after Application of Article 44 of the Constitution Compared with Governmental Companies

Authors: Fatemeh Mosavi Khaledi *| Department of Management, Electronic Branch (E-Campus), Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran, email: [email protected], A...
( 35 downloads)
Abstract

In this study, it has been tried to provide a suitable model for financial performance of the companies which subcontracted to the private sector and the role of knowledge management in their performances. In this research, the parameters of knowledge management for 10 companies subjecting to Article 44 of the Constitution, before and after the privatization are obtained using a questionnaire and descriptive method. Then, the parameters of financial performances including four ratios of liquidity, profitability, activity and leverage for these companies were analyzed for 3 years before and after privatization. The results showed that the privatization of companies subjecting to Article 44 of the constitution had significant effects on their usage of knowledge management, so that the majority of knowledge management parameters for privatized companies subjecting to Article 44 of the Constitution have been improved. On the other hand, the results obtained from analysis of the company's financial documents showed that most of the parameters which are utilized to evaluate the financial performance have improved for these companies after privatization. It can be concluded that the usage of knowledge management in private-sector companies has been significantly improved their financial ratios.

Keywords: Article 44 of the Constitution, financial performance, knowledge management, privatization process
The Option in Meeting Place in Sale

The Option in Meeting Place in Sale

Authors: Zabih Motaharikhah*| Department of Jurisprudence and the Fundaments of Islamic Law, Toyserkan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Toyserkan, Iran, email:...
( 34 downloads)
Abstract

Option means the authority to change or terminate the contract and refraining from signing the contract. Some of these options are dealt with transactions including option of place. Option is a legal means for an equal justice to take place and to prevent illegal deeds. In dealing with the legitimacy of option of place there are some narrations. Imam Sadegh (AS) says: there are two options when a person sells something to another one as long as the two are not separated. When the two parties of the transaction are separated, the transaction would be necessary. In telephone transactions, the option of place is fixed as long as the two parties are talking on the phone and the place of transaction is not changed and the option of place would be terminated after the telephone conversation. The option of place would be terminated in four cases: 1. The option of fall 2. The cancellation of option after conclusion, and the two parties say: we cancelled the option of place 3. The departing of either party 4. Capture

Keywords: null
Article on a Jurisprudential Survey of the Pledge as the Most Important Security for Obligation to Pay

Article on a Jurisprudential Survey of the Pledge as the Most Important Security for Obligation to Pay

Authors: Zabih Motaharikhah *| Department of Jurisprudence and the Fundaments of Islamic Law, Toyserkan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Toyserkan, Iran, email...
( 35 downloads)
Abstract

The pledge belongs to the category of loan, obligation to pay, in jurisprudential terminology obligation to pay refers to a general property which forms an obligation upon a person. The pledge is the security of the religion. The pledge is characterized as:a. Consequential. b. Revocable by the mortgagee. c. Being entered into possession of the mortgagee. d. Informality. The basic of acceptability of the pledge are Quran, narratives and consensus. The pledge is done according to some conditions: intention and permission of the transaction parties, property nature of the object of the transaction, the capacity of the parties, specified nature of the object of the transaction, the object of pledge must be a property being entered into possession of the mortgagor, the object of pledge must be a property its possession is possible, and the right of forming the obligation must be established.

Keywords: null
labor pricess Satisfaction and Laceration Rates among Nulliparous Women

labor pricess Satisfaction and Laceration Rates among Nulliparous Women

Authors: Sara Azima| M.Sc., Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran, email: [email protected]
( 37 downloads)
Abstract

Background and objective: Labor pain is an inevitable part of the process of labor This study aimed to investigate the effect of Cold therapy on Delivery Satisfaction of Nulliparous Women. Method: The present study was performed on 70 nulliparous women.. The satisfaction level of the person with the labor process was measured 2 h after the delivery by Mckey’s standard questionnaire. Also, the intensity of birth canal tearing and frequency of episiotomy were measured in both groups. In order to compare qualitative variables between groups, chi-square test was used. Given the significant level of p <0.05 was considered significant. And the software SPSS ver.17 was used for analysis. Results: The difference between the two groups was not statistically significant rate of satisfaction with the delivery process ((p = 0.239). No significant difference was observed between birth canal tearing in both test and control groups (p=0.335). Conclusion: companionship of mothers during delivery is still one of the most important effective factors for women’s satisfaction with their labor.

Keywords: labor, Nulliparous, Episiotomy, Satisfaction, Laceration
Design of NARMA L-2 Control of Nonlinear Inverted Pendulum

Design of NARMA L-2 Control of Nonlinear Inverted Pendulum

Authors: Mehdi Ramezani| Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Tafresh, Tafresh, Iran., Mahmood Mohseni Motlagh*| Department of Electrical Engine...
( 38 downloads)
Abstract

An inverted pendulum is a pendulum which has its center of mass above its pivot point. It is usually applied with the pivot point mounted on a cart that can move horizontally and may be called a cart and pole. The inverted pendulum problem is one of the classic and commonly used problem in the control engineering field. In this paper a nonlinear technique based on NARMA L2 neuro-controller is applied to control a nonlinear inverted pendulum. Inverted pendulum is oscillated from its unaffected position and stabilized at the desired position. The presented NARMA L2 controller is first trained to eliminate both the nonlinearity and dynamic of the inverted pendulum. Then, it is used as a controller. Thie proposed method is successfully applied to control the inverted pendulum. Matlab is used to simulate and analysis the performance of the control schemes. The simulation results shows the advantage of the proposed NARMA L2 method.

Keywords: Inverted pendulum, Nonlinear system, Narma L2 controller, Neural network
Evaluation of abdominal and general obesity in postmenopausal women with good and poor sleep quality: a case-control study

Evaluation of abdominal and general obesity in postmenopausal women with good and poor sleep quality: a case-control study

Authors: Mozhdeh soleymanzadeh khayat| Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences,...
( 39 downloads)
Abstract

Background: good sleep quality is an important factor for quality of life and wellbeing. Obesity could be associated with poor sleep quality. we aimed to investigate the relationship between sleep quality and different measures of obesity (general obesity, abdominal obesity) in postmenopausal women. Methods: In this case-control study, we selected 200 postmenopausal women, aged 50-60, from several health centers of Tehran. Self-reported information on socio-demographic characteristics was completed for all participants. The data regarding the sleep quality was collected by using Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) questionnaire. Anthropometric measurements including weight, height, and waist and hip circumferences were obtained from all subjects. The chi-square test was utilized to compare the qualitative variables. Independent sample t-test and Mann-Whitney test was used to compare the quantitative variables between the case and control groups. Univariate logistic regression analysis was used to examine the relationship between the independent variables and poor sleep quality. Data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS, version 16; Chicago, IL). Results: Poor sleepers had significantly lower educational level (p<0.05), with significant more housekeeper women among them, comparing to good sleepers (p<0.05) (Table 1). In addition, the poor sleepers had a little higher weight (73.20 ± 11.58 versus 71.84 ± 11.28), WC (96.88 ± 9.11 versus 96.34 ± 10.78), hip circumferences (111.06 ± 9.73 versus 109.80 ± 9.57) and BMI values (30.20 ± 4.58 versus 30.05 ± 4.61) in comparison with good sleepers but anthropometric measures did not differ significantly between the two groups. The odds ratio (OR) of poor sleep quality in women with an associate's degree and in employed and retired women was 0.22 (CI 95%: 0.06-0.78) and 0.24 (CI 95%: 0.12-0.49) respectively. Conclusions: In the present study, we didn’t find any significant differences in anthropometric measures between poor and good sleepers. This is due to the fact that our participants were in postmenopausal stage with a high risk of weight gain.

Keywords: obesity, postmenopausal women, sleep quality, PSQI
Feasibility Assessment of Juice Factories’ Performance Using BSC Model (Case Study: Juice Factories of West Azerbaijan)

Feasibility Assessment of Juice Factories’ Performance Using BSC Model (Case Study: Juice Factories of West Azerbaijan)

Authors: Mehran Molavi*| Department of Management, Urmia Branch, Islamic Azad University, Urmia, Iran, email: [email protected], Ahmad Naderi| Department...
( 37 downloads)
Abstract

The aim of the present study is to focus on Feasibility assessment of juice factories’ performance using BSC model in West Azerbaijan, the study is applied, descriptive and survey in terms of goal, design and quality of data collection. The statistical population comprises of 113 intermediate supreme and operational managers of juice factories, namely, Pakdis, Shahdab, and Orumada in West Azerbaijan. Using Cochran formula, the sample size was determined as 108. To collect the data use was made by questionnaire involving 24 items. The reliability was estimated by Cronbach alpha coefficient which yielded 0.888. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to study the hypotheses. Kolmogorov-Smirnov, one-sample Wilcoxon tests were used to find out the normal or non-normal status of variables distribution. The results indicated that all four variables of feasibility assessment of performance were valued through the use of BSC model.

Keywords: performance evaluation, Pakdis, Shahdab, Orumada juice factories
Examining the Relationship between Establishing New Information Systems As Well As Six Sigma Technique and Official Transformation (The Case of West Azerbaijan Tejarat Bank Branches)

Examining the Relationship between Establishing New Information Systems As Well As Six Sigma Technique and Official Transformation (The Case of West Azerbaijan Tejarat Bank Branches)

Authors: Dr. Mehran Molavi*| Department of Management, Urmia Branch, Islamic Azad University, Urmia, Iran, email: [email protected], Hamed Alizadeh Golma...
( 40 downloads)
Abstract

The aim of the present study is to examine the relationship between implementing new information technology systems and improvement of organizational goals (the case of West Azerbaijan Tejarat Bank branches). The study is applied, descriptive and survey in terms of goal, design and quality of implementation, the statistical population comprises of 559 employees working in West Azerbaijan Tejarat Bank branches. Using Cochran formula, the sample size was determined as 0.211. Descriptive and inferential tests were used to make analysis on the research hypotheses. Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Spearman test were used in the study. The results indicated that there was a relationship between implementing the new information technology systems and improvement of organizational goals in West Azerbaijan Tejarat Bank branches.

Keywords: implementing new information technology systems, improvement of organizational goals, West Azerbaijan Tejarat Bank branches
Identifying and Prioritizing the Affective Factors on Rural Development Using Analytic Hierarchical Model (Case Study: Mine and Industries Organization of Urmia)

Identifying and Prioritizing the Affective Factors on Rural Development Using Analytic Hierarchical Model (Case Study: Mine and Industries Organization of Urmia)

Authors: Mehran Molavi*| Department of Management, Urmia Branch, Islamic Azad University, Urmia, Iran, email: [email protected], Mohammad Amir Fallahi| D...
( 50 downloads)
Abstract

The aim of the present study is to identify and prioritize the affective factors on rural development using analytic hierarchical model. The study is applied, descriptive and survey in terms of goal, quality of data of data collection and quality of implementation. The statistical population comprises of 40 managers, deputies and experts of Agricultural Department as well as Mine and Industries Organization of Urmia. Total numbering method was used to determine the sample size. To collect the data use was made by questionnaire involving 48 items, using Cronbach alpha coefficient, the reliability was obtained as 0.811. To make statistical analysis, expert choice software was employed.Helale Nasimi

Keywords: Rural Development, Analytic Hierarchical Model
Examining the Capabilities of Using Information Technology System in Crisis Management (Case Study: West Azerbaijan Red Crescent Society)

Examining the Capabilities of Using Information Technology System in Crisis Management (Case Study: West Azerbaijan Red Crescent Society)

Authors: Mehran Molavi| Department of Management, Urmia Branch, Islamic Azad University, Urmia, Iran, email: [email protected], Amin Khalili Bandeli| Dep...
( 37 downloads)
Abstract

The aim of the present study is to examine capabilities of using information technology system in crisis management. The study is applied, descriptive and survey in terms of goal, design and quality of implementation, the statistical population comprises of 119 employees working in West Azerbaijan Red Crescent. Using Cochran formula, the sample size was determined as 91. To collect the data use was made by questionnaire involving 28 items. Using Cronbach alpha coefficient, the reliability was obtained as 0.89. Descriptive and inferential tests were used to make analysis on the research hypotheses. The results indicated that information technology systems have effect on crisis management.

Keywords: Information technology systems, crisis management, West Azerbaijan Red Crescent
Examining the Association between Implementing New Information Technology Systems and Development of Organizational Goals (Case Study: Members of Mines Commerce and Industry Chamber)

Examining the Association between Implementing New Information Technology Systems and Development of Organizational Goals (Case Study: Members of Mines Commerce and Industry Chamber)

Authors: Mehran Molavi*| Department of Management, Urmia Branch, Islamic Azad University, Urmia, Iran, email: [email protected], Hossein Khezri| Departme...
( 36 downloads)
Abstract

The aim of the preset study is to examine the association between implementing new information technology systems and development of organizational goals. The study is applied, descriptive and survey in terms of goal, quality of data collection and quality of implantation. The statistical population comprise of 730 members working in Mines, Commerce and industry Chamber of Urmia. Using Cochran formula, 252 people were chosen as the sample size. To collect the data use was made by the questionnaire which involved 32 items. The reliability was obtained as 0.768 using Cronbach alpha coefficient. To make analysis on the data, descriptive and inferential statistics were employed. Kolmogorov-Smirnov along with Spearman correlation coefficient test were used. The results of the study indicated that there was a relationship between implementing new information technology systems and development of organizational goals in Mines, Commerce and Industry Chamber of Urmia.

Keywords: implementing new information technology systems, development of organizational goals, Urmia Commercial Chamber
Examining the Effect of Official Automation on Improvement of Mangers’ Decision Making (Case Study: Bokan Saderat Bank)

Examining the Effect of Official Automation on Improvement of Mangers’ Decision Making (Case Study: Bokan Saderat Bank)

Authors: Mehran Molavi*| Department of Management, Urmia Branch, Islamic Azad University, Urmia, Iran, email: [email protected], Alireza Sharghi| Departm...
( 38 downloads)
Abstract

The aim of the present study is to examine the effect of official automation on improvement of mangers’ decision making. The study is applied, descriptive and survey in terms of goal, quality of data collection and quality of implementation. The statistical population comprises of all managers of Bokan Saderat Bank. Using consensus method, the sample size was determined as 40. To collect the data use wad made by questionnaire which involved 35 items. Using Cronbach alpha coefficient, the reliability was obtained as 0.811. Descriptive and inferential statistical test were used to make analysis on the obtained data. Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Pearson correlation coefficient and regression test indicated that official automation had an effect on decision-making of managers.

Keywords: official automation, improvement of managers, decision making, Bokan Saderat Bank
Examining the Effect of Official Automation on Improvement of Mangers’ Decision Making (Case Study: Bokan Saderat Bank)

Examining the Effect of Official Automation on Improvement of Mangers’ Decision Making (Case Study: Bokan Saderat Bank)

Authors: Mehran Molavi*| Department of Management, Urmia Branch, Islamic Azad University, Urmia, Iran, email: [email protected], Alireza Sharghi| Departm...
( 39 downloads)
Abstract

The aim of the present study is to examine the effect of official automation on improvement of mangers’ decision making. The study is applied, descriptive and survey in terms of goal, quality of data collection and quality of implementation. The statistical population comprises of all managers of Bokan Saderat Bank. Using consensus method, the sample size was determined as 40. To collect the data use wad made by questionnaire which involved 35 items. Using Cronbach alpha coefficient, the reliability was obtained as 0.811. Descriptive and inferential statistical test were used to make analysis on the obtained data. Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Pearson correlation coefficient and regression test indicated that official automation had an effect on decision-making of managers.

Keywords: official automation, improvement of managers’ decision making, Bokan Saderat Bank

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