Економіка. Екологія. Соціум

Економіка. Екологія. Соціум

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  • Publisher: Bronisław Markiewicz State Higher School of Technology and Economics in Jarosław,Institute of Market Problems and Economic-and-Ecological Research of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  • Country of publisher: ukraine
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2019/Nov/10

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  • LCC Subject Category: Economics
  • Publisher's keywords: Economy Development
  • Language of fulltext: ukrainian, english
  • Time from submission to publication: weeks

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  • Waiver policy for charges? No

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  • Year open access content began: 2017
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

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This journal has '23' articles

Trends of development of administrative management of recreational and tourist nature production in domestic and international practice

Trends of development of administrative management of recreational and tourist nature production in domestic and international practice

Authors: Kateryna Kostetska
Year: 2018, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

Introduction. The article deals with the main tendencies of development of recreational and tourist nature use in the context of ownership rights to natural resources. It should be noted that to date, there is no clear distinction between property rights and the definition of the conditions of possession, disposal and use of recreational and tourist resources as well as methodical provision of valuation, assessment of recreational and tourist resources and determining the amount of damage caused as a result of violations of environmental legislation. Aim and tasks. The purpose of the article is to analyze trends in the development of administrative management of recreational and tourist use in the domestic and international plane. The set goal requires the following tasks: to analyze the ownership of natural resources in Ukraine and in the international aspect; to substantiate the necessity of integrated approach to conducting ecologically oriented entrepreneurial activity in the recreational and tourist area with the definition of the main directions of this activity and the control levers. Research results. Today, there is no complete interconnection of recreational and tourist use with three spheres - economic, environmental and social, which imposes certain restrictions on maximizing economic revenues from recreational and tourist flows and preventing damage to the natural environment. There are also no methodological recommendations that would take into account the legal factor - the consistency of the socio-ecological and economic factors of recreation and tourism activities with the right to own natural resources. There is no distinction between types of economic activity using the recreational and tourist resource and ownership of this resource, taking into account the privileges and tax provisions of the entrepreneur. At the same time when calculating tax provisions from the introduction of economic activities, only the profit of the enterprise, which is transferred to the state budget, is taken into account, and only the parking fee and resort tax are levied to the local. The fee for the use of natural resources is also not calculated taking into account the activity of the enterprise. Conclusion. The main gaps in domestic legislation in the field of administrative management of recreational and tourist nature use are determined and directions of its improvement are described. Consequently, the task of administrative management of recreational and tourist nature use is to form an ecologically oriented model of entrepreneurial activity that will be legally sound and economically profitable both for the entrepreneur and for budget replenishment.

Keywords: recreational and tourist use of nature, tourism, administrative management, ownership of natural resources
Institutional forms and their competitive analysis of organization of insurance activities in Ukraine

Institutional forms and their competitive analysis of organization of insurance activities in Ukraine

Authors: Olga Slobodianiuk, Galina Tolkacheva
Year: 2018, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

Introduction. In the insurance market of Ukraine, there is a need for non-commercial insurance, which does not carry out business activities in favor of shareholders, but implements the principle of collective mutual assistance of insurance participants. Its necessity is determined, first of all, by the possibility at affordable prices to provide real insurance coverage to the general population, agricultural producers, small business representatives, and others like that. The development of the strategic development of the work of insurance companies prompts them to rational use of all their resources, in order to increase their efficiency at all stages of development. For this purpose, special methods of strategic management are used, which include the search for economic criteria that provide an objective assessment of the company's activities. Thus, conducting this analysis will enable each company to make it competitive on the insurance market. Aim and tasks. The purpose of the article is to reveal and substantiate the institutional forms and perform SWOT analysis to identify the weak and strong points of the organization of the insurance company and the strategic development of insurance activities in general. Research results. The article reveals the concept of institutional forms of organization of insurance activity in Ukraine. Conducted competitive analysis (SWOT-analysis) of strategic development of insurance companies and organization of insurance activity in Ukraine. The proposed ways of strategic development, weak and strong forms of organization of insurance activity are revealed. Conclusion. Insurance companies have financial institutionalization of their forms of activity. Under this concept is understood the process of consolidation of norms, roles, statuses, rules for bringing and combining them into the insurance system for the ability to act for insurance protection. The conducted analysis of the activity of the insurance company, its development strategy provides an opportunity to identify the most promising directions for its development and organization of work. Thus, the identification of weak and strong sides of the company, based on SWOT analysis, positively influences the development of the company's future strategy, its organizational structure, as well as the quality and price of insurance services.

Keywords: insurance market, insurance companies, institutional forms, SWOT analysis, competitiveness, development strategy, insurance
Trends of the investment market development in conditions of economic instability in Ukraine

Trends of the investment market development in conditions of economic instability in Ukraine

Authors: Daria Stepanova, Inna Stepanova
Year: 2018, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

Introduction. In recent years, Ukraine's economy is in a difficult situation, while maintaining its tendency to deteriorate. That is why investments in the creation of favorable conditions for its development play an important role. The attracted investments are the basis for the development of the Ukrainian economy, ensuring the possibility of its integration into the European socio-economic space, increasing the competitiveness of domestic enterprises, thereby reducing the level of dependence on imports and developing export potential. Aim and tasks. The purpose of the article is to conduct a comprehensive analysis of the current state of the Ukrainian investment market, identify key issues that impede the attraction of additional capital investments and the future prospects of investment in the economy of the country in accordance with current economic and political realities. Research results. The article reveals the role of investments in the further development of the Ukrainian economy. The complex analysis of the current state of the investment market of the country is carried out. In carrying out the analysis of the investment market, methods of statistical analysis, system generalization, qualitative and quantitative comparison were used. The main factors that negatively influence on this market are determined, restraining the development of investment activity and reducing the competitiveness of the Ukrainian economy. The main directions of increase of investment attractiveness, the realization of which will contribute to the growth of capital investments, are offered. Conclusion. On the basis of the analysis of the Ukrainian investment market, it was found that foreign investors are extremely cautious with the injection of additional flows into the Ukrainian economy. It is proved that this process is due to gaps in the economy and investment market of the country. At the same time, Ukraine belongs to countries with huge potential for attraction of investments due to the rich natural resources, scientific and technical potential, skilled labor, and favorable infrastructure. The key objectives of investment policy should be to implement a comprehensive solution to the country's economic, social and political problems. Effective reforms are needed to improve the situation in the country, which will stimulate business development, increase the living standards of the population and the economy of the country.

Keywords: investment, investment activity, directs foreign investments, capital investments
Imperatives of multimodal transport development in accordance with the tendencies of the transformational changes of the national economy in the conditions of European integration

Imperatives of multimodal transport development in accordance with the tendencies of the transformational changes of the national economy in the conditions of European integration

Authors: Vitaly Gurnak, Inna Khomenko, Lyudmila Volynets
Year: 2018, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

Introduction Despite the existing potential of freight capacity of rail, sea and river transport, their interaction is still in need of improvement. Given the high growth rates of international container traffic, Ukraine's transport infrastructure requires immediate modernization and investment in the technical and economic condition in a context of intense competition with foreign transport companies and ports. Aim and tasks is to identify and substantiate the possibilities of improving the mechanism of organization of multimodal transportation in accordance with the latest trends and ensuring the further sustainable development of multimodal cargo transportation, etc. Research results. It established that at the present stage, multimodal transport covers not only technological aspects of coordinated work of different types of transport, but also concerns economic, organizational and legal provision of transport process, efficient functioning of transport infrastructure, optimal use of vehicles and cargo units during traffic flow. The article investigates the theoretical basis of multimodal transport, defines the general principles of the multimodal transportation system functioning, raises the grounds for the possible development of multimodal transport and improvement of the transport industry in Ukraine, as well as increasing the competitiveness of domestic enterprises. The methodical provisions of multimodal transport development in Ukraine offered. Conclusion. Today it is necessary to introduce new principles of formation and coordination of state policy in the field of transport, creation of conditions for ensuring control over the quality of performance of the functions of the relevant executive authorities. Organization of multimodal transport, which will be carried out by a single operator on a single transport document and through a freight rate, will increase the quality of transport and logistic services, will ensure a high level of reliability and security of international freight delivery chains.

Keywords: multimodal transportation, transport infrastructure, interaction of modes of transport, transportation, international freight transportation, development
Economic and environmental aspects of organization the territory of ecologically clean agricultural land

Economic and environmental aspects of organization the territory of ecologically clean agricultural land

Authors: Hanna Tiutiunnyk
Year: 2018, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

Introduction. The foundation of the creation of ecologically clean land masses is the economic organization of the territory. The leading component of ecologically safe land use is the need to determine the suitability of land soils for the cultivation of raion crops and the maintenance of maximum soil quality adapted to the quality of crop rotation. Aim and tasks. In the article the purpose of planning the organization of land mass structures is determined. The task of the internal land management is to formulate a strategy for using land masses that would maximally focus on the actions of land users in optimizing, transforming and using land to the natural conditions of the region. Research results. Measures to create ecologically pure land masses are carried out directly at agricultural enterprises, therefore, agricultural land use is a prerequisite for them. The organization of agricultural land use envisages for business entities, the establishment of a warehouse, the transformation of lands and conservation of degraded and low productivity land, which at the present stage has become the most effective factor in the environmental optimization of land use. Agroecological organization of the territory includes measures on four systemic properties of agroecosystems: productivity, stability, stability and uniformity. All four properties are interrelated in agroecosystems. Without these links it is impossible to organize the territory in order to create conditions for rational use and protection of land, which is demanded by the agricultural land management system. Conclusion. In the article the necessity of characterization of qualitative and quantitative characteristics of lands is grounded in order to find out the influence of the creation of the land mass and the appearance of possible dangers. The basic stages of the transition to environmentally safe agriculture and the formation of ecologically clean land masses have been determined. The types of development of the land mass are described: one-time and step-by-step. The complex problems that may be encountered by an enterprise of any ownership type in the transition to the maintenance of ecologically pure agriculture are determined. Creation of ecologically pure massifs of lands and agroecological organization of the territory includes a system of measures for the adaptation of agricultural production, agriculture to the peculiarities of the natural environment, along with the system of levers of state management of rational ecologically safe use of agricultural land. So the necessity of state support and motivation for enterprises planning to switch to the production of ecologically clean products and the formation of ecologically clean land masses has been substantiated.

Keywords: ecologically clean land, land masses, natural environment, agroecological organization, enterprise, ecologically pure massifs
Blockchain technology and its impact on financial and shipping services

Blockchain technology and its impact on financial and shipping services

Authors: Viktor Diordiiev
Year: 2018, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

Introduction. Blockchain technology is becoming one of the main drivers of innovation in the global economy. Its adoption will have a huge impact on how businesses and governments operate and on the way people organize their everyday lives. Financial services industry is the one experiencing the biggest impact of the blockchain disruption so far, while financial institutions are among the first adopters of the technology. At the same time, being a relatively traditional industry, shipping has not yet seen many use cases with blockchain, but the technology is able to change this industry dramatically. Aim and tasks. As the industries of finance and shipping have huge potential in the blockchain space and often interact, determining how the blockchain technology adoption can influence the industries of finance and shipping in the future was the main purpose of this article. Research results. To fulfill this purpose, it was important to describe the origins of the blockchain technology, its main characteristics, functioning principles and consensus algorithms. Supported by the recent hype, cryptocurrencies are the biggest use case for blockchain so far, therefore, the article analyzes the largest of them, including Bitcoin, Ethereum and some others, as well as the cryptocurrency market as a whole. The level of worldwide adoption of blockchain and the overall market size are defined further in the article. Various applications in finance are also mentioned, paying particular attention to the insurance industry. Based on this information, the key areas in which blockchain can disrupt finance and insurance are identified. As the number of blockchain companies increases rapidly, the two main fundraising channels for such companies, venture capital and initial coin offering, are analyzed and compared. The ways in which blockchain may impact the shipping services industry are identified further. Conclusion. Afterwards, the article describes a number of blockchain consortia formed by public institutions and private entities to research and test possible applications of the technology across various industries and countries. While the potential of blockchain is still largely undiscovered, all the gathered information and performed research help to make a conclusion that the blockchain technology will have a big impact on many different industries, including financial and shipping services. The coming years will definitely see an exponentially growing interest in blockchain in academic and business fields, as the technology becomes more and more mainstream.

Keywords: smart contracts, distributed ledger technology, Bitcoin, Ethereum, cryptocurrency, ICO, fintech
Influence of life cycle stages of the small and medium enterprise on creation of the efficient organizational structure

Influence of life cycle stages of the small and medium enterprise on creation of the efficient organizational structure

Authors: Larysa Borysova, Ludmila Borysova
Year: 2018, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

Introduction. In modern economics, small and medium enterprises are the majority of all functioning enterprises and a basis of each industry and sphere of economy. Therefore, they are relevant to the research of the activity of these enterprises by an organizational component as basic element of the general management. It is noted that development of these enterprises happens continuously, dynamically with the cyclic character, which demands continuous improvement of approaches to the organization of its activity and structure. Creation and development of it needs to be correlated depending on the current life cycle stage. The question about the expediency of change or improvement of the existing organizational structure at the small and medium enterprises depending on the stage of their lifecycle is raised. Aim and tasks. The purpose of the article is to form the approach to interrelation of development of small and medium enterprises and their organizational configuration at different stages of their life cycle. According to the aim, the tasks are to analyze the current level of these enterprises’ development and to investigate interrelation of the cyclical nature of their development with creation of effective organizational structure depending on a life cycle stage. Research results. It is reasonable that a certain type of organizational configuration corresponds to each life cycle stage, and is optimal for it: it gives an opportunity to consider dynamics of its development, priorities and features, simplify the choice of organizational structure to the management of small and medium enterprises. This research showed the necessity to gradually integrate the process approach to the existing organizational structure on the 2nd lifecycle stage. Such approach creates anti-crisis flexible organizational structure taking into account features of the whole enterprise’s life cycle. Thus, project life cycle was defined. Its successful completion is necessary to correlate with the enterprise’s life cycle. The carried-out analysis displayed the 4th stage as critical for development of the enterprises. To prevent this, it is necessary to use the development strategy on the 3rd stage already, implementing the innovation technologies, which define the new processes. The result is the renewal of organizational structure on the basis of process-functional approach. Conclusions. The formation of the enterprise organizational structure depending on the current life cycle stage and its features, taking into account cycles of its development, simplify the choice of an organizational component for the management of the small and medium enterprises with use of the principles of the recognized in management and the most efficient process approach. It also provides certain flexibility of the organizational component of these enterprises in need of new product development, the organization of the project teamwork, determination of the beginning and termination of the project life cycle.

Keywords: project life cycle,process - functional approach,організаційна структура,малі та середні підприємства,процесно-функціональний підхід,життєвий цикл проекту,life cycle of enterprise,small and medium enterprises,organizational structure,життєвий цикл підприємства
Main directions of modern enterprise strategy formation

Main directions of modern enterprise strategy formation

Authors: Olga Kalaman, Oleg Udovitsa
Year: 2018, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

Introduction. Today in Ukraine there is a situation that creates an environment of "public interest" in approaches to modeling the main areas of strategic management and its content. Inaccurate perception of approaches to the "strategy" concept content significantly changes the possibility of its effective implementation at the state and economic levels. Therefore, it is logical to arise the necessity of studying the directions of forming a strategy and the possibility of applying the theory of strategic management in modern domestic enterprises. Aim and tasks. The article purpose is to determine the basic approaches to the formation of the modern enterprise development strategy, which is subject to the study of the main directions of its formation. The systematic basis for such systematization was systemic, reproductive, dialectical, and general scientific approaches. Research results. It has been established that the "action" approach as the leading methodology for the strategy development implies the relevance of the activity category with the concepts of "needs", "interests", "motives", "goals", "reflection (assessment)," "self-development". A system approach involves considering a strategy as a system that has a certain structure and interconnection within its individual components. Formation and strengthening market relations stimulates the application of new approaches and forms in management, changes (sometimes cardinally) the nature of the tasks to be solved and methods for their achievement, as well as the development of a strategy. The development of a clearly formulated strategy and the definition of organic development goals is a consequence of the external conditions manifestation of the company's existence, for example, the conditions of macroeconomic instability, the complexity of the relationship between the economic and political environment. To clearly formulate a strategy for the enterprise in accordance with the current economic situation, to outline the ways of its implementation and, if possible, to evaluate the expected result, a manager is required to possess creativity, knowledge and experience, intuition in a unified approach to formulating strategic prospects for the operation and development of the enterprise. Conclusion. For Ukrainian enterprise management system, the main task is not the prompt response to the current changes in the environment. They are the strategic vision formation of the future enterprise, the development of a flexible and viable progress strategy, the prediction of tactical and strategic threats for the enterprise, its timely elimination, and the practical use of strategic management idea for sustainable development.

Keywords: enterprise, theory of enterprise strategic management, evolution of the
Pragmatics and problemmatics of the banking sector functioning in Ukraine

Pragmatics and problemmatics of the banking sector functioning in Ukraine

Authors: Oksana Redkva
Year: 2018, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

Introduction. The permanent occurrence of crisis phenomena in the Ukrainian economy requires the state authorities and the National Bank to search for effective and optimal ways to overcome the economic downturn. Among the important elements in building a system of measures to counteract the recession and stimulate stable economic growth is to ensure a high level of financial stability of the banking system of the country. The banking system has key functions in the mechanism of implementation of the state economic policy to counteract the emergence of negative trends in both the real and financial sectors of the economy. In connection with this, the urgency of the issue of ensuring the proper level of functioning of the banking system is violated. Aim and tasks. The purpose of the research is to deepen the theoretical positions regarding the problematic aspects of the activities of banking institutions and to develop practical recommendations for improving the efficiency of their functioning in Ukraine. Research results. The paper examines the current state of functioning of the banking sector. On the basis of the conducted research, the existence of direct and indirect influence on functioning of the banking system in Ukraine was noted. The existence of the relationship between the main macroeconomic factors and functioning of the banking sector has been proved. By means of mathematical tools, a direct correlation between the growth of gross domestic product and the growth of net bank assets was established. The positive foreign experience of countries with transition economies, which managed to ensure the efficient functioning of the banking system has been considered. The promising measures that will promote the improvement of the banking system and stimulate economic development have been outlined. Conclusions. The analysis of the status of banking institutions indicates the need for changes and effective reforms in the banking system. Realization of any type of reforms carries both potential advantages and the possibility of occurrence of certain risk situations. Therefore, it is expedient and consistently to outline a list of measures that will promote the improvement of the banking system and stimulate economic development, namely: a systematic approach to solving the problem of asset quality; increase of the savings base, which will allow to expand lending; strengthening of the requirements for disclosure of information about the financial status, ownership and management structure of banks; increasing financial literacy of the population; provision of corporate governance of banks on the basis of the best world standards; carrying out constant supervision of the degree of concentration of bank capital in terms of the country and its origin.

Keywords: bank, banking supervision, banking crises, financial institutions, Ukrainian banking system, gross domestic product
Perspective directions of improvement of management of intergovernmental fiscal relations in Ukraine on the example of the developed countries of the world

Perspective directions of improvement of management of intergovernmental fiscal relations in Ukraine on the example of the developed countries of the world

Authors: Viktoriia Butenko
Year: 2018, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

Introduction. In any state, due to the existence of an administrative-territorial division, there are relations between public authorities of different levels in the budgetary sphere. The main task of organizing and managing inter-budgetary relations is to provide state guarantees at a certain minimum acceptable level throughout the territory and all citizens regardless of their place of residence when receiving equal state social services. At present, unfortunately, in Ukraine there is a political inconsistency in the problem of the division of competences and responsibility for the implementation of specific functions of central, regional and local authorities, which negatively affects the processes of redistribution of intergovernmental resources. The financial independence of territorial communities can not be based without a clear distribution of tax revenues, spending powers between levels of government, and a mechanism for making financial, independent decisions. Aim and tasks. The purpose of this article is to investigate the mechanisms of implementation of the state budget policy and the model of organization of public administration of budget relations, which are used in economically developed countries of the world in order to determine their specificity, which will enable to effectively regulate the current economic situation in Ukraine. Research results. The current mechanism of budgetary equalization and the model of organization of public administration of budget relations in Ukraine is analyzed. The models of state participation in budget policy of different countries of the world are outlined. The components of the mechanism of management and regulation of interbudgetary relations at the regional level are determined. The economic models of all countries of the world, which can be distinguished from states with a unitary system, where they are noted much more than with the federal system, are investigated. Conclusion. Considering the model of the mechanism of management of inter-budgetary relations, one can conclude that there is no definite model acceptable to all countries of the world. The construction of a specific mechanism is based on the level of decentralization of the budget and taxation system, the scope of the powers of local authorities, the political choice between efficiency and equality, the depth and degree of disproportion between administrative and territorial units. The most effective model of intergovernmental relations in Ukraine can be considered a model, which will use the appropriate level of fiscal independence of local governments with the implementation of unitary, that is, a unified legal framework, the maintenance of a unified accounting, budget classification and management of budgetary relations.

Keywords: intergovernmental fiscal relations, intergovernmental fiscal transfers, state budget, local budgets, financial equalization
Aspects of social and political impact activities food enterprises in Ukraine

Aspects of social and political impact activities food enterprises in Ukraine

Authors: Natalia Basiurkina, Tatyana Konstantynova
Year: 2017, Volume: 1, Number: 1
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Abstract

Introduction. The actuality problem of the chosen topic is due to a large practical the importance of the activities and development of food businesses in Ukraine under the influence of socio-political factors of the present. Existing tools for assessing the impact of socio-political factors in the overwhelming majority are based on uncertain approaches and do not pay much attention to considering these factors and their impact on the activities and development of the food business. Aim and tasks. Investigated, grouped and the list of socio-political aspects that affect the planning of enterprise development is given. The essence of socio-political aspects is defined in the modern sense from the point of view of introduction of social, political and economic factors of influence on the activity and development of food enterprises of Ukraine. The complex of measures for improvement and improvement of development of the food enterprise in the present economic and political situation is offered. These measures are aimed at supporting the economic initiatives of food business managers and include entrepreneurship support tools. A number of socio-political tools are proposed, as well as PEST analysis to ensure the strategic development of food businesses. Research results. In our opinion, the socio-political environment is perhaps the least predictable element in the entire business environment. Thus, the functions that are implemented during the planning process are substantially changed, the role of planning for development in the food business system is changing. It is increasingly becoming a tool for increasing the competitiveness of enterprises, a means of bringing together different food companies around new values and long-term priorities. Conclusions. Such an intensification of strategic planning, on the one hand, is a logical stage in the development of enterprises, on the other hand, by the efforts of these enterprises to find adequate tools and mechanisms for responding to the challenges in the country and in the world, when processes are significantly accelerating, including political, economic, social, technological, ecological etc. An additional measure of the current situation is the development of an information society that generates a number of new types of activities that managers should take into account for the sake of sustainable development of food businesses.

Keywords: socio-political factors, food enterprises, PESTELI-analysis, planning of strategic development
Methodological approaches on the selection of options for innovational development of regional industrial complex

Methodological approaches on the selection of options for innovational development of regional industrial complex

Authors: Iryna Topalova
Year: 2017, Volume: 1, Number: 1
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Abstract

Introduction. In an unstable economic environment, the formation of a regional industrial complex under conditions of uncertainty and risk factors leads to the fact that the innovative processes of the creation of the final product significantly deviate in time and space from its planned development. The sources of the formation of these factors and means of recording in the assessment of efficiency should be considered. Aim and tasks. Consider approaches to choosing innovative development options for a regional industrial complex under conditions of uncertainty and risk. Research results. Under the uncertainty one should understand the lack of data on the conditions in which economic activity will be thwarted, a low degree of predictability, increase of these conditions. When assessing innovation and investment projects in the region, the most important are the following types of uncertainties and regional risks: uncertainty about the behavior of competitors; uncertainty about the political and socio-economic situation in the country and region; incompleteness / inaccuracy of information about the parameters of innovations; foreign economic risks; incompleteness of information on financial sustainability; unpredictability of the tax policy; other types of financial risks; some types of risks: the risk of falsification of financial statements, the risk of theft of certain types of assets; emission risk, etc. Territorial peculiarities in innovative development the role of a significant factor is assigned: they can both accelerate and slow down the formation of the types of their economic activity, and in the broader sense - and the nature of strategic development. However, the implementation of the chain becomes even more important «new creation - new-introduction – innovation» and the generation of new technologies in this territory, which ensures the uniqueness of industrial production, which causes the formation of a spatially-innovative monopoly in the area of innovation activity. Conclusion. During the development of innovative processes at enterprises - innovators of the regional industrial complex it is necessary to take into account the specifics of such a complex object as the economic system of the region, factors of uncertainty and risk under the influence of the internal and external environment, especially the stages of the product life cycle/enterprise/industry.

Keywords: region, development, methodical provision, uncertainty, risk
Improvement of the administration system in the field of natural resources use

Improvement of the administration system in the field of natural resources use

Authors: Antonina Martienko, Nina Khumarova
Year: 2017, Volume: 1, Number: 1
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Abstract

Introduction. The main content of modern trends in the rational use of natural resources is aimed at reducing all types of resource flows per unit of produced products or services at different levels of economic activity and minimizing the generation of waste per unit produced national product. The rational use of natural resources directly depends on the development of the permit system, reducing the scale of material and resource flows of economic activity. Aim and tasks. The purpose of the article is to substantiate the main directions of improvement of the administrative system in the field of licensing services of nature use, as an instrument for promoting the process of transition to environmental friendly technologies and reducing the resource intensity of production. Research results. The article outlines directions for improving the administration of licensing services in the field of nature management, taking into account the need to reduce the volume of material and resource intensities of economic activity. It is substantiated that it is not necessary to approach this procedure formally when issuing permits for the use of natural resources (based on the emissions during the operation of this equipment) and taking into account such factors as existing of ecologically clean technologies, the assimilation potential of the territory, the existing environmental burden and external effects. When administering the permitting system in the environment, it is necessary to create a separate structural subdivision at the Centre of administrative services. Also, it is necessary to establish an electronic document flow between the licensing and administrative centres, the subject of the use of natural resources and organizations authorized to issue permits for handling natural resources, and the creation of a unified database, contained and gathered information from the "History of the use of natural resources for a business entity". Information of this document should help to make influential decisions such as the directions of natural resources use, a system for monitoring their use, and the basis for the revocation of the permit in case of non-fulfilment of its conditions. Conclusions. The permit system in environmental use should be aimed at preserving the environment, taking into account the interests of producers of goods and services, their consumers and third parties living or staying in the region. The system for obtaining permits for the use of natural resources and for emissions into the atmosphere, discharges into water facilities and the placement of wastes in the natural environment should be, on the one hand, simplified and exempt from corruption mechanisms, and on the other hand, simplified and accessible to the subjects of their obtaining.

Keywords: permit system, administration in the field of nature management, distribution of natural resources, administrative services; permits for the use of natural resources
5 f sustainable development potential of telecommunication enterprise

5 f sustainable development potential of telecommunication enterprise

Authors: Marina Demyanchuk
Year: 2017, Volume: 1, Number: 1
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Abstract

Introduction. The sphere of communication and informatization today has a significant impact on the development of the country's economy, especially in the period of its sustainable development. Under the influence of the construction of an information society and globalization transformations, the concept and structure of the potential of telecommunication enterprises are changing. The components of it have the main role in achieving its sustainable development. Aim and tasks. Therefore, the purpose of the work is to substantiate the components of a set of potentials of the sustainable development of telecommunication enterprise and its components, as well as to study the specificities of the impact of this set of potentials on sustainable development of telecommunication enterprise. Research results. This paper presents the specificities of communication and informatization as a sphere, which activity is based on the use of the most advanced technologies and application of intellectual potential at the same time. The composition of "5 φ" potential of sustainable development of telecommunication enterprise is substantiated: economic, social, ecological, technical-technological and intellectual potentials, each of which contains characteristic components. The model of "5 φ" potential of sustainable development of telecommunication enterprise is presented through the prism of a set of its potentials as a result of the interaction of potential components under the influence of external and internal factors, which creates opportunities for the formation of innovation-investment regulatory tools. Such an approach to the assessment of "5 φ" potential of sustainable development of telecommunication enterprise will contribute to the formation of a new path of its movement, the definition of its own development priorities in order to increase the efficiency of managerial decisions in modern conditions and will contribute to the achievement of sustainability. Conclusion. The main task of "5 φ" potential of sustainable development is to search for directions that would enable to form an effective mechanism for ensuring the reproduction of sustainable development potential of the enterprise, since the unused potential possibilities are the reserves of ensuring the sustainability of the enterprise, and they determine the ability to adequately respond to the variability of the environment and shape priorities for future development. An approach to the assessment of "5 φ" potential is the ability to support the planned functioning mode, logic when making managerial decisions, taking into account internal structure, consistency with external and internal circumstances, and the possibility of obtaining a the planned result at the least costs.

Keywords: sustainable development, telecommunication enterprise, economic potential, social potential, ecological potential, technical-technological potential, intellectual potential
Quality of soil in the system of agro economic natural use supplying

Quality of soil in the system of agro economic natural use supplying

Authors: Larysa Kupinets, Hanna Tiutiunnyk
Year: 2017, Volume: 1, Number: 1
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Abstract

Introduction. The article presents the issue of improving soil quality continues needs to be urgent. In particular, the task of improving the quality of agricultural land and considering the qualitative characteristics as an object of management remains unresolved, which necessitates further systematic research in this direction. Aim and tasks. The purpose of the article is to substantiate the essence of soil quality management, the creation of land masses with appropriate soil characteristics as a means of obtaining safe products of standardized quality, maintaining the quality of the natural environment, preventing its degradation and using innovative industrial technologies in alternative agricultural systems. The task is in the justification that qualitative soil properties and fertility are inextricably linked. Research results. The processes of soil formation and soil fertility are determined by a number of natural factors and the nature of economic activity, which affects not only the arable layer but also deeper soil horizons, as well as groundwater and groundwater. The optimal parameters of fertility indices should be established for each type of soil, if they can vary according to the fertility patterns as a combination of soil properties and modes that ensure the productivity of the land, the high quality and safety of the agricultural products derived from them. Returning lands to their original state is not always possible, but it is necessary. The application of certain approaches and technologies of updating the qualitative state of agricultural land causes the formation of conditionally clean land masses among those who potentially can become, after a certain time, suitable for obtaining safe production products. Ecologically clean land massifs, regardless of the degree of environmental readiness for economic use, are spatially limited, artificially created territories, the peculiar feature of which is the minimal cultivation of soil, the compliance with ampeloecological and agroecological requirements of cultivating those or other crops, the presence of indicator plants regulating contamination, the remoteness from pollutants, control of all agrotechnical measures, preservation and regulation of soil fertility. Conclusion. To achieve ecological purity is possible through a variety of activities. Land massifs with special characteristics play an important role and have a close connection with modern agrotechnologies that differ from agrotechnical measures, with a more systematic and more closely related to the microperiods of agricultural crop development. It is determined that the management of ecological agriculture will facilitate the creation of land uses with special characteristics, which are achieved through the implementation of the general laws of agriculture and a number of principles, among which the principles of environmental orientation are combined with the principles that facilitate their implementation.

Keywords: ecologically clean land massifs, soil quality, agroeconomic nature management, anthropogenic loading, humus, ecological monitoring, pollution of land

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