Journal of Multidisciplinary Sciences

Journal of Multidisciplinary Sciences

Basic info

  • Publisher: Multidisciplines Publications
  • Country of publisher: korea, republic of
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2020/Jun/19

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Miscellaneous
  • Publisher's keywords: Agriculture, Biology, Engineering, Life, Chemistry, Physical Sciences
  • Language of fulltext: english
  • Time from submission to publication: weeks

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  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): No
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License:
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: No
  • Year open access content began: 2019
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

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This journal has '22' articles

Bioactive compounds and biological activity of ginger

Bioactive compounds and biological activity of ginger

Authors: Mahmuda Akter Mele
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Abstract

Ginger has an abundant amount of biological compounds. Both fresh and dried gingers have a beneficial effect. It has popularity as spices all over the world. However, for the last century ginger, and ginger extracts have been acquired an interest in their medicinal properties. Ginger is being used for the medical care and avoidance of diseases in the past. Now it is considered a medicinal plant. Ginger has been showed to contribute as anti-carcinogenic, anti-diabetic, anti-tumor activity. It is also effective against pregnancy-induced nausea and vomiting and has proved for the treatment of motion sickness and arthritis. Numerous studies have taken place by an animal models for confirmation of ginger pharmacological activity. In this review, we focused on the ginger and its constituents and therapeutic activity of ginger extracts.

Keywords: ginger extracts, biological component, shogaol, gingerol, therapeutic activity
Performance of eighteen advanced wheat lines grown under irrigated optimum and late sown conditions in different regions of Bangladesh

Performance of eighteen advanced wheat lines grown under irrigated optimum and late sown conditions in different regions of Bangladesh

Authors: Md. Zaherul Islam, Md. Abdul Hakim, Md. Abdul Kayum, Md. Monwar Hossain, Md. Ashraful Alam, Md. Rezaul Kabir, Mohammad Mokhlesur Rahman, Rabiul Islam,...
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Abstract

Eighteen advanced wheat lines were evaluated for irrigated optimum and late sown conditions in different environmental regions of Bangladesh. The experiments were conducted at Bangladesh Wheat and Maize Research Institute (BWMRI), Dinajpur, Regional Wheat Research Centre, Joydebpur and Regional Agricultural Research Station, Jashore, Bangladesh. The advanced wheat lines along with two check varieties BARI Gom 21 and BARI Gom 32 were evaluated in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications under irrigated timely sown (ITS) and irrigated late sown (ILS) conditions. The objective of the study was to find out the heat-tolerant wheat lines for the future breeding programs to develop heattolerant wheat varieties. Significant variations were observed among tested genotypes on phenology, yield, and yield contributing characters at different seeding conditions in different locations. The highest thousand-grain weight (TGW) (60.9 g) was achieved in BAW 1328 in ITS conditions at Dinajpur followed by BAW 1333 (60.4 g) and BAW 1333 (58 g) in the same location and same seeding time. The lowest TGW (23 g) was obtained in the ILS condition at Jashore. The highest grain yield (GY) (6312 kg ha-1) was obtained in BARI Gom 32 at Dinajpur in the ITS condition. The lowest grain yield, 1501 kg ha-1 was obtained in BAW 1331 at Jashore under ILS condition. Regarding environmental locations, Dinajpur was better placed for wheat production. Among the tested advanced lines, BAW 1322, BAW 1334, BAW 1337, and BAW 1338 showed better performance under ILS condition and these advanced lines were selected for the future breeding programs to develop heat-tolerant varieties. The selected advanced lines had a high yield with better tolerance to Bipolaris leaf blight (BpLB), leaf blast and resistance to leaf rust diseases.

Keywords: Grain yield, yield components, genotypes, early sown, late sown, heat stress
Evaluation of some wheat genotypes growing under heat stress condition in two environments in Bangladesh

Evaluation of some wheat genotypes growing under heat stress condition in two environments in Bangladesh

Authors: Md. Monwar Hossain, Mohammad Mokhlesur Rahman, Rabiul Islam, Md. Nur Alam, Asgar Ahmed, Rafeza Begum, Md. Zaherul Islam
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Abstract

The study was carried out from November to March, 2013-2014 in two agricultural research centers/stations: Wheat Research Centre (WRC; 23° 11' 14.52" N, 89° 11' 11.99" E; 10.4 meter above sea level, masl), Nashipur, Dinajpur and Regional Agricultural Research Station (RARS), Jashore (23° 11' 14.52" N, 89° 11' 11.99" E; 10.4 masl) of the Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI). Sixteen genotypes along with two check varieties BARI Gom 21 and BARI Gom 26 were evaluated in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications under irrigated timely sown (ITS) and irrigated late sown heat stress (ILS) conditions to find out the heat-tolerant wheat lines for future breeding program to develop heat-tolerant wheat varieties. Significant variations were observed among tested genotypes on phenology, yield and yield contributing characters at late sown heat stress condition (ILS) in both locations. The higher yield across location and genotype was recorded in ITS condition (4224 kg ha-1) than ILS condition (3113 kg ha-1). Regarding environmental locations, Dinajpur was better placed for wheat production. Among the tested genotypes, Gen-3, gen-8, Gen-10, Gen-11, and Gen-16 showed better performance under ILS condition and these genotypes were selected for the future breeding programs to develop heat-tolerant varieties. The selected genotypes had high yield, bold and plump grains with better tolerance to Bipolaris leaf blight (BpLB) and resistance to leaf rust diseases.

Keywords: Grain yield, yield components, genotypes, early sown, late sown, heat stress
Short term electrical load forecasting for an urban 11 KV feeder using machine learning techniques

Short term electrical load forecasting for an urban 11 KV feeder using machine learning techniques

Authors: Abdul Khaliq, Ikramullah Khosa, Muhammad Muneeb
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Abstract

Accurate electricity load estimation is an important issue for the operation of the power system and it is one of the essential works of future power planning for large cities. Every power prediction model has its own benefits and drawbacks and has its particular application range. Researchers categorized the load energy forecasting as Short-Term Load Forecasting (STLF), Medium-Term Load Forecasting (MTLF) and Long-Term Load Forecasting (LTLF), which entirely depends on time in which estimation is scheduled. As electricity load forecasting can be seen as a machine learning problem, so a number of automated methodologies and models are included in the literature review. In this work, we aim to explore and implement state of art machine learning techniques like Polynomial Regression, Support Vector Regression (SVR) and Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) in order to predict the short term and medium-term load consumption for the historical data accurately. For this study, hourly load data of an Urban 11 KV Feeder was collected from the 220 KV grid station. Weather parameters like temperature, pressure and humidity data for the particular region were taken from Lahore Meteorological Department. Data were divided into several datasets (daily, weekly and monthly) to achieve short term and medium-term electrical load prediction using aforementioned techniques. Input parameters used in this study were temperature (both dry and wet), humidity and pressure while predicted hourly load demand was used as output. Final results tables show that the performance of the SVR predictor is much better than other techniques both in short term and medium load forecasting.

Keywords: artificial neural networks, feed forward neural networks, polynomial regression, short term load forecasting, support vector regression, radial basis function
Synergistic production and purification of extreme xylanase produced by Aspergillus flavus AUMC 10331 and A. oryzae AUMC 10329 from rice husk in solid-state fermentation

Synergistic production and purification of extreme xylanase produced by Aspergillus flavus AUMC 10331 and A. oryzae AUMC 10329 from rice husk in solid-state fermentation

Authors: Abdel-Aal Hassan Moubasher, Mady Ahmed Ismail, Ramadan Abdel-Ghany Mohamed, Osama Abdel-Hafeez Mohamed Al-Bedak
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Abstract

Aspergillus flavus AUMC 10331 and A. oryzae AUMC 10329 were used in consortium culture for the production of xylanase enzyme from rice husk using solid-state fermentation technique. The xylanase purification was performed using ion exchange resin IR-120 EP and Sephadex G-75. The purified xylanase showed a total activity of 293.0 IU and a specific activity of 350.96 IU/mg protein and the enzyme was purified to 8.1 fold with 2.7% recovery. The purified xylanase was active over a wide spectrum of pHs from 3-10 and the highest activity was obtained at pH 7.0 followed by 74% of xylanase activity at pH 9.5. At pH 9.5, the xylanase exhibited its optimal activity at 70 °C indicating that the xylanase was alkaliphilic and thermophilic xylanase. The xylanase activity was greatly increased by FeSO4 and CuSO4 up to 332.15% and 194.1% respectively and slightly inhibited by CoCl2. Km and Vmax for the purified xylanase were determined at pH 9.5 and 70 °C for birchwood xylan as 22.13 mg/ml and 135.13 IU/min respectively. The crude and purified enzyme showed high specificity towards the xylans tested. The highest activity was observed for oat spelt xylan; it was three times the activity of birchwood xylan for the crude enzyme and more than six times for the purified enzyme. The specific activity of the xylanase towards birchwood xylan was lower than oat spelt xylan and avicell. The purified xylanase did not act towards carboxymethyl cellulose compared with the crude one.

Keywords: extreme, xylanase, rice husk, SSF, Aspergillus flavus, A. oryzae
Performance of some advanced spring wheat lines under optimum and late sown conditions in different regions of Bangladesh

Performance of some advanced spring wheat lines under optimum and late sown conditions in different regions of Bangladesh

Authors: Md. Zaherul Islam, Md. Abdul Hakim, Md. Monwar Hossain, Md. Siddikun Nabi Mandal, Mohammad Mokhlesur Rahman
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Abstract

Eleven advanced lines of spring wheat along with check varieties BARI Gom 21, BARI Gom 26 and BARI Gom 32 were evaluated at Bangladesh Wheat and Maize Research Institute (BWMRI), Dinajpur; Regional Wheat Research Center (RWRC) Gazipur; Regional Agricultural Research Station (RARS), Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI), Jashore; RWRC, Rajshahi and RARS, BARI, Jamalpur in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications during, November, 2017 to March, 2018. The trial was conducted under irrigated timely sown (ITS) and irrigated late sown (ILS) conditions. The genotypes were evaluated for yield and yield components, heading, maturity, disease reaction, etc. The effect of sowing time, location and genotype and their different interaction levels were significant for most of the traits. Wheat yield was significantly reduced in ILS condition as compared to the ITS condition. Regarding location, Dinajpur was better place for wheat production than other tested places. The mean value of the thousand-grain weight (TGW) of all genotypes was higher as compared to all check varieties. Out of eleven genotypes, ten produced a higher yield than BARI Gom 26, five produced a higher yield than BARI Gom 32. All the eleven genotypes were out yielded of the check variety BARI Gom 21. The highest yield (4099kg ha-1) was obtained in Dinajpur and the lowest yield (3108 kg ha-1) was obtained in Jamalpur. Genotypes, BAW 1290, BAW 1293, BAW 1317, BAW 1318 showed comparatively better performance in ILS condition representing that these advanced wheat lines were less affected by terminal heat stress under late sowing condition.

Keywords: spring wheat genotypes, grain yield, yield components, early sown, late sown, heat stress
Autonomous height measurement system for smart health monitoring

Autonomous height measurement system for smart health monitoring

Authors: Nahid Hasan, Mostakim Mahmud Bhuiyan, Riaz Hasnat Sagar, S.M.A. Sharif
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Abstract

Height measurement considered as an important parameter for health monitoring. The increasing demand for telemedicine services requires a robust and affordable height measurement system. In addition, the system should have the ability to interact with a remote destination. Unfortunately, existing height measurement tools are incompatible with telemedicine services. In this paper, a low-cost autonomous height measurement system has been proposed. Moreover, the system utilizes an ultrasonic sensor to measure the human height and processes the sensor’s data through a Micro Controller Unit (MCU). Finally, the MCU communicates with the remote terminal through a Bluetooth module. A special wearable prototype has been developed to deploy the hardware for real-life applications. The experiment results demonstrate that the results obtained by the proposed system are reliable with a mean error rate of 0.02%.

Keywords: Height measurement, smart health monitoring, telemedicine, microcontroller, ultrasonic sensor, Bluetooth module
MASF: A novel priority based multi-agent framework for search and rescue

MASF: A novel priority based multi-agent framework for search and rescue

Authors: S.M. Nadim Uddin, S.M.A. Sharif, Mehede Hassan Murad, Afrin Akter Bithy, Mostakim Mahmud Bhuiyan, Riaz Hasnat Sagar
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Abstract

In this paper, a novel priority-based framework for semi-autonomous multi agent-based search and rescue mechanism is proposed. The framework proposes a novel multi-layered architecture consisting of multi-agents capable of target detection, role allocation, and connectivity based on access to resources. Four different operations have been proposed namely mapping, searching, coordination and information fusion. Three different roles for the agents have been proposed namely mapper, searcher, and coordinator where mapper agent contributes in developing local maps, searcher agent explores the local map for target detection and coordinator agent is responsible for cluster coordination and communication among inter-cluster, intra-cluster and information fusion module. A novel concept of cell priority index (CPI) has been proposed to determine the level of damages and zone prioritization for a rescue operation. Two different novel indices namely role suitability index and role weighting index have been proposed for efficient allocation of roles among agents. The ad-hoc network model of the proposed system is evaluated for performance metrics under different mobility mechanisms in different propagation environments to suggest possible mobility approaches to be adopted for effective search and rescue mechanisms.

Keywords: Multi-agents, search and rescue mechanism, cell priority index, mobility models, propagation environments
Electronic payment system: A complete guide

Electronic payment system: A complete guide

Authors: Awais Ahmed, Abdul Aziz, Muhammad Muneeb
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Abstract

With contrast to the previous century when the concept of electronic transfer was proposed, nowadays electronic payments are drastically increased due to the rapid increase in online shopping or Internet-based banking. Now in twenty-first century electronic payments became the first option for the transfer of money to/from payer/payee. Visa card, master-card, smart card, debit card, credit card, e-check, and e-wallet, etc. are the options for e-payments. Behind the acceptance of the new payment system depend upon the three factors- cost, time and security per transaction take place of each other. This paper will highlight the background study, types of electronic payment systems available and which payment method users should choose considering the cost, time and security factors. This research will also identify the issues and challenges of e-payments and suggest some solutions to improve performance and quality in developing countries. The motive of this review paper is to introduce the reader to electronic payment and keep update the reader with the current state of the art in the electronic payment system and to provide an overview of past efforts and future trends of electronic payment transfer.

Keywords: e-payments, e-transaction, e-transfer, types-of-e-payments, future trends in e-payments
Effect of heavy metals on the resistant strain of Pseudomonas luteola isolated from polluted sites in El-Kharga city at New Valley Governorate, Egypt

Effect of heavy metals on the resistant strain of Pseudomonas luteola isolated from polluted sites in El-Kharga city at New Valley Governorate, Egypt

Authors: Nagwa Mahmoud Sidkey, Aiat Salah Hassan, Sedky Hassan Aly Hassan
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Abstract

In this study, Pseudomonas Z4A2 has been isolated from polluted wastewater of El-Kharga city, New Valley Governorate, Egypt. The bacterial isolate found to be highly resistant to different concentrations of zinc and nickel. The isolated bacterium identified according to 16s rRNA as Pseudomonas luteola Z4A2. Its minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) for Zn2+ and Ni2+ were 700 and 200 ppm, respectively. Growth kinetics, parameters and the protein content of Pseudomonas luteola Z4A2 were determined under Zn2+and Ni2+ stress. The results indicated that the protein content was decreased under a high concentration of heavy metals.

Keywords: Heavy metals, resistance, Pseudomonas luteola, MIC, growth kinetics
Present scenario of knowledge management effectuation in the national library of Bangladesh: A study

Present scenario of knowledge management effectuation in the national library of Bangladesh: A study

Authors: Sheikh Mamun Mostofa, Nazmin Sultana
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Abstract

The primary goal of this paper includes finding out systems used in National Library of Bangladesh (NLB) to confine the created knowledge and investigate the library officers’ views of knowledge management (KM). Survey method has been used for this present study. The staff of NLB was purposively chosen for this study. For data collection a questionnaire was sent to the 12 officers of NLB. The study revealed that NLB record their tacit knowledge by keeping in mind and 36.4% recorded their knowledge by taking notes. Maximum number of respondents replied that KM is important and relevant in NLB but need to update regularly in the library. The study identified that KM may bring benefits for the organization and the response rate regarding this was 100%. This research is restricted in its span and data was collected from only twelve library officers of NLB by applying questionnaire survey. The paper proposes that library users and staffs of NLB need to broaden their understanding, and need to modify their usual mindset and to concern about holistic approach of KM system design by giving attention on various types of knowledge i.e. explicit and tacit knowledge. This research explored the unique views of library officers on the topic of KM in libraries.

Keywords: Knowledge, knowledge management, national library of Bangladesh, Bangladesh
Nitric oxide-mediated drought stress tolerance via improvement crop yield, antioxidants, membrane integrity and reducing the oxidative stress of two faba bean cultivars

Nitric oxide-mediated drought stress tolerance via improvement crop yield, antioxidants, membrane integrity and reducing the oxidative stress of two faba bean cultivars

Authors: Nahla Dief, Eman Salah Esmail Aldaby, Mona Fathi AbdElmowla Dawood, Mohammed Ali Ahmed Zidan
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Abstract

Nitric oxide (NO) is a prevalent signaling molecule that regulates plant responses to potential plant stresses like drought. Growth and seeds yield/plant improvement under drought stress was the net result of the regulatory role of NO-priming on different physiological pathways of two faba bean plants differing in their drought tolerance. NO efficiently enhanced the machinery of photosynthesis via increasing chlorophyll a, b and carotenoids which associated with lowering of hydrogen peroxide, superoxide anion and hydroxyl radical. Thus, the tested dose of NO had an efficient free radical quenching system as witnessed from activating phenolics, ASA, SOD, APX, and CAT. All these up-regulations reflected on maintaining higher membrane stability via lowered lipid peroxidation and electrolyte leakage under both control and drought treated plants. The promoter role of NO on metabolic and antioxidative activities could serve as an important component of the defense mechanism against oxidative burst induced by drought stress.

Keywords: antioxidants, crop yield, drought, faba bean, nitric oxide
Biocontrol of pepper wilt disease by antagonistic fungi and their modes of action for the biocontrol

Biocontrol of pepper wilt disease by antagonistic fungi and their modes of action for the biocontrol

Authors: Amal Mohammed Ibrahim Eraky, Hassan Abdel Motagly Abdel Mougod Gouda, Abdel-Aal Hassan Moubasher, Mady Ahmed Ismail, Ali Hussein El-Shaer
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Abstract

Thirty species of fungi related to 16 genera were isolated from the rhizosphere soils of healthy pepper plantations in different localities in Assiut (13 localities), Behera (2 localities) and Sohag Governorates (2 localities) in Egypt. Seventy–five native isolates related to 10 genera and 17 species were screened in vitro against the pathogenic Fusarium oxysporum, Fusarium solani and, Macrophomina phaseolina. In vitro, the highest activity was obtained with all isolates of Trichoderma harzianum followed by Penicillium oxalicum (AUMC 11419, AUMC 11420) and Clonostachys rosea (AUMC 11417, AUMC 11442) on the three pathogenic fungal species tested. In vivo Botryotrichum atrogriseum AUMC 11415, Aspergillus nidulans AUMC 11418, Albifimbria verrucaria AUMC 11414, C. rosea AUMC 11442 and T. harzianum AUMC 11422 were reduced disease severity up to 90% over the control. The results revealed that Trichoderma harzianum (3 isolates) showed the highest chitinase activity in a range of 2.5-3.3 IU/ml and Penicillium oxalicum AUMC 11419 presented a maximum lipase activity of 1.01 IU/ml. Also, the volatile metabolites assay revealed that Trichoderma strains produced the highest inhibitory effect against the highly pathogenic strain of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. capsici AUMC11424 in the range of 31.1-34.4% of the untreated control.

Keywords: rhizosphere fungi, pepper, wilt, chitinase, volatile metabolites
Production of enzymes by five Pleurotus spp. developed in solid and liquid state fermentation using three agricultural wastes

Production of enzymes by five Pleurotus spp. developed in solid and liquid state fermentation using three agricultural wastes

Authors: Khayria Mohmed Abdel-Gawad, Mona Fatthy Dawood, Atef Abdel-Azeez, Mahmoud Ahmed Ahmed Rashwan
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Abstract

Oyster mushrooms (Pleurotus spp.) can bioconvert lignocellulosic residues due to the secretion of extracellular enzymes. The production of hydrolytic and oxidative enzymes by five Pleurotus spp. (P. ostreatus, P. columbinus, P. pulmonarius, P. sajor-caju, and P. floridanus), developed in the solid and liquid state of fermentation using three argo-wastes (rice straw, sugarcane bagasse, and cotton waste), as substrate was evaluated in this work. The total nitrogen and potassium percentage were the highest in the case of rice straw, (0.96% and 0.60%). Also, the biological efficiency (BE), from these results, was the highest in the case of P. sajor-caju and P. columbinus recorded 64.4% on rice straw. It was observed that the submerged liquid fermentation (SmF) was suitable for the growth of all Pleurotus species. Also, the high value of enzymatic activity was determined through this study was, higher in the submerged liquid fermentation SmF, than those produced during solid-state culture (SSF). Among proteolytic enzymes, protease produced by the five Pleurotus spp. presenting the highest enzymatic activity (23.80 U/mL) on SmF and (22.56 U/mg) on SSF. Considering the oxidative enzymes, laccase produced, the highest value (1.99 U/mL) of laccase activity of filtrate was estimated from P. ostreatus cultivated on sugarcane bagasse of SmF. Low enzyme level (0.39 U/mg) was manganese peroxidase, obtained from P. floridanus cultivated on the cotton waste of SSF. The enzymatic levels of α-amylase, β-amylase, cellulose, cellobiohydrolase, laccase, and lignin peroxidase were from 2.9-0.50 U/mL.

Keywords: Pleurotus spp., enzymes, solid and liquid state fermentation, agro wastes
Association among antioxidant status, hormonal profile, and biochemical parameters during the periparturient period of dairy cattle in Upper Egypt

Association among antioxidant status, hormonal profile, and biochemical parameters during the periparturient period of dairy cattle in Upper Egypt

Authors: Mervat Sayed Hassan, Marwa Mohamed El-Zeftawy, Elham Abdelsabour Abd-Allah, Hanan Kamal Elsayed, Nani Nasreldin Abdelaziz
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Abstract

The present study attempted to evaluate the physiological modification in the antioxidant status, hormonal and biochemical profile of dairy cattle in Upper Egypt during the periparturient period. Blood samples were obtained from the jugular vein of 25 healthy dairy cattle from a private dairy farm in Assiut province, Egypt. Blood samples were taken with 7 days’ intervals: two weeks before and two weeks after parturition (during the periparturient period). The collected serum samples were analyzed for determination of biochemical and hormonal parameters including: progesterone (P4), estradiol (E2), cortisol, triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4), total antioxidant capacity (TAC), malondialdehyde (MDA), blood glucose (BG), triacylglycerol (TG), Total cholesterol (TC), calcium (Ca2+) and phosphorus (P3+). Our results indicated that serum P4 levels were significantly decreased post-partum than during the pre-partum period. E2 level reached the maximum on the day of calving as compared with the pre-partum period. The serum cortisol level was highly elevated at calving day. T3 concentration was significantly higher on the 7th day postpartum, while a higher level of T4 was recorded at 15th-day post-calving. TAC and MDA showed significant changes during our study. The BG increased significantly reaching the maximum level on the calving day, then it was sharply decreased on the 7th-day post-calving. TG and TC levels showed a significant reduction in two weeks post parturition. A significant reduction of both Ca2+ and P3+ was noted at the calving and post-partum period. The periparturient period was associated with significant changes in hormonal, oxidative stress and biochemical blood profiles comparing with the pre-partum period.

Keywords: Dairy cattle, periparturient period, oxidative stress, hormonal disturbance

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