Asian Pacific Journal of Nursing and Health Sciences

Asian Pacific Journal of Nursing and Health Sciences

Basic info

  • Publisher: Academy of health professionals
  • Country of publisher: india
  • Platform/Host/Aggregator: Zenodo
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2019/Sep/29

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Medicine, Health and Wellness, Nursing
  • Publisher's keywords: Nursing, Medical, Dental, Pharmacy And Allied Health Sciences
  • Language of fulltext: english
  • Time from submission to publication: 8 weeks

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): No
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: CC BY
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2018
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? True
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? True

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: ARK
  • Content digitally archived in: Other
  • Deposit policy registered in: Other http://apjnh.com/pdf/Digital-Archiving-Policy.pdf

This journal has '16' articles

Mother as first line of defense against intestinal disorders among babies of tropical countries

Mother as first line of defense against intestinal disorders among babies of tropical countries

Authors: Mosab Nouraldein Mohammed Hamad Mohammed Hamad
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Abstract

Mother is the gift of god , it bears a lot of works and perform many duties mainly in rural and non civilized areas in comparison to urban areas where life is very complicated , has a rapid rhythm and most of mothers spent their day time in work place whether its company , factory or even school , they let their young babies in less comfortable and poor hygiene nurseries or in their relatives house whether the grandfather or grandmother of the baby is very busy with cooking, washing of clothes and cleaning ,then they allow to the baby to play on ground and contaminate him/herself with waste present on the ground , sucking their fingers , dirty and long nails also contact with domestic animals ,cats ,dogs , goats and other animals , which is usually stay free in the yard .

Keywords:
Effectiveness of Adolescent Health Programme on knowledge regarding Iron deficiency anaemia among adolescent girls at Kabirdham District, Chhattisgarh

Effectiveness of Adolescent Health Programme on knowledge regarding Iron deficiency anaemia among adolescent girls at Kabirdham District, Chhattisgarh

Authors: Kalpana B Joshi
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Abstract

Adolescent period is a critical link between childhood and adulthood. Objectives of this study were to assess the effectiveness of adolescent health programme on knowledge regarding Iron deficiency Anaemia among adolescent girls and to associate the knowledge score with their selected demographic variables. An evaluative approach was used in the study, non-probability purposive sampling technique was used to select 120 adolescent girls from 60 adolescent girls from govt. higher secondary school and 60 from private higher secondary school and data was gathered using the structured knowledge questionnaire on iron deficiency anaemia. Data was analysed by using descriptive and inferential statistics .in selected school. The study result showed that majority (76%) of study sample had poor knowledge, 2% had good knowledge and 22% had average knowledge on prevention of iron deficiency anaemia. Keywords:

Keywords: Prevention, anaemia, Adolescent girls.
A case presentation on rheumatic heart disease with mitral regurgitation

A case presentation on rheumatic heart disease with mitral regurgitation

Authors: Dr.A, Jayasudha
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Abstract

In pregnancy there is increased pressure on the heart valves. Counseling of women with rheumatic heart disease gives appropriate surveillance of maternal and fetal well being, as well as planning and documentation of the management of elective and emergency delivery. However, many women with rheumatic heart disease have healthy pregnancies, healthy babies with the right medical care.

Keywords: Prevention, anaemia, Adolescent girls.
What is the optimal opioid analgesic in the management of sickle cell pain crisis?

What is the optimal opioid analgesic in the management of sickle cell pain crisis?

Authors: Eze Onyegbule Okubuiro
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Abstract

Sickle cell disease is an autosomal recessive disorder that is common in people of African, Middle-Eastern and Mediterranean ancestry and its incidence varies from 10 to 40% of the population across equatorial Africa. The homozygous sickle cell disease affects about 2% of neonates in Nigeria and accounts for 25% of deaths in children under 5 years in Africa annually. The most common clinical manifestations are pain and anaemia. Pain associated with sickle cell pain crisis is usually severe, requiring treatment with strong opioids in addition to other interventions such as oxygen therapy and hydration with isotonic solutions. In order to accommodate the complex bio-psychosocial components of this condition, pharmacotherapy, psychotherapy, functional restoration and other non-opioid pharmacotherapies need to be integrated in a multidisciplinary protocol for optimal outcome. There is a dearth of studies on the ideal analgesic regimen in the management of sickle cell crisis. Adoption of morphine PCA as the Gold standard in this condition is derived from studies on acute pain management protocols that are non-specific for sickle cell pain crisis. More research is needed to identify the most appropriate opioid analgesic protocol in the management of sickle cell pain crisis. Such study requires exploration of alternative methods of opioid administration as PCA equipment may not be universally accessible in places (especially, resource-limited settings) where sickle cell disease is most endemic.

Keywords: Sickle-cell-disease,management, pain-crisis,analgesiaopioids.
Effectiveness of Competency Training Program on Modified Early Warning System (MEWS) upon the Knowledge of Nurses in Selected Hospitals, Chennai

Effectiveness of Competency Training Program on Modified Early Warning System (MEWS) upon the Knowledge of Nurses in Selected Hospitals, Chennai

Authors: Anju Chandran
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Abstract

Background: Adverse events results in unintended harm to the patients including permanent disability and death. MEWS was introduced to identify and document the deteriorating patients in hospital settings. Adequate training and education of nurses will enhance early recognition and response in preventing adverse events. Objective: The objective of the study was to assess the effectiveness of competency training program on MEWS among nurses. Methodology: A Quasi experimental study was conducted among nurses who were working in inpatient units of selected hospitals, Chennai. 140 nurses were selected as participants out of which (n=70) is constituted to experimental group and (n=70) was constituted to control group. Pre-test knowledge was assessed in both groups. Competency training program on MEWS was given to experimental group of nurses and post test was assessed after one month. Results: The mean post-test knowledge scores was significantly higher in experimental group (M=18.2) to that of control group (M=10.6) which shows the effectiveness of competency training program on MEWS with (t=22.29, p<0.001). Conclusion: The present study reveals that Competency training program on MEWS had a significant increase in the knowledge of nurses in the experimental group.

Keywords: Adverse event, health, Nurse.
Knowledge and Attitude towards Homosexuality among College Students in selected Colleges of Rewa (M.P): A Descriptive Study

Knowledge and Attitude towards Homosexuality among College Students in selected Colleges of Rewa (M.P): A Descriptive Study

Authors: Manisha Gupta
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Abstract

Homosexuality is attraction between the same sex peoples. A person’s sexual instinct (inborn pattern of romantic and sexual interest and identity) affects the attitudes of others toward him or her. In this time heterosexuality is the standard and most minority groups (counting lesbian Women and gay men) are subjected to stereotypes. The number of people associated with same-sex sexual activities ranges from 4 to17%.1The aim of the study is to assess knowledge and attitude towards homosexuality among college students. A non experimental descriptive survey research design was adopted. 100 college students were selected through purposive sampling technique. The standardized questionnaires were used for the data collection that is Knowledge about Homosexuality Questionnaire (KHQ) and Homosexuality Attitude Scale (HAS). Data was analyzed by using SPSS 20.0 version. The findings showed that the socio demographic variables of college students was found that the majority of 53(53.0%) were in the age group of 20-22 years, 69 (69.0%) of them were female, most of the students 85(85.0%) were Hindus, 93(93%) of students were unmarried, 33(33.0%) were III year students and most of the college students 90 (90.0%) received information towards homosexuality through mass media. Findings related to knowledge 63(63%) students had an average knowledge, 31(31%) had poor knowledge and 6 (6%) had good knowledge towards homosexuality.The attitude of college students towards homosexuality was found to be favorable. In the study 90(90%) of the college students had favorable attitude and 10 (10%) college students had unfavorable attitude towards homosexuality. There was significant association between knowledge score and demographic variables like age of the students and year of study where as no significant association between knowledge score and demographic variables like gender, religion, marital status and source of previous knowledge.The association between socio- demographic variables and attitude score. There was significant association between attitude score and demographic variables like age of the students and year of study where as no significant association between attitude score and demographic variables like gender, religion, marital status and source of previous knowledge.

Keywords: Homosexuality, Attitude, Knowledge, College and College Students.
Parents of children with oncological diseases and the employment market in Bulgaria

Parents of children with oncological diseases and the employment market in Bulgaria

Authors: Ivaila Georgieva1and Guergana Petrova2* 1Clinic of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, University Hospital “TsaritsaYoanna – ISUL” LTD, Sofia, Bulgar...
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Abstract

The problem with the employment of parents of children with oncological diseases is not new and with so many supporting organizations and media influences is expected to be solved, but it is not the case. We asked ourselves are employers familiar with the professional abilities, physical and psychological health of parents of children with malignant diseases? Are there any preferences and programs equally effective for the employers and the employees?The research of the team of the current study draws to the conclusion that currently, the social integration of disadvantaged and vulnerable groups of the population in the labor market is one of the most significant problems in Bulgaria, which is ever growing in scale and tends to affect more and more people. The neglect and downplaying of this problem has led to the emergence of many other socially significant problems including poverty, high social tensions and conflicts, which have a negative impact on the demographic processes in the country and inhibit its development.

Keywords: employers; employees; malignant diseases in children; parents; supporting campaign.
Mini Review on Low Back Pain

Mini Review on Low Back Pain

Authors: Rajitha S R* Assistant Professor, Christian College of Nursing, Neyyoor, Kanyakumari, Tamilnadu, India
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Abstract

Everyone has experienced some type or degree of pain. Pain is an unpleasant and highly personal experience that may be imperceptible to others, while consuming all parts of the person’s life. Pain is more than a symptom of a problem; it is a high priority problem in itself. Pain represents both physiologic and psychologic dangers to health and recovery. Severe pain is viewed as an emergency situation deserving attention and prompt professional treatment. A person in pain feels distress or suffering and seeks relief. Low back pain is an important clinical, social, economic and public health problem affecting the modern society indiscriminately. In persons under age 45, low back pain is responsible for more lost working hours than any other medical condition and represents one of the nation’s most costly health problems.

Keywords: Vertebroplasty, microdiscectomy, Foraminotomy, intradiscal electrothermal therapy, nucleoplasty.
Effect of behavior on bone health

Effect of behavior on bone health

Authors: Mosab Nouraldein Mohammed Hamad1* Elsheikh Abdallah Elbadri University, Sudan
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Abstract

Bones are the base of the body because it supports all the body systems and it contains the bone marrow which is the most important component of the body, because it offers blood cell to the organs throughout the body.

Keywords: baby, bones, body
Prevalence of polycystic ovarian syndrome among selected group of Sudanese housewives with infertility disorders

Prevalence of polycystic ovarian syndrome among selected group of Sudanese housewives with infertility disorders

Authors: Mohammed A.Gafoor A.Gadir1, Mohammed Omer Mohammed Hussein1 , Mosab Nouraldein Mohammed Hamad2* 1Banoon center of obstetrics and gynecology and repro...
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Abstract

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), also recognized as the Stein-Leventhal syndrome, is one of the most widespread endocrinopathies between women of reproductive age. Hyperinsulinemia in mixture with pancreatic beta cell dysfunction consequences in an increased risk of numerous illnesses, counting type 2 diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, endothelial dysfunction, atherosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases. Insulin also stimulates the theca cells of the ovary to create excessive testosterone, which is accountable for the clinical symptoms of hyperandrogenism

Keywords: PCOS, syndrome,age,women.
Diabetes insipidus: Overview

Diabetes insipidus: Overview

Authors: Seema Sharma*, Karam Singh ASBASJSM College of Pharmacy, Bela, Ropar, Punjab, India
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Abstract

Diabetes insipidus is mainly characterized by polyuria, urinary volume over 3 L/day or 40mL/kg/day in adults, leading to subsequent polydipsia; these features are also present in most cases of diabetes mellitus. But today we can use natural treatment to remedy our problems concerning diabetes. This review is about diabetes insipidus which is entirely different from diabetes mellitus. We have read much about diabetes mellitus but now we must know about the diabetes insipidus. Diabetes insipidus is a uncommon condition, in which the kidneys are unable to conserve water. The amount of water which is conserved by the kidney is controlled by anti diuretic hormone (ADH) also called as vasopressin. In this disease there is lack of vasopressin in the body. In this overview there is a full disease profile of diabetes insipidus, so we came to know about the causes, sign & symptoms, treatment and medication for this diease.

Keywords: Diabetes insipidus, Diabetes mellitus, Overview.
Prevalence of Scabies at dermatology Department PMCH Hospital Nawabshah

Prevalence of Scabies at dermatology Department PMCH Hospital Nawabshah

Authors: Mr. Abdul Haque khoso1 , Mr. Khalid Nadeem2 , Miss. Bashiran chachar3 , Mrs. Shabnum Bashir4 , Mr. Bashir Ahmed Pirzado5 , Jahanzeb khan Khoso6...
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Abstract

Introduction: Scabies is a neglected tropical public health problem around the world. It is caused by the Sarcoptes Scabiei mite that infested under the skin. The prevalence has been noted as per year is 300 million patients over the world wide. Objectives:To determine the frequency of Scabies at PMCH Nawabshah. Methods: A cross sectional study has been carried out on 422 patients at Peoples Medical Hospital Nawabshah at outpatients Department of Dermatology. The technique of sampling was convenience. A structured questionnaire has been used for data collection and analysis. All data has been collected by researcher on diagnosed cases of scabies by skin specialists. Results: The study is showing prevalence 22.4% among skin problem persons. The mean age of participant 60.2.Sabies can occur at any stage of life The comparison of male and female individuals as 6610 (48%) and 6595 (52%). The marital status of the participants as; married, un-married, widower, divorced and widow was 260 (66.3%) ,118(27.9%),2(0.47%),1(0.23%) and 21(4.97%) respectively and high rate found in lower economic condition Conclusion: The prevalence of scabies at peoples Medical Hospital Nawabshah is 22.4% The prevalence of scabies high in developing countries and this found prominent in back ward areas. The high ratio of scabies is associate with limited resources of basic life. Scabies seems to be neglected tropical problem of health.

Keywords: Scabies, Prevalence, socio-economic, Sindh, Pakistan.
Review on Pharmaceutical Process Validation

Review on Pharmaceutical Process Validation

Authors: Tenzin Wangpo1*, D.S Rathore2 , Yogendra Singh3 1Sun Rise University, Alwar, Rajasthan, India 2Professor, Department of Pharmacy,Goenka College of...
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Abstract

The process validation is one of the most essential key factor when it comes to the efficient manufacturing of pharmaceutical dosage forms. The process validation assures the highest degree of uniform results and also helps to meet the predefined specifications for the dosage form. Also process validation assures the quality of the product and helps to meet desired results. It basically involves the collection and analyzing the data from product design stage which ensures that the process is capable for the production of quality product. Through this review article we want to have had the knowledge of the process validation and also want to put the basic outline over this process validation process.

Keywords: Pharmaceutical,validation, review.
Herbal Drugs Used in Diabetes Mellitus

Herbal Drugs Used in Diabetes Mellitus

Authors: Ankit Rana*, Ramandeep Singh Himachal Institute of Pharmacy, Paonta Sahib, H.P., India
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Abstract

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is the most common of the endocrine disorders. It is an important human ailment, afflicting many, from various walks of life in different countries. The prevalence of diabetes mellitus is expected to reach up to 4.4% in the world by 2030. Among all type of diabetes, type 2 diabetes is main complication. Currently available treatment option in modern medicine have several adverse effects. Therefore, there is a need to develop safe and effective treatment modalities for diabetes. Medicinal plants play an important role in the management of diabetes mellitus especially in developing countries where resources are meager. This article presents a review on some reported anti-diabetic medicinal plants

Keywords: Diabetes,plants,endocrine, review.
An Overview on the sign of the interaction between thyroid and kidney disease

An Overview on the sign of the interaction between thyroid and kidney disease

Authors: Monika Semwal1*, Asheesh Kumar Gupta2 1Kukreja Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Dehradun, U.K., India 2JBIT College of Pharmacy, Dehradun, U.K....
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Abstract

Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone. Hypothyroidism is associated with reduced Glomerular filtration rate and hyperthyroidism results in increased GFR as well as increased renin angiotensin aldosterone activation. Chronic Kidney disease (CKD) is characterized by a low T3 syndrome which is now considered a part of an atypical nonthyroidal illness. This review studies probable mechanistic relations between thyroid and kidney disease.

Keywords: Hypothyroidism, Hyperthyroidism, Angiotensin and Aldosterone.

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