Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology

Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology

Basic info

  • Publisher: Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology
  • Country of publisher: brazil
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2017/May/24

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Animal Behavior, Biometry, Zoology and Animal Science
  • Publisher's keywords: Animal Behavior, Biometeorology Animal, Animal Ambience, Farm Animals
  • Language of fulltext: english, portuguese

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): Yes U$ 100
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Editorial information

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: Other
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2013
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: DOI
  • Content digitally archived in: Other
  • Deposit policy registered in: Diadorim

This journal has '102' articles

slugTemperamento de búfalas em sala de ordenha sobre índices produtivos e adaptabilidade ao ambiente: uma revisão

slugTemperamento de búfalas em sala de ordenha sobre índices produtivos e adaptabilidade ao ambiente: uma revisão

Authors: Juliana Paula Felipe de Oliveira, Adriano Henrique do Nascimento Rangel, Mayara Leilane de Jesus Barreto, Viviane Maia de Araújo, Dorgival Morais de L...
( 49 downloads)
Abstract

Buffaloes have become an economically viable source of protein, due to its adaptability, precocity and longevity. The dogma that high productivity cannot be related with the animal welfare needs to be effectively broken down by making the producers aware, based on education and science, of the appropriate treatment to animals favors the productivity. To high milk production buffaloes and with ability for milking, this happens without suckling calves which are artificially suckled. This technique, when not properly performed, can provide negative consequences, like difficulties in animal adaptation to the milking environment, especially those who are facing this experience for the first time, like primiparous buffaloes. The development of methods for temperament evaluation added to management improvements in the productive unit is valuable to improve the welfare conditions for animals. The behavioral observation in the milking environment is a very important tool for the determination of the animal's temperamental score which, in turn, is substantial to determine the level of welfare and conditioning/performance in this activity, and thus minimizing problems and negative consequences for animal handlers, animals and producer.

Keywords: nvironmental variables, yield, welfare
slugIngestive behavior and thermoregulatory responses of equine in grazing activities

slugIngestive behavior and thermoregulatory responses of equine in grazing activities

Authors: Wéverton José Lima Fonseca ▪ Augusto Matias de Oliveira ▪ Wéverson Lima Fonseca ▪ Gioto Ghiarone Terto e Sousa ▪ Leandro de Oliveira Guerra ▪ Mário...
( 47 downloads)
Abstract

The objective of this article was to evaluate the main physiological responses, as well as the main patterns of ingestive behavior and physiological parameters of equines in activities grazing. Animal behavior is influenced by several factors, such as, climate, temperature, power supply, etc., thus becoming indispensable good management practices, for the animal can play to their best possible performance. The loss of heat in equines that give several ways (conduction, convection, radiation, evaporation), this occurs so that the animal can enter in their zone of thermal comfort (37.5ºC to 38.5ºC).

Keywords: ethology, thermal comfort, bite rate
slugAdaptability of sheep and strategies to minimize the effects of climate in tropical regions

slugAdaptability of sheep and strategies to minimize the effects of climate in tropical regions

Authors: Gustavo de Assis Silva ▪ Bonifácio Benicio de Souza ▪ Elisângela Maria Nunes da Silva
( 70 downloads)
Abstract

The ability to adapt to a particular region is of great importance when it comes to animal production, since the interaction between animals and the environment should be taken into consideration when you want to have maximum productivity. In this study we observed that several experiments evaluating physiological parameters, structures of the integument, hormonal and behavioral changes have been performed in order to verify the adaptability of sheep to a tropical climate. Several breeds have been studied in different types of environment and time of year, however, most of these works alone comes to matters related to adaptability. Therefore, we intended to make this review a junction of several major papers in the literature, in order to facilitate the understanding of how the climate and can interfere with the adaptation and its effects on sheep production in tropical regions, as well as reporting on the use of some strategies that can be used to minimize the climatic effects on productivity, which is the main goal of those working with livestock.

Keywords: adaptation, heat stress, physiology, behavior
slugFarm animals’s cognition and the tests used on its evaluation

slugFarm animals’s cognition and the tests used on its evaluation

Authors: Danielle Priscila Bueno Fernandes ▪ Iran José Oliveira da Silva ▪ Aérica Cirqueira Nazareno ▪ Ana Carolina Donofre
( 28 downloads)
Abstract

Cognition is a set of activities and processes whereby an animal acquires information and develops knowledge. The most common cognitive processes are: memory, categorization, attention, reasoning and language. This present research was aimed to study the cognitive ability of livestock based on results of cognitive tests described in the literature, as well to expose the various types of tests applied to make such an assessment, in the periods from 1969 until nowadays. Through this bibliographic study, it was discussed issues related to cognition, sentience and animal consciousness, through preference tests, learning, recognition and memorization applied to domestic animals. In general they show a cognitive ability to evaluate the environment for themselves, based on their preferences and motivations. Cognitive tests have shown the high ability of some species to memorize their handlers’ faces, and recognize who is aversively dealing with. Furthermore, it was possible to prove that some producing species are sentient and their choices able to imply physical sensations that can affect your mental state. Thus, it is important to point out measures to help improve the well-being of the animals.

Keywords: animal sentience, memory, motivation, preference test, welfare
slugThe dairy cow and global climate changes

slugThe dairy cow and global climate changes

Authors: Flávio Baccari Jr.
( 44 downloads)
Abstract

High producing dairy cows are more sensitive to heat stress due mainly to their higher resting metabolic rate as compared to low producing and dry cows. Their responses to increasing levels of the temperature-humidity and the black globe-humidity indices are discussed as well as some aspects of heat tolerance as related to body temperature increase and milk production decrease. Some mitigation and adaptation practices are recommended to face the challenges of global climate changes.

Keywords: adaptation, heat stress, mitigation
slugPhysiological variables of equines remaining of the Nordestino Horse breed used in cattle handling

slugPhysiological variables of equines remaining of the Nordestino Horse breed used in cattle handling

Authors: Tobyas Maia de Albuquerque Mariz ▪ Jéssyka Emmanuelly Silva dos Santos ▪ Pierre Barnabé Escodro ▪ Carolyny Batista Lima ▪ Anailton Carlos Alves de Al...
( 25 downloads)
Abstract

The aim of this study was to analyse the physiological parameters of horses remnants of the Nordestino Horse breed used in cattle handling in the caatinga bioma, before and after the working activity. 16 castrated males were used. The animals were evaluated in two stages: At the begin and after the cattle handling. Heart rate, respiratory rate, skin temperature on the rump, side, scapula, neck and mean surface temperature were verified. The experimental design was a completely randomized with two treatments and 16 replications, and the values were submitted to analysis of variance and mean test (Tukey at 5% probability). Except for respiratory frequency and surface temperature of the rump, there was no statistical difference (P <0.05), in all the other variables, which increased its average value after performing the cattle handling. The Nordestino Horse breed showed to be well adapted to cattle handling in the caatinga bioma.

Keywords: horse, native breed, genetic resource
slugEffect of environment and age on the physiological responses and blood constituents of Anglo-Nubian goats

slugEffect of environment and age on the physiological responses and blood constituents of Anglo-Nubian goats

Authors: Bonifácio Benicio de Sousa ▪ João Vinícius Barbosa Roberto ▪ Alessandra de Sousa Alves ▪ Elisângela Maria Nunes da Silva ▪ Gustavo de Assis Silva ▪...
( 25 downloads)
Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the environment on physiological responses and the influence of age on hematological parameters of Anglo-Nubians goats in the semiarid northeast. Were used 22 young goats with 30 to 70 days old, distributed in a completely randomized design, in morning and afternoon shifts, with 22 repetitions. There was no effect of shifts for the variables rectal temperature and respiratory frequency. There was means of rectal temperatures of 39, 21 and 39, 37 °C for the morning and afternoon shifts, respectively. For RF, observed means of 39, 23 and 42.68 mov. / Min for morning and afternoon, respectively. For ST, there was an average of 31, 27 ° C for the morning shift and an average of 33, 31 ° C for the afternoon, having the analysis of variance revealed effect of shift for all the different body parts of the animals and registered the highest average in the afternoon. For the parameters erythrocyte count, corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular volume and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, was significant effect of age. Already for mean hemoglobin and leukocytes, there was no significant difference between the ages studied. The physiological responses of the animals were maintained within the normal pattern, indicating that the thermoregulatory apparatus from the goats was effective in maintaining the homeothermy. The ST was influenced by ambient temperatures, rising in the afternoon shift. The age affects the majority of the blood constituents of young goats. Hematological data obtained can serve as a reference for young goats created in tropical environmental conditions.

Keywords: goats, Age group, physiology, hematology
slugAerial environment and deep litter temperature in a swine building

slugAerial environment and deep litter temperature in a swine building

Authors: Francine Aparecida Sousa ▪ Alessandro Torres Campos ▪ Pedro Ivo Sodré Amaral ▪ Jaqueline de Oliveira Castro ▪ Soraia Viana Ferreira ▪ Tadayuki Yanagi...
( 23 downloads)
Abstract

This study objective was to assess the air quality by measuring gas concentrations, and assess the surface and inside temperatures of deep litter materials in a finishing swine building. The experiment was conducted during the months of June and July. It was compared three treatments: deep litter composed of shaving woods + sugarcane bagasse (M+B), deep litter composed of sugarcane bagasse (BAG) and deep litter consisting of shaving woods (MAR). The installation stalls had a concrete floor under the deep litter. Measurements of instantaneous concentrations of ammonia, NH3 (ppm), carbon dioxide (CO2 ppm) and carbon monoxide (CO, ppm) at the level of the animals were taken. Data relating to surface temperature and inside the deep litter for swine were collected at three different points within the stalls (center, in the frontal region and background of the stalls). It was observed that the "MAR" deep litter showed the highest average concentration of NH3 (2.88 ppm). The "BAG" deep litter showed the lowest values of NH3 for all time intervals evaluated. In the morning period was observed significant differences for all treatments. The highest CO2 concentration (1530 ppm) was observed in treatment "BAG" at 11 h 30 min. The surface temperatures of deep beddings showed no significant differences between the sampling points. The temperature inside the deep litter at the front of the stall treatment was higher (M+B) when compared to treatment (ABG) and (MAR). The concentration of CO, CO2 and NH3, measured, gases not reached levels that could cause harm to the health of animals.

Keywords: installations for swine, rural buildings, environment, gases
slugVariation of climatic elements and thermoregulatory responses of goats in the Brazilian semi -arid

slugVariation of climatic elements and thermoregulatory responses of goats in the Brazilian semi -arid

Authors: João Vinícius Barbosa Roberto ▪ Bonifácio Benicio de Sousa ▪ Ismael de Sousa Nobre ▪ Júlio Edson da Silva Lucena ▪ Raniere Dias de Lima
( 63 downloads)
Abstract

The present study aimed evaluate the influence of the climate elements at the different times of the day on the thermoregulatory mechanisms of pure Saanen goats and crossbred ¼ Saanen + ¾ Boer, created in intensive system in semi-arid Paraiba. Were used 16 goats, 8 pure females Saanen and 8 crossbred ¼ Saanen + ¾ Boer, distributed on a DIC (completely randomized design) in factorial 2x12 (two different races and twelve hours). Were evaluated the environmental and physiological parameters at the different times: between six and seventeen hours. In the environmental parameters is observed that temperature index of the black globe and humidity increases throughout the day, reaching the highest value (84,16) to 13 hours. As low ten o'clock, ambient temperatures exceed the thermal comfort zone for goats. For the RT is observed that there was no statistical difference between the genetic groups in the times of 7, 10 and 16 hours, and the highest average found in the crossbreds and the times of 13, 14,15 and 17 hours. For the RF, the group of pure Saanen and schedules of 14 hours showed the highest average. In the ST there was no effect of genetic groups. The variation in ambient temperature directly influences the physiological responses of the animals. The Saanen group is less tolerant to semiarid climate than the crossbreds.

Keywords: ambience, heat stress, hours, intensive, thermorregulation
slugPhysiological responses of crossbred boer goats finished in native pasture in the semiarid

slugPhysiological responses of crossbred boer goats finished in native pasture in the semiarid

Authors: Bonifácio Benício de Souza ▪ Anderson Luiz Nascimento da Silva ▪ José Morais Pereira Filho ▪ Nayanne Lopes Batista ▪ Dermeval Araújo Furtado
( 29 downloads)
Abstract

In this study, it was evaluated physiological responses of crossbred Boer goats finished in native pasture. The experiment was carried out at experimental farm of Federal University of Campina Grande (UFCG), Patos, Paraiba, Brazil. Were used Twenty-four goats with 120 days of age. The animals were randomly assigned to according to a completely randomized design, being evaluated two shifts (morning and afternoon) with six replications (goats). It were recorded environmental parameters ambient temperature (AT), relative humidity (RH) and wind velocity and determined humidity and black globe temperature index (HGTI) in the shade and in the sun and radiant thermal load(RTL) in the shade and in the sun. The physiologic parameters were evaluated according to the methodology described by Santos et al. (2006) with measurements of rectal temperature (RT), respiratory rate (RR) and skin temperature (ST). There was significant effect of shift of the environmental parameters with (HGTI) in the sun of 93.10 and radiant thermal load (RTL) in the sun of 819.07 W.m-2. The period of the day affected the physiological responses RT, RR and ST with averages values of 39.38 °C, 56.85 mov/min and 34.30 °C, respectively. There was significant effect in relation to the time of day on the physiologic parameters of goats Boer crossbreeds. The thermal gradient between rectal temperatures and superficial and between the superficial temperature and environmental is an indicator of heat stress for goats studied.

Keywords: adaptability, environmental parameters,physiological parameters
slugIngestive behavior of crossbred cows (Holstein/Zebu) in rotational grazing on Brachiaria brizantha cv. Marandu

slugIngestive behavior of crossbred cows (Holstein/Zebu) in rotational grazing on Brachiaria brizantha cv. Marandu

Authors: George Vieira do Nascimento ▪ Evaldo de Almeida Cardoso ▪ Nayanne Lopes Batista ▪ Bonifácio Benício de Souza ▪ Gabriela Brito Cambuí
( 53 downloads)
Abstract

In this study, it was evaluated the ingestive behavior of 10 cows with average weight of 500 kg, 5 years of age and producing a mean of 18 kg of milk/day, which were close to 60 days of lactation. The animals were kept in an area of 3 ha, in rotational grazing on Brachiaria brizantha cv. Marandu. The experiment was conducted in a period of four months, in which were evaluated grazing, ruminating and other activities. The behavioral records were taken during a period of 24 hours at regular intervals of 10 minutes. These collects occurred in six times, half at the rainy season an half at the dry season, being used the “scansampling” method (Setz, 1991). A completely randomized design was used, consisting of two treatments with 10 replicates. The ingestive behavior of crossbred cows (Holstein/Zebu) was not influenced by the seasons of year.

Keywords: dairy cattle, idleness, rumination, feeding time
slugImpact of pre-slaughter management on the welfare of goats and sheep

slugImpact of pre-slaughter management on the welfare of goats and sheep

Authors: Luanda Rêgo de Lima, José Antônio Delfino Barbosa Filho
( 25 downloads)
Abstract

The development of sheep and goat farming in Northeast region of Brazil is not only a subsistence activity among family farmers, but also in recent decades it has emerged as an important sustainable activity, overcoming the precarious subsistence stage and giving prospects for Brazilian agribusiness consolidation. However, some challenges still need to be overcome in order for this creation is profitable, such as the management of all stages of the creation of these animals, especially with the pre-slaughter management, where the greatest number of losses due to the stress caused to the animal, which consequently affects the welfare and the production. Thus, this review will address these issues in more details and clarify the possible damages caused by improper management during the pre-slaughter.

Keywords: sheep and goat farming, semiarid, pre-slaughter
slugThermoregulatory characteristics in horses submitted to vaquejada competitions

slugThermoregulatory characteristics in horses submitted to vaquejada competitions

Authors: Wéverton José Lima Fonseca ▪ Cícero Pereira Barros Junior ▪ Wéverson Lima Fonseca ▪ Carlos Syllas Monteiro Luz ▪ Augusto Matias de Oliveira ▪ André...
( 94 downloads)
Abstract

The aim of this study was to observe the behavior of physiological parameters horses undergoing physical exercises and competitions handle the bull correlate with the physical environment using the values of Wet Bulb Globe Temperature (WBGT). 12 crossbred horses race quarter mile have been used aged 5 to 16 years, three with white fur, chestnut coat with four and five dapple coat. The experimental design was completely randomized with two treatments, where a treatment referred to the morning (T1) and other treatment shift to afternoon (T2) shift. Respiratory rate (RR) and heart rate (HR) and WBGT were measured. There was a significant difference (p<0.05) between the two rounds of collections that corresponds to the 1st morning shift (T1) and 2 afternoon shift (T2) for HR, RR and WBGT, with higher rates after the competition in handle the ox. The FC (0.76) positively correlated with the FR and WBGT positively correlated with FR (0.75) and HR (0.86). It can be concluded that horses valued at handle the ox showed physiological changes due to stress associated with exercise.

Keywords: heat stress, respiratory rate, homeothermy
slugEffect of time of day and type of shading on the physiological responses of crossbred calves in tropical environment

slugEffect of time of day and type of shading on the physiological responses of crossbred calves in tropical environment

Authors: Patrícia de Oliveira Lima, João Batista Freire de Souza Jr, Renata Nayhara de Lima, Francisca Cedma de Sousa Oliveira, Hérica Girlane Tertulino Doming...
( 25 downloads)
Abstract

Many studies report the relationship between adverse environmental conditions and damage yield, especially in dairy cows. However, studies about the effects of environment on young animals, especially calves of mixed breed are rare. Were studied the effects of day time and type of shading on physiological responses of crossbred calves in a tropical environment. Twenty-four ½ Holstein and WDB (without defined breed) calves were identified in two nursery facilities; one provided with natural shading and the other provided with artificial shading by fiber cement tile. In both facilities, air temperature, wind speed, and black globe temperature were recorded between 7 am to 4 pm to calculate the radiant thermal load. Physiological responses (rectal temperature and respiratory rates) were measured in the morning and in the afternoon. The natural shade provided less thermal comfort because of higher radiant thermal load, especially in the afternoon. The crossbred calves showed higher rectal temperature and respiratory rate than WDB calves in both periods of day and in both nursery facilities, with the highest values recorded under natural shade. Calves of different genotypes respond differently in hot environments, should be to test in future research another types of trees to verify their thermal quality.

Keywords: Bos taurus, nursery facility, physiological responses, thermal environment
slugReducing pre-slaughter losses of broilers: crating density effects under different lairage periods at slaughterhouse

slugReducing pre-slaughter losses of broilers: crating density effects under different lairage periods at slaughterhouse

Authors: Frederico Márcio Corrêa Vieira, Iran José Oliveira Silva, José Antonio Delfino Barbosa Filho, Afrânio Márcio Corrêa Vieira
( 24 downloads)
Abstract

The aim of this work was to assess the effects of densities per crate on mortality rates of broilers during preslaughter operations, under different lairage time intervals. Pre-slaughter data from 13,937 broiler flocks were recorded daily during 2006, in a commercial slaughterhouse in southeastern Brazil. The main factors which influenced mortality rates were assessed, such as density per crate, daily periods and lairage time in an environmental controlled lairage. For densities above seven birds per crate, an increase in mortality rates was verified mainly in the warm periods. During the night period, the highest incidence of death losses was noticed when the density was below six birds. Considered a controlled environment, the desirable lairage time for death reduction before arrival at the slaughterhouse was above three hours for higher densities and below one hour for densities below seven birds per crate.

Keywords: biometeorology, mortality, broiler chicken, preslaughter operation, lairage

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