Journal of Special Education and Rehabilitation

Journal of Special Education and Rehabilitation

Basic info

  • Publisher: Faculty of Philosophy, Institute of Special Education and Rehabilitation
  • Country of publisher: macedonia, the former yugoslav republic of
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2017/May/14

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Medicine, Pediatrics, Psychology
  • Publisher's keywords: Medicine, psychology, pedagogy
  • Language of fulltext: english, macedonian
  • Time from submission to publication: 8 weeks

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): No
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: CC BY
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 1997
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: DOI
  • Content digitally archived in: LOCKSS, CLOCKSS
  • Deposit policy registered in: Sherpa/Romeo

This journal has '589' articles

VISUAL PERCEPTION OF THE CHILDREN WITH PLEXUS BRACHIALIS DAMAGE – ASSESSMENT AND TREATMENT

VISUAL PERCEPTION OF THE CHILDREN WITH PLEXUS BRACHIALIS DAMAGE – ASSESSMENT AND TREATMENT

Authors: Dragana M. KLJAJIKJ| Medical High school for specialty studies, Kjuprija, Serbia, Sanja M. TRGOVCHEVIKJ| Faculty of Political Sciences, University of...
Year: 2012, Volume: 13, Number: 1
(36 downloads)
Abstract

Interpersonal communication, psychosocial and mental development of personality and its all other functions take place through the motor control. The most common neurological syndrome is a type of peripheral paresis/paralysis of plexus bracialis, which in most cases occurs at birth and significantly compromises the growth and development of the upper extremities and affects the psychomotor performance. The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of visual perception in children with lesion of plexus brachialis and the effect of the somatopedic treatment over the level of increase of the visual perception. The study sample was consisted of 60 preschool children accommodated at the Rehabilitation Centre “Dr. Miroslav Zotovi?” in Belgrade (experimental group) and examiners that followed regular checkups and had discontinuity in their therapy (control group). For the research purposes, we used The Test for Visual Perception Assessment. By analyzing the results, we concluded that in both, in the first and the second measuring there was a statistically significant correlation between the experimental and the control groups (I measuring: p<0.001, r = 0.408; II measuring: p <0.001, r = 0.593).

Keywords: plexus brachialis, visual percep­ti­on, somatopedic treatment
INCIDENCE OF STUTTERING IN SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN WITH DOWN SYNDROME

INCIDENCE OF STUTTERING IN SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN WITH DOWN SYNDROME

Authors: Nevzeta SALIHOVIĆ| University of Tuzla, Faculty of Еducation and Re­habilitation, Selma HASANBAŠIĆ| Institute of Special Education and Re­ha­bi­li­ta­...
Year: 2012, Volume: 13, Number: 1
(34 downloads)
Abstract

The main purpose of this study was to examine the incidence (frequency) and stuttering severity in the school-age children with Down syndrome. The sample was consisted of 37 school-age children with Down syndrome, both male and female. The study was conducted in the following institutions: Institute of Special Education and Rehabilitation for Children with Intellectual Disabilities "Mjedenica"; Centre for Education, Training and Employment of Mentally Retarded Children, Children with Autism and Cerebral palsy "Vladimir Nazor" in Sarajevo; Primary School of Special Education „Zenica“; Primary school "Kova?i?i" Sarajevo; "Association of United Civic Actions – DUGA" in Sarajevo; and The Association "Be my friend" in Ilijaš. All of the subjects were individually examined. The results showed that 13,51 % of the children with Down syndrome stuttered, and the total result of stuttering severity indicates a moderate stuttering. These results show that children with Down syndrome should be enrolled intensively in speech therapy in order to help them overcome their stuttering, to facilitate their everyday communication and to teach them how to cope with stuttering.

Keywords: incidence of stuttering, Down syndrome, stuttering severity
HEARING AND VISUAL IMPAIRMENTS AS RISK FACTORS FOR LATE-LIFE DEPRESSION

HEARING AND VISUAL IMPAIRMENTS AS RISK FACTORS FOR LATE-LIFE DEPRESSION

Authors: Roza Naste KRSTESKA| Psychiatric Hospital Skopje, Department of Geriatric Psychiatry, Skopje, Macedonia
Year: 2012, Volume: 13, Number: 1
(35 downloads)
Abstract

Introduction: Late-life depression is one of the most frequent disorders among the seniors and often remains unrecognized. One of the reasons why late-life depression often passes unrecognized is the comorbidity. Hearing and visual impairments are very common condition among the elderly. Thus, depression among the elderly is commonly accompanied by hearing and visual impairment. The epidemiology together with the visual and hearing-related problems still remains poorly investigated. Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the relationship between hearing and visual function and the late-life depression. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study with a random sample of 120 participants, 60 patients with late-life depression and 60 community-dwelling older adults aged over 60 and without the symptoms of depression. All participants were examined using a questionnaire designed for the aim of the study to measure the severity of the symptoms (scale with scores from 1 to 3 - from mild to profound degree) of self-reported hearing and visual impairment. In addition, existing medical records and the Geriatric Depression Scale were used as well. Results: The patients with late-life depression in larger number suffered from hearing and visual impairment compared to the non - depressed elderly people: hearing impairments (?2=6.97, df=1, p=0.0083) and visual impairments (?2=4.37, df=2, p=0.012). Conclusion: These data suggest that the risk of late-life depression is higher among elderly patients with hearing and visual impairment. A comprehensive annual eye exam is the most important step that can be undertaken to help monitor and protect normal visual function in the elderly. It is necessary to conduct routine screening and early treatment of depression in elderly patients with hearing and visual impairment within the primary care practice. Ophthalmologists and otologists should be aware of the need for routine screening for geriatric syndromes in the eye and otology clinics.

Keywords: comorbidity, hearing impairment, visual impairment, late-life depression
 PERCEIVED SUBJECTIVE WELLBEING OF PARENTS OF CHILDREN WITH SPECIAL NEEDS

PERCEIVED SUBJECTIVE WELLBEING OF PARENTS OF CHILDREN WITH SPECIAL NEEDS

Authors: Rea FULGOSI- MASNJAK| University of Zagreb, Faculty of Education and Rehabilitation Sciences, Zagreb, Croatia, Mia MASNJAK| Prof. psychologist, Zagreb...
Year: 2012, Volume: 13, Number: 1
(35 downloads)
Abstract

The child with developmental disabilities significantly influences the lives of the other members within the family. Findings in the therapy and rehabilitation of children with developmental disabilities emphasize the importance of the parental role in the support of his/her development. The type of child’s disability is a very important factor, because if the disability requires a high level of dependence on the help provided by the family members, it decreases their quality of life. This study is the first of this kind conducted in Croatia, which investigates an important issue that arises within the families of children with disabilities. Its aim was to evaluate whether the type and level of the child?s developmental disability, affects the parental perceived subjective quality of life. In regards to the limited resources and explorative nature of this study, as well as the legal and social sensitivity of the topic, three subsamples were constructed each containing parents of children with developmental disabilities, which were volunteers and members of parental associations; parents who had child with motor, psychomotor or intellectual disability, respectively. The International Wellbeing Index, IWI, consisting of the Personal Wellbeing Index-PWI and the National Wellbeing Index- NWI, was applied. The obtained results didn't show statistically significant difference between the subsamples of parents. Such results didn’t differ from other study carried out among the general population, but comparison of these results showed more positive subjective wellbeing among the parents, when compared to the results from a study carried out on parents of children with autistic spectrum disorders. Therefore, it can be concluded that the type and degree of child's disability affects the level of perceived subjective wellbeing.

Keywords: perceived quality of life, personal wellbeing index- PWI, parents of children with developmental disabilities (motor, psychomotor and intellectual)
 DEVELOPMENT OF A QUALITY OF LIFE APPROACH: ISSUES ACROSS THE LIFESPAN

DEVELOPMENT OF A QUALITY OF LIFE APPROACH: ISSUES ACROSS THE LIFESPAN

Authors: Roy I. BROWN| University of Calgary, Canada Flinders University, Australia University of Victoria, Canada
Year: 2012, Volume: 13, Number: 1
(35 downloads)
Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Quality of life as an approach to intellectual and developmental disabilities has developed considerable over the past 30 years and now is having major impacts on the research, the delivery of services and the setting of policy in the field of intellectual and developmental disabilities. AIM: This article introduces and describes the development of quality of life, its major concepts and principles and links them to research, practice and policy. DISCUSSION: Quality of life is seen as a sensitizing concept and one that can bring further cohesion to research and practice and provide a framework for policy. Quality of life is, as a developmental process or approach, bringing together previous ideas such as normalization and pulling together a number of principles, which are relevant to those working in this field. CONCLUSIONS: The ideas and the areas described are linked, and it is argued that a full understanding of the research concepts and their practical implications are necessary, if the policy is to become the driver of practice over the life span, while including intervention and support along with the education of personnel.

Keywords: quality of life, intellectual and developmental disabilities, assessment, in­ter­ven­tion, education of personnel
ANALYSIS OF ERRORS IN CHILDREN WITH SIGMATISMUS IN THE BOSNIAN/ CROATIAN/SERBIAN LANGUAGE

ANALYSIS OF ERRORS IN CHILDREN WITH SIGMATISMUS IN THE BOSNIAN/ CROATIAN/SERBIAN LANGUAGE

Authors: Lejla JUNUZOVIKJ-ZUNIKJ| Faculty of Education and Rehabilitation, University of Tuzla Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Amela IBRAHIMAGIKJ| Faculty of Ed...
Year: 2012, Volume: 13, Number: 1
(37 downloads)
Abstract

The aim of this study was to analyze the errors in the speech of pre-school children with sigmatismus in the Bosnian/Croatian/Serbian language, in terms of frequency of occurrence of certain types of incorrectly pronounced sounds in the group with sigmatismus, as well as to analyze the occurrence of sigmatismus and sigmatismus in combination with lambdacismus and rhotacismus, in dependence of the gender, the age of the subjects and their place of residence. The testing was executed on a sample of 1600 subjects, with chronological age from three to seven years, from both genders. The subjects were divided in relation to their place of residence. The articulation status of the subjects was examined. The results showed that the sigmatismus alone was the most common articulation disorder, compared to the combinations of sigmatismus with other types of articulation disorders. Sigmatismus occurred most often in the form of distortion and in a combination as distortion-substitution. The most frequent incorrectly pronounced sounds from the group with sigmatismus were the sounds [?], [?], [s] and [z]. The female subjects showed better articulation of sounds from the group with sigmatismus. The frequency of sigmatismus slightly decreased with the increase of the chronological age of the subjects. The results showed that the subjects from urban areas in general have a higher incidence of this articulation disorder. There are no statistically significant differences between the groups of subjects (subjects who had solely sigmatismus, subjects with sigmatismus and rhotacismus and subjects with sigmatismus and lambdacismus) in relation to their place of origin and their gender. Having in mind the persistence of this speech disorders in pre-school age and the outcome of the results, it is important to ensure continuous monitoring process of the children even at this age, and at the same time provide careful and detailed assessment of the children who already have a sigmatismus, in order to offer timely treatment and work with these children.

Keywords: sigmatismus, errors, Bosnian/Croa­ti­an/Serbian language
EARLY INTERVENTION: PREVENTION AND CHALLENGES IN THE EARLY CHILDHOOD

EARLY INTERVENTION: PREVENTION AND CHALLENGES IN THE EARLY CHILDHOOD

Authors: Hristina MITREVA| Postgraduate student Faculty of Philosophy, Institut of Special Education and Rehabilitation
Year: 2012, Volume: 13, Number: 1
(37 downloads)
Abstract

On the 29.08.2011, at the Faculty of Philosophy was held a successful seminar with the topic "Early intervention: prevention and challenges in the early childhood", a subject that nowadays attracts great interest. The seminar had a goal to achieve better life quality for families. It was followed with great pleasure and attention by a large number of participants, who were directly or indirectly involved in the early intervention. Leading and experienced professionals from Austria, Germany and Macedonia held presentations which created atmosphere for open discussion and dialog. This resulted with many shared experiences and opinions for improvement of this issue in our country.

Keywords: null
DOWN SYNDROME - A CHALLENGE FOR THE PARENTS, SUPPORT FOR MATURITY OF THE SOCIETY- A TRIBUNE

DOWN SYNDROME - A CHALLENGE FOR THE PARENTS, SUPPORT FOR MATURITY OF THE SOCIETY- A TRIBUNE

Authors: Rozalija DAVKOVSKA| Postgraduate student Faculty of Philosophy Institute of Special Education and Rehabilitation
Year: 2012, Volume: 13, Number: 1
(36 downloads)
Abstract

On the 15.10.2011, in the large amphitheatre at the Faculty of Philosophy in Skopje, was held a tribune with the title "Down Syndrome, a challenge for the parents, support for maturity of the society". The tribune was organized by the Macedonian Scientific Society for Autism and “Trisomy 21” Association from Zagreb, Croatia. The goal of the tribune was to encourage opinions and to support general sensibility in the community, as well as to present the needs of the people with Down Syndrome as an equal members of the society. This is proposed together with greater benefits from the state institutions in order to improve the quality of the lifestyle of these category of people, as well as the members of their families. This event was covered by the media and had more than 300 visitors. Parents, students, experts and persons with Down Syndrome could be seen among the audience in the auditorium.

Keywords: null
EXPERIENCE AND CHALLENGES WHILE WORKING WITH PERSONS WITH DISABILITY – GRADUALLY CREATING SPACE FOR PUBLIC DISCUSSION REGARDING THE SEXUAL NEEDS OF EVERY HEALTHY AND EVERY INDIVIDUAL WITH DISABILITY, AS AN ACT OF SELF-PLEASURE

EXPERIENCE AND CHALLENGES WHILE WORKING WITH PERSONS WITH DISABILITY – GRADUALLY CREATING SPACE FOR PUBLIC DISCUSSION REGARDING THE SEXUAL NEEDS OF EVERY HEALTHY AND EVERY INDIVIDUAL WITH DISABILITY, AS AN ACT OF SELF-PLEASURE

Authors: Hristina MITREVA| Postgraduate student Faculty of Philosophy, Institut of Special Education and Rehabilitation
Year: 2012, Volume: 13, Number: 1
(37 downloads)
Abstract

The professionals working with persons with developmental disabilities started to publically discuss the problems that these persons have related to fulfilling their sexual needs as well as the essential need of adapted sexual education for them. Since there is no longer a breach for ignoring the everyday existence of this reality, on 02.11.2011 at the Faculty of Philosophy in Skopje was held very interesting and practical conference with the subject: "Experiences and challenges while working with persons with disability". This event was organized by the association for health, education and research – H.E.R.A., an organization that impeccably fights for popularization and expansion of the policy supporting the sexual needs of the persons with disability. The initiative itself showed that Macedonia is no longer afraid or reluctant to talk in public on the subject that is generally being avoid, which is unfortunately even more vulnerable and sensitive when persons with disabilities are concerned.

Keywords: null
FIRST MACEDONIAN CONFERENCE REGARDING THE PRADER-WILLI SYNDROME

FIRST MACEDONIAN CONFERENCE REGARDING THE PRADER-WILLI SYNDROME

Authors: Ana PETKOVSKA| Master’s degree student Institute of Special Education and Rehabilitation Faculty of Philosophy
Year: 2012, Volume: 13, Number: 1
(36 downloads)
Abstract

The First Macedonian conference regarding the Prader-Willi Syndrome with the title “Introduction into the syndrome and the network development” was held on the 24th of November 2011, in the premises of hotel Continental. The conference was organized by the Association of pediatricians in Macedonia in co-organization and cooperation with the charity foundation „Wittekindshof„ and the International Prader-Willi Syndrome Organization. Numerous lecturers from Germany, Italy and Macedonia took active participation at this symposium. The introduction speeches of the official opening were made by Aleksandar Sajkovski, a member of the Association of pediatricians in Macedonia, Elena Shukarova- Angelovska and Norbert Hodebeck-Stuntebeck from Germany - a member of the German healthcare system.

Keywords: null
ORGANIZATION OF SCIENTIFIC MEETING

ORGANIZATION OF SCIENTIFIC MEETING

Authors: Goran PETRUSHEV| Association of Special Educators and Rehabilitators of the Republic of Macedonia
Year: 2012, Volume: 13, Number: 1
(38 downloads)
Abstract

After successful organization of the last year's International Symposium for early intervention and developmental disorders, the Association of Special Educators and Rehabilitators of the Republic of Macedonia continues its activities for promoting the theory and practice of special education through organizing professional events.

Keywords: null
ALTERNATIVE FORMS OF COMMUNICATION AMONG PERSONS WITH APHASIA

ALTERNATIVE FORMS OF COMMUNICATION AMONG PERSONS WITH APHASIA

Authors: Elena TASHKOVA| Faculty of Philosophy, Institute of Special Education and Rehabilitation Skopje
Year: 2012, Volume: 13, Number: 1
(35 downloads)
Abstract

The aphasia is the most complicated and the most difficult form of disorder of speaking and language. Most often it appears as a consequence of a brain stroke. The occurrence of aphasias is in about one third of the patients suffering from a brain stroke in an acute phase, or from 21% to 24%, and there are data for even bigger frequency. In a certain number of patients the aphasia withdraws spontaneously, but in a bigger number of patients it takes over all four models of language activity; phoneme pronunciation, carrying out a discussion, writing a letter of a full text. It spreads from the automatic to the creative expression. The process of rehabilitation of the spoken communication at the persons with aphasia is complicated, multidisciplinary and long lasting.

Keywords: aphasia, alternative and augmentative communication, Brokin's and Vernike's aphasia
 ACHIEVEMENT AND INTEGRATION OF STUDENTS WITH AND WITHOUT SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL NEEDS (SEN)  IN THE FIFTH GRADE

ACHIEVEMENT AND INTEGRATION OF STUDENTS WITH AND WITHOUT SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL NEEDS (SEN) IN THE FIFTH GRADE

Authors: Markus GEBHARDT| University of Graz Department of Education Special Education Unit, Susanne SCHWAB| University of Graz Department of Education S...
Year: 2012, Volume: 13, Number: 3
(37 downloads)
Abstract

In Styria 77.3% of all students with special needs are educated in integrated classrooms. Currently, it is not known much either about the school performance nor the active class participation of these students. This study examined 230 fifth grade students – 43 with and 187 students without special educational needs (SEN). Moreover, it is important to acknowledge that the available data for this study represents the first wave of larger longitudinal study. The school performance of the students with SEN ranged one standard deviation below the level of the students without SEN. All students felt emotionally well integrated in the school settings, but the differences in the degree of social integration were evident. In fact, the students with SEN mentioned that they got along well with their classmates less frequently than the students without SEN.

Keywords: Special Needs, School Performance, Integration
CONTINUOUS EVALUATION OF THE LITERACY AND LEARNING MEDIA OF STUDENTS WITH VISUAL IMPAIRMENT

CONTINUOUS EVALUATION OF THE LITERACY AND LEARNING MEDIA OF STUDENTS WITH VISUAL IMPAIRMENT

Authors: Renata T. PANDUREVIKJ| Graduated Special Education teacher, Kumanovo, Daniela B. Dimitrova-RADOJICHIKJ| University "Ss. Cyril and Methodius "in Skopje...
Year: 2012, Volume: 13, Number: 3
(37 downloads)
Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The procedure for determining an adequate literacy and learning method among students with visual impairments consists two components: an initial choice of mode of literacy, to be conducted during the early childhood and continuing evaluation of the literacy and learning method, which is carried out over students who have already been involved in the educational process for a certain period and with whom a mediums for literacy and learning has already been determined. PURPOSE: The purpose of this research is to conduct a re-evaluation of the initial decision regarding the choice of media through which education is conducted among students with visual impairment. DISCUSSION: The speed of reading is substantially below the predicted minimum level both with students who read Braille and with students who read regular print. It should be mentioned that only 3 respondents out of 15 Braille readers were cooperative in this part of the research, so they obtained results regarding them should not be taken as reliable ones. 100% of the respondents who are educated using the Braille alphabet independently read unfamiliar formal and also familiar educational material. Among the students who use regular print, 62.5% read independently and the other 37.5% need additional instruction. 45.5% of them successfully completed their school assignments using their initially chosen medium for literacy and learning, but only 18.2% of them do it in an acceptable time period. 53.6% of respondents know how to use available resources and facilities that exist within the school, while the other 46, 4% need additional training and instructions. CONCLUSION: Continuous evaluation should be implemented consistently throughout the schooling of the child, or at least once a year, for a relevant "justification" for any change, addition or selection of another sensory channel for learning and literacy of the child, as a result of certain changes in visual functioning of the child or due to changes in the terms of their education.

Keywords: continuous evaluation, literacy, reading, students with visual impairment
HYPERLEXIA AND DYSLEXIA IN AUTISM: HITTING A MOVING TARGET

HYPERLEXIA AND DYSLEXIA IN AUTISM: HITTING A MOVING TARGET

Authors: Emily L. WILLIAMS| Department of Anatomical Sciences and Neurobiology, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky, USA , Manuel...
Year: 2012, Volume: 13, Number: 3
(37 downloads)
Abstract

The diagnostic histories of autism, dyslexia, and hyperlexia are complex. Because these conditions share both convergent and diver­gent properties, it is important to under­stand these relationships, especially in the case of research and how we interpret bodi­es of work which span decades of fluc­tuating criteria. It is also important to syn­the­size what we already know about the morpho­logy of these con­di­tions and pinpoint what we still don’t. Autism and dyslexia, for instance, share antipodal cerebral morpho­logies, such as minicolumnar den­sity, neuropil width, cell size, corpus callo­sal volume, gyral complexity, gyral window size, and cerebral volume, while hyperlexia has not been studied in this fashion, although it sha­res much in common with autism. Mean­while, the fluctuation in criteria of dyslexia over the years, means that older studies, such as some of the most highly cited in post­mortem research, have potentially used more heterogeneous groups of subjects than dys­lexia research typically uses today. Con­sider­ably, these older studies are often the basis of current animal model and genetics research. In conclusion, in consideration of the continued flux in criteria, particularly the proposed change from “Reading Disorder” to the broa­der “Specific Learning Disorder” within the DSM-5, we strongly recommend a separation of the various reading disorders under their own headings to promote specificity of diag­nosis and treatment, and to support better research.

Keywords: ectopia, dysplasia, minicolumn, neocortex, corticogenesis, gyral index

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