Medpulse International Journal of Community Medicine

Medpulse International Journal of Community Medicine

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  • Publisher: MedPulse Publishing Corporation
  • Country of publisher: india
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2019/Nov/07

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  • Language of fulltext: english
  • Time from submission to publication: weeks

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  • Year open access content began: 2017
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This journal has '89' articles

A Study on Determinants of type 2 diabetes related to lifestyle and behavior among urban population of Kalyanpur (Kanpur)

A Study on Determinants of type 2 diabetes related to lifestyle and behavior among urban population of Kalyanpur (Kanpur)

Authors: Md Irshad, S P Singh, Anju Gahlot, A Bhagoliwal
Year: 2017, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

Background: Lifestyle and behavior component in type 2 diabetes is very important because. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic metabolic disorder in which prevalence has been increasing steadily all over the world. Methods: The Study will be carried out among the peoples aged 25 years and above residing in field area of UHTC (Urban health training centre- Kalyanpur) of RMCH and RC, Mandhana, Kanpur. UHTC provides health care to 12 Mohallas of ward No.18 and 42 of urban area of Kalyanpur. Out of which 02 Mohallas namely (Jankipuram, Mirzapurnewbasti) are selected for study by simple random sampling method. Results: In the present study out of 460 subjects maximum study subjects were from upper class i.e. 134 out of which 46(34.3%) were found diabetics. There were 460 respondents, 255 have sedentary habit out of which 62(24.3%) were diabetic. Among 113 moderate worker 13(9.5%) were diabetic and among 40 heavy worker 4(10%) were diabetic There were 70(19.8%) diabetic among smoker and 9(8.4%) were diabetic among nonsmoker. Out of total 460 respondents 232were alcoholics and 228 non alcoholic, 60(25.9%) were found diabetic among alcoholic and 19(8.2%) persons were diabetic among non alcoholic. Conclusion: In the present study, socioeconomic status, nutritional status, smoking, alcohol intake, physical activities are found to be significantly associated with diabetes.

Keywords: Type 2 diabetes, Modified B.G Prasad socio economic scale, Self-management.
A study on coverage evaluation, compliance and awareness of mass drug administration for elimination of lymphatic filariasis in Latur district

A study on coverage evaluation, compliance and awareness of mass drug administration for elimination of lymphatic filariasis in Latur district

Authors: L T Chinte, V M Holambe, J V Dixit
Year: 2017, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

Background: Filariasis has been a major public health problem in India. Lymphatic filariasis is a public health problem in India and endemic all over country, MDA is being implemented in India since 2004. In 2007 two drugs, Diethylcarbamazine (DEC) and Albendazole were given and number of the people treated increased steadily. Objective: 1.To evaluate the success of MDA programme in terms of coverage and compliance.2.To identify the reasons of non compliance to MDA programme Methodology: MDA activity was carried out by health staff in Feb 2016 for 4 days in rural area and for 4 days in urban area. Four clusters, one from urban (out of 8 urban areas) and three from rural areas, (one village from one primary health centre) were selected randomly to cover entire rural and urban area of Latur Dist. and from each cluster 30 houses were surveyed. To select 30 houses the area was divided into 5 regions. The head of the family or responsible member present at the time of survey was interviewed with predesigned and pretested proforma. Results: 95.5% is the coverage of Latur District. 90.75% is % consumption of Latur District. Beneficiaries have given different reasons for not swallowing drug in presence of drug distributer, the different reasons were fear of drug, empty stomach at the time of DD visit and side effects of drug. Beneficiaries consider that ANM followed by ASHA, anganwadi worker and health worker (male) should be the drug distributor. Source of information about MDA activity was ANM, ASHA, miking and davandi. We have got multiple response.

Keywords: MDA, Latur, Evaluation.
A comparative analysis of the perception of job related stress in class II and class III police personnel in Navi Mumbai region

A comparative analysis of the perception of job related stress in class II and class III police personnel in Navi Mumbai region

Authors: Satish More, Shyam More, Priyanka Manghani, Rahul G Peddawad
Year: 2017, Volume: 3, Number: 1
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Abstract

Background: Police Personnel play a vital role in maintaining law and order across the nation. They are constantly under pressure to perform and comply as per their duties noted by the government. Owing to such a taxing job profile with long and rotational duty hours, they are thus subjected to a varied amount of job stress. Owing to this growing concern of job related stress in police personnel, it is important that it be given prime importance before more harmful effects of job related stress arise. Aim and Objectives: This study is thus aimed at providing an insight into the perception of job related stress in class 2 and class 3 police personnel in Navi Mumbai Region and suggest interventions to curb them. Materials and Methods: It is a cross sectional study in which Police personnel of Navi Mumbai Region were selected by systematic random sampling. Total duration of study was one year. Results: Majority of the respondents suffered from long term stress majorly due to factors like political interference and negative public/press image. Conclusion: Police officers are at risk of not only extreme stress and fatigue but also likely to develop ailments due to the nature of the job and various other factors. Regular health checkups along with stress management should be done and the importance of a well-balanced and healthy mindset should be emphasized upon.

Keywords: Duty Hours, Occupational Stress, Police Personnel, Quality of Life.
Magnitude of pulmonary tuberculosis and its determinants

Magnitude of pulmonary tuberculosis and its determinants

Authors: Amit Jha, Sudhir Gupta
Year: 2017, Volume: 3, Number: 1
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Abstract

Background: Epidemiology of pulmonary tuberculosis is most likely to provide new insight. In view of rapidly changing and evolving evidence base in terms of epidemiological parameters and determinants of Pulmonary Tuberculosis in various settings, the present study has been designed to elicit and validate presumed epidemiological correlates and variables affecting Pulmonary Tuberculosis among field practice areas of population of Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences. Methods: Our study comprised among all the families under the jurisdiction of Field practice areas (particularly in four villages i.e. Rajeev Nagar, Dharmuchak, Keshavpuri and Doiwala), of the Department of Community Medicine, Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Dehradun, The total population of our study was 5934, and we divided it in three age groups ranged from 15 to 60 years. It was a survey and cross sectional based study. The period of the study was one (01) Year beginning from2015 to2016. Results: Area wise population of the Universe of the Study which comprised the field practice areas of the department of community medicine. Age and sex-wise distribution of Pulmonary Tuberculosis and statistical association of its prevalence with age highest prevalence i.e. 32(0.53%) was in 31-45 years age group, The male was 21(0.35%) and female was 11(0.18%) This difference in prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis in terms of age and sex group was statistically significant. Conclusion: It will be observed from the study that prevalence of Pulmonary Tuberculosis was found to be directly proportional to client’s advancing age.

Keywords: Pulmonary Tuberculosis
Sociodemographic factors associate with tobacco use among rural population of Maharashtra

Sociodemographic factors associate with tobacco use among rural population of Maharashtra

Authors: Bahattare V N, Lohakpure V R
Year: 2017, Volume: 3, Number: 1
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Abstract

Background: Tobacco use is the single greatest cause of preventable death globally. Tobacco use is a major public health challenge in India with 275 million adults consuming different tobacco products. India is also the second largest consumer of tobacco in the world, second only to China. An environmental tobacco smoke, or second hand smoke, has been shown to cause adverse health effects in people of all ages. Hence the present study was conducted mainly to find out Sociodemographic factor associated with tobacco use. Objective: To study socio-demographic factors associated with tobacco use. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted during 2016 in a field practice area of medical college. The study included 400 family All the adult population between age group 10 to 75 year were interviewed as per predesigned, pre-tested and semi-structured questionnaire in local language. Total 3252 rural population interviewed for tobacco use. Results: Overall prevalence of tobacco use found in this study was 63.16%.All socio-demographic factors which we taken under study influence tobacco use that was statistically significant. Conclusions: Though various legislation ban use of tobacco still tobacco use were significantly higher as found in our study. So effective measure should be directed and policy measure should be implemented effectively in order to decrease overall use.

Keywords: tobacco, rural population.
Assessment of the cardiovascular risk factors among police personnel in rural area of Maharashtra

Assessment of the cardiovascular risk factors among police personnel in rural area of Maharashtra

Authors: Lohakpure V R, Vedpathak V L, Jogdand M S
Year: 2017, Volume: 3, Number: 1
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Abstract

Background: CVD’s (Cardiovascular diseases) are the number 1 cause of death globally: more people die annually from CVD’s than from any other cause. Over three quarters of CVD deaths take place in low- and middle-income countries. Most cardiovascular diseases can be prevented by addressing behavioural risk factors such as tobacco use, unhealthy diet and obesity, physical inactivity and harmful use of alcohol using population-wide strategies. Police personnel as per their duty schedule more prone these risk factors. Objective: The present study was done to assess cardiovascular risk factors among police personnel. Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among 98 police personnel by taking Health Camp At Police Station. Data were collected for various risk factor associated with Cardiovascular Disease by using the structured questionnaire and risk asses by taking ECG (Electrocardiogram) and General Examination. Data was analyzed using the chi-square test. Results: Total 17(18.48%) Police Personnel were at High risk of Cardiovascular Disease as per their ECG changes. The prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors were high body mass index 52.2%, hypertension 40.2%, diabetes 18.5%, tobacco use 40.2%, smoking 2.2%, and alcohol use 15.2%. Of the total Hypertensive 56% participants were previously known to have had hypertension while Among the Diabetic 70% were previously known their status. Conclusions: Most of these risk factor are for cardiovascular disease are modifiable with timely intervention and regular health check up. With life style modification we can prevent on larger extent hence routine screening health camp needed as one of the intervention.

Keywords: cardiovascular risk factor.
A study of alcohol use and abuse among patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis reported at urban health centre of tertiary care teaching hospital in Mumbai

A study of alcohol use and abuse among patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis reported at urban health centre of tertiary care teaching hospital in Mumbai

Authors: Raghuveer Chandel, Yogita Bavaskar, Mohan Doibale
Year: 2017, Volume: 3, Number: 1
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Abstract

Background: The prevalence of multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in India, in newly diagnosed cases is 2.1% and in previously treated cases is 13% to 17%. MDR-TB is much more fatal whenever associated with alcohol consumption. Consumption of alcohol worsens the course of MDR-TB due to changes in drug pharmacokinetics. Literature shows alcohol uses to be associated with higher rates of MDR-TB elsewhere in the world. Therefore this study was planned to study how alcohol use is associated with MDR-TB. Objectives: 1. To describe the pattern of alcohol use in MDR-TB patients and 2. To determine whether alcohol use is associated with the development of MDR-TB. Methods: A case control study was conducted in patients attending urban health training center during the period of June to November 2014. A total 76 cases with gene x-pert diagnosis of pulmonary MDR-TB and 76 control group I of patients with confirmed non-MDR pulmonary TB on gene x-pert and 76 control group II, participants from the general population without prior history of TB. To measure alcohol consumption, Alcohol use disorders identification test (AUDIT)-10 questionnaire was used. To find the significant association between different variables and cases, chi square test and Kruskal-Wallis tests were applied. Results: About 34.21% of MDR-TB cases reported alcohol consumption. MDR-TB cases had significantly higher mean scores of different domains of alcohol consumption as per WHO AUDIT-10 score. Alcohol abuse was found to be significantly associated with MDR tuberculosis. Conclusion: The finding of our study stress the fact that alcohol addiction among MDR-TB is unacceptably high that may worsen the cure rate of cases.

Keywords: Alcohol use, Alcohol abuse, MDR Tuberculosis.
A cross sectional study of current trends and indicators of caesarean section as a mode of delivery in an urban slum of metropolitan city

A cross sectional study of current trends and indicators of caesarean section as a mode of delivery in an urban slum of metropolitan city

Authors: Sanjay N Sid, Ranjit Mankeshwar
Year: 2017, Volume: 3, Number: 2
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Abstract

Background: The increasing Caesarean section rate has become a major public health issue. This is mainly due to the fact that more and more women are being delivered by caesarean sections for not well defined medical reasons. Method: The present study was community based cross sectional study, carried out in an urban slum area of a Metropolitan city. Study population comprises of women who have delivered a child in last five years (2009-2013) in an urban slum of metropolitan city. Questionnaire was prepared and 400 women were interviewed using structured questionnaire. Results: In the current study the prevalence of caesarean section was 24.5%. Elective caesarean sections deliveries were 41.83% and 58.87% were emergency caesarean sections deliveries. Current study has shown caesarean section rate is approximately constant over this period of five year. Proportion of caesarean section delivery was increased from 2009 to 2013, but this increase was not found statistically associated. Common indication observed in this study for caesarean sections were baby was in distress (31.6%), previous caesarean section (25.5%), cephalopelvic disproportion (21.4%), nonprogression of labour (19.4%) and complicated position (18.3%). Conclusion: Percentage of caesarean section performed was increased over a period of a time.

Keywords: Caesarean Section, Trend, Indicators, Community based.
Health care utilization and health expenditure in a tribal area of thane district

Health care utilization and health expenditure in a tribal area of thane district

Authors: Yogita Bavaskar, Mohan Doibale, Purushottam Giri, Ganesh Lokhande, Abhilasha Nair
Year: 2017, Volume: 3, Number: 2
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Abstract

Background: The information about morbidity pattern, health care utilization preferences and expenditure on health care is essential to provide need based services to community. The present study was planned to analyses health care preferences of tribal community and economic burden of health expenditure on them. Objectives: 1) To know the morbidity pattern and utilization of health care services in community. 2) To estimate burden of healthcare expenditure on household. Methods: A house to house cross sectional study was conducted in the field area of a tribal PHC, Khardi in Thane district using a predesigned, pretested questionnaire. Households were selected using 30 cluster sampling, in total 210 households were surveyed from thirty different clusters. Morbidity is divided as acute morbidity in last one month, chronic morbidity of last one year and hospitalization of last one year. Results: About 210 households consisting of 1431 individuals were surveyed. There were 369 episodes of acute morbidities, 27 chronic morbidities and 12 episodes of hospitalization in surveyed population. Every fourth person was having an ailment. Fever was most common ailment. 78% of total morbidities were in very poor and poor population and 63% of acute illnesses were treated by private practitioners. Very poor people accessed private healthcare in 73% of episodes as compared to middle class who accessed it in only 37% of episodes. Average percent of total family income spent on health care was 4.7%. Conclusion: Private providers are an important source of health services not only for those who are better off but also for poor households. The costs for health care are substantial for households.

Keywords: Health care utilization, Health expenditure, Tribal area.
Simplified method of item analysis as compared with traditional method

Simplified method of item analysis as compared with traditional method

Authors: Acharya N A, Dixit J V
Year: 2017, Volume: 3, Number: 2
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Abstract

Background: Item analysis is an important component in the assessment of students and the examination program. The analysis is done by calculation of difficulty index and discrimination index. The conventional method which divides the students in 3 groups is tedious and has some technical difficulties. To overcome them, we have attempted to suggest simplified method. Objective: To assess the simplified method of item analysis against conventional method. Material and Methods: The present cross sectional study was conducted at Government Medical College, Latur in November 2015. Conventional method divides the students in 3 groups but we have divided them in only 2 groups. Item analysis was done by both conventional and simplified method for 10 MCQs which were answered by students of 1st semester. The standard error of difference between proportions was calculated to test the difference in two methods. Results: The difficulty index and discrimination index calculated by conventional and new simplified method were statistically comparable. But the advantage of new method is that, it is easier, simpler and has few technical difficulties. Conclusion: As new method for item analysis is shorter, simpler and statistically comparable with conventional method, it can be a good substitute for traditional method.

Keywords: Item analysis, evaluation, medical education.
Prevalence and risk factors of type II diabetes mellitus among government employees working at Government Medical College, Latur

Prevalence and risk factors of type II diabetes mellitus among government employees working at Government Medical College, Latur

Authors: Prashant N Bade, Varsharani V Kendre
Year: 2017, Volume: 3, Number: 2
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Abstract

Background: Over the past three decades, the number of people with Diabetes Mellitus has more than doubled globally, making it one of the most important public health challenges. Increasingly sedentary life styles and poor eating habits have contributed to the simultaneous escalation of Diabetes and Obesity, which some have called the Diabetes epidemic. The large health care burden due to diabetes in India has been mostly attributed to its rising prevalence in urban area. In India, its prevalence is on the rise making our country the diabetic capital or the world. With this background the present study was conducted with the following objective. Objective: To find out the prevalence and associated risk factors of diabetes among government employees working at Government Medical College, Latur. Methodology: A Cross-sectional study was conducted and all the employees fulfilling inclusion criteria (n=695) were studied. Along with collecting information about their biosocial characteristics, their weight, height, blood pressure, Indian diabetes Risk Score and Fasting Blood Glucose was measured and recorded. Data was analyzed by SPSS 21 for Windows. Statistical test employed was Chi-square test for proportions. Results: Prevalence of diabetes mellitus was found to be 7.05%. The factors like age ≥ 40 years, Higher Group of employee reflecting higher socioeconomic status, Family history, Sedentary level of physical activity, Hypertension, Body Mass Index ≥ 25.0 kg/m 2, Increased waist to hip ratio were found to be significantly associated with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus among employees working at Government Medical College. Conclusion: The factors like age ≥ 40 years, Higher Group of employee reflecting higher socioeconomic status, Family history, Sedentary level of physical activity, Hypertension ,Body Mass Index ≥ 25.0 kg/m 2, Increased waist to hip ratio were found to be significantly associated with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus, Fasting Blood Glucose, Indian Diabetes Risk Score.
Study of factors related to health and health care delivery system amongst defaulters in DOTS centre in Warangal district of Telangana state

Study of factors related to health and health care delivery system amongst defaulters in DOTS centre in Warangal district of Telangana state

Authors: Tagaram Ramchandra, Niharika Lakkoju
Year: 2017, Volume: 3, Number: 3
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Abstract

Background: Tuberculosis (TB) is a major public health problem in the world and is a social disease with medical aspects. Quality of health and health care delivery system plays an important role in the status of tuberculosis (TB) control, by influencing timely diagnosis, adherence and treatment completion. The present study was carried out to find out the factors related to health care system among TB defaulters. Methods: A cross sectional study was carried among 106 defaulters of TB patients in 3 TB units (TU) out of 7 TB units in Warangal district, attached to District Tuberculosis Centre (DTC) from July 2014 to May 2015 by interview technique utilising a pretested and structured questionnaire to collect the data. Statistical analysis was done by using percentage, proportions and chi-square test whenever necessary. Results: Most of the defaulters had received their initial treatment in PHC’s 41(38.7%) followed by in private hospitals i.e., 36 (34%) and the observed difference between 3 groups was found to be statistically significant. 50.9% of defaulters took treatment for only 1-3 months and the difference among 3 TU’s found to be statistically significant while taking medicines. 62.3% of the DOTS providers were friendly and 26.4% providers were indifferent and very unfriendly towards the study population. 73.6% of families got counselled by health workers and 54.7% of patients were supervised by health worker while taking medicines. Medicines always available only in 88.7% of DOTS centres and 22.6% of DOTS centres were far away from residence of defaulters. Side effects as a reason for default of treatment between 3 TU’s was found not to be statistically significant. Conclusion: The study concluded that default was a major barrier to be dealt in the success of RNTCP program. Majority of defaulted between 1-3 months from anti-TB treatment and 26.4% of families of defaulters didn‘t get counselled by health workers. Only 54.7% of patients were supervised by Health Workers. Most common side effect experienced by study group was vomiting and abdominal pain- GI upset. There was an opinion received from patients that staff in DOTS centres should be well trained to treat complications.

Keywords: Defaulters, DOTS, District tuberculosis centre (DTC), Tuberculosis (TB), Tuberculosis unit (TU).
Assessment of risk factors of cardiovascular diseases among adults of urban slums of Hyderabad

Assessment of risk factors of cardiovascular diseases among adults of urban slums of Hyderabad

Authors: Sudha Bala, Vimala Thomas, D Ravi Babu
Year: 2017, Volume: 3, Number: 3
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Abstract

Background: Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Assessment of these risk factors associated using risk score method is highly potential strategy to reduce the burden. Material and Methods: Descriptive cross sectional study was undertaken in two urban slums of Hyderabad among 219 adults using risk score approach for general risk factors, physical activity and diet adopted by All India institute of public health and hygiene, Kolkata. A semi structured questionnaire schedule was used based on proven general risk factors, physical activity and diet factors based on integrated disease surveillance project questionnaire module; Anthropometry and blood pressure measurement was done by trained team using standardised procedures. Data was entered in Microsoft Excel 2007 and analysed. Frequency, mean, standard deviation and Chi square were done wherever required Results: The study participants included 46% males and 54% females. Risk score approach depicted high general risk factors among 42%; high risk physical activity among 59% and diet among 51.1%. There was statistically significant association between general risk factors with age and socioeconomic status; Physical inactivity was more among older age group and females; High risk diet practices were among females and younger age group. Conclusion: Risk score approach is a cost effective method to assess high risk group and these are amenable through primordial and primary preventive strategies.

Keywords: cardiovascular diseases, risk score, risk factors, prevention.
Nutritional status of adolescent tribal girls: 
A community based study

Nutritional status of adolescent tribal girls: A community based study

Authors: Sridhar D, Gauthami N
Year: 2017, Volume: 3, Number: 3
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Abstract

Back ground: Adolescence age group is 10-19 years; according to World Health Organization definition. Adolescent age people feel a sense of independence, but depend on adults for their material needs. This phase of life cycle is marked by special characteristics which include rapid physical growth and development, social, sexual and psychological maturity, onset of sexual activity and reproduction cycle, experimentation, development of adult mental processes, adult identity and transition. Anaemia is a widely prevalent health problem among adolescent girls. Both the 1992 ICMR study on Iron and Folic Acid supplementation and UNICEF have reported low mean haemoglobin levels and low nutritional intake of proteins, calories, and macro/micronutrients among adolescent girls and pregnant mothers. Poor nutrition is the preliminary cause that leads to poor physical growth and stunting. The NFHS-3 reported that the prevalence of anaemia was highest (56 %) among adolescents (ages 15–19) compared with other group of women in reproductive age. Materials and Method: To evaluate nutritional status in tribal adolescent girls through anthropometry. To asses haemoglobin status of study subjects Calculated sample size 425, total adolescent girls in 18 habitations are 1572, every 4th adolescent girl who was available taken for the study by using systematic random sampling method. Results: Majority of the study subjects (59.1%) were from Lambadi tribe, followed by Chenchu (35.8%) and Yerukala (5.2%). Mean height was observed to be less than that of 50th percentile (according to NCHS standards) in the respective age. Stunting was observed in younger age group i.e. 10-13 years (17.4%) and it was found to be statistically significant. In present study 44% were anemic with mean Hb of 12.05 and 56% had normal haemoglobin levels (>12 gm/dl), 38.1% were mildly anemic and 5.9% moderately anemic. There were no severe cases of anaemia. Conclusion: In the present study, we have observed that tribal adolescent girls height and weight were low compared to national standards. Their nutritional status is deprived and majority were anaemic. In depth studies and rigorous health interventions are needed to address these problems.

Keywords: Height, Weight, BMI, Anemia.
A cross sectional study among government employees working at Government Medical College, Latur using Indian diabetes risk score (IDRS

A cross sectional study among government employees working at Government Medical College, Latur using Indian diabetes risk score (IDRS

Authors: Prashant N Bade, Vimal M Holambe
Year: 2017, Volume: 4, Number: 1
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Abstract

Background: The number of people with Diabetes Mellitus has more than doubled globally, making it one of the most important public health challenges. Increasingly sedentary life styles and poor eating habits have contributed to the simultaneous escalation of Diabetes and Obesity, which some have called the Diabetes epidemic. The Indian Diabetes Risk Score is a simple, cost-effective, convenient tool which can be used by the community health workers to screen the high risk population. With this background the present study was conducted with the following objectives. Objective: To find out the prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus among government employees working at Government Medical College, Latur. To study the risk profile of study subjects for Diabetes Mellitus using Indian Diabetes Risk Score (IDRS) Methodology: A Cross-sectional study was conducted and all the employees fulfilling inclusion criteria (n=695) were studied. Along with collecting information about their biosocial characteristics, their weight, height, blood pressure, Indian diabetes Risk Score and Fasting Blood Glucose was measured and recorded. Data was analyzed by SPSS 21 for Windows. Statistical test employed was Chi-square test for proportions. Results: Prevalence of diabetes mellitus was found to be 7.05%. The factors like age ≥ 40 years, Higher Group of employee reflecting higher socioeconomic status, Family history, Sedentary level of physical activity, Hypertension, Body Mass Index ≥ 25.0 kg/m 2, Increased waist to hip ratio were found to be significantly associated with Type 2Diabetes Mellitus among employees working at Government Medical College Conclusion: This study provides a use of Indian Diabetes Risk Score for identifying undiagnosed high risk for diabetic subjects in Indian population. Indian Diabetes Risk Score being a non invasive, cost effective, easy to use screening tool can be used for large population.

Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus, Indian Diabetes Risk Score, Employees

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