Acta Didactica Napocensia

Acta Didactica Napocensia

Basic info

  • Publisher: Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca
  • Country of publisher: romania
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2019/Oct/25

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Education, Computer and Information Science, Mathematics, Chemistry, Environmental Sciences, Geography
  • Publisher's keywords: Physics, Biology, Chemistry, Geography, Health and Environmental Education, Media Education, Educational Technology
  • Language of fulltext: english
  • Time from submission to publication: 5 weeks

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): No
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: CC BY
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2008
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? True
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? True

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: DOI
  • Content digitally archived in: Other
  • Deposit policy registered in: None

This journal has '19' articles

Proposing a Mathematical Software Tool in Physics Secondary Education

Proposing a Mathematical Software Tool in Physics Secondary Education

Authors: Konstantinos Baltzis
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Abstract

MathCad® is a very popular software tool for mathematical and statistical analysis in science and engineering. Its low cost, ease of use, extensive function library, and worksheet–like user interface distinguish it among other commercial packages. Its features are also well suited to educational process. The use of natural mathematical notation and built–in measurement units are its two major advantages in teaching and learning. In this paper, its complementary use in the upper secondary physics education in Greece is explored. In order to demonstrate its application in the teaching process, a set of representative examples are presented. The main features and advantages of the software are also pointed out. The paper aims to present the benefits of the application of mathematical information technology tools in secondary physics education. In this effort, MathCad® is probably the most promising solution.

Keywords: physics education, Educational Technology, MathCad, educational tool, secondary education
Thermoacoustic school project

Thermoacoustic school project

Authors: Beke Tamás
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Abstract

Teaching Science can only be successful if we are able to answer the challenges of the 21st century. Teaching Physics, Chemistry and Biology with the traditional methods is unintelligible and considered unnecessary for most students. This situation needs to be changed. Students can only develop their abilities and skills to the full extent and can only deepen their knowledge when they are surrounded by an atmosphere which is motivating and encouraging for their personality. The establishment of this motivating atmosphere is the task of the teacher mainly joining up with parents. Out of the wide range of innovative options, in this article I deal with the teaching and learning of Science through project works at school. We can give students, for instance, more complex project works where besides Physics they have to go into the matter of Biology or other Science subjects. While they are searching for information, they use the Internet and at the end they produce a presentation and at the same time they develop their informative-communicative skills. So all things considered, students are affected positively from more sides while working on the project work. At first, I survey the recent situation of teaching Science then I present a particular project work in which we can examine thermoacoustic phenomena with cheap and easy-to-prepare tools at school.

Keywords: thermoacoustic, experiment, project work
Attitudes and perceptions of Students in a Systems Engineering e-Learnig course

Attitudes and perceptions of Students in a Systems Engineering e-Learnig course

Authors: Carolina Armijo de Vega, Lewis McAnally-Salas, Gilles Lavigne
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Abstract

In this paper is reported the attitudes and perception of students in a systems Engineering e-learning course and a teacher with more than six years of experience teaching online courses. The paper reports the teacher and students’ perceptions about the e-learning courses experience. Personalized interviews with some of the students were carried out. ATTLES and COLLES surveys were also applied to students. The teacher and students were interviewed about the advantages and disadvantages experienced over their e-learning experience. The teacher recognized the benefits of the flexibility in an asynchronous environment, the democratic values of the media which gives voice to each one in the class and the possibilities for a reflexive practice. It is also recognized the volume of work involved and the need to develop strategies to cope with numerous students. From the student point of view, the greatest difficulty detected is fear to the unknown and the perceived workload to comply with the requirements of the course when compared to a traditional face to face course. Their lack of planning and organizing abilities are the main cause for the manifested students’ lack of interest to participate in online discussion forums. Communication strategies and adaptation strategies are proposed to involve the student into discussion and create a more comfortable and trusting environment. It can also be concluded that attitudes towards thinking and learning, as measured by ATTLS, find a balance between connected knower and separate knower. The results from COLLES survey permitted to conclude that in general in the three courses students perceive that they found in the course what they initially expressed as desirable.

Keywords: Online education, attitudes for learning, asynchronous, perceptions, e-learning
APPLICATION OF THE TABLE MANAGER PROGRAM IN THE PHYSICS EDUCATION

APPLICATION OF THE TABLE MANAGER PROGRAM IN THE PHYSICS EDUCATION

Authors: Tamás Beke
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Abstract

In the 21st century the acquirement and transmission useful knowledge has a key role not only in Hungary but in the whole world as well. In my opinion, the interdisciplinary integration helps teaching efficiently more things than teaching each subject separately. The meaning of integration is approximately that we put together and combine different items and processes. Secondary school students usually get acquainted with the use of table manager programme e.g. Excel. Even with this programme they are able to solve such tasks in which they have to define/estimate the quality of physical amounts, delineate functions so we can hide physics in table manager programmes. I have chosen some physical problems in terms of mechanics: firstly I describe the physical process’s basic features, the pertinent laws, formulas (both maths and physics play an important role) then we model this physical process with this table manager program. The use of the Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) at school is one of the basic ideas of modern education; besides providing information, it brings the development of skills in the foreground. In the middle of the teaching process there is such activities which are related to the subject or field in question. So in pursuance of it, the main aim of school education is to provide knowledge that is flexible and can be used later in different fields of life and prepare students to be able to learn and apply this newly acquainted knowledge through their lives.

Keywords: table manager software, ICT, teaching physics
RESEARCH ON HOW SECONDARY SCHOOL PUPILS DO GEOMETRICAL CONSTRUCTIONS

RESEARCH ON HOW SECONDARY SCHOOL PUPILS DO GEOMETRICAL CONSTRUCTIONS

Authors: Iuliana Marchis, Andrea Éva Molnár
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Abstract

Communicating on the mathematical language, problem solving, and reasoning are competencies tested on international test. The aim of this research is to study how secondary school pupils do geometrical constructions, how they give mathematical argumentation and use geometrical notions in their explanations.

Keywords: mathematics education, Mathematics problem, geometrical construction
The opinions of the kindergarten teachers in relation to the introduction of computers to nursery schools: Preliminary approach

The opinions of the kindergarten teachers in relation to the introduction of computers to nursery schools: Preliminary approach

Authors: Irene Sivropoulou, Aggeliki Tsapakidou, Argyris Kiridis
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Abstract

Computers were introduced in Greek kindergartens of our country with the new curricula for kindergarten (Inter-disciplinary Integrated Framework of Study Programs OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE HELLENIC REPUBLIC (376΄t.B/18-10-2001, article 6) in order to contribute to the spherical growth of children and to extend their learning. In other words it is intended that the computer will increase the interests and the motives for learning, to encourage active learning, to strengthen the dynamics of visualization, the importance of feedback, the possibility of monitoring and the possibility of connecting the school activities with extra curricula activities in order to strengthen the social and cultural dimension of kindergarten. Nevertheless technology cannot in itself, bring the sought after change in preschool education. Kindergarten teachers are the key for the successful use of computers in kindergarten. However, while kindergarten teachers in certain countries approve of the introduction and use of computers and believe that education with computers is developmentally suitable for small children, in other countries the attitude of kindergarten teachers towards computers is rather negative. This negative attitude of kindergarten teachers relates to their knowledge of computers and how often they use them or is it related to cultural factors and the prevailing educational philosophies? These questions led us to attempt to investigate the opinions of kindergarten teachers in Thessaloniki in regard to the introduction of new technologies in kindergarten. The research is made up of three interactive parts. It begins with the theoretical discussion about the introduction of computers in kindergarten, an investigation of the opinions of 122 kindergarten teachers using a questionnaire made up of 33 questions follows and it ends with the interpretative analysis.

Keywords: preschool teachers, Computers, Opinions, use of computers in kindergarten
Environmental issues and Ecological understanding in teachers training

Environmental issues and Ecological understanding in teachers training

Authors: Julia Ibarra, María José Gil Quílez, José Carrasquer
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Abstract

There is a clear relationship between the way understand a phenomenon and how we act about it, and this is especially important when working with environmental subjects. Environmental problems are often abstract or imperceptible to students and for this reason difficult to understand. This article is part of a more detailed study on how trainee teachers use ecological knowledge when dealing with particular environmental issues. This paper reports on the results of using a multimedia application, an interactive CD-ROM about fishing, with trainee teachers. The use of the interactive tool on an autonomous way has been reasonably successful for the students, who have reacted positively when allowed to work on their own individually or collectively. The students are able to answer correctly to the simplest aspects of the descriptive and explicative fields within the ecological models. On the other hand, the majority of the students do not fulfil the argumentative and applicative aspects of the knowledge due to the lack of basic elements that allow them to achieve the following competences: identify the model elements, identify and tell rightly the interrelations between them, connect causes and consequences.

Keywords: learning ecology, environmental problems, fishing
THE ADVANTAGES PERCEIVED BY SCHOOL TEACHERS IN ENGAGING THEIR STUDENTS IN UNIVERSITY-BASED CHEMISTRY OUTREACH ACTIVITIES

THE ADVANTAGES PERCEIVED BY SCHOOL TEACHERS IN ENGAGING THEIR STUDENTS IN UNIVERSITY-BASED CHEMISTRY OUTREACH ACTIVITIES

Authors: Jauyah Tuah, Timothy Harrison, Dudley Shallcross
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Abstract

The value teachers put on university-based outreach activities designed for 14 -16 year olds that involves both practical and lecture activities are discussed. A variety of good reasons for attending are provided by the teachers but the role of a School Teacher Fellow in mapping the events to the curriculum is shown to be vital to the success of any event. The pre-event difficulties needing to be overcome in engaging with universities are discussed with health and safety and in particular paperwork associated with this being cited as a particular barrier to engagement.

Keywords: OUTREACH, Lecture Demonstrations, workshops, School Teacher Fellow, School-University Transition
Children between sustainable development and commercials

Children between sustainable development and commercials

Authors: Lilla Péter, Szilvia Balázs
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Abstract

Our paper deals with the relationship between sustainability, media advertisements and their effect on children. This topic is highly actual today, as the children of today, who grow up in front of the TV will be the consumers of tomorrow. The perpetual growth of consuming and sgathering material goods is not serving the sustainable development. However advertisements keep on telling us that we should purchase, buy, have things, as we all are what we can buy. On can buy happiness or become like protagonists featuring in the advertisements. Regardless of the actual programme, this is the overall message of the advertisements. Adults may be able to look at these ads from a critical point of view, but children, who are much more vulnerable in front of the effects of television, tend to take a dreamworld for reality. The aim of the paper is an empirical research on 7-9 years children. The primordial question of our research is the way how the commercials had effect on the children’s view on the world, view on themselves, their own and their family’s present and future consuming habits.

Keywords: children, sustainable development, commercials
Editorial

Editorial

Authors: Iuliana Marchis
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Abstract

The aim of this paper is to present the ICTime project and the special issue on “ICT in Intercultural and Media Education” of Acta Didactica Napocensia.

Keywords: intercultural education, media education, European project, teacher training
Measurement units. intercultural educational activities

Measurement units. intercultural educational activities

Authors: Ioana Magdas
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Abstract

Today’s society is characterized by a plurality of cultures in such a way that a person will often interact and interrelate with new cultures. The situation becomes even more complicated when one has to adapt to a new culture for a short period of time (travel or study visit) or a long period of time (new work place, emigration etc.). Any person’s first impulse when getting ready to travel to a foreign country is to find out as much as possible about the respective country and its culture. Most of the time however, some details which are related to the practical aspects of such a visit are neglected. By this we mean everything from obtaining a visa (if necessary) to the shopping you need to do once you have arrived in the country. The first surprise might arise at the border when you might be asked to write you height or weight in a form using a different measurement unit (for instance feet or inch instead of cm) and can continue with distances being expressed in miles not in km, having to fill the gas tank using gallons and not liters and even being forced to shop where weight is expressed in lb instead of kg etc. Subsequently, intercultural education must not overlook the aspects formerly presented. In the present article we present a set of didactic activities which serve the purpose of familiarizing pupils with different measurement units so as to cope easily with situations that required interacting with new cultures or with people that are part of other cultures.

Keywords: measurement units, Interculturalism, educational activity
Russian Media Education Researches: 1950-2010

Russian Media Education Researches: 1950-2010

Authors: Alexander Fedorov
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Abstract

This article analyzed the development of Russian media education researches from 1950 to 2010 years. The list of theses of the Russian authors on the subject of Media Education is about 180 titles since 1950. Nearly 70 of them have been defended for the recent 10 years. From 1950 till 1959 six theses were defended, from 1960 till 1969 – 15; from 1970 till 1979 – 22; from 1980 till 1989 – 34; from 1990 till 1999 – 30; from 2000 till 2010 – 73. Author indicated the gradual increase of theses on media education (with the exception of the decrease in the nineties which is explainable because at that time there was the decrease of scientific research in all the fields).

Keywords: media education, media education researches, media literacy, media competence, Russia, Schools, Universities, educators, teachers
Studying the degree of creativity of preschool children drawings

Studying the degree of creativity of preschool children drawings

Authors: Maria-Eliza Dulamă, Diana-Elena Alexandru, Cornelia Vanea
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Abstract

Our purpose is to offer children tasks so they can make drawings as diverse and different from each other whilst trying to avoid imitation. Achieving this goal involves the increase of children’s creativity. The paper is theoretically based on the consideration of creativity as the ability to create something new, original, and in accordance with reality (Mihaela Roco, 2004; H. Jaoui, 1975; Al. Roşca, 1981; Margaret A. Boden, 1992). The study focuses on expressive creativity, characterized by spontaneity and unconditioned freedom of expression, skills, all highlighted by the children's drawings. The research hypothesis is that: If students are given new information on various opportunities for diversification of a model, they will create more original drawings. The independent variable is the task preschoolers are given to resolve. The dependent variable is represented by the results of preschool children. The research was conducted at high preparatory group. The test included specific contents of several areas, such as: mathematics, decorative drawing, and practical skills. Children were involved in four experimental situations for comparative purposes, so as to assess the progress registered from one activity to another. In conclusion, at the end of the research we note that, if preschoolers are given new information regarding their opportunities to diversify a model, they will create more original drawings. The research is original because it proposes new experimental tests and evaluation grids.

Keywords: test, requirements, progress, Originality, variety
The thinking styles of university mathematics students

The thinking styles of university mathematics students

Authors: Andreas Moutsios-Rentzos, Adrian Simpson
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Abstract

In this paper, we focus on the relationship between studying university mathematics and the ‘thinking styles’ of both undergraduate and postgraduate mathematics students. A crosssectional quantitative study (N = 238) was conducted in a large Greek university, identifying the thinking styles of second, third and fourth year undergraduates, as well as those of students following a postgraduate degree in mathematics. The analysis revealed that the more experienced undergraduates and the postgraduates showed a stronger preference for originality and freedom in thinking, low degrees of structure, high levels of freedom and more complex information processing, combined with non-prioritised thinking.  However, the postgraduates combine these preferences with a stronger preference for implementing rules and instructions. A discussion on these findings and on the factors that may account for them is presented.

Keywords: university mathematics, thinking styles, Undergraduates, postgraduates, MSC 97C30
Higher education post-Bologna: required changes, instruments and ethical aspects

Higher education post-Bologna: required changes, instruments and ethical aspects

Authors: Alexandru Petrisor
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Abstract

In 1999 Romania became part of the Bologna process, focused on the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System, design to increase the compatibility of European universities, ensuring the mobility of students and professors in the context of re-orienting education to the formation of competences continuously adapted to market requirements. This model draws the new education system closer to American education. The paper analyzes the importance of evaluation, proposing solutions to increase teaching efficiency, and also the often negative influence of promotion criteria, based on their characteristic ethical aspects. The paper underlines the importance of continuous evaluation based on more requirements, resulting into a more correct assessment of performance, but also the evaluation of the efficiency of the course and instructor by the students, proposing its assignment to an independent structure to diminish the bias of results. The paper also analyses the importance of promotion criteria based on the scientific activity and management of research in the detriment of focusing on teaching. The implications relate to the fact that management of research does not measure teaching performance or the professional profile, while scientometric measurements of results have profound ethical consequences, leading to a distorted scientific behavior and neglected teaching duties.

Keywords: Education, Credits, Competences, evaluation, performance

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