WALENNAE: JURNAL ARKEOLOGI SULAWESI SELATAN DAN TENGGARA

WALENNAE: JURNAL ARKEOLOGI SULAWESI SELATAN DAN TENGGARA

Basic info

  • Publisher: Balai Arkeologi Sulawesi Selatan
  • Country of publisher: indonesia
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2019/Sep/29

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Archaeology, Social Sciences, Sociology, History
  • Publisher's keywords: Archaeology, Sociology, History, Social Sciences
  • Language of fulltext: indonesian
  • Time from submission to publication: 8 weeks

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): No
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: CC BY-NC-SA
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 1998
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

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  • Permanent article identifier: DOI
  • Content digitally archived in: LOCKSS
  • Deposit policy registered in: None

This journal has '15' articles

ARTEFAK LITIK DI KAWASAN PRASEJARAH BATU EJAYYA:
TEKNOLOGI PERALATAN TOALIAN DI PESISIR SELATAN SULAWESI

ARTEFAK LITIK DI KAWASAN PRASEJARAH BATU EJAYYA: TEKNOLOGI PERALATAN TOALIAN DI PESISIR SELATAN SULAWESI

Authors: Suryatman nln
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Abstract

The Batu Ejayya region records prehistoric Toalian occupation between the mid and late Holocene near the south coast of South Sulawesi. This region is located in a volcanic rock formation, where available Chert sources are difficult to find. The research problem is the behavior of the Toalian occupants in the region in making well adapted lithic tools in view of the limited availability of Chert. The lithic artifacts found on the surface and during excavation are analyzed focusing on the categories of retouched flake tools, unretouched flake tools, complete flakes, and cores on Chert and volcanic stone. The results show that the production of small tools had stringent and complicated needs, requiring the Toalians to search out and find Chert as the main ingredient. Stages in the technology for utilizing Chert resource began with reduction of geological nodules far from where the sites were located. Volcanic stone was used as an alternative raw material only for making large tools that required little in the way of modification.

Keywords: Toalian, Technology, Source, Behavior, Batu Ejayya Region
INTERPRETASI AWAL TEMUAN GIGI MANUSIA DI SITUS BALA METTI,
BONE DAN SITUS LEANG JARIE, MAROS, SULAWESI SELATAN

INTERPRETASI AWAL TEMUAN GIGI MANUSIA DI SITUS BALA METTI, BONE DAN SITUS LEANG JARIE, MAROS, SULAWESI SELATAN

Authors: Budianto Hakim
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Abstract

The results of archaeological studies during this period, both from the colonial era until now, there has been no report on human skeletal findings from cultural supporters of the plestosen period in South Sulawesi. Existing reports, only limited to the findings of human remains of holosen period Mongoloid characterized. Therefore, in this paper will be perensented some new data of research results to be able to give a preliminary interpretation of who human supporters of stone culture in South Sulawesi. Human teeth found in the excavation asosiated with stone tools, in particular the jagged arrowhead and mikrolit on the website of Bala Metti. If the tooth is from ras Mongoloid then it can be said that jagged arrowhead has also produced during the farm. The analysis method applied in this writing is method of excavation and comparation.

Keywords: Interpretation, Human Teeth, Sites
ANALISIS TEKNOLOGI LABORATORIS TEMBIKAR DARI SITUS GUA BULU
SUMI, KABUPATEN PANGKEP, PROVINSI SULAWESI SELATAN

ANALISIS TEKNOLOGI LABORATORIS TEMBIKAR DARI SITUS GUA BULU SUMI, KABUPATEN PANGKEP, PROVINSI SULAWESI SELATAN

Authors: Fadhlan S. Intan
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Abstract

Pottery in Indonesia is one of the objects that plays an important role in people's lives from prehistoric times to the present. Pottery is one of the remains of cultural objects most commonly found in archaeological research, made of clay and burned. Analysis of pottery laboratory technology aims to obtain accurate data about the function and quality of a pottery. The method used is physical analysis and chemical analysis (gravimetry).Based on the results of laboratory technology analysis, the pottery from Bulu Sumi Cave Site included in the category of daily equipment that serves to hold water, process food, serving food and beverages. In terms of quality, the pottery, including in the medium to good quality, with a burning rate of 500°-600° Celsius and burned in open air.Color fragments of pottery, dominated by light colors compared with dark colors. Light colors due to the mineral content of quartz, and plagioclase that much on raw materials

Keywords: Bulu Sumi Cave, Pottery, Laboratory Analysis Technology
ARKEOLOGI PEMUKIMAN SITUS PONGKA, KABUPATEN BONE,
SULAWESI SELATAN

ARKEOLOGI PEMUKIMAN SITUS PONGKA, KABUPATEN BONE, SULAWESI SELATAN

Authors: Yohanis Kasmin
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Abstract

Pongka is administratively the name of a village located in the District of Tellu Siattingge Bone District. This study aims to describe the form of spatial arrangement and the factors that support the formation of residential areas on the Pongka site. From a survey with systematic random sampling techniques, successfully collected types of findings include non-fragmental findings and fragmental findings. Then the specific analysis, contextual, environmental, functional and spatial analysis resulted in at least two categories of space on the Pongka Site namely sacred and profane space. The conclusion is that the factors influencing the formation of residential areas on the Pongka Site are political factors, which are closely related to the location security.

Keywords: Pongka site, residential archeology, spatial arrangement, systematic random
PERIODE KOLONIAL DI PESISIR TIMUR PULAU SERAM (MALUKU):
KONTAK AWAL HINGGA TERBENTUKNYA MORFOLOGI KOTA BULA

PERIODE KOLONIAL DI PESISIR TIMUR PULAU SERAM (MALUKU): KONTAK AWAL HINGGA TERBENTUKNYA MORFOLOGI KOTA BULA

Authors: Syahruddin Mansyur
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Abstract

One area in Maluku on the east coast of the island of Seram, namely Bula, has potential archaeological remains of the oil industry which was developed since the days of the Dutch East Indies government. This study discusses the discovery of oil resources in the region, as well as the construction of oil mining infrastructure and facilities in Bula became the embryo of morphology of the city of Bula. The methods used to discuss the topic are literature search methods, as well as survey methods and archaeological observations. Originally, until the end of the 19th century, this area was not much occupied by Europeans but following the discovery of oil resources, this area then began to grow. Various mining infrastructure and facilities built by the Dutch East Indies Government include : oil wells, storage tanks to support facilities such as employee housing, hospitals, roads, ports, airports, and recreational facilities. Oil mining infrastructure and facilities were built to become the initial formation of the morphology of the new industrial city of Bula, with regional spread and appeal to people from outside.

Keywords: Industrial archaeology, Oil mining infrastructure and facilities, the Dutch East Indies, Morphology of City
LUKISAN FAUNA, POLA SEBARAN DAN LANSKAP BUDAYA
DI KAWASAN KARS SULAWESI BAGIAN SELATAN

LUKISAN FAUNA, POLA SEBARAN DAN LANSKAP BUDAYA DI KAWASAN KARS SULAWESI BAGIAN SELATAN

Authors: A. Muh. Saiful, Basran Burhan
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Abstract

This paper presents a study of the landscape on the site of several caves that have rock art of prehistoric times. Some prehistoric caves in the southern of the Island of Sulawesi, are the cave region with hand stencils and painting animal. This research is focused on painting animal and cultural landscape. The methods used include collecting the result of rock art research in this region, then classifying the type of painting animal and determining the layout of the painting in the map using GIS software. This software is also used to measure both nearest and farest site from the coastal range in Pleistocene times. The results of identification based on the animal painting, cave pattern distribution, and the environment in the past, finally explained that the prehistoric cave region in the Southern part of Sulawesi is a cultural landscape that has been occupied by two different identity groups based on the characters of the paintings.

Keywords: Landscape, animal painting, environment.
IDENTIFIKASI RANGKA MANUSIA SITUS GUA BALANG METTI,
KABUPATEN BONE, SULAWESI SELATAN

IDENTIFIKASI RANGKA MANUSIA SITUS GUA BALANG METTI, KABUPATEN BONE, SULAWESI SELATAN

Authors: Fakhri nln
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Abstract

Balang Metti cave is one of the prehistoric sites that found in the Pattuku Prehistoric Culture Area, Bone Regency. This site has a good potential for archaeological remains, given the discovery of a human skeleton in a very fragile condition. This research was coducted in order to determine the type of Balang Metti man. The method used excavation and analysis of human skeletal bones to identify parts of the order for a description of the type of human being dwellers in Balang Metti cave. The results showed that the human skeleton of the Balang Metti cave site was from mongoloid with Austronesian-speaking cultures less than 3000 years ago. This research has give early contribution in searching and tracking human of cave culture that until now has never been found in Sulawesi.

Keywords: Balang Metti Cave, human skeleton, cave culture
ASPEK RUANG PEMUKIMAN DI SISI SELATAN TEPI
ALIRAN SUNGAI CENRANA, KABUPATEN BONE

ASPEK RUANG PEMUKIMAN DI SISI SELATAN TEPI ALIRAN SUNGAI CENRANA, KABUPATEN BONE

Authors:
(0 downloads)
Abstract

Historical sources mention, Cenrana Site is a residential location of the Kingdom of Bone during the reign of La Patau Matanna Tikka. Archaeological research conducted earlier, mentioned that archaeological findings and environmental carrying capacity of this site gives an indication of the utilization aspect as the central government of the Kingdom of Bone. Although mentioning environmental conditions as one indication of aspects of site utilization, but the study does not analyze and explain contextually the environmental conditions referred. In the framework of filling the space, this study focuses on the analysis of archaeological environmental conditions located on the southern edge of the Cenrana River flow. The analysis used included community residence analysis in semi-micro scale. The results showed that the arrangement of residential space on the Cenrana Site extends from west to east. Meanwhile, the pattern of distribution of the findings is irregular and there are four divisions of space, namely: location of government, production location, residential location, and sacred location. The main factors affecting the division of space are the economic and environmental conditions that support, such as; geographical conditions, land characteristics, natural resources and accessibility.

Keywords: Settlement, Cenrana, spatial, environment
TRANSFORMASI SOSIAL-POLITIK MASA AWAL KERAJAAN NEPO:
KAJIAN BERDASARKAN SUMBER NASKAH LONTARA DAN
DATA ARKEOLOGI

TRANSFORMASI SOSIAL-POLITIK MASA AWAL KERAJAAN NEPO: KAJIAN BERDASARKAN SUMBER NASKAH LONTARA DAN DATA ARKEOLOGI

Authors:
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Abstract

This research is intended to improve the traces of the Nepo Kingdom located in Barru District of South Sulawesi Province, focusing on the early studies of Nepo Kingdom when in lead by Arung Pattapulo (forty kings) to the government of La Bongngo. The first research method used, the literature study which is the source of the Nepo lontara manuscript and Manuba Lontara, the result of lontara manuscript reading is used as the initial guidance to attract toponim or places in the lontara script. The second method is direct observation of spaciousness for recording artefacts and features and performs recording of collective memory data of society (speech tradition) concept of society related to the early days of Nepo Kingdom until the reign of Arung La Bongngo, Nepo Kingdom governance system, transformation of settlement and agriculture in the early days of Nepo Kingdom

Keywords: Transformation, Nepo Kingdom, Lontara, Artifacts and Features
TEKNIK PEMBUATAN SERPIH BILAH
DENGAN PENDEKATAN ARKEOLOGI EKSPERIMENTAL

TEKNIK PEMBUATAN SERPIH BILAH DENGAN PENDEKATAN ARKEOLOGI EKSPERIMENTAL

Authors: Ansar Rasyid
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Abstract

The theme of the research is the technique of making blades using an experimental archaeological approach. This experimental activity used as a reference to explain the possible ways in which human beings produce artifacts. This research has two problems, how the process of making blades by direct sampling techniques and what forms are generated from the selection of striking platform at random and in one flat plane on the material. The purpose of this study is to find out the possibility of the ways of human life of the past in terms of making stone tools and to know in detail the process of making blades. The methods used include data collection, data processing and data interpretation by analyzing based on the process of making the blades and the resulting shapes. Experimental results by flake artefacts, show human skill in making tools and mental ability to think and prepare the operational sequence. The operational sequences in this experiment can illustrate the sequence of processes of making the actual type of stone artefacts.

Keywords: Experiment, duplication, blades-flake, mental ability
GEOARKEOLOGI KARST SAROLANGUN, JAMBI

GEOARKEOLOGI KARST SAROLANGUN, JAMBI

Authors: Fadhlan S. Intan
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Abstract

Sarolangun Karst belongs to the Sarolangun Regency, preserving the cultural remains of the mesolithic period, which has not been too concerned by environmental researchers, especially geoarchaeology. This is the issue that covers general geological conditions. The purpose of this research is to mapping the surface geology in general as an effort to present geological information related to archeological site. The aim is to know the geomorphological, stratigraphic aspects of the archaeological sites. The research method is done through literature review, survey, field data analysis and interpretation. Environmental observations provide information on the landscape of the study area consisting of terrestrial morphology units, weak wavy morphology, strong corrugated morphology units, and karst morphology units. The rivers are dendritic and rectangular, along with the mature-old river, the Old River, Periodic/Permanent River and the Episodic/Intermittent River. The rocks of prehistoric cave compilers are limestones. The geologic structure is a fracture of the shear fault type. Exploration at Sarolangun Karst has listed 6 cave sites. From the classification of petrology, litik tools made of jasper, chert, basalt and andesite rocks. Rock as a raw material litik, found around caves in both the outcrop and boulder. For obsidian sources are located in Bukit Hulu Simpang and Bukit Legal Tinggi.

Keywords: geology, holocene, mesolithic, closed sites, lithic materials
ARKEOFAUNA KAWASAN KARST BONTOCANI KABUPATEN BONE,
SULAWESI SELATAN

ARKEOFAUNA KAWASAN KARST BONTOCANI KABUPATEN BONE, SULAWESI SELATAN

Authors: Fakhri nln
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Abstract

This study aims to provide a description of the fauna that once interacted with human in the Bontocani karst Area in Bone District. Of the few excavated sites providing data availability of bone fragments that can be analyzed by conducting comparative studies with existing faunal composition of the fauna. The method of data collection is by excavation at some sites in this Karst Area. The results of this study document a wide range of vertebrates in the Balang Metti fauna including fish, frogs/toads, lizards, snakes, birds, Strigocuscus, Ailurops ursinus, insectivorous bats, Sulawesi monkeys, rats, Sulawesi pigs, babirusa and Anoa. In some layers of culture, the absence of anoa, indicates the environmental change from the environment of the fields and the weeds to the wet rain forest environment around the site, along with the extinction of this fauna. Based on the identified fauna bone analysis, it is illustrated that past habitats and environments in Bontocani Karst area have not changed much.

Keywords: Vertebrate fauna, karst area, environment, habitation
MEMAKNAI LUKISAN GUA UHALIE:
PENDEKATAN STRUKTURALISME LÉVI STRAUSS

MEMAKNAI LUKISAN GUA UHALIE: PENDEKATAN STRUKTURALISME LÉVI STRAUSS

Authors: A. Muh. Saiful
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Abstract

South Sulawesi is an area that has many prehistoric painting sites. Research on the meaning of the painting is still very limited. Therefore this paper attempts to examine the meaning contained the Uhalie Cave site by Lévi Strauss structuralism approach. The issues raised in this paper are how the meaning of Uhalie Cave paintings and why anoa and pigs became the object of paintings in the Uhalie Cave. The answer obtained from the issues will explain the behavior of a group of painters located in the village. The methods used in this study are collecting secondary data of Uhalie Cave Research, then doing analysis of painting classiffication, finding the pattern of painting in the cave, finding sintagmatic, paradigmatic, tansformation, determining signified-signifer, and distinctive feature. The result of this study explain that the happines and grief manifestation of Uhalie Cave human in hunting.

Keywords: Painting, meaning, structuralism Lévi Strauss.
TRANSFORMASI BENTUK MAKAM RAJA-RAJA TANETE DARI ABAD KE-17 HINGGA ABAD KE-20

TRANSFORMASI BENTUK MAKAM RAJA-RAJA TANETE DARI ABAD KE-17 HINGGA ABAD KE-20

Authors: Muhammad Nur
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Abstract

Our understanding of the cultural transformation phase of the Islamic grave in South Sulawesi is still limited to the study of its territorial scope, not specific to a particular locality or kingdom. This study aims to determine the stage of transformation of Islamic shape tomb in Tanete Kingdom, Barru and its causal factors. The research used artefactual data which are four complex of King Tanete tomb, interview data and historical data. The methods used are survey, interview, literature study, identification and interpretation. The study conclude three stages of transformation shape tomb at Tanete, the first transformation of the early seventeenth century characterized by tombstone, both occurring in the mid-18th century to the beginning of the nineteenth century characterized by decorative and inscribed tombs, and the third occurred beginning of the 20th century with the characteristic of European architecture. The cause of the three stages of the transformation of the tomb is the external factor, the first stage of the Gowa kingdom, the second stage of Malay culture, and the third stage is the influence of political relations with the Dutch Government.

Keywords: Transformation, Tanete, shape, tomb, cungkup.
PERANG PASIFIK DI PULAU MOROTAI:
REKONSTRUKSI INFRASTRUKTUR DAN STRATEGI PERANG

PERANG PASIFIK DI PULAU MOROTAI: REKONSTRUKSI INFRASTRUKTUR DAN STRATEGI PERANG

Authors: Wuri Handoko, Godlief Arsthen P., Alputila Cheviano E.
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Abstract

Pacific war in Morotai is an important historical event in Indonesia as well as in the world. The Pacific war involving two major powers, the Allies and Japan, left a trail of archaeological studies examined to record a very important historical event in the Pacific region of Morotai Island. Based on the concept of military archaeology, this study uses archaeological data to reconstruct infrastructure and allied strategies in combat against Japan. Investigation of these remains proceeded through studying textual and photographic records on the Allies' occupation of Morotai Island, and examination of modern-day aerial photographs of the terrain where the Allies built their infrastructure, followed by archaeological survey and through interviewing local residents to describe traces of the Pacific war infrastructure.The results explain that the preparation of good infrastructure by the allies is part of the war strategy, which determines the win for the allies against the Japanese.

Keywords: Military archaeology, infrastructure, strategy

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