International Journal of Biological Innovations

International Journal of Biological Innovations

Basic info

  • Publisher: Global Environmental & Social Association (GESA)
  • Country of publisher: india
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2020/May/15

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Biological Sciences
  • Publisher's keywords: Biological Sciences, Zoology, Botany, Agriculture, Biotechnology, Environment
  • Language of fulltext: english
  • Time from submission to publication: 4 weeks

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): No
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? Yes

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License:
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2019
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? True
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: DOI
  • Content digitally archived in: Other
  • Deposit policy registered in:

This journal has '52' articles

COVID-19 : TOWARDS CONFRONTING AN UNPRECEDENTED PANDEMIC

COVID-19 : TOWARDS CONFRONTING AN UNPRECEDENTED PANDEMIC

Authors: Tamanna Kumari and Vineeta Shukla
Year: 2020, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

Latest 73rd report of COVID-19 from national authorities to WHO by April 2, 2020, there are 896450 confirmed cases with 45526 deaths globally. 0 to 14 days is the average range of incubation period. Recent study from China Center for disease control (CDC) showed that most of the patients were asymptomatic in its early days of infection that leads to widespread of virus. Nosocomial transmission is another serious problem the world is facing with this public health crisis. Corona viruses are known to cause respiratory and enteric disease in human and animals. These are round or oval and pleomorphic in shape. Limited information is present till now about COVID-19. It suggests that its infection ranges from previous corona virus encounters. Here in this review we summarize all information present till date and also a brief comparison to SARS and MERS. This is to identify the gaps in knowledge to share resources to recover from COVID-19. It also includes pharmaceutical drugs that showed a negative impact on SARS-CoV- 2 in in-vitro studies that can be used for its treatment till a suitable vaccine candidate is available. The most important task at this hour is to find a vaccine for the infection. Moreover, the research needs to be conducted for finding measures to face this kind of challenges in future.

Keywords: Clinical manifestation, Epidemiology of COVID-19, Outbreak, Prevention, Viral mystery.
EFFECT OF ARSENIC ON SERUM BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF A FRESH WATER CAT FISH, MYSTUS VITTATUS

EFFECT OF ARSENIC ON SERUM BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF A FRESH WATER CAT FISH, MYSTUS VITTATUS

Authors: Sadguru Prakash and Ashok Kumar Verma
Year: 2020, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

The present investigation has been designed to study the effect of sublethal concentrations (10% and 30%) of heavy metal, arsenic on the serum metabolites, serum enzyme activity and serum electrolytes of Mystus vittatus after exposure to 30 days. The present study shows that serum metabolites such as glucose, protein and bilirubin were significantly decreased while free amino acid, triglyceride and cholesterol were significantly increased; serum enzymes such as acid phosphatase (ACP), transminases (SGPT & SGOT) were increased significantly while alkaline phosphatase (ALP), was decreased significantly; serum electrolytes such as sodium, potassium and calcium were decreased significantly but chloride was increased significantly. Thus, this paper gives an overview of the manipulation of fish, Mystus vittatus as a biomarker of heavy metals through alternation in biochemical parameters.

Keywords: Arsenic, Electrolytes, Enzyme activities, Metabolites, Mystus vittatus.
DECLINE OF HOUSE SPARROW AND COMMON MYNA POPULATION IN DODA REGION OF JAMMU AND KASHMIR, INDIA

DECLINE OF HOUSE SPARROW AND COMMON MYNA POPULATION IN DODA REGION OF JAMMU AND KASHMIR, INDIA

Authors: Wahied Khawar Balwan and Neelam Saba
Year: 2020, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

The House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) and Common Myna (Acridotheres tristis),once very common birds, have declined markedly in most parts of the India including Doda district of Jammu and Kashmir. Once these birds were distributed widely in Doda district but over the past few years, they became not so common in this region. A study has been conducted during April 2016 to April 2020 to establish the database for their current populationand to assess the possible causes of their decline in Doda district. The house sparrow is a symbiotic bird species highly adaptable with human habitation.House construction due to modern trend has resulted in reduced safe nesting for sparrows and mynas. Green spaces in our cities give way to more concrete construction due to which the house sparrow and myna loses its foraging ground. There is a dire need of ecological balancing to save the Sparrows and Mynas from getting extinct.

Keywords: Acridotheres tristis, Conservation, Doda, Passer domesticus.
MACROPHYTES AS BIOINDICATOR IN BICHHIYA RIVER, REWA (M.P.), INDIA

MACROPHYTES AS BIOINDICATOR IN BICHHIYA RIVER, REWA (M.P.), INDIA

Authors: Srishti Singh and Suman Singh
Year: 2020, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

The present study was aimed to analyze the macrophytes as bioindicators in Bichhiya River at Rewa. The study was conducted over a period of one year from January 2019 to December 2019 at 3 different sampling stations selected for the purpose in Rewa, a district of Madhya Pradesh, India. The physico-chemical parameters of water such as temperature, pH, DO, BOD, COD, hardness which are most useful for the prediction of distribution of macrophytes were analysed. A sum of 30 species of macrophytes was identified. Presence of macrophytes (1) reflects the nutrients enrichment and organic loading and (2) indicates the water pollution. Abundance and high density of Ceratophyllum demersum, Nitella hyalina, Chara vulgaris, Potamogeton pectinata indicated the enrichment of nutrients and high organic loading.

Keywords: Bichhiya River, Bioindicator, Macrophytes, Rewa, Water Quality_
CALCIUM IN PLANT BIOLOGY: NUTRIENT AND SECOND MESSENGER

CALCIUM IN PLANT BIOLOGY: NUTRIENT AND SECOND MESSENGER

Authors: Rachana Singh
Year: 2020, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

Calcium (Ca2+ ) is an essential element required for growth and development of plants both under stressed and non-stressed situations. It not only maintains the integrity of cell wall and membrane, but also serves as a second messenger in many developmental and physiological processes thereby inducing Ca2+ influx into cytosol, which decodes into downstream responses like defense against various environmental cues. Therefore, maintenance of intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis is essential for Ca2+ signalling. In this review, the current knowledge about the Ca2+ uptake, transport and signal transduction in different physiological aspects with respect to plant nutrient status will be discussed.

Keywords: Calcium, Kinases, Nutrient signalling, Plant immunity, Second messenger.
CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS AND PROTECTIVE MEASURES OF ENVIRONMENTAL NOISE: AN OVERVIEW

CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS AND PROTECTIVE MEASURES OF ENVIRONMENTAL NOISE: AN OVERVIEW

Authors: Raaz K. Maheshwari, Ranjeet Poonia, Mahendra Singh Rathore, Ashok K. Kakodia, Anil Kumar and Sulochna Sharma
Year: 2020, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

Noise pollution (or environmental noise) refers to unwanted or unpleasant sound that disrupts the activity or balance of human and animal life. It reduces the concentration and negatively affects the mental activity. The noise is generated by the human through various ways and activities. Noise must be controlled and prevented by using various effective techniques at the source itself is today's need. This review basically discuss the various sources of noise pollution, measurement of noise, dB scale, equipments used in the measurement of noise levels, adverse effects of noise pollution on health, control of indoor noise, control technologies available for noise pollution and Indian penal codes to prevent noise pollution are the main points of focus of attention.

Keywords: Behavioral problems, Cardiovascular, Cognitive performance, dB, Psychological stress_
CLIMATE CHANGE AND PRACTICES OF FARMERS' TO MAINTAIN RICE YIELD: A CASE STUDY

CLIMATE CHANGE AND PRACTICES OF FARMERS' TO MAINTAIN RICE YIELD: A CASE STUDY

Authors: Amar Chandra Mandal and Om Prakash Singh
Year: 2020, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

A survey was conducted during December 2019 to March 2020 in the Siraha district of Nepal to assess farmers' perception on climate change and identifications of local practices to maintain the yield of rice production. Total 60 samples were purposively selected from the study site. During interaction and interview, the opinion of 75- 80% formers was that temperature increases, rainfall duration and its frequency decreases due to the global warming. About 33.33% farmers experience was an increase in flooding hazard due to increase in rainfall intensity during the rainy season in Siraha and its vicinity. The majority of respondents perceived increased in weed and pest (65%) and new weed (30%) and new pest (26.7%) infestation due to climate change. About 18% respondents had a clear knowledge of climate change. The major source of information was selfexperiences (80%) and organization (20%). The major climate change adaptation practices adopted by farmers were the use of drought-resistant varieties (11.67%), flood-resistant varieties (13.33%) and early maturing crops (15%). Crop insurance is one of the adaptation practices to climate change. The study showed that 63.33 % of the respondents know about crop insurance policy but none of the respondents have done crop insurance on different crops. The increase in disease and pest infestation is major problems of farmers. The focus group discussion and key informant study showed that the farmers were positive to adopt climate change adaptation strategies. So, Government and policymakers should focus on climate-resilient adaptation strategies formulation for rice cultivation through intensive research and extension package. Adoption of different resistant varieties and technological adoption like zero tillage, application of irrigation, and training related to adoption techniques should be done.

Keywords: Climate change, Global warming, Perception, Rainfall, Rice production_
HOLISTIC SURVEY ON PREDATORY LADYBIRD BEETLE DIVERSITY AT SELECTED REGIONS OF NASHIK DISTRICT (MAHARASHTRA), INDIA

HOLISTIC SURVEY ON PREDATORY LADYBIRD BEETLE DIVERSITY AT SELECTED REGIONS OF NASHIK DISTRICT (MAHARASHTRA), INDIA

Authors: Shaikh Yasmeen* and Punam Dugaje
Year: 2020, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

A survey was conducted during January 2016 to December 2017 in four sites of Nashik to study the diversity of the predatory beetles. During the present study, a total of 14 species belonging to 11 genera and 4 subfamilies were recorded from the area studied. Subfamily Chilorinae is represented by 2 species belonging to 2 genera, Subfamily Coccinellinae by 8 species belonging 6 genera, Subfamily Scymninae by 2 species belonging to 2 genera and Subfamily Sticholotidinae by 2 species belonging to the same single genus from the different sites of the study area. The Subfamily Coccinellinae was the most variant and abundant among all the four subfamilies.

Keywords: Biodiversity, Coccinellids, Fauna, Ladybird beetles, Nashik_
REVERSAL OF HYPERMETHYLATION AND REACTIVATION OF TUMOR SUPPRESSOR GENES DUE TO NATURAL COMPOUNDS IN BREAST CANCER CELLS

REVERSAL OF HYPERMETHYLATION AND REACTIVATION OF TUMOR SUPPRESSOR GENES DUE TO NATURAL COMPOUNDS IN BREAST CANCER CELLS

Authors: Debasray Saha, Neeraj Vaishnav, Zubiya Ahsan, Nisha Rani, Runjhun Mathur and Abhimanyu Kumar Jha
Year: 2020, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

Breast oncogenesis is a multistage process that involves epigenetic and genetic changes. Epigenetics is outlined as reversible changes in gene expression, with no alteration in gene sequence. DNA methylation, histone modification, and nucleosome transformation are the foremost epigenetic changes that may get dysregulated in breast cancer. Epigenetic silencing of tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) is reversed by varied molecules as well as natural compounds like polyphenols which will act as a hypermethylation agent. Nowadays, much of the research is going in the direction of natural and dietary compounds and attempting to search out novel and extra effective medical aid for the breast cancer patients. In this literature, few vital natural chemical compounds effective against the breast oncogenesis with their mode of actions are discussed. Such chemicals act as an analytical and prognostic tool in breast cancer due to their role in epigenetic regulation.

Keywords: DNA methylation, Epigenetics, Gene expression, Oncogenesis, Tumor suppressor gene_
A SURVEY OF FISH FAUNA OF RAPTI RIVER, BALRAMPUR (U.P.), INDIA

A SURVEY OF FISH FAUNA OF RAPTI RIVER, BALRAMPUR (U.P.), INDIA

Authors: Sudhakar Prakash , Ashok Kumar , Shri Prakash and B.K. Mishra
Year: 2020, Volume: 2, Number: 1
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Abstract

An initial survey was under taken to study the occurrence and diversity of fishes in Rapti River flowing through Balrampur district of Uttar Pradesh, India. The present survey was conducted from January, 2018 to December, 2018 to find out the fish fauna of Rapti River at Balrampur district. A total of 27 species of fishes belonging to 19 genera, 14 families and 7 orders were identified as a preliminary survey and observation. This was the first systematic survey on the fish diversity of this River. Order Siluriformes was found most dominant represented by 10 species, followed by Cypriniformes with 7 species; Perciformes and Ophiocephaliformes with 3 species each; Osteoglossiformes with 2 species while Clupeiformes and Beloniformes with only one species each.

Keywords: Cypriniformes, Fish Diversity, Rapti River, Siluriformes_
Comparative Analysis of Sarus Crane Population from 2012-2019 in and around Alwara Lake of District Kaushambi (U.P.), India

Comparative Analysis of Sarus Crane Population from 2012-2019 in and around Alwara Lake of District Kaushambi (U.P.), India

Authors: Shri Prakash and Ashok Kumar Verma
Year: 2019, Volume: 1, Number: 2
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Abstract

The present study is designed to analyze the population of Indian Sarus Crane (Grus antigone antigone) in and around the Alwara Lake of district Kaushambi (Uttar Pradesh) India in 8 consecutive years from 2012 to 2019. The sarus crane is the only resident and non-migratory breeding crane of Indian subcontinent. This bird is now globally threatened due to the shrinking in the extent and quality of their wetland habitats, reduction in suitable mating sites and increased anthropogenic activities. In the present study, authors attempted to count the number of sarus crane in 8 consecutive years from 2012 to 2019 in the same study area. This systematic analysis reflects an increase in the number of sarus crane at sustainable level in the area studied.

Keywords: Alwara Lake, Conservation, Sarus crane, Threatened, Wetland_
Status of Indian major carps spawn in the Halda River along with marketing and economic condition of the Fishers and related collectors

Status of Indian major carps spawn in the Halda River along with marketing and economic condition of the Fishers and related collectors

Authors: B.K. Chakraborty, M.H. Shahroz, A.B. Bhuiyan, S. Bhattacharjee and S. Chattoraj
Year: 2019, Volume: 1, Number: 2
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Abstract

The spawn of Indian major carps makes the Halda River an irreplaceable heritage of Bangladesh. The study was conducted to observe present status of Indian major carp breeding and collection management procedures of carp spawn and fry from the Halda River along with marketing process and economic conditions of the fishers and spawn collector. Data were collected through direct interview. In marketing system of carp eggs, spawn and fry in the Halda River, a number of intermediaries were involved actively in the marketing system. Four different types of marketing systems were identified in Halda spawn and fry distribution fry seller to final consumer. Fertilized eggs and spawn were collected and hatched by the local fisher's and collectors using their indigenous method. Those egg collectors sold to the hatchery owners per kg spawn at the rate of 50,000-80,000 BdTk. Again hatchery owners sold each and every fry at the rate of 5.0-6.0 BDTk. to the local fish farmers. Yearly survey information on Halda River's egg, spawn and fry collection showed an ups and downs production rate during last 07 years. The production status in the year 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016 and 2017 was 230, 1569, 526, 508, 107, 320 and 338kg respectively and these types of ups and downs indicated poor number of broods, poor breeding ground and poor ecosystem of the Halda River. Different types of transports were used to carry fertilized eggs and spawn of Halda River. Investigation was also done to find out the economic condition, average income during breeding season and off season, educational background and family status of the local people of Halda region involving in fry collecting and marketing system. The study recommends that ecosystem health and breeding ground of Halda River should be protected for ensuring availability of pure line fertilized eggs and spawn of Indian major carp.

Keywords: Economic resources, Fertilized egg, Halda River, Marketing, Production, Spawn_
Diversity of Parthenium hysterophorus and associated weeds in the Chitrakoot District

Diversity of Parthenium hysterophorus and associated weeds in the Chitrakoot District

Authors: Preeti Tripathi and Ramesh Chandra
Year: 2019, Volume: 1, Number: 2
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Abstract

Parthenium hysterophorus L. (Carrot grass) is an annual herb of neotropical origin that now has a serious problem and pantropical distribution. It was first reported in India in 1950 at Pune (Maharashtra). This weed is very aggressive and commonly known as Congress grass and carrot grass in India. It has achieved major weed status in India within a relatively short period of time. P. hysterophorus is grown mostly in cultivated fields, fallow lands, pasture and along the roadsides. To analyse the distribution of this weed in Chitrakoot district an exhaustive survey was performed in the holly place of Uttar Pradesh like Rajapur, Pahadi, Karwi and M.G.C.G.V. campus. During survey, the distribution of P. hysterophorus was measured in the agricultural lands, road side, river side and fallow lands. Moreover, the study also investigated the harmful effect of Parthenium upon native weeds and flora in the Chitrakoot district. Quadrates method (1mx1m) was used to collect the data of distribution and population of this weed. In this investigation, total 14 weed species were recorded belonging to 8 different families and 14 genera. The data were recorded by Absolute density (m2), relative density (%), absolute frequency (%), relative frequency (%) and importance value (%) of Parthenium and other associated weeds. The finding reveals that Parthenium weed is the most dominant species in comparison to other associated weeds. In conclusion, the Parthenium weed become a serious problem and replaces the entire native flora in the non-crop area. Due to no proper management and high growth rate, nowadays it becomes as super weed in the Chitrakoot district. So, the management of Parthenium weed requires the call attention from the Government Policy makers and proper quarantine inspection to conserve the native flora and fields crops to get maximum crop yield.

Keywords: Absolute density, Absolute frequency, Relative density, Relative frequency, Value, Zygogramma_
Incredible Benefits of Exotic Kiwano (Horned Melon) for Wellness, Vigour and Vitality

Incredible Benefits of Exotic Kiwano (Horned Melon) for Wellness, Vigour and Vitality

Authors: Bina Rani, Upma Singh, Lakha Ram, Ravi Sharma, Harsukh Chharang, Anju Sharma and Raaz K Maheshwari
Year: 2019, Volume: 1, Number: 2
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Abstract

The kiwano belongs to the Cucumber family. The alien looking fruit has similarities with Pomegranate and Passion fruit in its texture and is a traditional food plant in the African continent. Its increasing popularity in the health arena is due to the abundance of health benefits it possesses. It improves cognitive function, used as a recovery aid for heart stroke; kiwano melon slows down the ageing process and even neutralizes the free radicals in the body. The high fiber content in kiwano makes it an ideal digestive aid. Due to the presence of essential nutrients, minerals and organic compounds in the fruit, it got recognition by WHO, stating kiwano to be an essential fruit in fighting against illness and malnutrition. The health benefits of the kiwano are in the nutrients it contains including vitamin C, Fe and K. It also has smaller amounts of P, Mg, Zn, Ca, Cu, and Na. The seeds contain linoleic and oleic acid. Linoleic acid is an omega fatty acid which is required for human health while oleic acid is thought to help in lowering the blood pressure. A couple of anti-oxidants recognized in kiwano seeds are α-tocopherol as well as β-tocopherol. The yellowish-green colored pigments are located at the seeds. Its pulp contains the carotenoid, beta carotene. The beta carotene strengthens the body's defense mechanisms and sustains eye and skin health. It may also help to prevent cancer simply by suppressing the growth of free-radicals. This review article is aimed to discuss the diseases or ailments that are treated with the plant Cucumis metuliferus.

Keywords: Fatty acids, Free radicals, Illness, Malnutrition, Minerals, Tocopherol_
Impact of Climate Change on Biodiversity: An Overview

Impact of Climate Change on Biodiversity: An Overview

Authors: Sadguru Prakash1 and Seema Srivastava
Year: 2019, Volume: 1, Number: 2
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Abstract

Biodiversity is the 'Full variety of Life on Earth'. It includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystem. Biodiversity plays an important role in climate regulation. Biodiversity conservation will lead to strengthening of ecosystem resilience and will improve the ability of ecosystem to provide important services during increasing climate pressures. But due to anthropogenic activities the global climate has changed since last few decades.This climate change adversely affected the biological resources of the country. This review basically discuss the importance of biodiversity, the consequences faced by the plants, animals, humans and ecosystem owing to the climate change and also control measures or strategies should be taken for the conservation of biodiversity which can protect the earth from the consequence of climate change.

Keywords: Biodiversity, Climate change, Conservation, Ecosystem, Human health, livelihood, Species_

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