Conjuntura Austral: journal of the Global South

Conjuntura Austral: journal of the Global South

Basic info

  • Publisher: Graduate Program in International Strategic Studies - Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul
  • Country of publisher: brazil
  • Platform/Host/Aggregator: OJS
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2017/Nov/08

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: International Relations, Political Science, Social Sciences
  • Publisher's keywords: International Relations, Foreign Policy, Global South
  • Language of fulltext: english, portuguese, spanish, catalan
  • Time from submission to publication: 8 weeks

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): No
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: CC BY-NC-SA
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2010
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? True
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? True

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: DOI
  • Content digitally archived in: LOCKSS, Other
  • Deposit policy registered in: Diadorim

This journal has '359' articles

Israel defense forces strategy (2015): the impact of the alliance between United States and Israel on the Israel national defense policy

Israel defense forces strategy (2015): the impact of the alliance between United States and Israel on the Israel national defense policy

Authors: Júlia Loose
Year: 2019, Volume: 10, Number: 51
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Abstract

The central objective of this paper is to explore an analysis of the document of Israel's National Defense Policy, released to the public for the first time in the history of the State (2015). As a secondary objective, it seeks to analyze the impact of the historical alliance of the United States and Israel in the Israeli Defense Policy, aiming at the analytical cut regarding the interpretation of the country regarding the definition of the enemy. The research is conduct by this problem: What is the role of the United States in the construction of Israel's current declaratory defense policy with regard to the identification of threats? The initial hypothesis considers that the threats identified by Israel are a product of the historical alliance and congruence of interests of both countries for the Middle East Regional System. It is argued that the congruence of interests of the United States and Israel translates into the strategy of regional balance alignment. For a better understanding of the reader, the structure of the text is divided into two sections that correspond to the objectives of the work: initially, it analyzes the structural changes of the post-Cold War period and the theoretical framework of systemic alignments; in the second section, it presents the study of the Israeli Declaratory Defense Policy, paying attention to the following factors: i) the case of Israel as a Regional Power; ii) the historical alliance with the United States; and iii) analysis of the document "The Israel Defense Forces Strategy" (2015). The methodology consists of the adoption of primary sources (analysis of the National Defense Document) and secondary sources (literature review on the topic).

Keywords: United States; Israel; regional balancing.
John Boyd’s Influence in the United States Foreign and Security Policy: cosmovision, theory and grand strategy

John Boyd’s Influence in the United States Foreign and Security Policy: cosmovision, theory and grand strategy

Authors: João Gabriel Burmann da Costa, Igor Estima Sardo, Isadora Bortowski Florisbal
Year: 2019, Volume: 10, Number: 51
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Abstract

The paper aims to discuss possible influences of John Boyd's thinking on the United States Foreign and Security Policy (FSP). The research problem is to investigate the relationship of Boyd's cosmovision – the promotion of chaos and the increase of entropy – with aspects of American FSP post-1991. The cosmovision, epistemology and method in Boyd’s thinking are briefly analyzed. Then the points of contact with the Idealism and Realism theories are sought, and finally discussed the reasons for the absence of a American grand strategy. The main argument is that the thought of Boyd allows us to draw several relations with theorists who influenced the US Foreign and Security Policy. As for idealistic tradition, this occurs through a world dominated by chaos, in Boyd's case, and without the nation-state, as Creveld proposes. With neorealists, the parallel is between the role of power projection and fear as an element of US foreign policy. Finally, with regards to US grand strategy, Boyd’s influence may lie in the inversion of the hierarchy of reality (from tactics to strategy, from combat to politics), in addition to his cosmovision and epistemology, that would have contributed to the predominance of simplifying solutions in the US FSP.

Keywords: John Boyd, US Foreign and Security Policy, Grand Strategy.
Blitzkrieg and Combined Arms: analysis of the importance of airlift

Blitzkrieg and Combined Arms: analysis of the importance of airlift

Authors: Luana Isabelle Beal, Débora Sulzbach de Andrade, Valeska Ferrazza Monteiro
Year: 2019, Volume: 10, Number: 51
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Abstract

This article aims to analyse the role played by airlift in the German driving of the Second World War. The purpose is to demonstrate how this component was a decisive factor for Germany at the time. Thus, the starting point is a theoretical study to verify the concept of Blitzkrieg inserted in the literature. Hence, the relevance of the airborne component, the combined Arms and the air logistics is analysed at the war planning levels. Next, the cases of the Demyansk Pocket and the Battle of Stalingrad are discussed as a way of assessing the possibilities and limits of air transport in the Eastern War.Finally, Blitzkrieg is approached in order to compare it with the operations and the military doctrine of the present time.

Keywords: Blitzkrieg; combined Arms; airlift.
Building peace: army engineers as an element of the Brazilian smart power at MINUSTAH

Building peace: army engineers as an element of the Brazilian smart power at MINUSTAH

Authors: Felipe Araújo Barros, Renata Alves da Costa, Rodrigo Tavares Ferreira
Year: 2019, Volume: 10, Number: 51
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Abstract

This article addresses the way the work performed by the Brazilian Engineering Company (BRAENGCOY) produced the soft power needed to convert the action of the Brazilian troops at MINUSTAH into smart power. The study presents a profiling of the Brazilian military power deployed in the mission, represented by the security and stabilization forces, and the way that their actions contributed to show its hard power to the world. Following to this, it analyses BRAENGCOY’s work, with a focus on those who had a direct impact on the Haitian population, which made it exceed its traditional role as a combat power multiplier agent to also became an attraction power producer, a soft power component. Lastly, it was performed an analysis of the engineering jobs characteristics which favored the soft power production, in order to allow the observation of the advantages of the deployment of engineering troops in peacekeeping missions for the attainment of the smart power synergic effect, by the blend of hard and soft power.

Keywords: Peacekeeping; MINUSTAH; BRAENGCOY
NATO and the South Atlantic

NATO and the South Atlantic

Authors: Carlos Gustavo Poggio Teixeira, Daniella da Silva Nogueira de Melo
Year: 2019, Volume: 10, Number: 51
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Abstract

This article contributes to the studies on NATO out-of-area operations focused on the South Atlantic. This region appeared on the organization's agenda for the first time in the 1970s, when the Soviet presence threatened the commercial maritime transport of the Western powers. After the Cold War, the Alliance has transformed its capabilities and structure in order to adapt to the events of the new international security arena by expanding its activities beyond the North Atlantic borders. Partnership agreements with Colombia and Mauritania, joint military exercises with Cape Verde, Ghana and other West African countries evidence NATO projection in the South Atlantic. In addition, the article exposes the abundance of natural resources, threats to security and the growing projection of extraregional actors (Russia, China and India) as likely factors for NATO engagement in the region.

Keywords: NATO, out-of-area operations, South Atlantic
Civilian control and the limits of defense policy in Argentina (1983-2001)

Civilian control and the limits of defense policy in Argentina (1983-2001)

Authors: Matheus de Oliveira Pereira
Year: 2019, Volume: 10, Number: 51
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Abstract

This article analyzes the position of the machinery and equipment sector in response to the change in foreign policy during the Michel Temer government. We seek to answer if the reorientation in the State’s position on the international scene is consensual among the different sectors of the great Brazilian internal bourgeoisie, focusing on the industrial bourgeoisie. For that purpose, we have chosen to study the sector’s position at Mercosur-European Union (EU) agreement’s negotiation. We analyzed documents and interviews of ABIMAQ’s workers related to the agreement, as well as trade data of products related to the sector between Brazil and Mercosur and Brazil and EU. The hypothesis is that there is a divergence between the ABIMAQ’s position and the main entities of the brazilian industry, FIESP and CNI. Therefore, there is no consensus within the Brazilian internal bourgeoisie, despite the critics in the political scene in front of Workers Party’s foreign policy.

Keywords: Argentina; Civil-Military Relations; Civil Control; Defense Policy.
Temer’s “new Brazilian foreign policy” towards South America

Temer’s “new Brazilian foreign policy” towards South America

Authors: Samir Perrone de Miranda
Year: 2019, Volume: 10, Number: 51
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Abstract

The article seeks to approach Michel Temer’s self-proclaimed “new Brazilian foreign policy”, and its effects over the relations with South America. Considering a review of Brazil’s initiatives for the regional approach, a historical and discursive analysis of this diplomacy is developed, indicating its guidelines, its agents, as well as possible changes in the meanings attributed to South American integration – a priority agenda for Brazilian foreign relations in the 21st century.

Keywords: Brazilian Foreign Policy; South America; Michel Temer.
Guerras híbridas, das revoluções coloridas aos golpes

Guerras híbridas, das revoluções coloridas aos golpes

Authors: Simone Kawakami Costa
Year: 2019, Volume: 10, Number: 51
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Abstract

Andrew Korybko é um jornalista, analista de geopolítica russo, conselheiro do Strategic Studies and Predictions. De certa maneira pode-se afirmar que se trata de um autor bastante alinhado com o objeto de suas reflexões, visto que atua na agência de notícias russa Sputnik, associada ao próprio governo russo com sedes espalhadas por distintos países do mundo. Assim, seu livro recentemente publicado em português Guerra Híbrida: das revoluções coloridas aos golpes aborda os elementos teóricos e práticos que levaram as guerras irregulares a derivarem em guerras de quarta geração e revoluções coloridas. Ademais, a obra analisa a proliferação do uso das redes sociais e disseminação das fakenews para promover a desestabilização, a partir do financiamento e instrumentalização de atores sociais diversos em nome de interesses externos, de modo a promover de golpes brandos.

Keywords: guerra híbrida, caos criativo, Estados Unidos, Rússia
The Balance of Power in East Asia and the Korean Rapprochement: the most recent phase of cooperation (2017-2018)

The Balance of Power in East Asia and the Korean Rapprochement: the most recent phase of cooperation (2017-2018)

Authors: Renato Saraiva, Ticiana Amaral
Year: 2019, Volume: 10, Number: 50
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Abstract

This article analyses the international conjuncture of recent rapprochement between the two Koreas. It highlights the context of the balance of power in East Asia, with the development of north korean nuclear and missile capabilities and the Moon Jae-in south korean government, as well as the conexion among the theatres of conflict in East Asia and Middle East, followed by strategic interests of the United States in the hegemonic competition with China.

Keywords: Korean rapprochement; North Korean nuclear programme; East Asian balance of power.
Socialist Republic of Vietnam: context, foreign policy and thirty years of relations towards Brazil (1989-2019)

Socialist Republic of Vietnam: context, foreign policy and thirty years of relations towards Brazil (1989-2019)

Authors: Carolina Pereira de Souza
Year: 2019, Volume: 10, Number: 50
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Abstract

This article’s aim is to introduce a research about the history of relations between Brazil and Vietnam since its establishment in 1989. A PWC’s report (2017) indicated that, in the next three decades, Vietnam will be the country with the highest economic growth (GDP per capita) in the world, registering an average of 5.1% annually. In a context where 4 of the world's 7 largest GDPs will be in Asia (expected for 2050), this growth is significant and deserves attention. Through a bibliographic review of Vietnam's recent history, as well as use of portals from both governments and research reports, it seeks, in a first step, to demonstrate the recent changes that have taken place in the country and then to demonstrate how Vietnamese foreign policy was designed at the end of the 20th century and at the beginning of the 21st century. Finally, the research includes data on official visits, support in multilateral institutions and bilateral trade between Brazil and Vietnam.

Keywords: Foreign Policy, Asia, Vietnam.
An analysis of the Indian military-industrial complex as a tool of strategic autonomy

An analysis of the Indian military-industrial complex as a tool of strategic autonomy

Authors: João Miguel Villas-Bôas Barcellos
Year: 2019, Volume: 10, Number: 50
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Abstract

Studying what is an Industrial-Military Complex is not a traditional object of Security or International Relations approaches, especially when it comes to an emerging country. However, India is still a developing country, but with ever clearer strategic ambitions. There is a perception of the main agents of the state and of society that the South Asian nation needs to occupy a place of major relevance in the capitalist interstate system. In this way, the field of development and production of armaments and defense devices becomes fundamental for the country to be able to execute its "Great Strategy" with autonomy. Our goal in this article is to analyze the Indian military-industrial complex shedding light on its challenges and ambitions. To do so, we will divide our work into two main parts plus introduction and conclusion. In the first one, we will analyze the Indian geopolitical environment, in the second we will investigate the industrial-military complex of the country considering the public and private sectors.

Keywords: Geopolitics, Industrial-Military Complex, India.
Neoliberal passive revolutions in the post-USSR: similarities and singularities between the Russian and the Ukrainian neoliberal chaos in the 1990’s

Neoliberal passive revolutions in the post-USSR: similarities and singularities between the Russian and the Ukrainian neoliberal chaos in the 1990’s

Authors: Felipe Costa Lima
Year: 2019, Volume: 10, Number: 50
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Abstract

It stands to reason that the catastrophic consequences of the passive revolutions in the Russian Federation and in Ukraine, during the 1990’s, must be comprehended from two indispensable historical events: the disintegration of the former USSR and the expansion of neoliberalism to these new formally independent States. As a result of this, the end of the soviet historical block and the establishment of the hegemonical neoliberal discourse in these two countries made possible deep changes in all contexts, such as political, economic and social. In a perhaps paradoxical way, even though the end of the USSR and the neoliberal expansion are two similar events to both revolutions, these factors are also the two differentiating characteristics. Therefore, the crucial objective of this article is to demonstrate the similarities and the differences of these two processes, which are deeply tributary to the socioeconomical and political heritage of the soviet period.

Keywords: International Relations; Hegemony; Neoliberalism; Cesarism.
The contribution of the United Nations Police to the protection of civilians in South Sudan

The contribution of the United Nations Police to the protection of civilians in South Sudan

Authors: Josias Marcos de Resende Silva
Year: 2019, Volume: 10, Number: 50
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Abstract

South Sudan became an independent state in 2011 after a long civil war against Sudan. In the same year, the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) was established to consolidate peace, security, and development. In 2013, a bloody civil war that erupted and remains today has changed the country and also the character of the United Nations (UN) mission, which became more robust and had to shelter about 200,000 people in the protection of civilian (PoC) sites. In this complex and violent environment, the United Nations Police (UNPOL), an important component within UNMISS, face a substantial challenge in order to protect civilians in the country. Thus, this paper examines the performance of UNPOL as the law enforcement mechanism within PoC sites and how their employment has contributed to the protection of civilians in South Sudan. The research methods chosen for this study were both the qualitative and the quantitative approaches. Hence, after bibliographic research, an interview with a former Brazilian UNPOL officer, and the analysis of the crime rates within PoC sites, it was possible to verify that UNPOL play an essential role within UNMISS, ensuring a safe environment for Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) who are under the direct protection of the UN.

Keywords: United Nations Police; United Nations Mission in South Sudan; South Sudan.
Crisis and collapse of UNASUR: the dismantling of South Ameri-can integration under conservative offensive

Crisis and collapse of UNASUR: the dismantling of South Ameri-can integration under conservative offensive

Authors: Bruna Coelho Jaeger
Year: 2019, Volume: 10, Number: 49
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Abstract

The objective of this text is to present the current UNASUR crisis context, analyzing the constraints and in-terests that surround the process. In addition, an attempt is made to analyze the historical evolution of re-gional cooperation that led to the creation of the body, justifying the importance of its maintenance through the exemplification of the main achievements within UNASUR.

Keywords: UNASUR; South America; Regional Integration

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