Medpulse International Journal of Dentistry

Medpulse International Journal of Dentistry

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  • Publisher: MedPulse Publishing Corporation
  • Country of publisher: india
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2019/Nov/07

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  • Language of fulltext: english
  • Time from submission to publication: weeks

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  • Year open access content began: 2017
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
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This journal has '97' articles

Knowledge awareness and attitude of medical students and teachers towards oral hygiene – A questionnaire study

Knowledge awareness and attitude of medical students and teachers towards oral hygiene – A questionnaire study

Authors: Arun Nagrik, Bhawana Bhagat
Year: 2017, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

Background: The aim of the study is to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and behavior regarding oral health among medical students and teaching staff. Materials and Method: A cross sectional questionnaire survey was conducted among 180 medical professionals in Nanded. The sample consisted of 60 interns, 40 Postgraduate trainees and 80 teaching faculty. They were asked to answer a questionnaire that contained 22 questions regarding awareness, knowledge and behaviour towards oral health. Results and Conclusion: Majority of medical students were practising good oral hygiene methods. Many of them were not aware of proper brushing method. Almost more than 50 % of the study sample is not aware about the specialities of the dentistry and when to visit which specialist. Grate confusion was noted among the interns and PGs about the Orthodontics and Maxillofacial surgery regarding referral of the case.

Keywords: Medical students, questionnaire, oral health.
Prescribing Medical Method of Abortion - Current Need and Prerequisites for Efficacy

Prescribing Medical Method of Abortion - Current Need and Prerequisites for Efficacy

Authors: P. L. Bhanap, Pankaj Gangwal
Year: 2014, Volume: 1, Number: 1
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Abstract

Abstract: About 75 % of all pregnancies are unplanned and 50 % definitely unwanted. Medical termination of pregnancy is legal in India since 1971.Medical method of abortion is available in India. Many women ask for it in outpatient department. Correct estimation of gestational age is cornerstone for safe and effective use of this method. This study tries to know current demand for medical method of abortion and for it to be successful, tries to know how to acquire minimum skill by mastering bimanual examination.

Keywords: Medical method of abortion (MMA), Medical termination of pregnancy (MTP).
“Standard” Versus “Lower” Approach Interscalene Brachial Plexus Block for Upper Extremity Surgery: A Comparative Study

“Standard” Versus “Lower” Approach Interscalene Brachial Plexus Block for Upper Extremity Surgery: A Comparative Study

Authors: Manisha Surwade, Ganesh Nikam, V. S. Sirsat, A. S. Tarkase, Sadhana Kulkarni
Year: 2014, Volume: 1, Number: 1
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Abstract

Abstract: Aims and Objectives: To study and compare the “standard” and “lower” approach interscalene block in terms of- Time required performing the block, success rate, onset and duration of sensory and motor block and Complications if any. Results: We observed that, success rate of “lower” approach was 90% versus “standard” approach which has success rate of only 74%. “Lower” approach required lesser time (6.78 ± 2.64 mins. (Mean ± S.D.)) to perform the block compared to “standard” approach which required 10.06 ± 2.44 mins. (mean ±S.D). When we compared the two approaches in terms of onset of sensory block for axillary, musculocutaneous, radial, median, and ulnar nerves, we found no significant difference except ulnar nerve which showed significant difference (p<0.05). Ulnar sparing was more (17.8%) in “standard” approach as compared to (2.1%) of “lower” approach. There was no significant difference (p>0.05) for onset and duration of motor block as well as duration of sensory block. Rate of occurrence of complications was more for “standard” approach (Horner syndrome-50%, Recurrent Laryngeal nerve palsy-22%, Hemidiphragmatic palsy-30%) as compared to “lower” approach in which only 2% patients developed Horner’s syndrome. Conclusion: Lower approach interscalene brachial plexus block can be safely used for surgeries of upper extremity with advantages like lesser time required to perform the block, with higher success rate, lesser sparing of ulnar nerve and negligible complications. Thus lower approach interscalene brachial plexus block is superior to standard approaches of interscalene block as well as general anesthesia.

Keywords: Lower approach interscalene brachial plexus block
A Clinical Study on Serum Calcium levels and Bone Mineral Density in Pre and Postmenopausal Indian Women

A Clinical Study on Serum Calcium levels and Bone Mineral Density in Pre and Postmenopausal Indian Women

Authors: Pratima D. Khatake, Sushma S. Jadhav
Year: 2014, Volume: 1, Number: 1
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Abstract

Abstract: Objective: To study the correlation between serum Calcium and bone mineral density (BMD) in pre and postmenopausal women. Material and methods: The present study was a cross-sectional study. 40 women from each group i.e. premenopausal and postmenopausal women were selected for the study with no medical, surgical or gynecological abnormalities. The bone mineral density (BMD) was measured by Bone Densitometer and classified as normal, osteopenia and osteoporosis according to T-score. Serum calcium was measured on autoanalyser. Results and Conclusion: BMD scores were low in postmenopausal women according to T- score along with decreased Serum calcium level. There was significant association between BMD and serum calcium levels in postmenopausal women.

Keywords: Postmenopausal Women, Serum calcium, Bone mineral density.
Evaluation of High Risk Factors among Ante-Natal Women

Evaluation of High Risk Factors among Ante-Natal Women

Authors: Prashant Bhingare, P. L. Bhanap
Year: 2014, Volume: 1, Number: 1
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Abstract

Abstract: The Present cross sectional study was carried among pregnant patients in Antenatal OPD at OBGY and preanesthetic evaluation room of Department of Anesthesia, Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Medical Science (RIMS), Adilabad to identify the high risk factors which can complicate the course of pregnancy.1000 women were randomly selected. Various parameters like age, height, blood pressure, foetal presentations, placental site, hemoglobin, previous birth history, parity, duration of pregnancy, previous C.S or instrumentation and existing medical disease were evaluated. Anemia was the most common risk factor found in 86% women, 17 % patients had previous history of caesarian section or instrumentation and 12% patients were diagnosed with pregnancy induced hypertension.7% women had malpresentation and 5% woman had twins / hydramnios.93% women had one or more risk factor. 48% women had one risk factor. 43% had two risk factors. 6% had three risk factors and one patient had four risk factors.

Keywords: High Risk factors, ANC mother.
Advantages of Posterior Capsulotomy by ND: Yag laser

Advantages of Posterior Capsulotomy by ND: Yag laser

Authors: Rupali Venukumar Rangu, Venukumar Lachmaya Rangu
Year: 2014, Volume: 1, Number: 1
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Abstract

Abstract: Aim: To Assess the improvement of visual acuity in patients of pseudophakia with posterior capsular opacification after Nd:Yag laser posterior capsulotomy. Objective: 1) To find out the improvement in visual acuity after Nd:Yag laser posterior capsulotomy in pseudophakic patients. Material and method: The study was carried out during period 1st March 2009 to 1st March 2010 in GMCH A'BAD. In this study post operative adults with posterior capsular opacification were assessed. All these patients were OPD patients of both gender from urban or rural area. The sample size was 30. Result: Among the 30 cases 47% were males and 53% were females. The age of the patient was above 50 yrs in 63% cases while 23% cases were between 20 yrs and 50 yrs. of age 13% cases were less than 20 yrs of age. According to the type of cataract 76% were senile cataract and rest were of other types of cataract like congenital cataract, Developmental Cataract, Traumatic cataract and complicated cataract. 76% cases were not associated with any systemic diseases while the rest had diabetes mellitus, or Hypertension or some other systemic diseases. Less than 3 mj. of energy was used in 70% cases during the procedure. After the procedure 87% patient got vision between 6/18 to 6/6 while rest had vision between 6/60 to 6/18. After follow up the incidence of cystoids macular oedema corneal damage and hyphema was 3.3% while the incidence of Iritis was 6.6%. The incidence of Retinal detachment, sustained rise in Iop and damage to Iol was 0.0%. Conclusion: Nd:Yag Laser capsulotomy is a procedure that improves the vision of the patients having posterior capsular opacitication with minimum rate of minor complications and 0.0% incidence of major complications.

Keywords: Nd:Yag laser, poserior capsulotomy, posterior capsular opacification Yag Capsulotomy.
Prevalence and Epidemiology of Overweight and Obesity among Upper Primary School Children in Latur City

Prevalence and Epidemiology of Overweight and Obesity among Upper Primary School Children in Latur City

Authors: Soniya V. Ashtekar, Sarita B. Mantri, Atul V. Wadagale
Year: 2014, Volume: 1, Number: 1
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Abstract

Abstract: Background: Obesity is increasing at an alarming rate throughout the world. Obesity in children is a marker of overweight in adult age, and it shows an association with the chronic non communicable disease. Hence study was undertaken to find out the prevalence of overweight and obesity. Objectives: 1.To determines prevalence of overweight and obesity among upper primary school children. 2. To identify factors influencing overweight and obesity. Material and methods: A cross sectional study was conducted. 1182 school children studying in 5th to 7th standard were studied. Sociodemiographic, anthropometric and dietary data was collected using a pre-tested questionnaire. Results: prevalence of overweight and obesity was 8.44% and 1.54% respectively. Higher socioeconomic status, Daily Calorie intake Above RDA, mix type of food and less Physical Activity time were the significant factors for overweight and obesity. Conclusion: Increased junk food frequency, low physical activity should be avoided by children. Health education to teachers, parentsand students will help for reducing the prevalence of obesity.

Keywords: Obesity, Epidemiology, Latur.
Malignant Sacrococcygeal Teratoma with Yolk Sac Tumor – Rare Case Report

Malignant Sacrococcygeal Teratoma with Yolk Sac Tumor – Rare Case Report

Authors: Vijaya G. Muddamwar, Rajharsh D. Hanmante, Uddhav W. Mane, R.S. Bindu
Year: 2014, Volume: 1, Number: 1
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Abstract

Abstract: Malignant sacrococcygeal Yolk sac tumor is an extremely rare extra-gonadal germ cell tumor. Hereby presenting a case of 1 year female child presenting with the history of swelling at lumbosacral region since birth. Case was evaluated clinically. FNAC of the swelling was done which shows malignant cells. Swelling excised and histopathological examination was carried out which shows malignant teratoma with yolk sac tumour.

Keywords: Sacrococcygeal teratoma, extra-gonadal germ cell tumour, yolk sac tumour, FNAC (fine needle aspiration cytology).
Intralesional Steroid in the Treatment of Chalazion

Intralesional Steroid in the Treatment of Chalazion

Authors: Rupali Venukumar Rangu, Venukumar Lachmaya Rangu
Year: 2014, Volume: 1, Number: 1
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Abstract

Abstract: Aim: 1) To study the predisposing factors responsible for Chalazion. 2) To study the effectivity of intralesional injection of long acting steroid in the treatment of Chalazion. Objective: To find out the advantages of intralesional injection of long acting steroid in chalazions over Incision and Curratage of the chalazion. Material and Method: The study was carried out during period of 1st March 2012 to 1st March 2013 in IIMS & R medical college, Warudi. During this period the effectivity of intralesional injection of long acting steroid in the treatment of Chalazion was studied. All the patients were OPD patients of both genders from urban or rural area. The sample size was 50. Results: Most of the patients i.e. 47.72% in this study were young patient of ages between 11 yrs and 20 yrs. and least were from the both extremities of ages. The maximum patients i.e.44% were presented with chalazion of two months duration. In 100% of cases the site of chalazion was away from the lid margin and no chalazion was on the lid margin. In 88% cases the chalazia, were firm in consistancy and the incidence of cystic chalazion was 0.0%. The maximum chalazia were of size between 4 mm to 6mm The percentage was 48%. When the predisposing factors for chalazia were studied, 40.91% chalazia were found with no any underlying cause. 18.18% were having Refractive errors, 15.91% had Blephritis overcrowding and malnutrition was found in 11.36% cases while 2.56% were Daibetic patients. Among the 50 chalazia 86% were cured with the treatment of intralesional injection of triamcinolone acetonide while 14% cases were not cured and thus treated with Incision and Curratage. Conclusion: Treatment of chalazion by intralesional injection of triamcinolone acitonide is a best method in the treatment of chalazia with good cure rate. It is very useful in the treatment of multiple chalazia in a single sitting and in Chalazia at medial canthus which is near to punctum.

Keywords: Intralesional steroids, Triamcinolone acitonide, chalazion.
Acute Angle Closure Glaucoma Can Be a Cause of Red Painful Eye in a High Myope:
A Rare Combination

Acute Angle Closure Glaucoma Can Be a Cause of Red Painful Eye in a High Myope: A Rare Combination

Authors: Hina Kauser, Waseem Anwar, Maniah Qadir
Year: 2014, Volume: 1, Number: 1
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Abstract

Abstract: Primary angle closure (PAC) usually occurs in hypermetropic eyes, which have a short axial length and a shallow anterior chamber. In myopic eyes, the axial length is usually longer than average and the anterior chamber is usually deep; PAC is rarely observed in these eyes. We are reporting a case of 40 years of female presenting to our hospital with pain and decreased vision in one eye. The patient was diagnosed to have an acute attack of angle closure glaucoma. Investigations showed the patient to be a high myope of -14.5 D. Only few cases with acute angle closure glaucoma associated with high myopia have been reported and to my knowledge this is the youngest and most myopic patient reported till date in India having angle closure due to pupillary block. The case report of this patient illustrates that myopia does not exclude the presence of angle closure and this should be sought by gonioscopy by ophthalmologist and general physicians should also suspect that angle closure glaucoma could be one of the cause of red painful eye even though the patient is a known high myope.

Keywords: high myopia, primary angle closure glaucoma, gonioscopy.
A Study of Various Clinical Presentation of Solitary Thyroid Nodule at Tertiary Care Center

A Study of Various Clinical Presentation of Solitary Thyroid Nodule at Tertiary Care Center

Authors: Sabu N. Satihal, Eranna R. Palled
Year: 2014, Volume: 1, Number: 1
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Abstract

Abstract: Introduction: Solitary nodule of the thyroid is a common clinical entity though varying in incidence in different geographical regions. Often the swelling have been noticed accidentally by the patient or drawn to his / her attention by a family member, neighbour or friend. Aims and objectives: (1) to study the various clinical presentations of solitary nodule thyroid at KIMS, Hubli. (2) To know the incidence of malignancy in the solitary nodule of thyroid at KIMS, Hubli. Material and methods: present study was conducted in department of surgery of KIMS, Hubli. With pre defined inclusion and exclusion criterion 25 patients of solitary thyroid nodule were selected. All details of patients including clinical findings were entered in the proforma. All the patients were subjected to FNAC and Histopathological examination. Results: 76% patients were from 20 -40 years of age group. 92% of patients were females. Al the patients presented with swelling. Most of the patients presented with less than one year duration of swelling. Right lobe was the most commonly involved lobe. On FNAC 6 patients showed malignant changes. Whereas on histopathopathological examination malignancy was confirmed in 5 patients. Conclusion: In the present study female predominance was observed and peak incidence was 20 -40 years of age. Most common presenting complaint was swelling with right lobe involvement. Incidence of malignancy was 20% among the solitary nodule of thyroid confirmed on histopathological examination.

Keywords: Solitary Nodule, Thyroid.
Case Report: Behcet’s Disease

Case Report: Behcet’s Disease

Authors: Shwetha B. A, Vittal Nayak I, Tasneem A. F, Tushar Patel, Ali Akbar Jafarian Lari
Year: 2014, Volume: 1, Number: 1
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Abstract

Abstract: Reporting a young man aged 21 years diagnosed as Bechet’s disease, who came with complaints of recurrent blurring of vision, painful buccal ulcers and skin lesions on both legs. Slit lamp examination revealed normal anterior segment, anterior vitreous haze. Fundus was showing vitritis, vasculitis. PositivePathergy test, presence of dermatographism and positive HLA-B51 confirmed the diagnosis.

Keywords: Aphthous ulcer,Behcet’sdisease, dermatographism, HLA-B51, pathergy test, vitritis, vasculitis.
Observational Study of Ocular Damage and Visual Loss Associated with Traumatic Cataract Patients at Tertiary Care Hospital in Aurangabad Maharashtra

Observational Study of Ocular Damage and Visual Loss Associated with Traumatic Cataract Patients at Tertiary Care Hospital in Aurangabad Maharashtra

Authors: Rajiv Mundada, Swati Shinde, Minhaj S. Pathan, Khaled M. Badaam
Year: 2014, Volume: 1, Number: 1
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Abstract

Abstract: Background: Traumatic cataract, a consequence of severe ocular injury contributes to notable visual morbidity. It remains an important cause of avoidable and predominantly monocular visual morbidity particularly among the younger age group. Methods: 62 patients with traumatic cataract admitted at the ophthalmology wards at Government Medical College, Aurangabad were included in the study. Patients with posterior segment pathologies and with intraocular foreign body were excluded as they were immediately referred to specific units or higher centres and were not available to participate in our study. Detailed history and clinical examination was done. The associated ocular damage and the extent of visual loss in the traumatic cataract cases included in the study was analyzed and described. Results and Conclusion: Corneal tear was the most common associated ocular damage noted in 21 cases (33.9 %) followed by corneal opacity in 15 cases (24.2%). Presence of cortex or vitreous in anterior chamber was found in 12 cases (19.3%). Adherent leucoma, uveal tissue prolapse, secondary glaucoma, dislocation or subluxation of lens, iris damage, strabismus, hyphema and scleral tear were among the other associated ocular damage noted in traumatic cataract patients. There was severe degree of visual loss at presentation with 35 cases (56.4%) showing visual acuity restricted to hand movement or perception of light only. 9 cases (14.5%) had visual acuity reduced to Finger counting, 15 cases (24.2%) reported with visual acuity > 1/60 whereas only 3 cases (4.8%) had visual acuity > 6/60 at the time of presentation. However there were no patients with visual loss up to faulty projection of rays or no perception of light as all patients with posterior segment pathology were excluded.

Keywords: Ocular Damage, Traumatic Cataract
Growing Teratoma Syndrome of Ovary: An Unusual and a Late Manifestation in the Small Bowel, a Very Rare Encounter

Growing Teratoma Syndrome of Ovary: An Unusual and a Late Manifestation in the Small Bowel, a Very Rare Encounter

Authors: Anjum Ifthikar, Jayashree V, Sujoy Mitra, Shobha 3, Uma Devi K, U. D. Bafna
Year: 2014, Volume: 1, Number: 2
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Abstract

Abstract: Growing teratoma syndrome of an ovarian non Dysgerminomatous germ cell neoplasm is a rare clinical phenomenon that is characterized by multiple enlarging masses composed of mature elements. Growing teratoma as an ovarian tumour is uncommon,it is more frequently described in testicular germ cell tumours. This report concerned a young woman aged 30 years with growing teratoma late presentation, twenty years after her first surgery, presented like metastaticrecurrent disease, who required complete resection with small bowel anastomosis. The exact cause of conversion and growth is unknown and is hypothesized to be induced by chemotherapy. Knowledge of this entity is important, to avoid misdiagnosis as disease recurrence and continuing chemotherapy, as these patients with non-dysgerminomatous germ cell tumours who present with recurrent metastatic masses during or after chemotherapy,in the context of normalized serum markers are refractory to chemotherapy. Complete resection is essential to prevent progression of tumour and is often curative, hence, it will render better prognosis.

Keywords: Bleomycin Etoposide Cisplatin Chemotherapy, Growing teratoma syndrome(GTS), Non dysgerminomatous germ cell tumours,Immature ovarian teratoma.
Applications of Advanced Statistical Techniques in Health Related Data: A Review

Applications of Advanced Statistical Techniques in Health Related Data: A Review

Authors: P. R. Gangwal, N. A. Razvi
Year: 2014, Volume: 1, Number: 2
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Abstract

Abstract: There are myriad search and statistical techniques for optimization problems in the world. Researchers in Medical Science need an efficient tool to tackle their problems. Statistics as science help to quantify the contribution of chance and as an art helps individual clinician make valid diagnostic, prognostic or therapeutic decisions. Statistics plays an important role in measuring, understanding, and describing the overall health and well-being of a population. Biostatistics as a subject evolved from the application of statistics in various research aspects of biomedical care, and public health. This paper presents a review of literature of Applications of Advanced statistical techniques for monitoring and evaluation of the system in medical science & we present some generalities about the new types of Statistical Technique have been made in order to achieve many new developments in Medical Sciences.

Keywords: Operation Research, Health Data etc.

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