Journal of Special Education and Rehabilitation

Journal of Special Education and Rehabilitation

Basic info

  • Publisher: Faculty of Philosophy, Institute of Special Education and Rehabilitation
  • Country of publisher: macedonia, the former yugoslav republic of
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2017/May/14

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Medicine, Pediatrics, Psychology
  • Publisher's keywords: Medicine, psychology, pedagogy
  • Language of fulltext: english, macedonian
  • Full-text formats available: PDF

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): No
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Editorial information

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: CC BY
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 1997
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: DOI
  • Content digitally archived in: LOCKSS, CLOCKSS
  • Deposit policy registered in: Sherpa/Romeo

This journal has '589' articles

EARLY DIAGNOSIS AS DETERMINATING FACTOR FOR PROFESSIONAL, RATIONAL AND EFFECTIVE TREATMENT OF CHILDREN WITH DEVELOPMENTAL DIFFICULTIES

EARLY DIAGNOSIS AS DETERMINATING FACTOR FOR PROFESSIONAL, RATIONAL AND EFFECTIVE TREATMENT OF CHILDREN WITH DEVELOPMENTAL DIFFICULTIES

Authors: Goran AJDINSKI, S. BOSNJAKOVSKA, L. UGRINOVSKA, M. DUKOVSKI, M. CAKAR, L. BOGOEVSKA
( 28 downloads)
Abstract

Early diagnosis of children with developmental difficulties is one of the most important segments in the process of rehabilitation. It is not only an assessment and evaluation of the functional conditions, but also and detection of the possibilities for treatment and it’s improvement. In our presentation we give the first noticing for diagnostics of children with developmental difficulties in the Republic of Macedonia, the present capacities, possibilities, needs and suggestions for it’s improvement and advancement. Speaking about that we stress the need of multidisciplinary and complete professional team in the present institutions and solving out a number of problems that exist on that plan. It especially relates to the unique terminology, the procedure and involvement of defectologists in the diagnostic process. Having in mind the bio-psycho and social aspects of the personality of children with developmental difficulties, together with the need of a complex diagnostic procedure, we have tried to give the professional activities of all the profiles of professionals that take part in the diagnostic process. So, we give a review of the work of: · physician-pediatrician who is involved in the diagnostics of all children · audiologist who is involved in the diagnostics of children with damaged hearing from a medical point of view. · the clinical psychologist who works in the institute for medical rehabilitation and whose task is to prepare and realize all the necessary tests for the personality of the child with developmental difficulties. · physiologist for children with somatic damages. · neuropsychiatrist for children with psychological difficulties · specialist for eye diseases giving his report about the child’s damaged eyesight etc. We consider that we shouldn’t neglect the role of the defectologist, his examinations on psychomotor status, speech, i. e. the functions of the individual in relation to the social aspect in a close connection with the space and time, as a prognosis for treatment. All the findings got in the assessment of the child’s damages, should be synchronized and synthesized, agreed in the last assessment showing that this is a very complex and responsible task. That will depend on the professional approach, before all on the team work.

Keywords: null
PROBLEMS OF EARLY TREATMENT OF CHILDREN WITH HEARING DIFFICULTIES IN BULGARIA

PROBLEMS OF EARLY TREATMENT OF CHILDREN WITH HEARING DIFFICULTIES IN BULGARIA

Authors: Katja DIONISIEVA
( 27 downloads)
Abstract

Hearing loss acquired in the pre-lingual period of child’s development leads to problems in oral speech and communication. Speech and language development are as difficult as severe the damaged hearing is. This affects many mental processes and disables the child for a long period of time. It is important to provide the hearing-impaired child with appropriate hearing aids and specific methods of treatment as early as possible in order to avoid such disabling conditions as mentioned above.

Keywords: null
THE ROLE  OF  THE SPEECH THERAPIST AND HIS INFLUENCE IN SPEECH DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN  WITH CENTRAL DEFECTS AND INSTRUCTIVE AND ADVISORY  WORK OF THE PARENT

THE ROLE OF THE SPEECH THERAPIST AND HIS INFLUENCE IN SPEECH DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN WITH CENTRAL DEFECTS AND INSTRUCTIVE AND ADVISORY WORK OF THE PARENT

Authors: Tortevska VIOLETA
( 28 downloads)
Abstract

The modern way of living in which the communication becomes a basic and upbringing factor and regulator of the relations isolates children with hard individual, family, educative and social problems. The speech and language disorders are the most remarkable symptoms pointing out the complex of defects in the communicative activities, reduced cognitive functions and cerebral dysfunction's. The modern conception in the rehabilitation field leads to a full engagement of the children’s closest environment and especially parents. The study will include the work of the speech therapist with children with a diagnosis tardy speech development (alalia) and developing dysphasia in the hearing, speech and voice rehabilitation institute-Skopje, and its role introducing the parents for their right access and the systematic conduction of the rehabilitation proceedings-especially stimulating the motors and speech development. The speech therapist’s task is to find out a way and to apply means by which the children with central damages could build their speech and lingual system and to help the parents through instructive and advisory work into the comprehension of the phases and stages of that system. The conclusion is that the proceedings of the early treatment with the children with central damages are naturally caused by the difference of their early supplementation. The suggestions that are referring to what should be substituted, how much it should be substituted and how it should be done leads to the frames of the early therapeutical access.

Keywords: null
SYSTEMATIC LONGITUDINAL FOLLOWING OF THE GROWTH AND THE PROGRESS OF CHILDREN FROM COMMUNITY OF STRUGA, SUCCEEDING THEM FROM THEIR BIRTH UP TO THE AGE OF EIGHTY YEARS

SYSTEMATIC LONGITUDINAL FOLLOWING OF THE GROWTH AND THE PROGRESS OF CHILDREN FROM COMMUNITY OF STRUGA, SUCCEEDING THEM FROM THEIR BIRTH UP TO THE AGE OF EIGHTY YEARS

Authors: Klimentie MATOSKI
( 27 downloads)
Abstract

The goal of this paper and its main aim is to contribute in solving the problems of children with special needs. It could be done by longitudinal following of the growth and the progress from the period of their birth up to the age of eighty years. We described the method of work in children’s counseling office and its help for the children with special needs. At the sometime plan of working is given, the use of the materials and the content of the work as well as the way of doing the questionnaire which has been done by the children’s counseling office.

Keywords: null
 APHASIA-EPILEPSY SINDROME LANDAU-KLEFFNER

APHASIA-EPILEPSY SINDROME LANDAU-KLEFFNER

Authors: Nada SIKIC, Jelena IVICEVIC-DESNICA
( 28 downloads)
Abstract

In the few past years the expert team in our institution identified five children with specific disorders in speech development caused by difficulties in understanding of speech. All children had normal psychophysical development up to three to four years of life, when speech disorders, very often entirely nonspecific, started. In some children the changes had been preceded by epileptic attacks either in vigilance or in sleep. Gradually speech expression lags behind, speech stops to be meaningful, it is not the result of child’s creativity but a series of learned schemes, sometimes related to current situation, so that in this period the environment very often does not detect the problem. Progressively behavior disturbance takes place as a result of incomprehension of verbal demands put upon a child. Parents usually start to suspect hearing impairment and this is the main reason for coming to our institution. Additional diagnostics confirmed the existence of non-specific disorder related to syndrome epilepsy-aphasia, whereupon medical treatment and rehabilitation started.

Keywords: null
GENETIC ASPECTS OF AUTISM

GENETIC ASPECTS OF AUTISM

Authors: Anastas LAKOSKI
( 27 downloads)
Abstract

In the first paper on the syndrome of autism, Kanner described it as innate and inborn. He drew attention to the abnormalities in infancy without evidence of prior normal development and the intellectual, nonemotional qualities shown by many of the parents and grandparents. Subsequently, the supposed lack of parental warmth led many clinicians to abandon the notions of constitutional deficit in the child and instead to postulate a psychogenic origin etiology was likely, genetic factors probably did not play a major role. Attention was draw to the low rate of autism in siblings, the lack of chromosome anomalies, and the similarities with syndromes associated with known brain trauma. Although the rate of autism in siblings was indeed low, it was much higher than in the general population rate providing a strong pointer to the genetic factors. The recognition that this was so, associated with the parallel finding of apparently high familiar loading for language delay, stimulated the first, systematic, twin stady of autism, which suggested a strong genetic component. Subsequent research has produced findings in the same direction, although many questions remain unanswered. In this paper the evidence that has accumulated on genetic influences on autism is summarized and the remained dilemmas on this field are discussed.

Keywords: null
 CONGENITAL GLAUCOM, ITS EARLY DETECTION,  PREVENTION OF BLINDNESS AT  INFANCY

CONGENITAL GLAUCOM, ITS EARLY DETECTION, PREVENTION OF BLINDNESS AT INFANCY

Authors: K. BLAZESKA-BUZAROSKA, T. JOSIFOVA, M. GOLUBOVIC, V. NIKOLOVSKA
( 26 downloads)
Abstract

Structural abnormalities in the development and embryogenesis of the iridocorenal angle are etiopatogenetic factors for appearance of congenital glaucoma which, because of the high interocular pressure, results with a damage of the opticus and early loss of vision. Infant glaucoma which manifests immediately after birth is indicate with characteristic clinical picture of big “oxen eyes” and the high pressure quickly leads to suffering of the cornea and the optical nerve. The detection of the disease gives possibilities for beginning of the treatment with a conservative or urgent surgical operation. Unfortunately, more surgical operations usually follow at the early infant age in order to keep the eye pressure in normal state. The forecast of the disease is very bad according to the world statistics the blindness appears till the age of 30 at last. In our clinic, 5-8 new cases with advanced damages appeared yearly for the last 10 years. Because the treatment of the disease is longitudinal it needs cooperation with an expert-team of pediatricians, especially with ophtolmologists whose human and ethic approach will prevent the unavoidable blindness.

Keywords: null
FAMILY AND EARLY TREATMENT OF CHILDREN WITH PSYCHICAL DIFFICULTIES IN THEIR DEVELOPMENT

FAMILY AND EARLY TREATMENT OF CHILDREN WITH PSYCHICAL DIFFICULTIES IN THEIR DEVELOPMENT

Authors: Verica STAMENKOVA-TRAJKOVA, Ivan TRAJKOV
( 28 downloads)
Abstract

The subject of this paper is the research of family conditions ( financial, social, emotional, socio-cultural and educational ) and the relations and reactions of parents and other members of the family; their influence on the treatment of children with developmental difficulties. The research included 100 families with mentally retarded children on the territory of Skopje. The basic hypothesis is: the successfulness of the early treatment of the child with psycho-physical difficulties in their development depends on the socio-economical, educational status of parents especially the relation between the parents and their mentally retarded child. In the frame of the basic hypothesis more subordinate hypothesis have been examined. The results of the research have shown: a great number of the examined families are at low socio-economical and educational status. The unadvantageous socio-economical and educational negatively influences and backwards the early treatment of the child with difficulties. The relation towards the child varies-it goes from complete acceptance to complete neglecting of the mentally retarded child.

Keywords: null
DISPOSING CHILDREN WITH PSYCHPHYSICAL DEVELOPMENTAL DIFFICULTIES AT PRE-SCHOOL AGE

DISPOSING CHILDREN WITH PSYCHPHYSICAL DEVELOPMENTAL DIFFICULTIES AT PRE-SCHOOL AGE

Authors: Saso KOCANKOVSKI
( 28 downloads)
Abstract

The findings that I present in this paper, are gained through 12 years of work of the commission for disposing children with psychophysical developmental difficulties, working at the service for care and improvement of mental health of children and adolescents in Bitola. In the period from 1984 to 1996 at the age of 0-7, 191 were disposing children (103 male and 88 female), that from the total number of persons 1638 is 11,66 %. If we make an analyze according to the type and degree of the difficulty, we’ll have the following situation: · from the total number of disposed persons with psychical difficulties in the development, 7,3 % are children at this age, more are male, and usually they are with severe frustration. · from the total number of disposed persons with speech and voice difficulties, 58,8 %, are children at the age of 7, and the most common are developmental disphases. · from all the disposed persons with hearing difficulties, 10,9 % are children at pre-school age, and are usually deaf. · from the total number of the persons with damaged eyesight 8,8 are children at pre-school age and they are all blind. · from all the disposed persons, physically impaired are 8 % at this age and more of them are male. · from all the disposed persons with combined difficulties 15,6 % are children at pre-school age. They usually have psychical, physical and speech difficulties.

Keywords: null
AN EARLY INTERVENTION FOR CHILDREN WITH VISUAL HANDICAP

AN EARLY INTERVENTION FOR CHILDREN WITH VISUAL HANDICAP

Authors: Marion van MENS-VEISZ
( 28 downloads)
Abstract

The presentation gives a short historic background of the early treatment of visually handicapped children in Holland, as well as the experiences related to the positive results in the early intervention in the development of these children. Due to that it is especially stressed that the exercises in early intervention give essential contribution in preventing more serious problems that appear in later period of life in children with visual impairment. Those problems are connected with communication, orientation and mobility, motor, social, emotional and visual development. Also, it presents the role and the work of the professional team in the early intervention in children with visual impairment.

Keywords: null
THE STATUS OF CHILDREN WITH DEVELOPMENTAL DIFFICULTIES  IN THE PRE-SCHOOL INSTITUTIONS

THE STATUS OF CHILDREN WITH DEVELOPMENTAL DIFFICULTIES IN THE PRE-SCHOOL INSTITUTIONS

Authors: Lena DAMOVSKA
( 26 downloads)
Abstract

The pre-school upbringing and education is a field of primarily organized influence on the development of child’s personality. The need of complete survey into the life context of children , is a primary goal leading to the final effects of the work. In that sense, it is very important in this phase to provide an impression for the children who have developmental difficulties and are regularly involved in the upbringing and education in pre-school institutions. From an aspect of organization and realization of upbringing and education in pre-school institution there is a need of early detection of these children. The imperative for their integration in the institution with other children, is a need of adaptation of the forms of work with the specifics they have, and the readiness and education of the profile staff involved in the work. So, education of the pre-school profile staff, in the frame of their curriculum, must take care of these category of children, especially in the frame of theoretical and practical qualifications of pre-school profile staff for work in pre-school institutions, coordination with the personnel in health and social welfare, cooperation with families etc.

Keywords: null
EMOTIONAL DISTURBANCES OF CHILDREN WITH LANGUAGE DIFFICULTIES

EMOTIONAL DISTURBANCES OF CHILDREN WITH LANGUAGE DIFFICULTIES

Authors: Vanja MATANOVA
( 26 downloads)
Abstract

36 children with language difficulties have been examined to establish the emotional disturbances. The examined pupils are in the age of 9-12 . Projective methodologies are used: man’s figure drawing, “Magic family”. The results have shown child’s isolation in the family, lack of interactions with the members of the family. The presence of high neurotics which correlates with the level of language difficulties. The backwardness in the development of language system provides frustrations and defense reaction such as: negativism and rationalization. There are programmes of the family’s isolation, coping with emotional disturbances of children with language difficulties.

Keywords: null
THE PRESENSE IN THE PRESCHOOL INSTITUTIONS-PRECONDITION FOR SUCESSFUL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATION OF CHILDREN WHIT SPECIAL NEEDS

THE PRESENSE IN THE PRESCHOOL INSTITUTIONS-PRECONDITION FOR SUCESSFUL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATION OF CHILDREN WHIT SPECIAL NEEDS

Authors: Verica PETROVA, Risto PETROV
( 28 downloads)
Abstract

The use of the special treatment in the early age could offer opportunities, a lot of disabilities to be corrected. This way provides better opportunities to pass educational program. In this period whit application of certain exercises, the physical, the emotional, the social and the language abilities of the child should be corrected. Thus the child can successfully be included in the system of primary education. Creating of the program we could bear in mind following thinks: exercises for reeducation of psychomobility, exercises for development of the speech, exercises for development of sensomobility, exercises for development of intellectual ability, exercises for the emotional and social maturity and etc.

Keywords: null
DEVELOPMENTAL PROBLEM REGIONS WITH INSTITUTIONALLY INTEGRATED CHILDREN AT THE EARLIEST AGE

DEVELOPMENTAL PROBLEM REGIONS WITH INSTITUTIONALLY INTEGRATED CHILDREN AT THE EARLIEST AGE

Authors: Jasminka KOCANKOVSKA
( 27 downloads)
Abstract

The examination was carried out with the developmental test by Cuturic with every infant at the end of the first (103 infants), the second (120) and the third month (123) calendar age at the Infant and Small Children Center in Bitola. Besides the knowledge of general development (indicated with numeric value for the cathegorization possibility as retarded-limited-normal-faster-significantly accelerated), the test enables establishment of the development in three fields: motor, oculomotor and socialization with possibility for cathegorization in the previously mentioned five cathegories. The received results were statistically worked out for each age cathegory and for each field of the age cathegory and then they were mutually compared. The received results, unfortunatelly, rejected the stated and tested zero hypothesis and on their basis it was stated that the three month stay of the infants in the institution influenced negatively the dynamic of the psychomotor development in the sense of its retardation and it was indicated through decline of the developmental coefficient values-higher and better to average, average to weaker. The analyses of the developmental dynamics in different fields show that during these three month period the best is the motor development which decline from month to month is present, large and statistically significant. The additional education of the employees for behaving with children, the increase of the number of the employees, employment of special staff (educators, psychologists, somatologists, speech therapists and others) is only a part of the responsibilities of the adults in order to enable and ease the realization of the children developmental potential.

Keywords: null
ATTITUDE PARENTS TO EARLY INTERVENTION OF VISUALLY IMPAIRED CHILDREN

ATTITUDE PARENTS TO EARLY INTERVENTION OF VISUALLY IMPAIRED CHILDREN

Authors: Mira CVETKOVA
( 27 downloads)
Abstract

For centuries Visually Impaired children have been educated within the high walls of special schools (Loots ET al., 1992). It is only during the last decades that more and more Visually Impaired children were brought up in their own environment: · the integrated education is not a trend anymore, but an educational policy; · The Early Intervention has transferred into approach to young Visually Impaired children. Early Intervention is crucial because the Visually Impairment affects the early development of a child in several ways: · motor functioning; · concept development; · social skills; · range of experience; · ability to move independently; · play etc. All these obstacles in early development create the necessity of Early Intervention programs which should start immediately after child’s is diagnosed.As it was said above the best approach to involve parents in early Intervention programs is to develop strategies, which fit individual family needs. This means to take into account many factors important for each family. Some of them are: · future believes and expectations; · educational background and culture; · religion; · financial situation.

Keywords: null

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