The Batu Ejayya region records prehistoric Toalian occupation between the mid and late Holocene near
the south coast of South Sulawesi. This region is located in a volcanic rock formation, where available
Chert sources are difficult to find. The research problem is the behavior of the Toalian occupants in the
region in making well adapted lithic tools in view of the limited availability of Chert. The lithic artifacts
found on the surface and during excavation are analyzed focusing on the categories of retouched flake
tools, unretouched flake tools, complete flakes, and cores on Chert and volcanic stone. The results show
that the production of small tools had stringent and complicated needs, requiring the Toalians to search
out and find Chert as the main ingredient. Stages in the technology for utilizing Chert resource began
with reduction of geological nodules far from where the sites were located. Volcanic stone was used as
an alternative raw material only for making large tools that required little in the way of modification.
Keywords: Toalian, Technology, Source, Behavior, Batu Ejayya Region
The results of archaeological studies during this period, both from the colonial era until now, there has
been no report on human skeletal findings from cultural supporters of the plestosen period in South
Sulawesi. Existing reports, only limited to the findings of human remains of holosen period Mongoloid
characterized. Therefore, in this paper will be perensented some new data of research results to be able
to give a preliminary interpretation of who human supporters of stone culture in South Sulawesi. Human
teeth found in the excavation asosiated with stone tools, in particular the jagged arrowhead and mikrolit
on the website of Bala Metti. If the tooth is from ras Mongoloid then it can be said that jagged
arrowhead has also produced during the farm. The analysis method applied in this writing is method of
excavation and comparation.
Keywords: Interpretation, Human Teeth, Sites
Pottery in Indonesia is one of the objects that plays an important role in people's lives from prehistoric
times to the present. Pottery is one of the remains of cultural objects most commonly found in
archaeological research, made of clay and burned. Analysis of pottery laboratory technology aims to
obtain accurate data about the function and quality of a pottery. The method used is physical analysis
and chemical analysis (gravimetry).Based on the results of laboratory technology analysis, the pottery
from Bulu Sumi Cave Site included in the category of daily equipment that serves to hold water, process
food, serving food and beverages. In terms of quality, the pottery, including in the medium to good
quality, with a burning rate of 500°-600° Celsius and burned in open air.Color fragments of pottery,
dominated by light colors compared with dark colors. Light colors due to the mineral content of quartz,
and plagioclase that much on raw materials
Keywords: Bulu Sumi Cave, Pottery, Laboratory Analysis Technology
Pongka is administratively the name of a village located in the District of Tellu Siattingge Bone District.
This study aims to describe the form of spatial arrangement and the factors that support the formation
of residential areas on the Pongka site. From a survey with systematic random sampling techniques,
successfully collected types of findings include non-fragmental findings and fragmental findings. Then
the specific analysis, contextual, environmental, functional and spatial analysis resulted in at least two
categories of space on the Pongka Site namely sacred and profane space. The conclusion is that the
factors influencing the formation of residential areas on the Pongka Site are political factors, which are
closely related to the location security.
Keywords: Pongka site, residential archeology, spatial arrangement, systematic random
One area in Maluku on the east coast of the island of Seram, namely Bula, has potential archaeological
remains of the oil industry which was developed since the days of the Dutch East Indies government.
This study discusses the discovery of oil resources in the region, as well as the construction of oil mining
infrastructure and facilities in Bula became the embryo of morphology of the city of Bula. The methods
used to discuss the topic are literature search methods, as well as survey methods and archaeological
observations. Originally, until the end of the 19th century, this area was not much occupied by
Europeans but following the discovery of oil resources, this area then began to grow. Various mining
infrastructure and facilities built by the Dutch East Indies Government include : oil wells, storage tanks
to support facilities such as employee housing, hospitals, roads, ports, airports, and recreational
facilities. Oil mining infrastructure and facilities were built to become the initial formation of the
morphology of the new industrial city of Bula, with regional spread and appeal to people from outside.
Keywords: Industrial archaeology, Oil mining infrastructure and facilities, the Dutch East Indies, Morphology of City
This paper presents a study of the landscape on the site of several caves that have rock art of prehistoric
times. Some prehistoric caves in the southern of the Island of Sulawesi, are the cave region with hand
stencils and painting animal. This research is focused on painting animal and cultural landscape. The
methods used include collecting the result of rock art research in this region, then classifying the type
of painting animal and determining the layout of the painting in the map using GIS software. This
software is also used to measure both nearest and farest site from the coastal range in Pleistocene times.
The results of identification based on the animal painting, cave pattern distribution, and the environment
in the past, finally explained that the prehistoric cave region in the Southern part of Sulawesi is a
cultural landscape that has been occupied by two different identity groups based on the characters of
Keywords: Landscape, animal painting, environment.
Balang Metti cave is one of the prehistoric sites that found in the Pattuku Prehistoric Culture Area,
Bone Regency. This site has a good potential for archaeological remains, given the discovery of a human
skeleton in a very fragile condition. This research was coducted in order to determine the type of Balang
Metti man. The method used excavation and analysis of human skeletal bones to identify parts of the
order for a description of the type of human being dwellers in Balang Metti cave. The results showed
that the human skeleton of the Balang Metti cave site was from mongoloid with Austronesian-speaking
cultures less than 3000 years ago. This research has give early contribution in searching and tracking
human of cave culture that until now has never been found in Sulawesi.
Keywords: Balang Metti Cave, human skeleton, cave culture
Historical sources mention, Cenrana Site is a residential location of the Kingdom of Bone during the
reign of La Patau Matanna Tikka. Archaeological research conducted earlier, mentioned that
archaeological findings and environmental carrying capacity of this site gives an indication of the
utilization aspect as the central government of the Kingdom of Bone. Although mentioning
environmental conditions as one indication of aspects of site utilization, but the study does not analyze
and explain contextually the environmental conditions referred. In the framework of filling the space,
this study focuses on the analysis of archaeological environmental conditions located on the southern
edge of the Cenrana River flow. The analysis used included community residence analysis in semi-micro
scale. The results showed that the arrangement of residential space on the Cenrana Site extends from
west to east. Meanwhile, the pattern of distribution of the findings is irregular and there are four
divisions of space, namely: location of government, production location, residential location, and
sacred location. The main factors affecting the division of space are the economic and environmental
conditions that support, such as; geographical conditions, land characteristics, natural resources and
Keywords: Settlement, Cenrana, spatial, environment
This research is intended to improve the traces of the Nepo Kingdom located in Barru District of South
Sulawesi Province, focusing on the early studies of Nepo Kingdom when in lead by Arung Pattapulo
(forty kings) to the government of La Bongngo. The first research method used, the literature study
which is the source of the Nepo lontara manuscript and Manuba Lontara, the result of lontara
manuscript reading is used as the initial guidance to attract toponim or places in the lontara script. The
second method is direct observation of spaciousness for recording artefacts and features and performs
recording of collective memory data of society (speech tradition) concept of society related to the early
days of Nepo Kingdom until the reign of Arung La Bongngo, Nepo Kingdom governance system,
transformation of settlement and agriculture in the early days of Nepo Kingdom
Keywords: Transformation, Nepo Kingdom, Lontara, Artifacts and Features
The theme of the research is the technique of making blades using an experimental archaeological
approach. This experimental activity used as a reference to explain the possible ways in which human
beings produce artifacts. This research has two problems, how the process of making blades by direct
sampling techniques and what forms are generated from the selection of striking platform at random
and in one flat plane on the material. The purpose of this study is to find out the possibility of the ways
of human life of the past in terms of making stone tools and to know in detail the process of making
blades. The methods used include data collection, data processing and data interpretation by analyzing
based on the process of making the blades and the resulting shapes. Experimental results by flake
artefacts, show human skill in making tools and mental ability to think and prepare the operational
sequence. The operational sequences in this experiment can illustrate the sequence of processes of
making the actual type of stone artefacts.
Keywords: Experiment, duplication, blades-flake, mental ability
Sarolangun Karst belongs to the Sarolangun Regency, preserving the cultural remains of the mesolithic
period, which has not been too concerned by environmental researchers, especially geoarchaeology.
This is the issue that covers general geological conditions. The purpose of this research is to mapping
the surface geology in general as an effort to present geological information related to archeological
site. The aim is to know the geomorphological, stratigraphic aspects of the archaeological sites. The
research method is done through literature review, survey, field data analysis and interpretation.
Environmental observations provide information on the landscape of the study area consisting of
terrestrial morphology units, weak wavy morphology, strong corrugated morphology units, and karst
morphology units. The rivers are dendritic and rectangular, along with the mature-old river, the Old
River, Periodic/Permanent River and the Episodic/Intermittent River. The rocks of prehistoric cave
compilers are limestones. The geologic structure is a fracture of the shear fault type. Exploration at
Sarolangun Karst has listed 6 cave sites. From the classification of petrology, litik tools made of jasper,
chert, basalt and andesite rocks. Rock as a raw material litik, found around caves in both the outcrop
and boulder. For obsidian sources are located in Bukit Hulu Simpang and Bukit Legal Tinggi.
Keywords: geology, holocene, mesolithic, closed sites, lithic materials
This study aims to provide a description of the fauna that once interacted with human in the Bontocani
karst Area in Bone District. Of the few excavated sites providing data availability of bone fragments
that can be analyzed by conducting comparative studies with existing faunal composition of the fauna.
The method of data collection is by excavation at some sites in this Karst Area. The results of this study
document a wide range of vertebrates in the Balang Metti fauna including fish, frogs/toads, lizards,
snakes, birds, Strigocuscus, Ailurops ursinus, insectivorous bats, Sulawesi monkeys, rats, Sulawesi pigs,
babirusa and Anoa. In some layers of culture, the absence of anoa, indicates the environmental change
from the environment of the fields and the weeds to the wet rain forest environment around the site,
along with the extinction of this fauna. Based on the identified fauna bone analysis, it is illustrated that
past habitats and environments in Bontocani Karst area have not changed much.
Keywords: Vertebrate fauna, karst area, environment, habitation
South Sulawesi is an area that has many prehistoric painting sites. Research on the meaning of the
painting is still very limited. Therefore this paper attempts to examine the meaning contained the Uhalie
Cave site by Lévi Strauss structuralism approach. The issues raised in this paper are how the meaning
of Uhalie Cave paintings and why anoa and pigs became the object of paintings in the Uhalie Cave. The
answer obtained from the issues will explain the behavior of a group of painters located in the village.
The methods used in this study are collecting secondary data of Uhalie Cave Research, then doing
analysis of painting classiffication, finding the pattern of painting in the cave, finding sintagmatic,
paradigmatic, tansformation, determining signified-signifer, and distinctive feature. The result of this
study explain that the happines and grief manifestation of Uhalie Cave human in hunting.
Keywords: Painting, meaning, structuralism Lévi Strauss.
Our understanding of the cultural transformation phase of the Islamic grave in South Sulawesi is still
limited to the study of its territorial scope, not specific to a particular locality or kingdom. This study
aims to determine the stage of transformation of Islamic shape tomb in Tanete Kingdom, Barru and its
causal factors. The research used artefactual data which are four complex of King Tanete tomb,
interview data and historical data. The methods used are survey, interview, literature study,
identification and interpretation. The study conclude three stages of transformation shape tomb at
Tanete, the first transformation of the early seventeenth century characterized by tombstone, both
occurring in the mid-18th century to the beginning of the nineteenth century characterized by decorative
and inscribed tombs, and the third occurred beginning of the 20th century with the characteristic of
European architecture. The cause of the three stages of the transformation of the tomb is the external
factor, the first stage of the Gowa kingdom, the second stage of Malay culture, and the third stage is the
influence of political relations with the Dutch Government.
Keywords: Transformation, Tanete, shape, tomb, cungkup.
Pacific war in Morotai is an important historical event in Indonesia as well as in the world. The Pacific
war involving two major powers, the Allies and Japan, left a trail of archaeological studies examined
to record a very important historical event in the Pacific region of Morotai Island. Based on the concept
of military archaeology, this study uses archaeological data to reconstruct infrastructure and allied
strategies in combat against Japan. Investigation of these remains proceeded through studying textual
and photographic records on the Allies' occupation of Morotai Island, and examination of modern-day
aerial photographs of the terrain where the Allies built their infrastructure, followed by archaeological
survey and through interviewing local residents to describe traces of the Pacific war infrastructure.The
results explain that the preparation of good infrastructure by the allies is part of the war strategy, which
determines the win for the allies against the Japanese.
Keywords: Military archaeology, infrastructure, strategy