Open Access Journal of Veterinary Science & Research

Open Access Journal of Veterinary Science & Research

Basic info

  • Publisher:
  • Country of publisher: united states
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2019/Nov/09

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  • LCC Subject Category:
  • Publisher's keywords:
  • Language of fulltext: english

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): No
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Editorial information

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License:
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: No
  • Year open access content began: 2016
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

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This journal has '4' articles

Heat Stress and Its Mitigation Strategies: A Review

Heat Stress and Its Mitigation Strategies: A Review

Authors:
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Abstract

With raising global temperature, significance on heat stress is also increasingly important. As long as the animals are within the thermo neutral zone, they are comfortable without any seen effects. Heat stress, up to a certain level could be efficiently overcome by the inherent mechanisms within the animal’s body. But once it is crossed and the thermo neutral zone is disturbed completely, then although they are homoeothermic still they cannot maintain homeostasis and that in turn results in an adverse effect on the production, reproduction and health of the animal. Heat stress, the most vital climatic stress, along with an effect on the productive potential of animal, is lethal to its survival in harsh conditions. High temperature, air movement, solar radiation, wind speed and relative humidity are important parameters of the climatic variables. Amongst the mentioned, high temperature, radiation and humidity are the most important factors, which drastically affect the overall performance of livestock with reduction in meat, milk and egg production. Global warming and deforestation are also important contributors for increase in the earth’s temperature, thereby causing heat stress. Keeping this in view, there is a need to take up different mitigation measures to overcome the heat stress. Although different precautionary measures are adapted to alleviate heat stress, still the livestock cannot be completely relieved of it.

Keywords: Heat Stress; Thermo Neutral Zone; Troductive Potential; The Climatic Variables; Global Warming; Mitigation Measures
Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics and Meat Quality of Pearl and Lavender Varieties of Guinea Fowl (Numida Meleagris) in Tropical Climate of Chhattisgarh

Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics and Meat Quality of Pearl and Lavender Varieties of Guinea Fowl (Numida Meleagris) in Tropical Climate of Chhattisgarh

Authors: Kerketta N
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Abstract

The present experiment was carried out to study the growth performance, carcass characteristics and meat quality of Pearl and Lavender varieties of guinea fowl (Numida meleagris) upto 14th weeks of age in tropical climate of Chhattisgarh state in India. The study revealed that at one day average body weight of Lavender variety (25.18±0.46 g) was significantly (P< 0.05) higher than that of Pearl variety (23.30±0.36 g). However, no significan t difference in mean body weight and body weight gain was observed in both varieties. The mean body weights of Pearl and Lavender guinea fowls at 14 weeks of age were 1120.78±10.70 g and 1097.88±10.99 g, respectively. The overall Feed Conversion Ratio during total experimental period of 14 week was observed to be significantly higher (P<0.05) in Lavender variety (4.94±0.24) than Pearl variety (5.18±0.26). No significant difference was observed in dressing percentage and other carcass traits between both var ieties. Similarly no significant difference was observed between different sensory characters of both the varieties.

Keywords: Growth performance; Guinea fowl; Carcass characteristics; Meat quality
Gross Pulmonary Lesions of Bovine Lung Slaughtered Atjimma Municipality Abattoir, Ethiopia

Gross Pulmonary Lesions of Bovine Lung Slaughtered Atjimma Municipality Abattoir, Ethiopia

Authors: Asebe G
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Abstract

This study was carried out from November 2007 to May 2008 to determine the prevalence and distribution of pulmonary lesions in different lobes in Jimma municipality abattoir. Cross sectional study by gross examination of cattle lung was done in the abattoir to determine pulmonary lesions. From 384 lungs examined, 91.7% was found to have one or more lesions. Hydatidosis (108, 28.1%), emphysema (115, 29.9%), atelectasis(72, 18.8%), congestion (191, 49.7%), abscess (21, 5.5%), and lung parasite (1, 0.3%) were found during the study period. Body condition association with the lesions were studied and pulmonary abscess and pulmonary emphysema has significant effect (p<0.05) on poor body conditioned animals. Animals with fat body condition were significantly affected (p< 0.05) by pulmonary congestion and atelectasis. Lung parasite and hydatidosis found having no significant association with the animal body condition. In conclusion lung is a highly condemned organ due to different pulmonary lesions occurring which in turn results a significant economic loss.

Keywords: Abattoir; Cattle; Gross examination; Prevalence; Pulmonary lesion

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