International Journal of Science Annals

International Journal of Science Annals

Basic info

  • Publisher: Kharkiv Regional Public Organization “Culture of Health” (KRPOCH)
  • Country of publisher: ukraine
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2019/Nov/12

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  • Language of fulltext: english
  • Time from submission to publication: weeks

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  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): No
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

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  • Type of License:
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: No
  • Year open access content began: 2018
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

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This journal has '5' articles

Training of Future Specialists in Higher Educational Institutions

Training of Future Specialists in Higher Educational Institutions

Authors: Yuriy Borysovych Melnyk, Iryna Sergiivna Pypenko
Year: 2018, Volume: 1, Number: 1
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Abstract

Background and Aim of Study: The research deals with studying issues concerning training of specialists in high school and the student’s role in this process. The perspective trends of training specialists in higher educational institutions are determined. They relate to such, where the university is a configuration part of much bigger establishments and processes and where it corresponds to the social and individual demands of the youth. The aim of the study: to ascertain competences, pedagogic technologies and methods, demanded by cadets and students, as well as to forecast perspective trends of studying in higher educational institutions. Material and Methods: A set of methods is used to study issues of training specialists in high school: collection of information, systematisation, rating assessment, analysis and results interpretation. The dispersion coefficient of Kendall concordance is calculated, its significance is proved on the basis of determining Pirson’s criterion for the significance level of 5% and 1%. The research was held in the academic years of 2013-2018 on the basis of National Academy of National Guard of Ukraine within the framework of the subject “University Education”. The average number of respondents was 535 people (35 groups), who studied at the Humanities Faculty, Technical Faculty, the Faculty of Economics and Management. Results: It is specified that there is a tendency of decreasing number of students who want to study in higher educational institutions. The demand of the student youth is determined for competences, pedagogic technologies and methods which are mostly required in high school. It is proposed to specify competences classification and content of the notions “professional competences” and “special competences”. Conclusions: On the basis of modern scientific and technical achievements, application of educational logistics and social demand, the main tendencies and future trends of training specialists in higher educational institutions in IT-sphere, technical, military, economic, medical and educational fields are forecast.

Keywords: high school, training of specialists, student youth, professional competences, special competences, educational logistics
Verification of the System of Preparation of Future Specialists of the Social Sphere for the Prevention of Maladjustment of Pupils in Various Social Institutions

Verification of the System of Preparation of Future Specialists of the Social Sphere for the Prevention of Maladjustment of Pupils in Various Social Institutions

Authors: Valentyna Viktorivna Kostina
Year: 2018, Volume: 1, Number: 1
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Abstract

Background and Aim of Study: The article is devoted to the problem of professional preparation of specialists in the social sphere. The aim of the study: to describe the structure of conducting a pedagogical experiment on the research problem and determine its qualitative results. Material and Methods: During the implementation of the pilot study to determine the effectiveness of the the impact, made by developed system of training future specialists in the social sphere to prevent the maladjustment of pupils, on their professional competence, methods of comparing, analyzing and generalizing the results of the process of professional education in the control and experimental groups were used. Results: The logical structure of conducting an experimental research on the training of future social pedagogues and social workers for the prevention of maladjustment of pupils, which envisaged the implementation of five consecutive stages and methodological support for its implementation, as well as a system of criteria (motivational and value-based, affective-conative, cognitive-instrumental and professional activity competencies) and corresponding indicators (interest and need of prevention of maladjustment of pupils; professional worldview as the basis for the development of professional culture, characteristics of temperament and will, that are ensuring the successful implementation of prevention of maladjustment of pupils; personal qualities necessary for working with vulnerable contingents, general-pedagogical potential, developed social intelligence, knowledge of the organization of socio-pedagogical and social activities of prevention of maladjustment of pupils in various social institutions; knowledge of the technological basis for the prevention of maladjustment of pupils; professional knowledge and skills in the prevention of maladjustment of pupils; experience in social-pedagogical and social preventive work). Conclusions: Qualitative changes in personal and professional characteristics of future specialists of the social sphere are determined in accordance with the presented criteria system after the implementation of the forming part of the study.

Keywords: training, specialists in the social sphere, prevention of maladjustment of pupils, social institutions, system of preparation of future specialists of the social sphere
Behavioral Tendencies of Single Parent Students

Behavioral Tendencies of Single Parent Students

Authors: Hakan Usakli
Year: 2018, Volume: 1, Number: 1
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Abstract

Background and Aim of Study: A Family is social unit of two or more people related by blood, marriage, or adoption and having a shared commitment to the mutual relationship. The definition of single parent is someone who has a child or children but no husband, wife, or partner who lives with them. Death of a partner and divorce are main causes of being single parent. Children are affected by divorce in many different ways, varying by the circumstances and age of the child. Children whose ages are seven to twelve are much better at expressing emotions and accepting parentage breakage, but often distrust their parents, rely on outside help and support for encouragement, and may manifest social and academic problems. The aim of the study: to find out teachers opinion of single parents’ students’ behavioral tendency. Material and Methods: This qualitative study represents 30 teachers’ opinions on single parent students’ problems. Results: Not only in deep theoretical framework but also recent studies underline the importance of healthy family relation on child wellbeing. Every child may have potential for single parent in nowadays society. Experienced elementary teachers claim that single parent students are more submissive and aggressive. In addition of this, they are less assertive when comparing to their two parents counterparts. Conclusions: Not only school psychologists and guidance practitioners but also teachers and school principles should be aware of the potential single parent students’ needs. Being more assertive or aggressive creates fewer opportunity for single parent students. Productive society will be raised with only equal sublimation of all children’s developments.

Keywords: single parent students, elementary teachers, behavioral tendencies; assertiveness; aggressiveness; submissiveness
Еmpathy in the Structure of Psychological Competence of the Teacher of the Higher Educational Institution

Еmpathy in the Structure of Psychological Competence of the Teacher of the Higher Educational Institution

Authors: Svitlana Vladimirovna Mitina
Year: 2018, Volume: 1, Number: 1
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Abstract

Background and Aim of Study: The efficiency of pedagogical activity depends not only of the level of professional knowledge and abilities of the teacher but also of the presence for him of the personality qualities necessary for optimal cooperation. One of such professionally-meaningful qualities of the teacher is the empathy able to do the process of education emotionally comfortable and productive. The aim of the study: to explore of level of empathy’s display of the teachers depending on experience of their pedagogical activity. Material and Methods: Theoretical (analysis and synthesis of the psychological literature); empirical (pilot study). 97 teachers of the higher educational institutions participated in the study; at the age of 27 to 62 years, with the work experience from 1 year to 30 years. Results. The results obtained indicate that the empathy is the important component in the structure of the professional competence of the teacher of the higher educational institution, and also that the empathic ability of the teacher is transformed with the development of life and professional experience. The empirical research shows the lowest rates of empathy among the teachers with the work experience of more than 25 years and among the young teachers with the work experience up to 10 years. Conclusions. It is concluded that there is the dependence of the empathy of professional experience, necessary to develop the empathy both at the stage of the training of the future teachers in the higher educational institutions and in the process of continuous professional education.

Keywords: competence, psychological competence, teacher, pedagogical activity, empathy
Program of Psychological Rehabilitation of the National Guard of Ukraine Military Personnel Participated in Combat Actions

Program of Psychological Rehabilitation of the National Guard of Ukraine Military Personnel Participated in Combat Actions

Authors: Ihor Ivanovich Prykhodko
Year: 2018, Volume: 1, Number: 1
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Abstract

Background and Aim of Study: Combat actions that have taken place over the past f our years in eastern Ukraine have a negative impact on the physical and mental health of the combatants. Under these conditions, the psyche of military personnel operates on the brink of its own resources, and prolonged participation in hostilities can lead to the development of post-traumatic stress disorder. Therefore, timely measures of prevention and control of combat stress, psychological rehabilitation of military personnel after engagement in combat will significantly reduce psychogenic injuries, prevent the emergence of mental disorders from combatants. The aim of the study: to develop, scientific ally substantiate and to test a program of psychological rehabilitation of combatants. Material and Methods: To determine the effectiveness of the program of psychological rehabilitation at the beginning and at the end was used by authorial diagnostic of mental disorders methodology “Psychological Safety of Personality”, as well as “The Questionnaire Evaluating the Effectiveness of Psychological Training” after completing the psychological training . In total, 70 military men of the National Guard of Ukraine from all regions of Ukraine participated in the program of Psychological rehabilitation, and the practical implementation and testing of the program took place in 2017. Results: The program of psychological rehabilitation of combatants based on psychological training for restoring the psychological safety of a military man’s personality has been developed and scientifically substantiated. The practical implementation of the program of the psychological rehabilitation of the combatants proved its effectiveness: the results of the dynamics of the components of psychological safety of a person increased on average by 16%. Conclusions: Proposed program of psychological rehabilitation of combatants helped to improve the mental condition of military personnel, to restore psychological resources of a person and to prevent the development of mental disorders.

Keywords: prevention of mental disorders, psychological rehabilitation psychological training, military personnel, combat actions, combatants

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