International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences

International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences

Basic info

  • Publisher: Blue Apple Publications
  • Country of publisher: india
  • Date added to EuroPub: 2017/May/23

Subject and more

  • LCC Subject Category: Agricultural Science, Biochemistry, Plant Sciences, Soil Sciences, Zoology and Animal Science, Agricultural Economics
  • Publisher's keywords: Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Finance, Animal Sciences, Soil Science, Biochemistry & Agricultural Chemistry, Plant Breeding & Genetics
  • Language of fulltext: english

Publication charges

  • Article Processing Charges (APCs): Yes 150 EUR
  • Submission charges: No
  • Waiver policy for charges? No

Editorial information

Open access & licensing

  • Type of License: Other
  • License terms
  • Open Access Statement: Yes
  • Year open access content began: 2012
  • Does the author retain unrestricted copyright? False
  • Does the author retain publishing rights? False

Best practice polices

  • Permanent article identifier: None
  • Content digitally archived in: Nopolicy
  • Deposit policy registered in: None

This journal has '700' articles

The Effect of Distance from Submerged Vanes to the Intake at Different Angles of Vanes on Controlling the Sediment Entering the Intake Branching from a 90° Convergent Bend

The Effect of Distance from Submerged Vanes to the Intake at Different Angles of Vanes on Controlling the Sediment Entering the Intake Branching from a 90° Convergent Bend

Authors: Gh. Beygipoor, M. Shafaei Bajestan, H.A. Kaskuli and S. Nazari
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Abstract

In a number of studies, using submerged vanes as a structure to control sediments entering the intake in curved paths has been investigated. Most of these studies were conducted on straight channels, or curved channels with a constant width, and no study has been reported on convergent channels. In convergent bends, the condition of flow is different from bends with a constant width of varied; therefore, the impact of changing the parameters of submerged vanes will be different. This study investigates the effect of changing the distance from submerged vanes to the intake on performance of the vanes at different installation angle of the vanes and at different intake ratios. Therefore, an arch-shaped flume with 90° converging angle, from which an intake channel located at 60° is branched with an angle of 45°, is used and 36 tests are performed at different distances of the vans from the intake and different installation angles for submerged vanes. Using the test results, the volume of the sediments entering the intake and eroded from the convergent channel bed is measured at various situations, and the effect of changing the distance of vanes from the intake is investigated in different intake ratios and different angles. Based on the results, changing the distance from the intake branching from a 90° convergent bend, causes changes in the volume of sediments entering the intake; so, the efficiency of the vanes in controlling the sediments is also changed. According to this study, for and at a constant angle for submerged vanes, the efficiency is almost constant and for , as the distance increases, the efficiency is also increased. This effect is more evident at higher intake ratios. Intake ratio of 15% has the maximum efficiency in all tests and as the intake ratio increases, the efficiency of vanes to control the sediments is reduced.

Keywords: Submerged Vane, Convergent Bend, Intake, Sediment Control
The influence of Green Tea(Camellia sinensis L.) Extract on characteristic of probiotic bacteria in milk and yoghurt during fermentation and refrigerated storage

The influence of Green Tea(Camellia sinensis L.) Extract on characteristic of probiotic bacteria in milk and yoghurt during fermentation and refrigerated storage

Authors: Mohammad Hossein Marhamatizadeh, Elham Ehsandoost, Paria Gholami
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Abstract

Green Tea is rich in polyphenols and other phenolic compounds that have been widely reported to have beneficial health effects. The objective of present study was to determine the effect of the supplementation of Green tea (Litsea coreana L.) Extract in probiotic milk and yoghurt on postacidification, total titratable acidity, bacteria counts by two probiotics strains: Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium bifidum during 21 days of storage at 2°C. Green tea extract was added to low-fat sterilized milk at 0.3%, 0.6 % and 0.9 % concentration and inoculated with yoghurt starter to obtain Green tea yoghurts. Similar procedure was applied to prepare Green Tea milk. The results of this study demonstrated the positive correlation between increased bacterial growth and increased Green Tea concentration. Green Tea supplementation positively influenced the initial acidity and the count of Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium bifidum compared with the plain milk and yoghurt (p < 0.05).In the samples containing Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium bifidum, it was observed that increased concentrations of Green Tea extract create a favorable taste in milk and yoghurt. Consumer sensory testing analysis found that green tea milk and yoghurt samples were liked as well or better than the control milk and yoghurt samples. All the results suggest that Green Tea extract promoted the metabolism of lactic acid bacteria in milk and yoghurt.

Keywords: Green Tea Extract, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Bifidobacterium bifidum, phenolic compounds
Effect of putrescine on MDA, proline and sugars in Matricaria chamomilla

Effect of putrescine on MDA, proline and sugars in Matricaria chamomilla

Authors: M. Khorshidi, A. Kousha, M. Alemi
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Abstract

In this study investigated the effect of putrescine sprayed on Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.) and the changed of MDA, proline and sugars were examined. The results show that put reduced MDA to compare control. But the proline content increased under put treatments. Also solution sugars content accumulate while solution sugars in 0.5 mM Put is more than the 1mM.

Keywords: Chamomile, Matricaria chamomilla L., Proline, putrescine. Abbreviations: MDA, malondialdehyde; PA, polyamine; PAs, polyamines; Put, putrescine; Spd, spermidine; Spm, spermine
Effect of putrescine on antioxidative properties in Matricaria chamomilla

Effect of putrescine on antioxidative properties in Matricaria chamomilla

Authors: M. Khorshidi
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Abstract

In this study investigated the effect of putrescine sprayed (0.5 & 1mM) on Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.) and the changed of Anthocyanin, Phenolic compounds, POX & CAT Antioxidative enzymes were examined. The results show that Putrescine treatments increased hydrogen peroxide in seedlings to compare control. Phenolic compound content under putrescine treatments are different. Phenolic compound content under 1mM putrescine was reduced significantly however phenolic compound content under 0.5mM putrescine was increased significantly. Anthocyanin content under putrescine treatments have increased. POX and CAT enzymes activity indicated to addition relative activity under putrescine treatments in leaves of Matricaia chamomile seedlings.

Keywords: Matricaria chamomilla L., Anthocyanin, Catalase, Peroxidase, putrescine
Study of yield and yield component of barley promising lines and variations through factor analysis

Study of yield and yield component of barley promising lines and variations through factor analysis

Authors: Ali Asghar Azizi, Reza Taghi zadeh and Marefat Ghasemi
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Abstract

For the aim of categorizing barley promising lines and variations based on the experimental traits, in crop year of 2012 in Ardebil region 20 barley promising lines and variations were experimented on complete randomized block design with 3 replications. In factor analysis, 3 factors of high eigenvalue were selected which contained 78.261 percent of data’s first variance. According to results of factor analysis, similarity coefficients of most traits are high and these results indicate that the number of selected factors was suitable and the chosen factors could justify trait variations in a desirable way. In the first factor which includes the most range of data change (33.682%) traits of 1000 seeds, days to physiological maturity and seed yield were consisted of high positive and negative coefficients. Therefore this factor can be recognized as a yield factor. The second factor justified 20.420 percent of the variations. Traits of plant height, spike length and number of grains per spike were influential on this factor and this factor can be titled plant height factor. Furthermore the third factor justified 18.159 percent of the variations. As a whole these three factors evaluate a particular trait against other traits.

Keywords: Barley, Seed yield, Factor analysis
A survey on correlation and path coefficient analysis between yield and yield components of cultivars and early advanced average potato clones in spring cultivation of Ardebil region

A survey on correlation and path coefficient analysis between yield and yield components of cultivars and early advanced average potato clones in spring cultivation of Ardebil region

Authors: Mozhghan Khedmati, Davoud Hassanpanah and Reza Taghi zadeh
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Abstract

For the aim of correlation among traits and its analysis to cause and effect relation in potato plant, in crop year of 2012 in Ardebil agriculture and natural resources research center an experiment was carried out on 12 early advanced average potato clones with three check varieties including: Agria, Marfona and Satina. The experimental design was randomized complete blocks with 3 replications. In the statistical analysis of this research 15 significant traits were studied. The results of variance analysis indicated that excluding traits of tuber number less than 35, tuber weight less than 35 and tuber weight more than 55 between clones and cultivars, all analyzed traits had a significant difference at 1% and 5 % levels of probability. This suggests a high genetic diversity between clones and cultivars in the selection for experimental traits. Correlation coefficient showed a significant and positive relation with traits of plant height, stem diameter, number of tuber per plant, tuber weight between 33 – 35 and tuber weight per plant. Tuber yield had the highest correlation (0.959) with tuber weight per plant among these traits. Multiple regression analysis through tuber yield step method showed that the first applied variable in the model was tuber weight per plant that justified 0.919 of changes merely by itself. The second variable was the number of tuber per plant that altered the coefficient to 0.946 along with plant height. The third variable was plant height that changed coefficient model to 0.965 and ultimately as stem diameter was applied coefficient model reached 0.969. Path analysis of the remaining traits in regression model suggested that tuber weight per plant had the most direct effect with tuber yield (1.032) and after that average plant height had direct and positive effect with tuber yield (0.368) in addition number of tuber per plant and stem diameter per plant had direct and negative effect on tuber yield. In conclusion the most crucial traits as selection criteria for tuber yield improvement including tuber weight per plant and plant height respectively were identified.

Keywords: Potato, Correlation, Step by step regression, Path coefficient, Yield
Evaluate the germination variables of barley lines and varieties in response to humic priming

Evaluate the germination variables of barley lines and varieties in response to humic priming

Authors: Babak Sadeghieh, Reza Shahryari, Ali Akbar Imani and Marefat Ghasemi
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Abstract

Humic Priming is one of the simple techniques that improve seedling power and establishment and thus the efficiency of the plant. This experiment was performed in order to evaluate the effects of different treatments of humic on the germination elements and seedling growth of barley cultivars in laboratory and greenhouse of the research field in Ardabil University in 2012-13. The experiment was as factorial based on CRD in three replications. The first factor was priming and the second was included genotypes. Results showed that there was significant difference between the levels of priming in terms of all traits except dry weight of plumule at 1% level. There was also significant difference between the studied lines and varieties at 1% level apart from the plumule and root dry weight. This implies high genetic diversity among hybrids in order to select for desired traits. There was also no significant difference in terms the interaction of priming levels × hybrids. In general we can say that humic priming had a significant impact on root and shoot length and caused root and stem elongation. In terms of priming levels, the maximum length of plumule and radicle were respectively allocated to 10 hours humic priming and 10 hours hydro priming. The highest percentage of germination was allocated to 5 hours humic priming with an average of 80 percent and the lowest was zero hour distilled water with an average of 62 percent.

Keywords: Barley, humic priming, hydro priming, germination
Study on the most important agronomical traits of 13 tomato cultivars through factor analysis

Study on the most important agronomical traits of 13 tomato cultivars through factor analysis

Authors: Behzad Daneshvar ghorbani, Mohammad Zaefizadeh, Ali Akbar Jannat Abadi and Farrokh Karimi
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Abstract

In order to classify tomato cultivars based on interested traits, an experiment was conducted on 13 genotypes in the form of randomized complete blocks (RCB) design, with three replications, in Karaj region during year 2012. Factor analysis led to selection of 4 factors with high Eigen values, which together accounted for 87.327% of initial data variance. Based on results from factor analysis, most of the traits had high communalities which indicates that right number of factors have been selected to optimally account for variation of the traits. First factor accounted for the highest proportion (39.619%) of data variation, wherein traits such as fruit length, fruit diameter, pith size and fruit number per vine had great coefficient. Therefore, this factor can be designated as the factor of yield components. Second factor accounted for 20.687% of the variations. Traits such as leaf width and leaflet size were effective on this factor; thus it can be designated to as factor effective on plant leaf. Third factor accounted for 14.022% of the variations. Traits such as length of internode and thickness of fruit wall were effective on this factor. Finally, fourth factor accounted for 12.998% of the variations, while traits such as leaf length and peduncle length were effective on this factor, thus it can be designated as height factor. Together, the four factors accounted for 87.327% of data variation. In general, these four factors evaluated one specific trait against the others.

Keywords: Tomato, grain yield, factor analysis
Evaluate the yield and its components in the second cultivation of different varieties of soybean in Moghan

Evaluate the yield and its components in the second cultivation of different varieties of soybean in Moghan

Authors: Tofigh Zadfattah-Jelodar, Jalil Ajli and Mehdi Mehrpouyan
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Abstract

Soybean is very important in providing the oil for human. Given that, every year a large area of land in Moghan desert is devoted to the cultivation of soybeans, thus, necessary investigations on the introduction and recommendations of compatible cultivars will be important in terms different reaction of soybean cultivars to the photoperiod and specific conditions of the region. This experiment was conducted in order to evaluate the yield and its components on 12 soybean genotypes as the second cultivation in a randomized complete block design with three replications in Moghan region in 2011-12. Results of variance analysis of traits showed that the studied genotypes were significantly different each other in terms all traits were evaluated. Mean comparison showed that the highest economic performance belonged to genotype 5 (BAUTNY( with an average 3651.33 kg per ha and the lowest belonged to genotype 3 (L17) with an average of 2591.33 kg per ha. In the study of relationship between the traits, the number of pods per node with the number of pods per plant and growth duration and plant height at 5% flowering had positive significant relationship and the number of grain per pods and 1000 grain weights had negative significant relationship. Also, the results showed that there was negative significant relationship between 1000 grain weights and number of pods per node and the number of pods per plant and the relationship was positive and significant with the number of grain per pods. Thus, the role of each trait determine in explaining the yield. Genotypes can be classified into two groups by clustering and grouping of the figures the WARD method using Euclidean distance. The first group included genotypes 1, 6, 8, 11, 4, 9, 12 and 5 and the second group was genotypes 2, 3, 7 and 10.

Keywords: soybean, yield and its components, the second cultivation
Study of rice varieties yield and yield components response to iron nano composite apply in different growth stages

Study of rice varieties yield and yield components response to iron nano composite apply in different growth stages

Authors: Maryam Safari-ned many, Fatemeh javid, Mahshid Zad-Behtuyi, Zohreh Marjani
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Abstract

Iron is one of necessary elements for the plant and plays a basic role in chloroplast organelle. Also plays an important role in the plant growth and yield and elements balance. To study of the effect of iron nano composite on major agricultural properties of transgenic and native varieties, an experiment was conducted in 2011 in Rasht (49º38' E and 37º12' N) as split plot with complete randomized blocks design in 3 replications. Investigated factors were including transgenic (khazar) and native (Hashemi) varieties of rice as main factor and 8 stages of spraying iron nano composite as sub factor. Results of variance analysis indicated significant difference for properties including yield, 1000 grains weight the healthy grains number in ear and the hollow grains number in ear. Study of interaction between rice varieties and spraying the iron nano composite in different growth stages indicated that spraying the iron nano composite on transgenic variety, (khazar), in two stages including and initial ear growing increased the yield from 5.08 ton. ha-1 to 8.14 ton. ha-1 which accounts for highest rate compared to other treatment combinations.

Keywords: Iron, rice, nutrition, yield, Nano composite
Investigating the Influence of Adding Fibers of Wheat and Barley on Physico-Chemical Properties and Survival of Lactobasillus Aacidophilus (LA5) in Yoghurt

Investigating the Influence of Adding Fibers of Wheat and Barley on Physico-Chemical Properties and Survival of Lactobasillus Aacidophilus (LA5) in Yoghurt

Authors: Maryam Tavakoli, Mandana Alipour, Mohammad Moghadasi Incheh Kikanlou, Mohammad Ali Shariaty, Ali Abhari, Leila Shaghaghi
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Abstract

With regard to the significance of fiber consumption in providing the health, in this research the sinbiotic yoghurt which has been made rich with wheat and barley fibers was produced. Fiber compounds (wheat and barley fiber) were inoculated in three levels 0,0/5 and %1 and the bacterium perobiotic lactobacillus acidophilus LA-5 was inoculated in three levels (0/1, 0/3,0/5%) simultaneous with adding traditional bacteria of yoghurt. Physico-chemical properties and survival of perobiotic microorganism in yoghurt produced in days 1,7,14 and 21 were evaluated. The results showed that despite decreasing of PH in the time of preservation the use of peribiotic compounds caused increasing of growth and survival of bacterium LA5 in the yoghurt produced.

Keywords: Wheat Fiber, Barley Fiber, Lactobacillus Acidophilus, Yoghurt
The Effect of Psyllium seed gum as an edible coating and in comparison to Chitosan on the textural properties and color changes of Red Delicious Apple

The Effect of Psyllium seed gum as an edible coating and in comparison to Chitosan on the textural properties and color changes of Red Delicious Apple

Authors: Shahin Banasaz, Mohammad Hojatoleslami, Seyyed Hadi Razavi, Ebrahim Hosseini, Mohammad Ali Shariaty
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Abstract

The effect of using edible coatings Psyllium seed gum in three concentrations of 0.05, 0.1 and 0.2 percent and the comparison to the effect of Chitosan trade gum on Red delicious apple in concentration of 1% was studied. Factors evaluated in the study of color and textural properties of the apples during 8 days of storage were after coating. Test results showed that the enzymatic browning factor of native gum coated by Psyllium in concentration of 0.2% and 1%Chitosan concentration was the lowest and the ability of clearly edible coatings to relay the enzymatic browning and preservation color of apples was illustrated. Textural factors evaluated in the study included firmness and TPA factors such as adhesiveness, cohesiveness, chewiness and hardness were measured. In all evaluated factors, commercial Chitosan gum showed better characterization in preservation of texture and depending on the other concentrations of Psyllium seed gum after Chitosan showed the better characterization in maintaining primary texture of apples. In this study, the effect of Psyllium native gum in preventing enzymatic browning and maintaining the relative quality of the texture was confirmed.

Keywords: Psyllium seed gum, Chitosan, texture, apple, color test
Effect of priming methods on emergence and seedling growth of maize (Zea mayze L.)

Effect of priming methods on emergence and seedling growth of maize (Zea mayze L.)

Authors: Abasalt Rostami Ajirloo, Morad Shaban, Ghorban Didehbaze Moghanloo
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Abstract

Germination and early growth under prevailing environmental conditions improves by seed priming technique. However, the information on seed priming in maize is lacking in Iran. Therefore, this study was designed to evaluate the effects of different seed priming techniques, un-soaked seed (control), Hydro-priming (soaked with distill water), Halopriming with KNO3 and CaCl2 (1% solution), on seed emergence and seedling growth of three maize varieties (SC-301, SC-604 and SC-711). Experiment was conducted in wire house under natural climatic conditions during 2012. All the priming treatments significantly affected the fresh weight, shoot length, number of roots, root length, vigor index, time to start emergence, time to 50% emergence and energy of emergence of forage maize. The interactive effect of varieties and priming techniques were not significant for mean emergence time and coefficient of uniformity of emergence. It is concluded that seed priming may serve as an appropriate treatment for accelerating the emergence of maize varieties studied.

Keywords: seed priming, emergence, seedling growth, maize
Assessment Of Total RNA Extraction From Edible Mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) With Three Current Methods

Assessment Of Total RNA Extraction From Edible Mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) With Three Current Methods

Authors: Javad Janpoor, Mohammad Farsi
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Abstract

Nucleic acid extraction is an attractive alternative to labor-intensive manual methods. In this report, a few methods of total RNA Extraction from Edible mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) compared. This methods consist AGPC(Acid Guanidinium-Phenol-Chloroform), The method according by Lithium chloride and RNx total RNA isolation Kit (CinnaGen). Best method selected for the preparation of high quality and intact total RNA from A. bisporus. Based on the Ethidium Bromide straining pattern of 28s and 18s rRNAs, either denaturing (formaldehyde/agarose) or nondenaturing (TAE/agarose) gel electrophoresis could be used to determine the general integrity of the RNA preparation. Analysis by either method revealed sharp rRNA bands indicative of high quality RNA. yield of RNA was acceptable in any three method but RNA quality in AGPC method similar with RNx Total RNA isolation kit (CinnaGen).

Keywords: white button mushroom, RNA extraction, Guanidinium-Phenol-Chloroform(AGPC), RNx
Greenhouse Study of Cadmium and Lead phytoextraction by five Pelargonium spices

Greenhouse Study of Cadmium and Lead phytoextraction by five Pelargonium spices

Authors: Maryam Manshadi, Parisa Ziarati, Maryam Ahmadi, Kiarash Fekri
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Abstract

Due to the vast industrial waste materials and sewages from a lot of industrial factories which have caused contamination of soils, decontamination of environment especially soil has become a global concern. The use of plants to decontaminate soils, known as phytoremediation can offer an environment –friendly solution to soil remediation. The aims of this research were to study of five Pelargonium spices for cleaning up contaminated soil which was mixed by remaining and separating after infusion black and green tea leaves (8:1) and their potential ability of to phytoextract different metals (Nickel, Chrome, Lead and Cadmium). Results indicated that the rate of heavy metals uptake by this plant is significantly affected by the spice of plant (p<0.01). Translocation factor in all conditions were higher than one which indicates that metal concentrations in shoots were higher than roots and the plant is suitable for phytoremediation . Pelargonium domesticum in pH 6.5 in the contaminated soil shows higher transfer factor (TFS) for cr, while Pelargonium hortorum , peltatum and citrosum shows the best TFS for Pb ,Cd and Ni respectively. The evidence of this study showed that adding tea leaves in the contaminated soil increase metal transfer factors and potential ability of phytoextraction.

Keywords: Pelargonium sp. Phytoremediation, Heavy metals, Contaminated soil

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