Türk Dünyası Dil ve Edebiyat Dergisi

Türk Dünyası Dil ve Edebiyat Dergisi

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  • Publisher: Türk Dil Kurumu
  • Country of publisher: turkey
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2019/Nov/23

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  • LCC Subject Category: Cultural Studies, Literary Reviews, Literary Theory & Criticism, Literature, Linguistics, Language & Linguistics, Folklore, Language & Linguistics
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  • Language of fulltext: german, russian, english, French, turkish

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  • Year open access content began: 1996
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  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

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This journal has '34' articles

Azerbaycan Edebiyatında Postmodernist-Yeni Tarihselci Yaklaşımın Romanı: Kafa

Azerbaycan Edebiyatında Postmodernist-Yeni Tarihselci Yaklaşımın Romanı: Kafa

Authors: Sedat Adıgüzel
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Abstract

Azerbaijani Literature is a literature among the literatures of the Turkic world, which has completed its modernization process very rapidly and produced very successful works. Azerbaijani literature, where we could find great examples of modern literature until the beginning of the 20th century, was unable to produce original and successful works for a long time after the establishment of the Soviet Union. The writers, who were obliged to meet the requirements of socialist realism under the pressure of the dominant ideology, were unable to produce truly independent works. In the 1960s, the political events that occurred in the Soviet Union, especially the partial relief observed after Stalin's death, were reflected in literature as well. The impact of the change was immediately felt in whole of the Soviet Union. However, Azerbaijani literature in particular demonstrated a very strong leap forward in this process, and a new revolutionary trend in literature emerged. In the last fifty years of Azerbaijani literature, Elçin Efendiyev, who is considered to be one of the most powerful names of novels especially in Azerbaijani literature, also gave a successful work to Azerbaijan literature in terms of both technique and subject with his latest novel Kafa. As in all world literatures, the novel is in search of changes inAzerbaijan and in this sense, traces of different movements are seen in the recent novel. In particular, we can easily observe that postmodern studies have increased considerably in recent years. Elçin Efendiyev's latest novel is one of the best examples of these studies. In this study, the place of Kafa novel in the context of Elçin's novel writing and the characteristics of postmodern style, especially in terms of new historicism, will be studied.

Keywords: Azerbaijani literature, Elçin, Postmodernism, new historicalism, Kafa
Türk Dünyası Edebiyatında Repressiya

Türk Dünyası Edebiyatında Repressiya

Authors: İbrahim Dilek
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Abstract

During the reign of Stalin tyranny millions of people have been detained on charges of anti-government propaganda in the literature, and hundreds of thousands of people have been shot or sent to work camps immediately before World War II. The effect of the fear created by the state lasted for decades, and people lived in fear of being arrested or shot at any moment. Even after many years of fear, it has been a source of literature, and the practices of the period have been written in many different ways. They are not only literary works but also historical documents. However, various scientific studies have been carried out in order to reveal the realities of time. In this article, the poems of Bahtiyar Vahabzade, which are mentioned in Turkish world literature as prose-type texts, are discussed with the memories and evaluations compiled from “Karanlıkta Fısıldaşanlar Stalin Rusyasında Özel Yaşam” of Orlando Figes. In addition, “Gulag Takım Adaları” of Aleksander Soljenitsin, Vasili Grossman's “Her Şey Geçip Gider”, “Gün Ortasında Karanlık” of Arthur Koestler, Svetlana Alekseviç's “Kadın Yok Savaşın Yüzünde” and Eugenia Ginzburg's “Anafora Doğru ve Anaforun İçinde” books were included in the study. In this way, the autobiographical stories of those who were witnesses of the period, who miraculously survived from the deadly conditions revealed by Repressiya, reflected in the literature of these stories and scientific sources, were evaluated together.

Keywords: Stalin, Repressiya, fear, doubt, informant, memory, literature
Doğumunun 150. Yılı Anısına: Celil Memmedguluzâde’nin “Anamın Kitabı” Piyesinde Azerbaycan İdeali

Doğumunun 150. Yılı Anısına: Celil Memmedguluzâde’nin “Anamın Kitabı” Piyesinde Azerbaycan İdeali

Authors: Afina Barmanbay
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Abstract

Jalil Mammadguluzadeh (1869-1932), the editor of "Molla Nasreddin" (1906-1931) magazine, which was the most famous printed source in Azerbaijan appealing to the common people, was one of the leading writers, journalists and thinkers of Azerbaijan at the beginning of the 20th century. This year, when the 150th anniversary of his birth is celebrated, Jalil Mammadguluzadeh is the author most talked about in the literary circles of Azerbaijan. His play "Anamin Kitabı" is one of the literary works that preserves its actuality in Azerbaijan. "Anamin Kitabi" (My Mother’s Book) play written by Jalil Mammadguluzadeh, who was also referred to as Mirza Jalil at that time, is one of the most important literary works reflecting the spiritual world at the beginning of the 20th century. In this play, the author brings such issues as Homeland, Nation and Language to the top. This play can be characterized as the summary of all the issues that were depicted by the author in his feuilletons and articles written up to that moment. Studies on "Anamin Kitabi" (My Mother’s Book) play are mostly focused on such issues as the alienation from the language and essence as well as the alienation from one’s own people. The subject and the purpose of this literary work include such issues as national unity, independence, deep commitment to the roots, national ideology and struggle for independence. Although the most important message of this play is the ideal of Azerbaijan. In this work, "Anamin Kitabi" (My Mother’s Book) play is studied to the finest details. Such issues as the socio-political organizations mentioned in the play and author’s relationship with these organizations, the similarity of the characters of the play with people from the author’s inner circle, references to Alibeg Husseinzadeh, as well as activities conducted for the benefit of Azerbaijan by A. Husseinzadeh and Mirza Jalil depicted as two different poles in the Azerbaijani literary criticism, are evaluated here. The ideal of Azerbaijan in "Anamin Kitabi" by J. Mammadguluzadeh is defined on the background of the period.

Keywords: Anamin Kitabi (My Mother’s Book), Jalil Mammadguluzadeh, Mirza Jalil, Azerbaijan, language, intellectual
Manas Destanı’nda Yer Alan Almambet ve Kül Çoro İsimli Kahramanlar İle Tarihte Yaşamış Tunyukuk ve Küli Çor Arasındaki Benzerlikler

Manas Destanı’nda Yer Alan Almambet ve Kül Çoro İsimli Kahramanlar İle Tarihte Yaşamış Tunyukuk ve Küli Çor Arasındaki Benzerlikler

Authors: Nurdin Useev
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Abstract

Manas Epic contains a thousand-year epic tradition, history, culture and world view of the Turkic world in itself. Therefore, the Manas Epic can be a source for investigating the cultural phenomena, archaeological finds of the Kyrgyz people and Old Turkic tribes. Almambet and Kül Çoro in the Manas Epic has been compared with Tunyukuk and Küli Çor which are the statesmen who made a great contribution to the establishment of the Turkish Khanate. It has been found that there are gradual similarities in the between of these. For example, the names of Küli Çor who lived in history and Kül Çoro in the Manas Epic are the same, and both of them are clerics for the son of the ruler. Therefore, it is claimed that the historical person Küli Çor preserved the traces in the personality of the Kül Çoro in the Manas Epic. The reason for this is related to the history of the Old Turkish between the IX-Xth centuries. As it is known, in 840, the Kyrgyzs ruled Central Asia and the holy Ötüken by eliminating the Uighurs. However, due to the small number of the population, China's two-sided politics and the shift of other Turkish tribes towards the West, the Kyrgyz did not dominate Mongolia and had to leave these holy lands to the Kara Kytais in the 920s. They expressed their aims which they could not realize in history in oral literature, in Manas Epic. They took Köktürk Khanate as an example. Because the Köktürk Khaganate was a state that united the Turkish tribes under one roof, reached the summit in economic and military terms, and most importantly took China under its rule.

Keywords: Manas Epic, Orkhon Inscriptions, Tunyukuk, Kül Çoro, Old Turks
Köklerin Peşinde Bir Tatar Yazar: Nurihan Fettah

Köklerin Peşinde Bir Tatar Yazar: Nurihan Fettah

Authors: Ahmet Turan Türk
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Abstract

Through the middle of the 20th century, an interest evoked towards to Turkish history in Tatar literature. In this era, works about the forgotten history, moral and social life of Turks, especially Tatars started to be produced. Nurihan Fettah was one of the first who produced such works. Nurihan Fettah is an important writer who wrote about various topics such as poetry, story, povest (long story), novel and theatre in Tatar literature. Nurihan Fettah’s author life can be examined in two parts which are, first is between 1950-1970 and the second part is after the 1970, he grew interest in literature in his early ages and he kept developing in the field. His works in the first part of his author life are mostly poems, stories and theatre scripts, but after the 1970’s, he started to write historical novels about distant past of Tatar Turks that made him more and more famous. At the same time, Nurihan Fettah, who leaded the way on historical novels of modern Tatar literature, affected the authors who came after him in this context. Nurihan Fettah wrote the first and the most beautiful pieces of historical novel in Tatar literature and thus he won the award of Abdullah Tukay in 1994. In the maturity of his writing life, Nurihan Fettah researched about deep roots of Turkish history and apart from his novels written with these findings, he embodied important works in terms of science. In this study, it is aimed to present Nurihan Fettah, who has an important place in Tatar literature, and his works.

Keywords: Tatar Literature, Nurihan Fettah, historical novel, Tatar Language
Tatar Sözlük Yazarlığı ve Tatarca Söz Varlığı

Tatar Sözlük Yazarlığı ve Tatarca Söz Varlığı

Authors: Mustafa Öner
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Abstract

Tatar, which has a deep-rooted heritage as a written language in the northwest of the Turkic World, has been under Russian sovereignty since 1552. In the beginning of the XVIIIth Century, the Russian Tsar Petro founded the Russian Academy of Sciences in 1724 and due to defining the East as a research area, orientalism and Turcology became a valuable discipline. During the tsarist era, for commercial and religious reasons, Tatar language became a prime subject of learning and research. The Tatar manuscript dictionaries, prepared from the late 17th century, are much more developed, especially in the 19th century: In Kazan University, which was founded in 1804, it is clearly observed that both language studies and Turcology have developed very much. Among the Tatars, in which modernism began to develop in the 19th century, bilingual dictionaries for Russian are much more comprehensive and qualified than the previous examples. Tatarian encyclopedists such as S. Helfin and K. Nasiri, and Russian lexicographers, as well as A. Voskresensky, made extensive contributions to this field. Thus, the good examples of Tatar lexicography, which began to develop in the 19th century, increased in the early 20th century. Famous Turkologist N. F. Katanov also participated in the field of these bilingual dictionaries, writers such as M. Kurbangaliyef, R. Gezizof and J. Kuliyef appeared. ForTatar language, which began to develop as a language of education in the Soviet period, lexicography studies gave brought results especially in the 1950s, as intralinguistic encyclopedic dictionaries and bilingual dictionaries along with Russian. Thus, Tatar lexicography, which is about two centuries old, has a varied repertoire ranging from terminology to etymology.

Keywords: Tatar lexicon, Tatar lexicography, Tatar dictionaries, lexicology
Jambıl’ın “Akın Boldım” Adlı Şiiri Üzerine Bir İnceleme

Jambıl’ın “Akın Boldım” Adlı Şiiri Üzerine Bir İnceleme

Authors: Soner Sağlam
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Abstract

Jambyl, who is regarded as the greatest representative of Kazakh oral literature, lived in the time period between 1846-1945. He was appreciated and dignified by Suyunbai, the prominent poet of Zhetysu. After spending a year with Suyunbai, he produced successful art pieces in the aytys, jir and tolgav genres of Kazakh folk poetry. Jambyl, who achieved his real fame with his poemsin aytis genre, is also a very successful epic singer. He sang various epics such as Köroğlu, Girls Jibek, Oraq Mamay, Yedige and Shora Batir etc. with his dombyra by adding his own style; and presented them to public. The works of Jambyl are like a cultural encyclopedia of Kazakh people. Many of the historical and social events that Kazakh people experienced during the time period when the poet lived can be followed from the poems of the poet. Again, his poems contain a lot of information about the Kazakh daily life and social lives. The poem Aqyn Boldım by Jambyl ("I became a poet") have the characteristics of age epic genre. As is known, the genre age epic is one of poetry types of minstrel literature, and in this kind of poems, the poetsinger evaluates every phase of human life gradually in parallel with their feelings, thoughts and experiences. Age epics that are among the common elements of the Turkish world literature are one of the poetry types reflecting the traditional folk knowledge that the public has obtained for ages and the common cultural memory of the society. In this study, a general information about the concept of age epic and the life of Jambyl was provided, and the poem Aqyn Boldım, which features as an age epic, was introduced to the world of literature and Jambyl's poetry world was tried to be studied through this work.

Keywords: Kazakh literature, Jambıl, minstrel literature, age epic
Derviş ve Ölüm Romanında Varoluşçu Unsurlar

Derviş ve Ölüm Romanında Varoluşçu Unsurlar

Authors: Ozan Özkara
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Abstract

The problematic of existence, which has actually been seen since the first human as a result of inquiries made on ontological problems, gains meaning as a movement that has gained theoretical value in the entire Europe, especially in France, as a result of the depression experienced by European people after WW2, and almost everywhere in the world over time. The novel Death and the Dervish written by Meša Selimović, who expertly reflected twenty years of maturation following the destructive effect caused by his brother’s execution by a firing squad during the war, consists of sixteen chapters. Epigrams, which are found in the beginning of each chapter and form the general summary of that chapter, reflect the universal framework of the novel. These epigraphic transitions of Selimović, who almost incorporates himself with Sheik Nuruddin in the plane of events that are described by a hero narrator, that do not allow any gaps in narration are also an indicator that he has internalized the topic. The author’s contribution of the transformation created in himself by a lived event to the world of literature by combination with his philosophical background allows this study to be shaped around the existentialist philosophy. In this context, the narrative that revolves around the main character, who is transformed/changed both ontologically and spatially/positionally by inquiring on his desolateness in the world and changing in this process, is also significant in terms of its emphasis on the importance of the person’s ability to create his own self. Considering all these issues, this study examines the novel Death and the Dervish written by Meša Selimović in the context of existentialist elements.

Keywords: Death and the Dervish, existentialism, psychoanalysis, transformation, replacement
Mahtumkulu’nun Şiirlerinin Eleştirel Söylem Çözümlemesi Bakımından İncelenmesi

Mahtumkulu’nun Şiirlerinin Eleştirel Söylem Çözümlemesi Bakımından İncelenmesi

Authors: Engin Yılmaz
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Abstract

Mahtumkulu, who used the pseudonym “Firâkî”, is accepted as the founder of the Turkmen written literature. Mahtumkulu is a common value and a unifying person for the Turkic world as well as for the Turkmens. Mahtumkulu lived in the 19th century, the Turkmens were subjected to heavy pressure by the Iranian Shah and the Khanate of Iran. Mahtumkulu wrote impressive poems, which praised the souls of the Turkmen and kept their national feelings alive in order to keep their heads upright and to ensure their self-confidence. In the study; in the face of the hegemonic identity imposed by the Iranian Shahism and the Khanate of Khiwat, the Turkmens were told that the 18th century, the paradox formed by the will of authentic decision-making based on the right of self-representation to develop. The poems of the poet have been studied in the context of power and ideology, which are the main arguments of critical discourse analysis. As it is known, critical discourse analysis is also closely related to linguistic analysis and social theory. Critical discourse analyse, which claims to take social theory as a starting point. In order to analyse the relations between discourse and power relations, firstly we must resort to specific forms of discourse or the source of power. Secondly, we need to analysis the behavior controlled by our mind. As a result, Mahtumkulu was not only a powerful poet who founded Turkmen written literature, but also an ideologue and an activist with a discourse that influenced the masses.

Keywords: Social criticism, power and ideology, textual contexte, Mahtumkulu
Eski ve Orta Türkçe Metinlerinde Ad Aktarmasına Dayalı Kıyafet Adları

Eski ve Orta Türkçe Metinlerinde Ad Aktarmasına Dayalı Kıyafet Adları

Authors: Salih Köse
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Abstract

There are two main ways to name objects, concepts, events or states. The first of these is to use borrowing words and the other is to use the words existing in language. The words existing in language can be a name for any entity by derivation, combination or semantic change. When it comes to semantic change, the concepts metonymy and metaphor appear. In Turkish linguistics tradition is metonymy which is defined as “without use of a concept to describe a concept that is related to another through” usually known as ad aktarması, adaktarımı, düzdeğişmece or mecâz-ı mürsel. There is a considerable amount of metonymic nomenclature in the vocabulary of the Turkish language. The use of word boyun, a Turkish organ name, in the meaning of “dress collar” or the word Beştepe, a Turkish place name, in the meaning of “presidential authority” are the first examples to mind. In this context, the significant amount of metonymic nomenclature is also seen in clothing names. When clothing names used in different periods of the Turkish language are studied in terms of lexical-semantic, a significant part of them seem to be influenced by the phenomenon of metonymy. The subject of this article is the metonymic clothing names in Old and Middle Turkish periods. Within the scope of our work twenty four texts of the Old and Middle Turkish periods written in different typeslike literary, didactic, dictionary etc. have been searched. As a result of research, it was found that metonymy has been effective in clothing names.

Keywords: Old Turkish, Middle Turkish, clothing names, metonymy, name transfer
Lakaylar ve Dilleri

Lakaylar ve Dilleri

Authors: Nasriddin Nazarov, Ercan Petek, Serdar Dağıstan
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Abstract

The Lakai are a Turkish community living in the central and southern regions of the Republic of Tajikistan and in the northern regions of Afghanistan. In addition, Lakais exist in some parts of Pakistan and Iran. In the 18th and 19th centuries, the Lakais, who were given large plateaus, engaged in husbandry in the Transoxiana region. Until the rebellion, the Lakais were attached to the Emirate of Bukhara. In the 1920’s, the Lakais joined into the independence movements. However, like other ethnic groups, Lakais were exiled. These independence movements, including the one with Enver Pasha, were unsuccessful. According to Laqay Åvåzi journal published in Koktash near Dushanbe city of Tajikistan, the number of Lakais today is more than 500 thousand people, and their language is in danger of extinction. To date, some studies have been done about the origin and language of the Lakai. In these studies, hypotheses have been asserted relating the Lakai are descended from Turkish communities such as Kyrgyz, Kazakh, Karakalpak and Uzbek, and sometimes they are affiliated to theTurkish communitiesin South Siberia.In these hypotheses, the names of the tribes, places and water, and the seals on the horses were compared and various inferences have been made. In some studies, it is stated that the Lakai language has characteristics peculiar to Kazakh, and in others it is indicated that the language is influenced by Uzbek. As a result of the research on vocabulary, it was influenced by Persian and Tajik. However, there is no extensive study on the Lakai language. In this article, phonetic and morphological characteristics of the Lakai dialect are emphasized and a new language classification is proposed.

Keywords: Lakai, Lakai dialect, Kazakh, Uzbek
Nazım Hikmet’in Polonya Vatandaşlığı Meselesi

Nazım Hikmet’in Polonya Vatandaşlığı Meselesi

Authors: Öztürk Emiroğlu
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Abstract

Nazım Hikmet gets out of jail, taking advantage of the general amnesty in 1950 and flees to the Soviet Union from Turkey. When The Council of Ministers denaturalizes him from Turkish citizenship in 1951, he becomes stateless. Upon this, one of the countries of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics confers citizenship to him. As his grandfather Konstanty Borzecki (Mustafa Celaleddin Pasha) was born and raised in Poland before taking refuge in Ottoman Empire, Nazım Hikmet was granted Polish citizenship. It is considered that this situation is expected not to givemuch damage to diplomatic relations betweenThe Soviet Union and Turkey. Until now, the matter of Nazım Hikmet's Polish citizenship has not been clarified on the basis of documents. In this article, the subject is clarified and documents prove Nazım Hikmet's Polish citizenship.

Keywords: Nazım Hikmet, Poland, citizenship, document
Balkanlarda Öğreticilerin Gözünden Türkçe Öğretimi

Balkanlarda Öğreticilerin Gözünden Türkçe Öğretimi

Authors: Fatma Açık, Rahime İrem Yavuz
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Abstract

The mother tongue is important for every society. Because the mother tongue is one of the basic elements that includes the culture and history of the societies and the shaping of the individual’s world of thought. Since identity is important in terms of showing who we are and which family we belong to, we have a positive attitude towards the elements that make up the identity. One of these elements, even most importantly, is the mother tongue. The main language awareness is to use the language in accordance with the rules, as well asto know the importance of the mother tongue and to try to prevent the corruption and corruption of the language. Through out history, different languages have emerged due to different political, religious and cultural elements being dominant in Balkan geography. Dominant elements in the geography affect the Balkan Turks and cause them to move away from their identity. With this increase in the geography of the Turks in the geography of the past, forget the language and culture; over time will lead to assimilation. The links between Balkan Turks and us; mother tongue, religion, culture and custom-made etc. are the elements. The continuation of these elements means the continuation of our existence in the said geography. In this study, we tried to determine the problems faced by Turkish teachers in M acedonia, Kosovo and Romania by using observation and interview technique in a random sample and suggestions were made for the problems.

Keywords: Balkans, Turkish language, teachers
Çağdaş Türk Lehçeleri ve Edebiyatları Bölümü Öğrencilerinin, Türk Lehçe ve Edebiyatlarına Karşı Tutum ve Davranışlarının İncelenmesi (Kazak Edebiyatı Örneği)

Çağdaş Türk Lehçeleri ve Edebiyatları Bölümü Öğrencilerinin, Türk Lehçe ve Edebiyatlarına Karşı Tutum ve Davranışlarının İncelenmesi (Kazak Edebiyatı Örneği)

Authors: Cüneyt Akın, Sinan Saraçlı
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Abstract

There are lots of factors on the university students’ satisfaction of the departments that they attend. Moreover, attitudes and behaviours that students adopt depending on their education are important for providing more affective education in terms of both students and academics. Through examining the attitudes and behaviours of the students studying at the Department of Modern Turkish Dialects and Literatures in Turkey towards Turkish Dialects and Literatures, the department students’ level of readiness and the department’s level of realizing its goals were revealed in the current study. As a result of the present study, it is thought to provide contribution to curriculum formation and development of a proper teaching method by detecting how much the provided courses serve the aims of the department. Moreover, it is considered that the identification language of the Turkic World and literature policies will get easier with the help of the outcomes obtained from the study. In the scope of the current study, the required data were collected through a questionnaire from the students of the Departments of Modern Turkish Dialects and Literatures in Afyon Kocatepe, Pamukkale, Muğ- la Sıtkı Koçman, Uşak, and Hacı Bektaş Veli Universities and analysed through multivariate statistical analysis techniques by taking attitudes and behaviours of the students and their demographic properties into consideration. In the study, the students’ attitudes and behaviours were modelled in addition to the descriptive statistics by benefiting from SPSS and LISREL packet programs in order to carry out statistical analyses. The obtained results were demonstrated in the related Tables and Figures.

Keywords: Modern Turkish dialects and literatures, student attitude and behaviour
Sovyet Postmodernizminin Karşılaştırmalı Tipolojisi Üzerine Notlar (Rus, Azerbaycan ve Türk Postmodernizminden) Remarks on the Comparative Typology of the Soviet Postmodernism (From The Russian, Azerbaijani and Turkish Postmodernism)

Sovyet Postmodernizminin Karşılaştırmalı Tipolojisi Üzerine Notlar (Rus, Azerbaycan ve Türk Postmodernizminden) Remarks on the Comparative Typology of the Soviet Postmodernism (From The Russian, Azerbaijani and Turkish Postmodernism)

Authors: Tamilla Aliyeva
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Abstract

The literary productions yielded after the collapse of the Soviet Union headed towards different directions in the former-Soviet geography. After the end of a period in which the literary themes and subjects were reppressed, literature which has found a much more unrestricted and vast scope recognizes many West-originated movements and trends, and gets in contact with them. Postmodernism has become prominent among the movements developed during the post-Soviet literature. The post-Soviet literature, which makes use of the facilities of the newly-adapted postmodernism by protecting its authenticity, finds itself in a vast geography and in great thematic capacities. From the holistic sense, the impact of the postmodernism observed after the Soviet period differs from the Soviet tradition and literature within the context of literary style and it becomes to be accepted as an initiator of innovation. In this study, wherein the Soviet postmodernism is analysed through its sources and indicators, the historical typology, research methodology and scientific data of the postmodernism, which is one of the genuine movements of the literature of the post-Soviet period, are analyzed. This tendency is related to the literary and social processes within the society during the Soviet and post-Soviet era. One of the primary indicators that separates the post-Soviet literary experience of the Azerbaijani and Russian postmodernism from Western examples is that Soviet totalirian thought was against the freedoms regarding the social rules and intellectual products. It can also be proposed that Turkish literarure has developed as a national variant of postmodernism. Turkish postmodernism represents an in-between position and a synthesis of the east and west models of this literary movement. This study aims to comparatively analyze the postmodern elements of Azarbaijani, Russian and Turkish literatures.

Keywords: Postmodernizm, modernism, Azarbaijani literature, Russian literature, post-Soviet literature, Turkish literature

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