Galicja. Studia i materiały

Galicja. Studia i materiały

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  • Country of publisher: poland
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2019/Nov/23

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  • LCC Subject Category: History , History & Philosophy of Science, History , Humanities, Multidisciplinary
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  • Language of fulltext: ukrainian, english, polish

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  • Year open access content began: 2015
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This journal has '24' articles

Bazy danych w opracowywaniu galicyjskich ksiąg metrykalnych

Bazy danych w opracowywaniu galicyjskich ksiąg metrykalnych

Authors: Wojciech Ziobro, Radosław Waśko
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Abstract

The article deals with issues related to the availability, dispersion and condition of Galician birth records, which, seemingly, constitute at present the major problem faced by a scholar doing research on this matter. An important factor seems to be also the abundance of records, which, on the one hand, confirms their value, on the other, impedes the full utilisation of their informational potential. This very issue is described in the following part of the article, where the authors present their own proposition how to face the problem, by offering a ready-made database, prepared by themselves (“Galician birth records”). Such records may facilitate and accelerate the research on the natural flow of population performed by means of this highly interesting source, thanks to the designed forms and a series of enhancing functions.

Keywords: Galicja księgi metrykalne bazy danych
Boże Narodzenie i Wielkanoc w życiu codziennym mieszkańców Tarnowa i Rzeszowa na przełomie XIX i XX wieku w świetle prasy lokalnej

Boże Narodzenie i Wielkanoc w życiu codziennym mieszkańców Tarnowa i Rzeszowa na przełomie XIX i XX wieku w świetle prasy lokalnej

Authors: Sabina Rejman
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Abstract

At the turn of the 19th and 20th century, Galicia witnessed economic and social changes which commenced the process of modernisation of the society. Although the basis for mainte- nance for the population was farming and folk culture dictated the rhythm of work and festivals, first signs of changes appeared, especially in major cities (in the Western Galicia – Tarnów and Rzeszów). The time of Advent, Christmas, the Lent and Easter was documented by the local press. A special significance can be attributed to magazines published over a long period of time - in Tarnów “Pogoń” (1881–1914), in Rzeszów “Głos Rzeszowski” (1897–1920). In the above mentioned periods of the liturgical year, the preparation for festivals and the festive habits and customs included: cultural events organised by amateur artists with the intention of collecting donations for charity, patriotic evenings, performances by professional artists, public and uni- versity lectures, preparation of gifts (Santa Claus, Christmas Eve), participation in Lenten re- treat, purchase of festive tables (also advertised in the press), sending festive postcards or mak- ing donations for charity (especially for the Folk School Society), following changes in weather, the periods of festive breaks, extraordinary schedules of trains, reading of prose and poetic works, care for festive traditions in families, solidarity with Polish people in other partitions, hope to regain sovereignty expressed in festive wishes in newspapers.

Keywords: Galicja autonomia miasta Boże Narodzenie Wielkanoc
Codzienne problemy mieszkańców Galicji na przykładzie społeczności ziemi tarnowskiejwświetle pisma „Orzeł”

Codzienne problemy mieszkańców Galicji na przykładzie społeczności ziemi tarnowskiejwświetle pisma „Orzeł”

Authors: Anna Pachowicz
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Abstract

The magazine published in the second half of the nineteenth century in Tarnów, was the biweekly “Eagle” devoted to economic and social issues. Its founder was Jan Karol Włodarski. The journal was published in the printing houses of Anastazy Rusinowski, Józef Styrna, Józef Fischer and Mojżesz Deutscher in Kraków, and was published from 1882 to 1883 in the circula- tion of 500 copies, on the 1st and the 15th day of each month. Although the magazine was of an economic and social character, various other articles were included in it; such as the permanent sections: „Od Redakcyi i Wydawnictwa” „Sprawy gminne i powiatowe”, „Kronika miejscowa i zamiejscowa”, „Stowarzyszenia”, „To i owo”, „Nadesłane”, „Spóźnione”, „Zapiski bibliogra- ficzne”, „Pytania i odpowiedzi”, „Nowości”, „Rozmaitości”, „Korespondencje”, „Urywek z dziejów”, „Pytania i odpowiedzi” and also a novel in instalments, poetry, and hu- mour. Through this diversity, it could recreate the image of the city of those times. The aim of this article is to draw attention to the characteristic everyday problems of the small-town Tarnów community described regularly in various sections in the “Eagle” magazine. They con- cerned ordinary, direct issues such as improving the quality of life in Tarnów, safety and work in the city, the appearance and aesthetics of the city, the Tarnów necropolis, natural disasters in the Tarnów region, road accidents, caring for animals, or rest and leisure.

Keywords: XIX wiek życie codzienne w Tarnowie prasa tarnowska dwutygodnik „Orzeł” oficyny wydawnicze Jan Karol Włodarski
Kobiety na estradzie muzycznej Rzeszowa na przełomie wieków XIX i XX

Kobiety na estradzie muzycznej Rzeszowa na przełomie wieków XIX i XX

Authors: Jolanta Wąsacz-Krztoń
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Abstract

The presented image of women’s musical activity in Rzeszów at the turn of the 19th and 20th century, their participation in concerts is an attempt to show a bigger picture of women’s activity in the musical life of Galicia in the era of autonomy. The local press in Rzeszów at that time constitutes an excellent source of knowledge about women’s activity on the musical stage in Rzeszów. Mentions about concerts, performances, theatrical troupes led by women, music lessons offered by ladies were included in almost every issue, confirming the high frequency of women’s activities in this field. The audience in Rzeszów could see amateur and professional female performers, local and visiting ones, also artists famous for appearing on European stages. Vocal and instrumental concerts were an opportunity to present the repertoire which was up to the standards of stages in Lviv, Cracow or Vienna, thanks to which inhabitants of the provincial town which Rzeszów was at that time, could develop and shape their musical tastes.

Keywords: historia kobieta muzyka prasa Rzeszów
Kronika: „Miasta Galicji w dobie przemian polityczno-ustrojowych w latach 1772—1867. Przestrzeń — społeczeństwo — władza”. I międzynarodowa konferencja naukowa, Kraków, 23 listopada 2017 r.

Kronika: „Miasta Galicji w dobie przemian polityczno-ustrojowych w latach 1772—1867. Przestrzeń — społeczeństwo — władza”. I międzynarodowa konferencja naukowa, Kraków, 23 listopada 2017 r.

Authors: Szczepan Kozak
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Abstract

Sprawozdanie z konferencji "Miasta Galicji w dobie przemian polityczno-ustrojowych w latach 1772—1867. Przestrzeń — społeczeństwo — władza" (2017)

Keywords:
Księgi ogłoszeń dyrekcji jako źródło do dziejów dnia powszedniego w galicyjskiej szkole średniej na początku XX wieku

Księgi ogłoszeń dyrekcji jako źródło do dziejów dnia powszedniego w galicyjskiej szkole średniej na początku XX wieku

Authors: Tomasz Pudłocki
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Abstract

The author discusses the usefulness of the headmaster’s announcement books as a source of the history of everydayness in a Galician middle school at the beginning of the 20th century. These types of sources so far have been beyond the scope of interest for historians of education. They allow the recreation of many fleeting elements of school reality, so trivial and common that they were not reflected in other sources. The author uses books preserved from middles schools in Lviv, Sambor and Stanisławów in order to prove that the thesis that such sources can be useful, at the same time offering their description.

Keywords: księgi ogłoszeń dyrekcji gimnazjum Galicja powszedniość Sambor Lwów Stanisławów
Na kuracji i wywczasach

Na kuracji i wywczasach

Authors: Hanna Wajda-Lawera
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Abstract

The period of autonomy in Galicia is characterised by a rapid growth in the popularity of health resort treatment. Not only spas with mineral waters but also with a salubrious climate or other advantages (therapeutic peat, whey of ewe’s milk, nature treatment facilities) gained consid- erable fame. It was also a time of changes in customs of the society, progress in the area of infra- structure, development of science and the spread of new currents changing the existing reality. Health treatment during vacation time became more widely available with health resorts being transformed into bustling centres, which implemented health treatment programs as well as into entertainment and recreation facilities, more and more important for the visitors. Time spent away, about 6 weeks, was occupied by various activities. Some of them were related with the character of the place, i.e. drinking waters, baths, exercises, walks, other thera- pies recommended by the spa doctors. The remaining time was filled by cultural-entertainment program, similar to the activities of everyday life: balls, evening parties, dances, concerts, theat- rical performances, visits and return visits – basic pleasures but also the duties of holiday mak- ers. The visitors could dispose of libraries and reading rooms and rent pianos with musical scores. It was possible to go sightseeing in the neighbourhood and other more distant locations with the use of the visitor’s own means of transport or hired. Sightseeing tours, derived from walks, became increasingly popular. It became the basis for the development of qualified tour- ism and high mountain tourism, also mountaineering. The thriving life at the resorts led to the creation of more and more tourist facilities: confectionaries, cafes, restaurants, gyms, play- grounds, walking routes, lotteries, races and shows. Recreation, especially during holiday time, became the right of increasingly wider social circles. Even though the duties resulting from customs and traditions were scrupulously fulfilled, the atmosphere of fun and leisure and the specificity of a location created a new quality. With time, health spa customs developed and started modelling any undertaken activity.

Keywords: Galicja uzdrowisko kurort czas wolny
Nad modrym Dunajem. Refleksje o życiu codziennym polskich polityków w Wiedniu w okresie konstytucyjnym 1861-1914

Nad modrym Dunajem. Refleksje o życiu codziennym polskich polityków w Wiedniu w okresie konstytucyjnym 1861-1914

Authors: Damian Szymczak
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Abstract

The article can be inscribed in the discipline of history of research on everyday ordinari- ness. The author’s contribution is the attempt to show the everyday life of Polish politicians in Vienna in the era of parliamentarism, i.e. within 1861–1914, excluding the period of the First World War. The starting point is the phenomenon of the significant Polish political presence over Danube, which lasted several decades and involved a group of several hundred people. The author describes the circumstances of the their stay in the capital of the monarchy the and influ- ence of the social and class changes on the politicians’ lifestyle and daily existence. The article refers not only to the routinely performed tasks of members of parliament (the organisation of a parliamentarian’s work) but also to the manner in which the politicians spent their free time. The question of accommodation was also included in the presented research. Ultimately, the article deals with the politicians’ families who also occasionally came to Vienna, especially if a parliamentarian was a member of the council of ministers, which entailed spending a consid- erable time in the Danubian metropolis. The author presents a wide area of research, i.e. the everyday life also with reference to the social group which could be called the political class. Many years’ stay in Vienna had also influence on Galician politicians and their everyday habits, which can be corroborated by the specific reputation they had in the Second Polish Republic. Finally, the author formulates a series of research questions.

Keywords: życie codzienne austriacki parlamentaryzm Wiedeń polscy politycy autonomia galicyjska monarchia habsburska
Niecodzienna codzienność. Galicja i życie codzienne jej mieszkańców w badaniach historycznych po 2010 roku

Niecodzienna codzienność. Galicja i życie codzienne jej mieszkańców w badaniach historycznych po 2010 roku

Authors: Szczepan Kozak
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Abstract

The article presents issues related to the definition of the scope of everyday life as a subject of research and its implementation in reference to Galicia. Apart from the overview of the main contemporary historiographic standpoints, the author presents the most important publications (published after 2010) concerning various dimensions of everyday Galicia. Unfortunately, the spectrum of the publications is not very wide as the concept of everyday ordinariness can be perceived in different ways, which involves methodological difficulties. These issues along with the complexity of references result in the loss of popularity of everyday ordinariness in Galicia as a research subject and is superseded by other historiographic currents.

Keywords: codzienność Galicja historiografia
Od akademii do akademii. Zabiegi o kształcenie górników w Krakowie (do początków XX wieku)

Od akademii do akademii. Zabiegi o kształcenie górników w Krakowie (do początków XX wieku)

Authors: Jerzy Krawczyk
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Abstract

The article presents many years’ efforts to set up university level education for miners. The first attempts reach as far back as the turn of the 18th and the 19th century, which is when Hugo Kołłątaj suggested including mining science in the education syllabus in the Cracow Academy reorganization project. In the first half of the 19th century the project of a mining institute at the Cracow Main School (1816) (at present the Jagiellonian University) was set up, and later, of a chair of mining at the Technical Institute (1848). In 1967 it was even planned to established a separate mining department at the Technical Institute. All subsequent projects were dropped after the reorganiza- tion of the Technical Institute and founding the middle-level State Industrial School on its basis. A certain substitute for mining studies was „a preparatory course for mining profession candidates” organised at the Lviv Polytechnic from 1885, however the efforts of its transforma- tion into a full mining faculty failed. At the beginning of the 20th century efforts to establish a university level mining school in Cracow, with great support of the Cracow City Council and the involvement of Polish mining engineers’ community under Eng. Jan Zarański’s leadership, increased. The ultimate achievement of many years efforts was the highest resolution of Emperor Franciszek Józef of May 31, 1913 on the establishment of a mining academy in Cracow. The newly founded university was to begin its activity in October 1914, unfortunately the outbreak of the war moved this moment to 1919.

Keywords: historia szkolnictwa wyższego górnictwo Akademia Górnicza w Krakowie
Opis powiatu ropczyckiego z 1873 roku

Opis powiatu ropczyckiego z 1873 roku

Authors: Grzegorz Zamoyski
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Abstract

The text is an edited version of a source document from the complex no 1025 Royal and Imperial Poviat Starosty in Ropczyce, in the archives of the State Archive in Rzeszów. It was prepared by Karol Grötschel, an economic clerk in the starosty. The content deals mainly with the conditions of functioning of agriculture, the basis for the maintenance of the majority of the inhabitants of the poviat.

Keywords: Ropczyce Galicja Archiwum Państwowe w Rzeszowie
Przestrzeń miejska Zbaraża w świetle akt podatkowych z lat 80. XVIII wieku

Przestrzeń miejska Zbaraża w świetle akt podatkowych z lat 80. XVIII wieku

Authors: Krzysztof Ślusarek
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Abstract

The article presents a couple of remarks concerning the city space of Zbaraż at the end of the 18th century. Based on the preserved tax files, i.e. the Joseph’s cadastre and urban descrip- tions, the author attempts to determine the spatial arrangement of the city (division into the downtown and suburbs; the existence of dense areas of uniform economic character). Moreover, the article categorizes the types of residential housing, the occurrence of industrial facilities and technological infrastructure. A separate section is dedicated to the description of the socio- political space (centres of power, public utility facilities) and the public space (the structure of the population).

Keywords: Zbaraż przestrzeń miejska przestrzeń społeczna kataster józefiński
Przewodniki po Lwowie opublikowane w latach 1919—1939 (bibliografia)

Przewodniki po Lwowie opublikowane w latach 1919—1939 (bibliografia)

Authors: Marianna Mowna
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Abstract

Lviv has an incredibly rich bibliography, the complexity of which might be the subject of another research project. Our current intention is to prepare the bibliography of one of the seg- ments of this multidimensional matter including city guides as a genre of travel literature. The chronological frames concern only one historical period in which guides to Lviv were pub- lished, i.e. 1919–1939. The bibliography of tourist guide publications was divided into five chapters in which the source materials are presented in a chronological order, i.e. guides to Lviv, guides to Lviv in general guides, guides to Lviv in illustrated calendars, catalogues, catalogues of addresses, catalogues of exhibitions, guides to Eastern Fairs, the press, guides to historical and cultural monuments, catalogues of addresses, tourist guides, lists of streets and squares and advertising publications. Despite the efforts to create a bibliography of guides to Lviv, still there is no complete bib- liographic description of some publications. The descriptions of the publishing houses preserve the linguistic features and spelling of the original. The complete description includes also the printing house or the name of its owner and the name of the graphic institution.

Keywords: Lwów bibliografia przewodnik turystyka

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