International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences

International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences

Basic info

  • Publisher: Blue Apple Publications
  • Country of publisher: india
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2017/May/23

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Agricultural Science, Biochemistry, Plant Sciences, Soil Sciences, Zoology and Animal Science, Agricultural Economics
  • Publisher's keywords: Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Finance, Animal Sciences, Soil Science, Biochemistry & Agricultural Chemistry, Plant Breeding & Genetics
  • Language of fulltext: english
  • Full-text formats available: PDF

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): Yes 150 EUR
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Editorial information

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: Other
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2012
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: None
  • Content digitally archived in: Nopolicy
  • Deposit policy registered in: None

This journal has '700' articles

A comparative study on energy use and economical analysis of commercial and traditional potato production farms of Kurdistan province of Iran

A comparative study on energy use and economical analysis of commercial and traditional potato production farms of Kurdistan province of Iran

Authors: Farzad Hosseinpanahi, Mohammad Kafi
( 1 downloads)
Abstract

The purpose of this study was to undertake an economical analysis in terms of energy input and output of commercial and traditional potato production facilities in Kurdistan, Iran. Data were collected for the study from 50 commercial and 50 traditional potato farms. Farm selection was based on a random sampling method and inquiries were conducted by face-to-face interviews from May 2008 to August 2009. Results indicated that total energy inputs for commercial and traditional farms were 93330.67 and 44279.52 MJ ha-1, respectively. Results showed that in commercial farming systems shares of agrochemicals, diesel fuel plus machinery, seed, irrigation water, farmyard manure and human labor were 42.5%, 25.06%, 15.40%, 10.47%, 4.34%, and 1.76%, respectively; while in traditional farming systems shares of the aforementioned inputs were 18.21%, 27.51%, 18.96%, 26.28%, 1.80%, and 7.05%, respectively. About 21.47% of total energy input in commercial potato production was from renewable energy sources (human labor, seeds, farmyard manure) but that figure increased to 27.81% for traditional systems. Mean energy use efficiency, specific energy, energy productivity, and net energy of commercial systems were 1.37, 2.62 MJ kg-1, 0.38 kg MJ-1, and 34913.07 MJ ha-1, respectively, and in traditional systems rates of these afore-mentioned parameters were 1.41, 2.55 MJ kg-1, 0.39 kg MJ-1, and 18174.91 MJ ha-1, respectively. These results indicate an intensive use of inputs in potato production not accompanied by an increase in final productivity. Cost analysis revealed that the total cost of production for one hectare of commercial and traditional potato production were 4162.53 and 1984.16 US$, respectively. Net returns for one hectare of commercial and traditional systems were $4743.33 and $2352.91, respectively.

Keywords: Renewable Energy; Nonrenewable Energy; Direct Energy; Indirect Energy
Screening Of Iranian Onion Seed Sets Genotypes For Resistance To Fusarium Oxysporum f. sp. Cepae

Screening Of Iranian Onion Seed Sets Genotypes For Resistance To Fusarium Oxysporum f. sp. Cepae

Authors: Mehdi Nasr Esfahani, Mansoure Hossaini and Narges Ashrafi
( 1 downloads)
Abstract

Root and basal rot disease (RBR) of onion, Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cepa (FOC) is one of the most important diseases, causing tremendous losses in onion growing areas worldwide. In this study, various onion genotypes, including eight main and dominant Iranian seed sets and two exotic ones were tested against FOC incidence in greenhouse and field conditions of various growing stages. The incidence of the PBR was determined at three stages of early, flowering and seed setting stages on the bases of disease severity. The genotypes reacted differentially to FOC within and between various stages with a very high significant level. The genotypes were classified in five scoring scales accordingly. Highly infected ones tended to be associated with the high mean scores of 75 – 100 percent severity and the least infected genotypes had the lowest scores of 0 – 10 percent. In addition, the examined genotypes were ranked from 1 to 10 according to their markedly differing reactions to FOC at various stages. Variance and cluster analysis also showed similar results among the genotypes with various levels of infections. There was a direct, positive and enhancing correlation for every genotype to infection as the growing stages were reaching to maturing stage.

Keywords: Renewable Energy, Nonrenewable Energy, Direct Energy, Indirect Energy
Evaluation of Boron foliar application and irrigation withholding on qualitative traits of safflower

Evaluation of Boron foliar application and irrigation withholding on qualitative traits of safflower

Authors: Mehdi Aghighi Shahverdi Kandi Alireza Khodadadi, Farzane Heydari
( 1 downloads)
Abstract

In order to study the effect of irrigation withholding at flowering and seed setting stage and boron foliar application on quantitative and qualitative traits of safflower a field experimental in randomized complete block design arranged in split plot with three replications was conducted in 2011. Irrigation with holding was comprised of water stress at two stages (flowering and seed setting) as main plot and three concentration of boron (0, 0.5 and 1 %) considered as sub plots. Results showed, exertion of water stress at flowering and seed setting stage decreased seed yield of safflower significantly. In addition, plan growth indexes, harvest index, and oil yield were affected by water stress negatively. Use of foliar boron increased seed yield under water stress; on the other hand, use of boron foliar application had the highest positive effect on plant biological yield, harvest index and seed boron content. In general, application of boron under conditions of late season drought stress is recommended to safflower seed production.

Keywords: Safflower, Yield, Oil content, Boron
Effect of different methods harvesting, drying and harvest time on losses seedless barberry (Berberis vulgaris L.)

Effect of different methods harvesting, drying and harvest time on losses seedless barberry (Berberis vulgaris L.)

Authors: Seyyed Mahdi Javadzadeh
( 1 downloads)
Abstract

Barberry (Berberis vulgaris) is one of the most important minor fruits especially in arid and semiarid regions in east of Iran. Especially in south- Khorasan Province as a major pole and axis of this valuable fruit. Barberry has various usages in local foods, traditional medicines, and protection of soil and prevention of erosion. Seedless barberry is a native medicinal shrub that has been cultivated in Iran for more than two centuries. In order to study the effects of harvest dates, drying and harvest methods on quantity of seedless barberry fruits, three separate experiments were conducted in Qayenat, Southern Khorasan province, Iran in 2011 and 2012. In the first experiment the effects of different harvest dates (7October, 22 October and 7 November) the effect of picking methods (branch cutting, Impact and berry picking) and drying methods (sun drying, Industrial Drying and shade drying) were studied on quantitative indices of seedless barberry. Results showed that the highest fresh and dry fruit yields were obtained at the final. Generally, results of these experiments showed that berry picking in berry picking and sun drying method are effective ways for improving barberry quantitative indices.

Keywords: barberry, Berry-picking, Branch cutting, Shade dring, Sun dring, losses
Effect of Nitrogen Fertilizer and Various Irrigation Regimes on yield and Physiological Traits in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.)

Effect of Nitrogen Fertilizer and Various Irrigation Regimes on yield and Physiological Traits in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.)

Authors: Ali Abdzad Gohari
( 1 downloads)
Abstract

In order to study the effect of irrigation and nitrogen fertilizer management on important physiological traits of peanut a field experiment was laid out in split plot based on randomized completely block design with three replications at Astaneh Ashrafiyeh, Guilan, Iran during 2009 growing season. Irrigation intervals were included of 6, 12 and 18 days interval (I1, I2, I3 and I4 respectively) and were allotted to main plots and nitrogen fertilizer treatments with amounts of 0, 30, 60 and 90 kg.ha-1 (abbreviated as N1, N2, N3 and N4) were allotted to sub plots. Results illustrated that the effect of irrigation management on biological yield, pod yield, crop growth rate, and pod growth rate at 1% level of probability was significant. However, its effect on pod allocation coefficient was not significant. The effect of nitrogen levels on pod yield, crop growth rate, pod growth rate and pod allocation coefficient at 1% level and on biological yield at 5% level of probability was significant. The highest values of biological yield and pod yield (6439 kg ha-1 and 4229 kg ha-1, respectively) were recorded from 6 days interval and application of 60 kg N ha-1.

Keywords: Irrigation, Nitrogen, Physiological Traits, Biological Yield
Effect of drought stress on photosynthesis and physiological characteristics of barley

Effect of drought stress on photosynthesis and physiological characteristics of barley

Authors: H. Fateh, A. Siosemardeh, M. Karimpoor and S. Sharafi
( 1 downloads)
Abstract

Drought is a wide-spread problem seriously influencing barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) production, but development of drought resistant cultivars is hampered by lack of effective physiological characteristic selection criteria. This study was carried out to evaluate response of gas exchange in drought resistance and drought susceptible barley cultivars under different levels of water, nitrogen and zinc supply. Two barley cultivars differing in yield performance were grown in plastic pots in semi-controlled conditions in 2009-2010. Gas exchanges characteristics including Net Photosynthesis (Pn), transpiration (E), intercellular CO2 concentration (Ci), mesophyll conductance (MC) and Photosynthetically water use efficiency (WUE PN) were measured during grain filling period. Leaf SPAD chlorophyll was determined after anthesis. Results showed that compared with Pn, E was less sensitive to drought stress. After each drought stress period and re-watering, unlike Pn, E reached the same values of those before the stress and under these conditions nitrogen fertilizer alleviated the negative influence of water stress on Pn. Nitrogen fertilization increased chlorophyll SPAD of flag leaf and affected MC especially under well watered conditions. Results showed that drought resistance in barley was obtained due to decreasing of E under drought stress.

Keywords: Barley, Drought stress, Mesophyll conductance, Nitrogen, Photosynthesis Rate, Zinc
Determining the best ratio of maternal (B73) to paternal (MO17) inbred lines to produce seed corn hybrid of S.C704

Determining the best ratio of maternal (B73) to paternal (MO17) inbred lines to produce seed corn hybrid of S.C704

Authors: Mehdi Nasr Esfahani, Mansoure Hossaini and Narges Ashrafi
( 1 downloads)
Abstract

In order to determine the best ratio of maternal and paternal inbred lines and study the effect of planting various ratios of grain corn maternal to paternal inbred lines on grain yield and yield components of 704 grain corn single cross, an experiment was conducted in Bardsir-Kerman, in 1388 (2009). A randomized complete block design (RCBD) with 3 replications was used to compare 4 various ratios of maternal to paternal inbred lines (conventional 2:4 (A); dense 2:4 (B); dense 1:4 (C); conventional 1:4 (D)). Ear length, ear diameter, number of kernels per row, number of rows per ear, cob percent, cob weight, Thousand kernels weight (TKW), fertilization percent, total kernels per ears and seed yield were measured. Results showed that most measured traits, specially the yield components, were affected by the ratios. Mean comparison shows no statistical significant difference among B, D with A. Therefore, due to better efficiency, the conventional 1:4 ratio with yield of 2.8 t/ha is recommended.

Keywords: planting pattern, yield components, hybrid seed, maternal and paternal inbred line
Regeneration and in vitro cultivation of three Iranian Mentha species using meristem, node and leaf disk cultures

Regeneration and in vitro cultivation of three Iranian Mentha species using meristem, node and leaf disk cultures

Authors: Farzaneh Heidari, Soodabeh Jahanbakhsh, Majid Talebi, Cyrus Ghobadi and Mehdi Aghighi Shahverdi Kandi
( 1 downloads)
Abstract

Mint (Mentha sp.) is one of the important and economical vegetables with application in various medical and nutritional industries in the most parts of the world. Despite the abundant use of this plant, there is a little information about its tissue culture. In this study, In vitro regeneration of three Iranian Mentha species includes M.piperita, M.spicata, M.longifolia were investigated using shoot meristems, nodes, and leaves explants on MS salts and vitamins supplemented with various concentrations of BAP alone or with NAA. Eight weeks after cultivation, the results were statically analyzed by using SAS software. Leaves explants from M.spicata, M.longifolia varieties only produced callus and Leaves explants of M.piperita failed to generate shoots at any combination of BAP and NAA with necrosis of explants after few days of inoculation. It was found that shoot meristems and nodes were more potent for shoot regeneration as compared to leaf disk explants. The species M.piperita highest frequency of shoot regeneration from meristem and nodal segments were recorded on MS medium supplemented respectively with 1.5 mg/l BAP and 0.5 mg/l NAA and 1 mg/l BAP and 1.5 mg/l NAA. However shoot meristem explants produced more number of shoots, the regeneration of its leaf disk explants would be continued.

Keywords: Mentha piperita, M.spicata, M.longifolia, In vitro regeneration, organogenesis
Allelopathic effects of Carthamus oxyacantha and Chenopodium mural on germination and initial growth of Phasaeolous vulgaris

Allelopathic effects of Carthamus oxyacantha and Chenopodium mural on germination and initial growth of Phasaeolous vulgaris

Authors: Einallah Hesammi
( 1 downloads)
Abstract

Recently weed scientist are more interested in weed management by allelopathy . In order to determination of Allelophatic effects of Carthamus oxyacantha and Chenopodium mural extract on the Phasaeolous vulgaris grains germination, during 2011-2012, one experiment in the completely randomized blocks design with 4 repetition carried out in the laboratory of agricultural collage of Azad university in the shoushtar city. The test treatments were included different rates of Various parts extract of Carthamus oxyacantha and Chenopodium mural consist of organ, root, and combining both of them, as well as, densities 0, 25, 50, 75 and 100 percent. Experimental units were Petri dishes in depth and diameter 3 and 9 Cm, respectively. The germination and its rate, rootlet length, dry weight of Phasaeolous vulgaris plat let evaluated according to ISTA (International seed Testing Association). The results indicated that extract of Carthamus oxyacantha and Chenopodium mural to have significant and various allelophatic effects upon Phasaeolous vulgaris grains germination. But germination characteristic, length and dry weight of radical (rootlet) were decreased for the reason build up extract density. A Phasaeolous vulgaris plan, showed that it has more sensitivity to Carthamus oxyacantha extract, particularly that, root. The most allelophatic effects is related to extract of Carthamus oxyacantha root and Chenopodium mural aerial organs.

Keywords: Germination, Allelophaty, Phasaeolous vulgaris , Carthamus oxyacantha, Chenopodium mural
Evaluation of energy flow and indicators of chickpea under rainfed condition in Iran

Evaluation of energy flow and indicators of chickpea under rainfed condition in Iran

Authors: Mohammad Yousefi, Abdolmajid Mahdavi Damghani
( 1 downloads)
Abstract

The aims of this study were to evaluate the energy flow of chickpea agroecosystems in Kangavar County, West of Iran to investigate the indicators of energy consumption. Energy flow and indicators was evaluated by gathering data from 55 farmers by using a face-to-face questionnaire in summer 2010. Results showed that total energy input and output were 4826 and 14663 MJha-1, respectively. Diesel fuel, seed and machinery (72, 13 and 8%, respectively) were amongst the highest energy input. Energy efficiency (output-input ratio) was 3.04, energy productivity calculated as 0.13 KgMJ-1 and specific energy was observed as 7.55 MJKg-1. Also, agrochemical energy ratio was 1.74% which was very small portion of input energy in this agroecosystems. However, results revealed that agricultural mechanization and diesel fuel consumption were responsible for 80% of input energy that is high and should be optimized to reach ecologic as well as economic sustainability in these agroecosystems.

Keywords: agrochemical, diesel, energy use efficiency, machinery
Efficacy Of Different Insecticides Against Gram Pod Borer On Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)

Efficacy Of Different Insecticides Against Gram Pod Borer On Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)

Authors: Hakim Ali Sahito , Mohammad Nadeem Sidhu, Khalid Hussain Dhiloo and Ghulam Mustafa Sahito
( 1 downloads)
Abstract

The insecticides Proclaim, Radiant and Jatara were applied thrice at the interval of 15 and 20 days of second and third spray, respectively. The results showed that all three insecticides performed well in reducing pest population. However, Proclaim gave best results against gram pod borer. The overall mean population of Helicoverpa armigera 0.36, 0.44 and 0.49 per plant was recorded in the plots treated with Proclaim, Radiant and Jatara, respectively as compared to control plot (1.23 larvae per plant) during the first spray. During second spray the overall mean population of H. armigera 0.33, 0.51 and 0.56 per plant was recorded in the plots treated with Proclaim, Radiant and Jatara, respectively as compared to control plot (2.21 larvae per plant). Whereas, during third spray the overall mean population of H. armigera 0.29, 0.44 and 0.48 per plant was recorded in the plots treated with Proclaim, Radiant and Jatara, respectively as compared to control plot (2.68 larvae per plant). All insecticides performed well up to 72 hours interval. ANOVA results showed significant difference between treatments and LSD test showed that efficacy of different insecticides remained non-significant at 24, 48 and 72 hours.

Keywords: Cicer arietinum; H. armigera, Proclaim, Radiant and Jatara
The Knowledge Transfer Programme of Natural Irrigation System For Indigenous People

The Knowledge Transfer Programme of Natural Irrigation System For Indigenous People

Authors: Mohd. Hudzari B. Haji Razali, Ramle B. Abdullah, Hasbullah B. Haji Muhammad, Mat B. Zakaria and Amiruddin B. Abdullah
( 1 downloads)
Abstract

Agriculture is the backbone of civilization and as stated by a celebrated Islamic scholar An-Nawawi, agriculture is the best career for human being to be in. In Malaysia, agriculture was, and is always an important government agenda to ensure the country food security for the population. To this time, some agricultural modernization has taken place among the indigenous communities through specific government programmes or indirect interface of members of respective societies. This programme aims at looking into the feasibility of direct agricultural knowledge transfer especially natural irrigation to the indigenous people. The basic agricultural knowledge and application, such as irrigation system for agrotechnology will be transferred to the community directly. The activity is to be implemented via integration with JAKIM programme called Ihya Ramadhan and Eidulfitri festival to take advantage on the already established network and the effectiveness of the knowledge transfer programme. This programme offer a tangible content for a mission to the indigenous people in both spiritual and secular necessity. The involvement of Muslim volunteers, both of government servants and private institutions of background in term of expertise create a sense of fulfillment for the agenda of knowledge transfer.

Keywords: Knowledge Transfer Programme, Agricultural Biotechnology, Indigenous People, Islamic knowledge, Fardu ‘Ain
Evaluating Monolayer Moisture Content of Rubber Seed using BET and GAB Sorption Equations

Evaluating Monolayer Moisture Content of Rubber Seed using BET and GAB Sorption Equations

Authors: A. Fadeyibi, Z. D. Osunde, M.S. Usaini, P.A Idah and A. A. Balami
( 1 downloads)
Abstract

In this investigation, the monolayer moisture content of rubber seed was evaluated from Brunauer, Emmett and Teller (BET) and Guggenheim-Anderson-de Boer (GAB) sorption equations at 250C for assessment of its storage stability and accessibility. The equilibrium moisture contents of rubber seed were found to vary from 10.01 to 17.37% (d.b.) after two months exposure on bare floor at 250C. The monolayer moisture contents were found to be 16.47 % (d.b.) and 11.75 % (d.b.) using BET and GAB sorption equations in the range of water applicability of 0.2-0.4 and 0.3-0.9, respectively. All the equilibrium moisture contents, with the exception of the initial, evaluated from the GAB equation were slightly higher than the monolayer value. The level of deterioration of the stored seeds, as indicated by mould growth, increased with increase in moisture content. Hence, it is better to store rubber seeds at moisture content slightly above their corresponding monolayer value for extending their shelf lives.

Keywords: Evaluating, storage, Sorption equations, Shelf life, Monolayer, Rubber seed
Monitoring of heavy metal and minerals in different parts of oak acorn (Quercus spp.)

Monitoring of heavy metal and minerals in different parts of oak acorn (Quercus spp.)

Authors: Mehmet Musa Özcan, Coşkun Sağlam and Mustafa Harmankaya
( 1 downloads)
Abstract

The mean crude protein and ash, heavy metal and minerals of acorn fruit and hulls were determined by ICP-AES. The mean values of Al, B, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni and Zn contents of fruit hulls varied from 6.4 to 42.9, 5.8 to 10.2, 0.0 to 0.2,5.3 to 13.8, 13.7 to 65.1,1.7 to 9.6, 0.0 to 0.2 and 2.5 to 16.0 (mg/Kg, dw), respectively. In addition, Al, B, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni and Zn values of acorn fruits were found at the levels between 0.5 to 10.8, 5.4 to 10.0, 0.034 to 0.136, 5.5 to 10.4, 17.5 to 392, 10.3 to 43.1, 0.000 to 0.295 and 3.3 to 17.9 (mg/Kg, dw), rspectively. In regard to macro elements of fruit and corresponding hulls, the mean values of Ca, K, Mg and P of hulls were found between 1632 to 4222, 1447 to 7762, 236 to 752 and 848 to 1274 mg/Kg (dw), respectively. K levels of samples was found at the highest concentrations.

Keywords: oak, acorn fruit, hulls, , heavy metal,minerals, ICP-AES
The Effect of Proline on Growth and Ionic Composition of Embryogenic Callus and Somatic Embryos of the date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L. CV. ASHKAR) Under NACL Stress

The Effect of Proline on Growth and Ionic Composition of Embryogenic Callus and Somatic Embryos of the date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L. CV. ASHKAR) Under NACL Stress

Authors: M.F. Abbas, A.M. Jasim and B.H. Al-Zubaidy
( 1 downloads)
Abstract

The present work was carried out with the objective of increasing salt tolerance of date palm cv. Ashkar using tissue culture technique and exogenous application of proline. Quarters of shoot tips were cultured on MS medium supplemented with NAA at 30 mgl-1 and 2-ip at 3 mgl-1 for callus initiation and proliferation. NAA concentration was reduced to 1 mgl-1 and 2-ip to 0.1 mgl-1 for the development of somatic embryos. The results showed that increasing NaCl concentration significantly decreased the fresh weight of both the embryogenic callus and somatic embryos, and the addition of proline significantly alleviated the effect of salinity. Increased sodium concentration reduced the concentrations of both nitrogen and potassium in the embryogenic callus and somatic embryos, while the addition of proline significantly increased the concentration of both elements. Increasing the salinity of the culture media also significantly increased the concentration of Na+ and Cl-, while the addition proline reduced the accumulation of both Na+ and Cl-. It is concluded, that salinity had adverse effects on growth and ionic composition of embryogenic callus and somatic embryos of the date palm cv. Ashkar, and their effects were greatly alleviated by the addition of proline. Furthermore, the strategies used in the present work could be exploited for the selection of highly salt tolerance callus cells and their regeneration into salt-tolerant date palm plantlets.

Keywords: date palm, embryogenic callus, ionic composition, proline, salt stress, tissue culture

About Europub

EuroPub is a comprehensive, multipurpose database covering scholarly literature, with indexed records from active, authoritative journals, and indexes articles from journals all over the world. The result is an exhaustive database that assists research in every field. Easy access to a vast database at one place, reduces searching and data reviewing time considerably and helps authors in preparing new articles to a great extent. EuroPub aims at increasing the visibility of open access scholarly journals, thereby promoting their increased usage and impact.